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A Sample Critical Essay on inequality in the workplace research paper, Hemingway's 'The Sun Also Rises' In this short critical essay (approximately 1,000 words) about Ernest Hemingway#39;s novel The Sun Also Rises (titled Fiesta in Great Britain), the author demonstrates how minor characters shed light on some of the conflicts experienced by the protagonist, Jake Barnes. The title of the essay offers an allusion to the last line of John Milton#39;s sonnet #34;On His Blindness#34;: #34;They also serve who only stand and for kids wait.#34; Notice that the essay is based on gender in the research paper, a close reading of the research in commerce novel and does not rely on secondary sources. #39;They Also Serve . . .#39;: The Waiter in The Sun Also Rises. A Sample Critical Essay on a Novel. 1 To keep Jake Barnes drunk, fed, clean, mobile, and gender inequality in the workplace research distracted in movie ratings, The Sun Also Rises , Ernest Hemingway employs a large retinue of minor functionaries: maids, cab drivers, bartenders, porters, tailors, bootblacks, barbers, policemen, and one village idiot. But of all the retainers seen working quietly in the background of the novel, the most familiar figure by far is the waiter. In cafes from Paris to Madrid, from gender inequality in the one sunrise to detective, the next, over two dozen waiters deliver drinks and relay messages to Barnes and his compatriots. As frequently in in the, attendance and as indistinguishable from one another as they are, these various waiters seem to merge into a single emblematic figure as the novel progresses.
A detached observer of human vanity, this figure does more than serve food and drink: he serves to illuminate the character of Jake Barnes. 2 On a number of occasions, Barnes expresses a sympathetic awareness of the waiters around him. For instance, after dining with Lady Brett Ashley and the count at the restaurant in the Bois, Barnes recognizes that the two waiters standing by the door #34;wanted to paper, go home#34; (61). Inequality Research Paper? Likewise, on coursework gcse, the French train crowded with pilgrims, Barnes discourages Bill Gorton from teasing the inequality in the paper overworked waiter, saying, #34;No. He#39;s too tired#34; (88).
It is guidelines research paper proposal, fitting that Barnes should identify, at inequality in the research least implicitly, with waiters. Like them, he is creative classes, a reticent and passive observer, carrying out gender in the workplace research, routines with emotional detachment. Creative Writing For Kids? For the gender in the workplace paper waiters, of course, such detachment is merely professional decorum. For Barnes, however, emotional detachment is a means of protection, a method for coping with life. 3 One way that Barnes maintains his composure is to substitute objective observations for emotional responses.
His ritualistic descriptions of waiters doing their work often serves this purpose, as in the conclusion to the scene in in commerce, the Bar Milano. Ignoring the warnings of Montoya, Barnes has set Brett up with Pedro Romero: When I came back and looked in the cafe, twenty minutes later, Brett and Romero were gone. The coffee-glasses and workplace research paper our three empty cognac-glasses were on movie theater, the table. A waiter came with a cloth and picked up the glasses and mopped off the table. (187) By focusing on this image of cleansing and gender inequality in the workplace reordering--of a waiter clearing up the mess made by others--Barnes displaces whatever feelings of remorse, shame, and envy he may have. 4 On occasion, however, a waiter may be seen to dramatize rather than displace Barnes#39;s feelings. After leaving the Bar Milano, Barnes goes to ratings, the Cafe Suizo, where he is in the research paper, knocked out cold by Robert Cohn. After being revived, he again offers a parting view: #34;I looked back at them and at the empty tables.
There was a waiter sitting at one of the tables with his head in his hands#34; (192). Reading? As an image of weariness, this is hardly unusual: it#39;s late and the waiter is tired. But the image of head in hands may suggest something more, particularly as observed by a man whose own head is #34;a little wobbly#34; (192). It may be seen as a tableau dramatizing Barnes#39;s own exhaustion, pain, shame, and despair. Inequality In The Research Paper? 5 For the most part, waiters function silently throughout the novel as disinterested witnesses, emblems of write thesis statement, routine maintenance, and correlatives to gender, Jake Barnes and his suppressed emotions. In one important scene, however, immediately following the death of Vincente Girones, a waiter steps out of his conventional role, sits down beside Barnes at the table, and offers this choric commentary: #34;A big horn wound. All for fun. Just for fun. . . . That#39;s it.
All for fun. Fun, you understand. . . . Right through the research paper proposal back. A cornada right through the back. Gender Inequality In The Workplace Research Paper? For fun--you understand. . . . You hear? Muerto. Dead#34; (197-98).
It is not just the repetition and movie the echo of #34;cor nada #34; in this speech that recall the prayer of the older waiter in Hemingway#39;s short story #34;A Clean, Well-Lighted Place.#34; More significantly, it is the weary but forceful note of gender in the workplace research paper, human concern in the face of human absurdity that links the two waiters. This view, defiantly anti-romantic, is one Jake Barnes is still struggling to achieve. When asked by paper the waiter what he thinks of all this #34;fun,#34; Barnes can say only, #34;I don#39;t know#34; (197). 6 Appropriately, then, it is again a waiter who signals a possible change in inequality workplace research paper, Barnes#39;s life. The last part of the novel opens with another image of cleansing, waiters #34;sweeping the streets and sprinkling them with a hose#34; (227). And it is a waiter#39;s actions that dramatize the end of the fiesta: A waiter wearing a blue apron came out with a bucket of water and a cloth, and commenced to tear down the notices, pulling the paper off in strips and guidelines research paper washing and rubbing away the paper that stuck to gender workplace research, the stone. The fiesta was over. (227) The vigorous verbs in this description reflect Barnes#39;s determination that certain things in his life were over, that he had reached #34;the end of the line#34; (239), that he was #34;through with fiestas for awhile#34; (232). Perhaps he had learned something about friendship, about #34;valuable qualities,#34; something waiters had always understood (233).
7 In The Sun Also Rises , Hemingway has countered the lost generation of main characters with the emblematic figure of the waiter, whose voice is as old as the book of Ecclesiastes: #34;Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all is vanity#34; ( The Holy Bible Eccles. 1:2). The wisdom gained by the waiter through disinterested observations of human folly may lead to the strength that can help him endure. We should remember, after all, that the novel#39;s single representative of papers in commerce, moral valor, Pedro Romero, #34;learned his English as a waiter in Gib#34; (242). Hemingway, Ernest. #34;A Clean, Well-Lighted Place.#34; Winner Take Nothing , New York: Scribner#39;s, 1933.
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How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in gender inequality paper helping people write essays faster and guidelines proposal, easier. A summary is telling the main ideas of the article in your own words. These are the steps to writing a great summary: Read the article, one paragraph at a time. For each paragraph, underline the main idea sentence (topic sentence). Inequality In The Research Paper. If you can't underline the book, write that sentence on critical reading your computer or a piece of paper. When you finish the article, read all the underlined sentences. In your own words, write down one sentence that conveys the inequality main idea.
Start the sentence using the name of the author and title of the article (see format below). Continue writing your summary by movie theater ratings, writing the other underlined sentences in your own words. Remember that you need to change both the words of the sentence and in the paper, the word order. For more information, see video below. Gcse. Don't forget to use transition words to link your sentences together. See my list of transition words below to help you write your summary more effectively and make it more interesting to read. Make sure you include the name of the gender inequality in the author and article and gcse, use author tags (see list below) to let the reader know you are talking about what the author said and inequality in the workplace research, not your own ideas.
Re-read your piece. Does it flow well? Are there too many details? Not enough? Your summary should be as short and concise as possible. Author Tag : You need to start your summary by telling the name of the article and the author. Here are three examples of how to do that (pay close attention to the punctuation): In “How the Civil War Began, historian John Jones explains.
John Jones, in guidelines his article “How the Civil War Began, says that the real reason. How the Civil War Began, by historian John Jones, describes. First Sentence: Along with including the article's title and author's name, the first sentence should be the main point of the article. It should answer the question: What is gender inequality in the research this essay about? (thesis). Example: In How the Civil War Began by John Jones, the author argues that the real reason for the start of the Civil War was not slavery, as many believe, but was instead the clash of cultures and greed for cash. Rest of Summary: The rest of your essay is critical reading detective going to give the reasons and evidence for that main statement. In other words, what is the main point the writer is trying to make and what are the supporting ideas he or she uses to inequality in the workplace paper, prove it?
Does the author bring up any opposing ideas, and if so, what does he or she do to refute them? Here is a sample sort of sentence: ___________ is the issue addressed in “( article's title) ” by ( author's name) . Critical. The thesis of this essay is ___________ . The author’s main claim is gender inequality research ___________ and his/her sub claim is ___________ . The author argues ___________ . Other people argue ___________ . The author refutes these ideas by saying ___________ . His/her conclusion is ___________ . How Often Do You Mention the Author? While you don't have to use an author tag in every sentence, you need to guidelines research paper proposal, be clear when you are giving ideas that are taken from the article, and when you are saying your own ideas. In general, you want to be sure that you always use the gender inequality author's name and the article title when you start summarizing, and critical thinking, that you use the author's last name in the last sentence as well to make it clear you are still talking about the author's ideas. In a research paper, you would then put a parenthetical citation or footnote, which tells the reader you are finished using that source. Men and Women in Conversation: Example response essay to Deborah Tannen's article about how divorce can be prevented if people learn the communication signals of the opposite gender. Response Essay about Getting a Tattoo: Responds to a personal experience article from the New York Times about a man who gets a dragon tattoo. The Year that Changed Everything: Sample paper written by a college English class about an article by Lance Morrow suggesting that three lesser-known events of 1948 had a great impact on inequality workplace research history. How is critical detective this written? Who is the audience? Is it effectively written for gender that audience?
If you've done a literary analysis, you can apply what you know about analyzing literature to analyzing other texts. You will want to consider what is research in commerce effective and ineffective. Inequality In The Workplace Paper. You will analyze what the author does that works and what doesn't work to support the author's point and persuade the audience to detective, agree. Sometimes, especially when you're just getting started writing, the inequality in the research task of fitting a huge topic into an essay may feel daunting and you may not know where to write compare contrast thesis, start. It may help you to in the, use a thing called TRACE when talking about the writing for kids rhetorical situation. TRACE stands for Text, Reader, Author, Context, and inequality workplace research paper, Exigence: Text , Reader , and Author are easy to understand. When writing the analysis, you need to guidelines research paper, think about what kind of inequality in the workplace, text it is and what the author wanted to have the audience think, do, or believe.
The main question your analysis will answer is, How effective was the author at guidelines research paper proposal convincing that particular audience? Context means several things: how the inequality workplace research article fits into the history of discussion of that issue, the research paper historical moment in gender inequality in the workplace time when the article is theater ratings written, and the moment in time when a person reads the article. In this context, Exigence is synonymous with assumptions, bias, or worldview. Breaking the large idea down into these five parts may help you get started and organize your ideas. In your paper, you'll probably want to address from three to all five of these elements. Each of the following elements can be one paragraph of your analysis. Gender Inequality In The Paper. You can answer the coursework gcse media questions to help you generate ideas for inequality research paper each paragraph.
To make it easier, I've included the last two TRACE elements (Context and Exigence) as part of critical, Author and Reader. How is the essay organized? What is effective or ineffective about the organization of the essay? How does the author try to interest the reader? How well does the gender inequality in the workplace paper author explain the main claims? Are these arguments logical? Do the writing classes support and evidence seem adequate? Is the support convincing to the reader?
Does the evidence actually prove the inequality in the workplace point the author is trying to make? Who is the author? What does he or she know about this subject? What is the author's bias? Is the bias openly admitted? Does that make his or her argument more or less believable? Does the author's knowledge and background make her or him reliable for in commerce this audience? How does the author try to workplace research paper, relate to the audience and establish common ground? Is it effective?
How does the author interest the audience? Does she or he make the reader want to know more? Does the author explain enough about the history of this argument? Is anything left out? Who is the reader?
How would they react to these arguments? How is research in commerce this essay effective or ineffective for gender inequality in the workplace research this audience? What constraints (prejudices or perspectives) would make this reader able to hear or not hear certain arguments? What is the thinking detective exigence (events in this moment in time which affect the need for this conversation) that makes the gender in the paper audience interested in this issue? Michael Critchton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves argues that we are overdoing caution and fear.
See my Sample Reading Response to this essay and also check out Lisa Rayner and Don Fraizier's response. Text : Analyzing the contrast thesis text is very much like doing literary analysis, which many students have done before. Use all of your tools of literary analysis, including looking at the metaphors, rhythm of sentences, construction of gender inequality in the workplace research, arguments, tone, style, and use of language. Example: The organization of essay title is effective/ineffective because ___________ . The essay's opening causes the reader to ___________ . Detective. The essay's style is ___________ and the tone is shown by inequality research paper, ___________ . The language used is___________ . The essay's argument is constructed logically/illogically by ___________. Movie Theater. The essay is organized by gender in the research paper, ___________ ( give a very brief description of the thinking structure of the gender inequality in the workplace essay, perhaps telling where the description of the problem is, where claims are made, and where support is located—in which paragraphs—and why this is effective or ineffective in proving the point ). Author: You’ve probably also analyzed how the research papers author’s life affects his or her writing.
You can do the same for this sort of analysis. For example, in my sample reading the response about gender workplace research Michael Crichton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves article, students noted that the fact that Crichton is the author of doomsday thrillers like Andromeda Strain and Jurassic Park makes his argument that we shouldn't pay much attention to current doomsday scenarios like global warming rather ironic. Movie. If you don't know anything about the author, you can always do a quick Google Search to inequality in the workplace paper, find out. Sample format: The author establishes his/her authority by ___________ . The author's bias is compare contrast statement shown in ___________ . The author assumes an audience who ___________ . He/She establishes common ground with the audience by ___________ . Reader: You can write this section by inferring who the intended reader is, as well as looking at the text from the inequality research paper viewpoint of research proposal, other sorts of readers. Gender Inequality Paper. For example, Readers are interested in this issue because of the exigence of ___________. Constraints on the reader's reaction are ___________. I think the creative for kids reader would react to this argument by ___________. I think that the author's ___________ is effective. ___________ is gender inequality paper less effective because ___________ includes ___________. Ratings. The support is adequate/inadequate and is relevant/irrelevant to inequality workplace research paper, the author’s claim.
What do you think? Does this article persuade you? Generally, your response will be the end of your essay, but you may include your response throughout the paper as you select what to summarize and analyze. Your response will also be evident to coursework gcse, the reader by the tone that you use and the words you select to talk about the article and writer. However, your response in the conclusion will be more direct and specific. It will use the gender inequality workplace paper information you have already provided in movie your summary and analysis to explain how you feel about in the workplace paper this article.
Most of the time, your response will fall into one of the following categories: You will agree with the author and paper proposal, back your agreement up with logic or personal experience. You will disagree with the author because of your experience or knowledge (although you may have sympathy with the author's position). You will agree with part of the author's points and disagree with others. You will agree or disagree with the gender in the research author but feel that there is a more important or different point which needs to be discussed in addition to what is in the article. How will this article fit into creative writing classes for kids, your own paper? How will you be able to use it? Here are some questions you can answer to help you think about your response: What is your personal reaction to the essay? What common ground do you have with the author? How are your experiences the same or different from the author's and how has your experience influenced your view?
What in the essay is new to inequality, you? Do you know of any information the article left out media, that is relevant to the topic? What in this essay made you re-think your own view? What does this essay make you think about? What other writing, life experience, or information would help you think about this article?
What do you like or dislike about the essay and/or the ideas in gender inequality paper the essay? How much of critical thinking reading, your response is related to your personal experience? How much is related to in the research, your own worldview? How is this feeling related to the information you know? How will this information be useful for you in thinking writing your own essay? What position does this essay support? Or where might you use this article in your essay? You can use your answers to the questions above to help you formulate your response. Here is a sample of how you can put this together into your own essay (for more sample essays, see the links above): Before reading this article, my understanding of this topic was ___________.
In my own experience, I have found ___________ and because of this, my reaction to this essay is inequality in the paper ___________. Interestingly, I have ___________ as common ground with the author/audience . What was new to me is ___________. This essay makes me think ___________. I like/dislike ___________ in the essay. Compare. I will use this article in my research essay for ___________. Summary Analysis Response to Men and Women in Conversation. by Virginia Kearney 7. Summary, Analysis, Response Essay Example. by Virginia Kearney 0.
Writing Summary, Analysis, Response Papers. by Virginia Kearney 3. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. How to in the research, Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Cathy, I tell my students that you want to include the examples you need to make your point clear, but you don't want to papers in commerce, summarize everything.
Hello, Thank you so much for gender research paper your guide. Guidelines Research Paper. Is it necessary to include the author's examples in an analytical argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 6 weeks ago from United States. Rodsy, I'm so glad that this has helped you. I hope you will continue to inequality in the paper, use my other guides and sample papers to complete your other projects. Rodsy Karim Taseen 6 weeks ago. Thank you so much for making it easy. Now I along with my group members can complete our assignment on writing summary on different research papers, based on the filed of write compare contrast thesis, International Business. Thank you so much! I really appreciate the effort put into your work. :) this will really help me now and in future. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States.
Hi, Chloe! It would depend in part what sort of assignment you've been given. Generally, in research paper doing a summary, you do not need to put the compare statement information exactly in the same order as the inequality in the workplace paper original paper. The important thing in research papers summarizing is that you actually understand the paper information clearly enough that you can put it into your own words. I'm guessing that with the title, the article has a number of reasons why we should allow the drugs. If the reasons can be grouped, into compare contrast thesis statement, 3-4 types of in the research paper, reasons, that would be your best organization technique.
For example, I can image that the reasons to allow performance enhancing drugs are probably: We can't prevent athletes from getting around the rules. We have better athletic contests if we allow drugs. We don't have the right to tell athletes what they are doing with their own bodies. I'm not sure what your article says, but I'm guessing that you could group the reasons around a few themes and organize your summary that way. hi there, i am doing a science report on research paper proposal Why we should allow performance enhancing drugs in sport and the article has 12 subheadings and i am supposed to summarize all of them. What structure would i put the paragraphs in so it isn't just random information summarizing the workplace research subsections, and i have an actual format to follow? Thank you :)
Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi, Brad! You are probably needing one of my other articles if you are doing an guidelines research paper proposal, argumentative essay. When you do an argument, you actually need to have a main claim that you want to persuade your audience to inequality workplace, believe. The analysis part of that sort of essay means that you evaluate the pros and cons of other ideas about movie theater that claim. I don't use the term analytical argumentative essay in my class but I do teach this same idea. I call it persuasive essay, or argument essay and I have several articles that tell you how to research, write that sort of essay. Look at the links to in commerce, the side or search for them on Letterpile using my name.
Would this be considered an outline for an analytical Argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi--If you are doing a summary, analysis, and response, then you do it the same as we've described here except that you would summarize the story and then analyze whether it was told effectively and finally give a response. If you are actually talking about inequality research writing a narrative paper about something that happened to research in commerce, you, you need to see my article on inequality in the workplace research paper How to for kids, Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. Search for it on Letterpile or on my profile page. cletusoe12 @gmail.com 5 months ago. How can I write a story of a personal encounter in in the workplace paper an accident. In narrative essay.
Please can you give me example? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Hi Mimi--In the response section, you can explain how you are going to use that article in your research paper. You might want to see my article on writing classes for kids How to do an Annotated Bibliography, which also includes a sample. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Glad this is helpful to gender workplace paper, you Flor. I am not currently doing online tutoring but it is interesting for you to ask this because I've been considering setting up a website with videos and compare statement, some live instruction help. what a great way to explain you have used here. Are you interested in doing tutoring online? I would love to have the opportunity to be tutor by you. Hello, I am actually working on three articles and my supervisor asked to gender inequality in the, make a summary including analysis.But what I would like to know how can I show that these three articles are related to my future research paper?how can I analyze them?can you please help me?
I love the way this website gives steps and examples. Write Thesis Statement. I love how you can distinguish all of this into your on understanding. All of this explaining is a great source for anything. You have to gender inequality paper, love everything about this site. This is the best.
Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Brianna--If you are doing a summary of an article, then I would do that first. If you are not responding to guidelines research proposal, a particular article, then you should give a summary of the situation around this law and the different sides of the argument. Then pose a question which is interesting to you. Gender Research. Your response will be more interesting if you go beyond just the research papers idea of whether this is gender workplace research good or bad. Here are some ideas: Is this an effective strategy for pro-life groups to use? Does just raising the issue of burial change the conversation about abortion? Should women considering abortion have to research, think about burying their baby? How can I come up with a theme for my response paper.
I am responding to gender inequality in the workplace paper, the Texas new law that requires burial for write compare statement aborted fetuses. Any ideas? Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from gender in the United States. Thanks for creative writing classes letting me know Seza! This type of essay is not very well explained in in the research paper many textbooks and that is what led me to write these instructions and ask my students to proposal, post examples. Since I've been using these instructions, I've found my students do a much better job at writing these kinds of essays, which is important because the thinking you do while writing these essays is what prepares you for doing good research. This post has been of great help for me and my friends.
Thank you very much. Excellent lesson. It helped me with reviewing summarizing with some of my students who were still having difficulty. I especially liked the chart. However, please change adjective to inequality in the paper, adverbs. Thanks for the information. Very good insight on analysis description. I want to coursework gcse, thank you for your time and effort in helping people be all they can be.
Keep up the inequality in the workplace research great work. Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Thanks Singapore! I love the fact that what I write and use to teach has helped people all over the world. I'm approaching 8 million views now!
Thanks from compare thesis statement Singapore! It's for literature :) Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Thanks Simon! I've done a lot of writing over the years and gender inequality research, I enjoy experimenting with different styles. I like the style of your post writing. It's very rare to find something like this. This my second semester in the university and I have to write. Analysis essay I find your site very helpful for me. Really thank you. Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from United States.
Hi Ercan! Since I started writing online in 2008, I've been amazed to see people from all over the world reading my work and being helped by creative writing, the information I've developed for my students at college here in the United States. Gender Inequality Workplace. Having had students from many other countries in my own classroom, I know that sometimes they have not gotten much instruction from native English speakers. Papers. I am glad to be able to provide help for free to improve student's written English. Ercan Oztoktay 16 months ago.
Thanks so much from turkey. My first time to write a summary of a 4-page research paper, this useful article really helped me, thanks :) I don't know why I should go to school. This is the right place. Inequality In The Workplace Research. It's helping me in research my English composition 2 class.thank you. Virginia Kearney 22 months ago from United States. Hi Ed, I'm not sure what your instructor means by writing with authority. Gender In The Workplace. They may mean they want you to quote reliable, authoritative sources.
In speech, we show authority by using declarative sentences which tell people what to theater, do, such as, Be sure you write clear sentences using concrete adjectives and in the workplace research, vivid adverbs. Contrast Thesis. I suggest you ask your instructor for some examples of what they want you to do. Hello Professor Lynne. Gender Inequality Research Paper. I have to write an essay with authority, can you advise me why type of words I can use to show my point? By the way the topic is dealing Information Technology. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Thanks yakul for your comment. As a writer, I know I am always learning and improving too! Matty Fernandez 2 years ago from Passaic, NJ. I have to turn in a summary page for Critical Thinking.
You've helped me lots! Please follow me. Christy Maria 2 years ago. I am a student in University right now and I have to critical thinking reading detective, write response papers so often. This article is extremely useful for me so im going to make sure to save it and look back on it when I have my next paper due! Thankyou. Najat 2 years ago from Rottherdam - NL. i like your hub, great sharing, i love the instructions.
greeting from Hijama. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Aesta--glad to in the workplace research paper, know this helped you. Coursework Media. My class is structured so that my students have to plan before they write, and then get feedback from peers before re-writing. Many of them don't like that process because they want to get it all done in one sitting, but after they have gone through this process for a semester, they begin to realize that stopping to paper, organize their thoughts first often means that the writing goes much more quickly. Write Contrast Thesis Statement. In the end, it takes less time! Mary Norton 2 years ago from Ontario, Canada. Enjoyed reading your hub as it is really well written and gender inequality workplace, very substantial. I need to research paper proposal, digest this information and start applying this in my work. I often just write spontaneously, no outline, and I organize this after. Armed with these questions to ask as I write, maybe I can really put substance into my random thoughts.
Lloyd Jenkins 3 years ago. This was great information, it will help me in my English class this semester. Organization is key in writing a good summary and response. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Organised Kaos--do you really live in Tasmania? That seems like a fairy tale place to inequality workplace paper, me. Of course, as I write that, I realize that the places I've lived, Southern California, Texas and Florida may seem like fairy tale places to people in other parts of the world! Good luck on your college career. I went back to graduate school after 10 years of working and found that I enjoyed going to school so very much more than I had when I was younger. I actually enjoyed the chance to learn things. As a professor, I really enjoy having students like yourself because their life experiences make their writing much more interesting.
Actually, that reminds me that last semester I had a student from Australia who was older because he had been a professional Rugby player for several years before coming to the U.S. to go to college and play American football. The whole class enjoyed all of his experiences and I'm sure your classmates will enjoy yours too. Anne 3 years ago from Hobart, Tasmania. Australia.(The little bit broken off the research paper proposal bottom of AUS) Thanks for a great hub. Just about to go back to college after 20 years and am a little nervous about having forgotten this kinda stuff.
Will be following you too as I want to be able to refer at a later date, back to your instruction. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. How interesting Maddie--thanks for letting me know. My husband is a scientist and I love doing technology and science papers with my class in the second semester. Inequality Research. I will have to think about doing some more topic ideas for ratings science classes. I'm doing this for science. Anarkali Suits 4 years ago. “Words can be like X-rays if you use them properly -- they’ll go through anything. You read and inequality research paper, you’re pierced.” This page is reading a great method to connect to others.
Congratulations on gender inequality in the workplace paper a job well achieved. Movie Theater Ratings. I am anticipating your next. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. B. Leekley--absolutely! I'm so glad that you recognized that responsive reading doesn't just have to in the research paper, be to texts. Anything that provides us something to compare, think about can be put into gender inequality in the workplace research, a responsive reading. Guidelines Research Paper. You've reminded me that I need to add my own Hub which responded to a Harvard Study on the effect of going to 4th of July celebrations to my links. Brian Leekley 5 years ago from gender workplace Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA. Thank you for this interesting and helpful hub. I have bookmarked it. Write Contrast Statement. I can foresee myself writing hubs that are responses to hubs that argue for a philosophical or political position.
Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. I'm glad! I'm just now grading my student's Summary, Analysis and Response essays and I'm so pleased that they have really understood how to do this paper. I'm hoping my directions this semester have been clearer. We did two days of peer editing, which I think helped. This paper is similar to the Reading Response paper, and both of these Hubs are are the very top in number of hits, so I think that many people have trouble on these essays and the textbooks don't always describe them well. Many thanks Virginia..you made things a lot simpler for me! Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. johnsdfd--good question.
Yes--I should add that to the hub. You do a bibliographic entry in either mla or apa style at paper the top, then the summary/analysis/response is below. htodd 5 years ago from United States. Great post virginialynne..Thanks. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States.
Glad I helped you nico! My class is just starting on this essay now and theater, so I was looking at gender workplace my Hubviews and very surprised to find this one had over write thesis statement, 3,000! I really published it for my own classes, but the class I'm teaching now is the first one that will use it. Gender Paper. Guess there are a lot of other people out there needing help! Virginia Kearney 6 years ago from United States. Thanks!
I think that a lot of the instructions given for essays really don't help you know how to organize them. I've actually learned a lot about writing by trying to figure out media, how to teach other people! Rose Clearfield 6 years ago from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Well written. Workplace. I like how you break everything down. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is movie a registered Service Mark of inequality in the workplace research, HubPages, Inc.
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Amusing Ourselves To Death Neil Postman. Gender Inequality In The Workplace Research Paper. Amusing Ourselves To Death. Need essay sample on write compare, Amusing Ourselves To Death Neil Postman ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. In The Workplace Research. ‘Amusing Ourselves To Death’- the masterpiece of Neil Postman was penned down in 1985. It is rightly referred to creative classes as a scripture for modern society guiding mankind to a respectable life. A chance delivery of inequality a talk to theater ratings Frankfurt book sellers’ convention- 1984 and the participation in a panel on Orwell’s ‘1984 and The Contemporary world’ flashed his mind with the gender workplace research basic idea for the book. Postman incorporated the points of view of modern Orwell (1984) and research old Aldous Huxley (Brave New World). In the ‘Foreword’ itself, he clearly spells the objective of the book. Quoting Orwell and Huxley frequently Postman reveals the differences in reasons but the similarity of the gender paper fear of the two authors. According to Orwell, modern society will acquire ‘captive culture’ because of the deprivation of information and books as well as of a ‘big brother’. On the other hand Huxley fears that society will become ‘trivial’ because of the absence of the desire to read and to get informed as well as of self oppression.
Orwell fears pain will kill us, something what we hate will ruin us while Huxley long back prophesied that pleasure will kill us and something that we love would ruin us. Postman clearly supports Huxley’s apprehension when he exposes the danger T.V. culture poses to the modern society. He satirically comments on Americans being happy that Orwellian nightmares (1984) did not visit them that no oppressive Govt. Coursework. was there to suppress them. How pathetically the impending doom lurking so close escaped this ignorant society! How sad! They are too absorbed in visual images of in the research modern media to visualize its ultimate impacts. Actually Postman negatively comments on classes for kids, the modern means of communication. He tells us the gender inequality in the limitations of T.V. Postman asserts that T.V. as a means of entertainment is fine but he questions its worth as a means of critical thinking communication. T.V. is purely commercial working on the basis of inequality workplace ratings; it should not be and rather can not be the medium of education, philosophy, politics, religion and other sensitive areas. Critical Thinking Reading. It is not, at all, capable of involving intellectually demanding, interactive and dialectical topics where the efficacy of the gender inequality research books can not be challenged.
It is not only in the exposition of his philosophy but also in its explanation that every move of Postman is none less than perfect- cautious and meticulous. Along with the title, the sub-title ‘Public Discourse in the Age of critical thinking reading detective Show’ is also self-explanatory and supports the former as well as lays bare the very satire of gender inequality in the research too much of entertainment. Both together bring to our mind the dangers of movie overpowering T.V. culture which is the inequality in the workplace research paper main theme of the book. Moreover, Postman divides his book into different chapters under captive and meaningful headings beautifully and gcse lucidly defining step by step his thesis with a simplicity next to perfection and hence embodying profound thoughts in easy terminology and style, the hallmark of greatness. Workplace Research. The whole of ‘Amusing Ourselves to Death’ is replete with the examples of writers, philosophers, politicians and religious preachers. Postman even exploits some symbols. Creative. He asserts that as serious messages can not be conveyed through ‘smoke signals’ ( ch.1-The Medium Is The Metaphor ), T.V. is inequality in the workplace research paper, also not an appropriate medium for communicating serious discourse. Its ‘form excludes the content’ ( P.6) and it ‘can not accommodate some ideas’ ( P.8). Rather he hints at thinking reading detective, its dangers a little later when he writes ‘Television is at its most trivial and, therefore, most dangerous when its aspirations are high’ ( P.16-17, Ch.2-Media as Epistemology). If Postman vehemently criticizes visual images for sensitive fields he nostalgically recalls typographic America.
Here he spends a lot of time covering America’s golden history when complex political debates and rhetoric Sunday Sermons were nothing unusual. In The. Intelligence and active participation was in the air. People not only understood and appreciated but were carried away by the emotional language. He misses the age of reason which was at its glorious heights during 18th and 19th centuries. Postman quotes various examples to open our eyes to the shocking degeneration. Critical. How strange! The ‘federalist papers’ which were written for commoners ( at that time) including farmers, bakers, merchants etc. Inequality Workplace. pose the most difficult reading for today’s aspiring barristers. While missing the political debates of Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas Postman nearly cries in the words ‘ who were those people who could so cheerfully accommodate themselves to several hours of oratory’ (P.44) and then the astonishing gap leaves him shattered as ‘people of a T.V. Papers In Commerce. culture need plain language’ (P.50). Postman laments that the age of exposition has been replaced by the age of show business. Postman also traces the journey of development starting from the development of alphabet to the invention of printing press leading to the progress of telegraph and gender in the workplace paper finally collapsing in the creation of T.V. Papers. Throughout the book he seems to convey that oral and written methods are of high prestige while those of the visual ones deserve a lower place. ‘Now…this’ the most popular phrase of T.V.
News channels could not escape Postman’s sharp sarcasm. ‘T.V. News show is a theory of anti-communication’ (P.92-93) and gender inequality workplace paper the indifferent way in which news readers with expressionless faces convey the sad news items of earthquakes or mass killings is movie ratings, really something strange. He further strengthens his point of view in the words ‘the exiting music,…, the attractive commercials…suggest that what we have seen is inequality in the research paper, no cause for weeping. A news show. for entertainment, not for education, reflection and catharsis’. Media is shrinking the world and papers in commerce unpleasantly shrinking our sensitivity too, that is inequality workplace paper, why news readers can smilingly shift to next news saying ‘now..this’.
How strongly Postman supports it when he writes ‘On T.V. screen entertainment is the metaphor for all discourse. Americans do not exchange ideas; they exchange images’! Grdually the creative phrase became so popular that Larry Gonick concludes his ‘Cartoon guide to (non) communication’ with this. Moreover, Postman exposes the unlimited inclusion of inequality paper technology in education. He holds that teaching involves active participation, innovative thinking and honest communication- the things which are outside the domain of T.V. It can only provide ready-to-use entertaining guides which are fundamentally against the process of learning. In the chapter ‘The Peek-Boo World’, Postman writes that we have become insensitive to all this.
The hissing sound of T.V. fails to shudder us and its flickering grey lights don’t frighten us. So, We find the bizarre world shown through media look natural and creative classes for kids we feel comfortable in this only. The profound depths of his aching spirit, the wide extent of his hopelessness and the very essence of his message take their way straight into our hearts when we read ‘To whom do we complain, and inequality in the paper when and in contrast thesis, what tone of voice, when serious discourse dissolves into in the research paper giggles?’ (P.156). The vast range of the audience of ‘Amusing…’ includes not only scholars, authors, commentators and high profile officials but common people too; which accounts for its utmost success. The fact that the theater songs of Walter Roger’s album ‘Amused to Death’ sing the philosophy embodied in the book speaks volumes of its readership and influence. Postman’s style, throughout the book, remains quite engaging and the presentation of the thesis as well as the examples is simply perfect- reasonable and thorough. Though Postman mentions American society time and again but what he comments on is equally true about any other society too.
He presents Las Vegas as a symbol of city devoted to the pursuit of entertainment. Hence, ‘Amusing…’ becomes remarkably universal in its appeal. Universality is essential for inequality in the research paper a literary work before it can be recognized as extra-ordinary. To sum up, we can safely say that ‘Amusing Ourselves to Death’ is an excellent book and papers in commerce Postman brings home his thesis beyond any doubt communicating it even to a common man with a slight touch of philosophy. The famous book reviewer, John, writes about it ‘I think everyone should read this book’. After such a complement from a reviewer of gender such repute, ‘Amusing..’ is not, at all, at the mercy of movie ratings any other recommendation. Neil Postman.
Amusing Ourselves to Death; Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business. Penguin USA, 1985. ISBN 0-670-80454-1.
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Essay on Religion: Meaning, Nature , Role and other details (5931 Words) Here is your essay on religion, it’s meaning, nature, role and other details! Religion is an almost universal institution in gender, human society. It is found in all societies, past and creative writing classes, present. All the gender workplace research paper preliterate societies known to us have religion. Religion goes back to the beginning of the culture itself. It is reading detective a very ancient institution. There is no primitive society without religion. Image Courtesy : upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9d/Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg/1280px-Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg.
Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the intellectual power of man in response to certain felt needs of in the workplace research men. Ratings. While most people consider religion as universal and therefore, a significant institution of societies. It is the foundation on which the normative structure of society stands. It is the social institution that deals with sacred things, that lie beyond our knowledge and control. It has influenced other institutions. It has been exerting tremendous influence upon political and economic aspects of life. It is said that man from the earliest times has been incurably religious. Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Semitic religions), Hinduism and Buddhism; Confucianism, Taoism and gender in the workplace paper, Shinto (Chinese-Japanese religions) etc. are examples of the great religions of the world. Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings.
It is the human response to those elements in the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension. Religion is pre-eminently social and is found in nearly all societies. Majumdar and Madan explain that the word religion has its origin in the Latin word Rel (I) igio. This is derived from two root words. The first root is Leg, meaning “together, count or observe”.
The second root is Lig, meaning ‘to bind’. The first root refers to belief in movie theater, and practice of “signs of Divine Communication”. The second root refers to the carrying out those activities which link human beings with the supernatural powers. Thus, we find that the word religion basically represents beliefs and practices which are generally the main characteristics of all religions. Central to all religions is the concept of faith. Religion in this sense is the organisation of faith which binds human beings to their temporal and research, transcendental foundation. By faith man is distinguished from other beings. It is essentially a subjective and private matter. Faith is something which binds us together and is therefore, more important than reason.
Pfleiderer defined religion as “that reference men’s life to a word governing power which seeks to grow into a living union with it.” According to James G. Frazer considered religion as a belief in “Powers superior to man which are believed to coursework gcse media, direct and control the course of nature and of human life”. As Christopher Dauson writes, “Whenever and wherever man has a sense of dependence on external powers which are conceived as mysterious and higher than man’s own, there is religion, and the feelings of awe and in the workplace research, self-abasement with which man is filled in the presence of such powers is essentially a religious emotion, the root of worship and prayer.” Arnold W. Green defines religion as “a system of beliefs and guidelines research paper, symbolic practices and objects, governed by faith rather than by knowledge, which relates man to an unseen supernatural realm beyond the known and beyond the gender inequality in the research paper controllable.” According to Maclver and Page, “Religion, as we understand the term, implies a relationship not merely between man and writing for kids, man but also between man and some higher power.” As Gillin and Gillin says, “The social field of religion may be regarded as including those emotionalized beliefs prevalent in a social group concurring the supernatural plus crest and behaviour, material objects and symbols associated with such beliefs.”
Thus, there are numerous definitions of religion given thinkers according to their own conceptions. As a matter of fact the forms in which religion expresses itself vary so much that it is difficult to agree upon gender inequality in the workplace paper, a definition. Some maintain that religion includes a belief in supernatural or mysterious powers and that it expresses itself in overt activities designed to deal with those powers. Others regard religion as something very earthly and materialistic, designed to thinking, achieve practical ends. Sumner and Keller asserted that, “Religion in gender workplace research, history, from the earliest to very recent days, has not been a matter of morality at all but of rites, rituals, observance and ceremony”.
Religion, in fact, is not a mere process of research paper proposal mediations about man’s life; it is also a means of inequality in the research paper preserving the values of life. While it is possible to define religion as belief in God or some super-natural powers, it is well to remember that there can also be a Godless religion as Buddhism. In sociology, the word religion is used in a wider sense than that used in religious books. A common characteristic found among all religions is that they represent a complex of emotional feelings and attitudes towards mysterious and perplexities of life. According to Radin it consists of contrast thesis two parts: (a) Physiological and (b) psychological. The physiological part expresses itself in such acts as kneeling, closing the eyes, touching the feet. The psychological part consists of supernormal sensitivity to certain traditions and beliefs. While belief in supernatural powers may be considered basic to inequality workplace, all religion, equally fundamental is the presence of a deeply emotional feeling which Golden Weiber called the “religion thrill”. If we analyse the great religions of the world, we shall find that each of them contains, five basic elements: (1) belief in supernatural powers, (2) belief in the holy, (3) ritual, (4) acts defined as sinful and write contrast, (5) some method of salvation. The first basic element of religion is the belief that there are supernatural powers.
These powers are believed to influence human life and control all natural phenomena. Some call these supernatural forces God, other call them Gods. There are even others who do not call them by any name. They simply consider them as forces in inequality workplace research paper, their universe. Thus, belief in the non-sensory, super-empirical world is the first element of religion. There are certain holy or sacred elements of religion. These constitute the heart of the religion.
There are certain things which are regarded as holy or sacred. But a thing is holy or sacred not because of a peculiar quality of thing. An attitude makes a thing holy. The sacred character of a tangible thing is not observable to the senses. Sacred things are symbols.
They symbolize the things of the unseen, super-empirical world, they symbolize certain sacred but tangible realities. When a Hindu worships a cow, he worships it not because of the kind of animal the cow is, but because of a host of super-empirical characteristics which this animal is imagined to represent. Religious ritual is “the active side of research in commerce religion. It is behaviour with reference to super empirical entities and sacred- objects”. It includes any kind of behavior (such as the wearing of special clothing and the immersion in gender, certain rivers, in the Ganga for coursework gcse, instance), prayers, hymns, creedal recitations, and other forms of gender in the workplace research reverence, usually performed with other people and in public. It can include singing, dancing, weeping, crawling, starving, feasting, etc. Failure to perform these acts is considered a sin. Each religion defines certain acts as sinful and write, profane (unholy). They are certain moral principles which are explained to have a supernatural origin. It is believed that the powers of the other world cherish these principles. The violation of these principles creates man’s sense of guilty.
It may also bring upon him the gender in the research paper disfavour of the papers in commerce supernatural powers. If the workplace behaviour is research in commerce not in accordance with the religions code, the behaviour or act is considered as sinful. A method of inequality workplace research paper salvation is the fifth basic element of religion. Man needs some method by which he can regain harmony with the guidelines research paper proposal Gods through removal of guilt. Gender Inequality. In Hindu religion Moksha or Salvation represents the end of life, the realisation of an inner spirituality in man. The Hindu seeks release from the bondage of gcse Karma, which is the joy or suffering he undergoes as a result of in the research his actions in his life.
The ultimate end of life is to attain Moksha. The Buddhist hopes to attain Salvation by movie theater ratings, being absorbed in the Godhead and entering Nirvana. The Christian has a redeemer in Christ who gave his life for man’s sins. In short, religion is the institutionalised set of beliefs men hold about supernatural forces. It is more or less coherent system of inequality in the workplace beliefs and practices concerning a supernatural order of beings, forces, places or other entities. Religion is interwoven with all aspects of human life: with kinship systems, economic and political institutions. Prior to the advent of what may be called as “the age of reason”, religion has been the media chief supporter of the spiritual and moral values of life. It has shaped domestic, economic and political institutions. Inequality Workplace Research. Hence, it is obvious that religion performs a number of functions both for the religious group and for the wider society. These functions of religion are discussed bellow.
1. Religion Helps in the Struggle for Societal Survival: Religion may be said to help in the struggle for societal survival. Rushton Coulborn has shown that religion played a crucial role in the formation and early development of seven primary civilisations: Egyptian Mesopotamian, Indian, Cretan, Chinese, Middle American and Andean. Religion in each of these societies gave its members the creative for kids courage needed for survival in an unfavourable environment, by giving explanations to certain aspects of the human conditions which could not be explained in a rational manner. In present societies religion also performs this role. By relating the empirical world to the super-empirical world religion gives the individual a sense of security in this rapidly changing world. Gender Inequality In The Research Paper. This sense of security of the individual has significance for the society. Since religion helps man to forget the suffering, disappointments and sorrows in this life’, social dissatisfaction and social unrest become less frequent and the social system continues functioning.
2. Religion Promotes Social Integration: Religion acts as a unifying force and hence, promotes social integration in movie theater, several ways. Religion plays an important part in crystallising, symbolising and reinforcing common values and norms. It thus provides support for social standards, socially accepted behaviour. Common faith, values and norms etc. are significant in unifying people. As the individuals perform rituals collectively their devotion to group ends is enhanced. Through a ritual individual expresses common beliefs and sentiments. It thus helps him to identify himself more with his fellows, and to distinguish himself more from members of other groups, communities or nations.
By distinguishing between holy and unholy things, religion creates sacred symbol for the values and this symbol becomes the rallying point for all persons who share the same values. Inequality In The Workplace Research Paper. The cow as a sacred symbol of the Hindus, for example, is a rallying point which gives cohesion to research papers in commerce, Hindu society. Religion performs its function of integration through social control. It regulates the conduct of individuals by gender inequality workplace, enforcing moral principles on them and by prescribing powerful sanctions against them for writing, violation. 3. Religion helps to knit the gender workplace Social Values of a Society into a Cohesive Whole: It is the ultimate source of social cohesion. The primary requirement of write compare contrast thesis society is the inequality research common possession of social values by which individuals control the actions of self and for kids, others and gender inequality workplace paper, through which society is perpetuated. These social values emanate from religious faith. Religion is the foundation upon which these values rest. Children should obey their parents, should not tell a lie or cheat, women should be faithful to men; people should be honest and virtuous are some of the social values which maintain social cohesion.
It is religion that asks man to renounce unsocial activities and requires him to accept limitations upon his wants and desires. Research. All the religions have preached love and non-violence. They have emphasized sacrifice and forbearance. 4. Religions Acts as an Agent of Social Control: It is one of the means of inequality research paper informal means of social control. Religion not only paper, defines moral expectations for members of the in the religious group but usually enforces them. It supports certain types of social conduct by placing the powerful sanctions of the supernatural behind them. It makes certain forms of paper proposal social behaviour as offences not only against society but also against God. Hence, any violation of the acceptable norm is punishable not only by God but by gender inequality workplace, society.
Hinduism gives sanction to the caste system which regulates social relations of various classes in movie, India. 5. Religion Promotes Social Welfare: Religion encourages people to render services to gender in the workplace research paper, the needy and poor and promote their welfare. It develops philanthropic attitude of people. Detective. Help and assistance are rendered to poor and destitute persons due to religion inspiration. It is believed that one can obtain the cherished goal of gender inequality in the research paper religion by way of giving alms and assistance to the helpless and movie, needy persons.
In this way religion promotes the welfare of inequality in the research paper individuals, groups and community. The priesthood often was dedicated to art and movie theater ratings, culture. The priests laid the foundations of medicine. Magic supplied the roots of observation and experimentation from gender inequality workplace research, which science developed. It also inculcated the habit of charity among the people who opened many charitable institutions like hospitals, rest houses, temples to help the write contrast thesis statement needy and the poor. 7. Gender Inequality In The Research. It Rationalizes and Makes bearable Individual Suffering in the known World: Religion serves to soothe the man in times of his suffering and disappointment. In this world man often suffers disappointment even in the midst of all hopes and achievements. The things for which he strives are in some measure always denied to him.
When human hopes are blighted, when all that was planned and striven for has been swept away, man naturally wants something to console and compensate him. When a son dies man seeks to assuage his grief in ritualistic exchanges of condolence. On God he puts faith and entertains the belief that some unseen power moves in mysterious ways to make even his loss meaningful. Faith in God compensates him and research papers, sustains his interest in life and makes it bearable. In this way religion helps man to in the paper, bear his frustrations and encourages him to accept his lot on earth. 8. Religion Enhances Self-importance: It expands one’s self to infinite proportions. Man unites himself with the infinite and feels ennobled. Through unity with the infinite the movie theater ratings self is made majestic and triumphant. Gender Inequality Research. Man considers himself the noblest work of God with whom he shall be united and his self thus becomes grand and luminous.
Besides this, religion shapes domestic, economic and political institutions. Religion supports institutional pattern more explicitly. Thinking Detective. All the great religions of the world have attempted to regulate kinship relations, especially marriage and family. Political institutions are often sanctioned by religion: the emperor of China or Japan was sacred; the ruling caste of workplace research paper India was sanctioned by Brahmanism; the kings of France were supposed to in commerce, rule by inequality in the workplace paper, divine right. Religious rites are performed on many occasions in relation to vital events and dominant interests: birth, initiation, marriage, sickness, death, hunting, animal husbandry and so on; and they are intimately concerned with family and kinship interests and with political institutions. Religion is the central element in the life of civilisation. Religion has also performed some other services to humanity among which Sumner and Keller included the provision of work, the spread of write compare thesis statement education, the accumulation of capital and the creation of a leisure class. For thousands of years, religion has exerted a great influence over economic and political life. Even today religion is called upon to gender paper, support rulers, contacts and compare contrast, other legal procedures. In addition to positive functions of religion, there are some negative aspects of its social functions.
Although religion is an integrative force, it may be disruptive for the society as a whole. Gender Inequality Workplace. Sumner and Keller, Benjamin Kidd, Karl Marx, Thomas F. O’ Dea and others have pointed the dysfunctions of religion. The dysfunctions of religion are as follows. 1. Religion Inhibits Protests and critical, Hinders Social Changes: According to Thomas F. O’ Dea, religion inhibits protests and impedes social changes which may even prove to be beneficial to the welfare of the society. All protests and conflicts are not always negative.
Protests and conflicts often become necessary for bringing out changes. Some changes would certainly lead to positive reforms. By inhibiting protests and preventing changes religion may postpone reforms. 2. Hampers the Adaptation of Society to Changed Conditions: Social values and norms emanate from religious faith. Some of the norms which lose their appropriateness under changed conditions may also be imposed by religion. This can “impede a more functionally appropriate adaptation of inequality in the workplace research society to changing conditions.” For example, during the medieval Europe, the Church refused to grant the ethical legitimacy of money lending at interest, despite the great functional need of this activity in a situation of developing capitalism”. Even today, traditional Muslims face religio-ethical problems concerning interest-taking.
Similar social conflict is evident in the case of birth control measures including abortion, in the Catholic world. 3. Religion may Foster Dependence and Irresponsibility: Religion often makes its followers dependent on religious institutions and leaders. But it does not develop an ability in them to assume individual responsibility. For example, a good number of people in India prefer to take the advises of priests and religious leaders before starting some ventures. But they do not take the suggestion of those who are competent in coursework media, the field. In its course of development religion has supported and promoted evil practices such as cannibalism, slavery, untouchability, human and animal sacrifice etc. As religion interprets misfortune and suffering in this world as manifestations of the supernatural order itself, it sanctifies the existing social structure. In The Workplace. Religion preaches submission to the existing socio-economic condition and to fate. It is this control function of religion that caused Marx to critical thinking reading, call religion as “the sigh of the oppressed creature, the sentiment of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions.
It is the opiate of the people.” By sanctifying norms and legitimizing social institutions, religion serves as a guardian of the gender in the workplace research status quo. Religion is the source of critical thinking many superstitions. These superstitions have caused harm to human being. Superstitions like evil spirits and ghosts cause diseases; poverty is the desire of the God etc. hinder the welfare of human beings. Religion results in inter-group conflicts by dividing people along religious lines.
It is deeply related with conflicts. Wars and battles have been fought in the name of religion. Sumner and Keller are of the opinion that religion often causes economic wastes. For example, investing huge sums of money on building temples, churches, mosques, etc., spending much on religious fairs, festivals and ceremonies, spoiling huge quantity of food articles, material things etc., in the name offerings. It leads to waste of human labour, energy and time. Religion creates diversities among people. It creates a gap among them. In the name of gender inequality workplace research God and religion, loot, plundering, mass killing, rape and other cruel and inhuman treatments have been meted out to people.
Religion has made people blind, dumb and research papers in commerce, deaf to the reality. They have faith without reasoning which is blind. On the contrary, it has often made people to become bigots and fanatics. Bigotry and fanaticism have led to persecution, inhuman treatment and misery in the past. Religion preserves traditions. It preaches submission to the existing conditions and maintenance of status quo. Religion is in the paper not readily amenable to social change and progress. 12.
Religion Retards Scientific Achievement: Religion has tried to prevent the scientists from discovering new facts. For example, it tried to suppress the doctrines of Darwin, Huxley and others. By placing high premium on divine power religion has made people fatalistic. Ratings. They think that all events in life is due to workplace, some divine power and hence due to movie theater, fate. As a result, his power and potentiality is undermined. Gender In The Workplace Paper. Thus, religion affects the creativity of man. Marx has strongly criticised religion. For Marx all that was fundamental in the science of society proceeded from the material and especially the economic sphere. For him therefore religion is, to be sure, superstition, but to stop at this point is to limit religion to merely abstract belief. It leaves the impression that religion may be dislodged simply by new, rational belief.
Marx’s sense of the write compare statement matter is more profound. In The Research Paper. Merely changing beliefs is not enough. The transformation of an entire social order is required, for belief is deeply rooted in the social relations of write thesis statement men. Religion, writes Marx, “is the ‘self-consciousness and self-feeling of inequality in the workplace man who either has not yet found himself or has already lost himself. But man is no abstract being, squatting outside the world. Man is the world of man, the compare contrast thesis state, and society. This state, this society produce religion, a perverted world consciousness, because they are a perverted world. Religion is the compendium of that world, its encyclopedic, its enthusiasm, its moral sanction, its solemn completion, its universal ground for consolation and justification. It is the fantastic realization of the human essence because the human essence has no true reality. Marx believed, like Luduig Feuerbach, that what man gives to God in the form of worship, he takes from himself.
That is, man is persuaded through suffering or through false teaching to project what is his to a supernatural being. But he was convinced, unlike Feuerbach, that what is fundamental is gender inequality in the workplace research paper not religious forms – against papers, which Feuerbach had urged revolt-but the economic forms of existence. The abolition of religion as the “illusory happiness” of the in the workplace research paper people is required for their real happiness, declared Marx. But before religion can be abolished the gcse conditions which nurture it must be done away with. “The demand to give up the gender inequality research illusions about its condition is the demand to give up a condition which needs illusion”. Marx’s criticism of religion is thus deeply connected with the coursework media criticism of right and the criticism of politics. As Marx put it… “The criticism of heaven transforms itself into the criticism of earth, the criticism of religion into the criticism of law and the criticism of theology into the criticism of workplace paper politics”. Marx was an atheist as well as a great humanist. He had profound sympathy for all who look up to religion for salvation. This is amply clear from his following observation: “The criticism of religion ends with the teaching that man is the highest essence of gcse man, hence with the categorical imperative to overthrow all relations in which man is debased, enslaved abandoned…” Change is the very essence of a living thing.
A living religion must grow, must advance and inequality in the workplace, must change. No form of religion is static. Statement. In some cases the change may be slow and minor, in others relatively rapid and major. Every religion claims its first principle supreme, original and eternal. Hence, there is also an element of censure for change. Broadly, there are three types of changes in religion: (i) from simple to complex, (ii) from complex to simple and (iii) mixing forms. Contact with complex form of religion adds many new elements in the simple form of tribal religion. Inequality Workplace Research. For example, with the write contrast statement gradual spread of gender in the workplace paper Vaishnavism in chhotanagpur, the writing for kids Oraons tribe which lives in that region, began to reorganise traditional faith. There are also examples of simplification of complex form of religion, specially of rituals and ceremonies.
Buddhism for instance, came as a revolt against gender research, the Vedic ritual which was both complex and expensive, and also beyond the common man’s reach. In the 19 century, Brahmo Samaj again tried to simplify the complex nature of Brahmanic Hinduism. Mixing of more than one form has caused development of new religious organisation. The most excellent example is of Sophism. Research Papers In Commerce. It has evolved from Persian, Zoroastrianism and Arab Islamism. Sikhism, Kabirpantha and many other Santa-Sampradayas of their kind are Sanatan Hinduism, modified by Buddhism and Suphism.
The history of the development of in the paper religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated village towards large, complex, urban, industrialised society the character of influence of religion on man and his life changes. In the movie theater earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind, those concerned with the necessities of life, played a dominant part. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (such as politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastical to civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as a power over inequality research paper, man and his society loses its importance. This movement is sometimes referred to as secularisation. Thus secularisation as Bryan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and write compare statement, institutions lose social significance.
In Europe, secularisation is held to be the outcome of the social changes brought about by urban, industrial society. It means that religious beliefs and practices have tended to decline in inequality research paper, modern urban, industrial societies, particularly among the working class in Western societies. Religion in Western societies has tended to place less emphasis on dogma and more on social values. It has tried to reconcile its doctrine with scientific knowledge. As Barnes has pointed out religion adapted to our changed conditions of critical thinking life is worth preserving and it must seek to organise. The masses and guide their activities for the benefit of the society rather than for the purpose of pleasing the God. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from simple repudiation of religion and the rise of inequality in the paper rationalism. However, the compare contrast statement process of secularisation has affected the domination of inequality workplace paper religious institutions and symbols.
The process of secularisation was started in India during the British rule. But the process of secularisation took its course unlike Western Europe renaissance and reformation in coursework media, the fifteenth and sixteenth century. The process was very slow. However, this worldly outlook, rationality and secular education gradually affected various aspects of religion in India. Gender Inequality In The Workplace. Various laws of social reformation, modern education, transport and communication contributed towards decline in religiosity among the Hindus. No doubt we are moving from religiosity to secular way of life. Movie Ratings. But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in West as well as in our society. First, organised Christianity plays an important political force in Europe and North America. Second, the vitality of in the Zionism, militant Islam (Islamic fundamentalism), radical Catholicism in Latin America and Sikhism, fundamentalism and communalism in India suggest that no necessary connection exists between modernisation and secularisation. All these criticisms are formidable indeed.
But it should be noted that the diversity of compare contrast religious sects and cults in modern societies demonstrates that religion has become an individual matter and not a dominant feature of inequality workplace paper social life. It can also be argued that, while religion may play a part in ideological struggles against colonialism (as in Iran), in the long run modernisation of society brings about secularisation. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated villages towards large, complex, urban, industrial society; the classes influence of inequality in the workplace research religion on man and his life changes. Detective. In the earlier phases of in the workplace research paper religion the primary needs of research papers in commerce mankind were very much influenced by inequality in the research, it. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and papers in commerce, conditions. As religious explanation of the gender inequality in the workplace universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastic to civil and reading, other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as power over man and his society loses its importance. Workplace Research Paper. This movement is thesis statement sometimes referred to as secularization. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from a simple repudiation of religion and inequality in the paper, the rise of rationalism. ‘Secularisation’, in the words of Peter Berger, refers to ‘the process by which sectors of in commerce society and culture are removed from the gender inequality in the research paper domination of religious institutions and symbols. Brayan Wilson argues that the following factors encouraged the development of rational thinking and write compare thesis statement, a rational world view. Firstly, ascetic Protestantism, which created an inequality research, ethic which was pragmatic, rational controlled and gcse, anti-emotional.
Secondly, the rational organizations, firms, public service, educational institution, Government, the State which impose rational behaviour upon them. Thirdly, the gender inequality greater knowledge of social and physical world which results from the development of physical, biological and social sciences. He says that this knowledge is based on reason rather than faith. He claims that science not only explained many facts of life and the material environment in a way more satisfactory (than religion), but it also provided confirmation of its explanation in practical results. The term ‘secularisation’ has been used in different ways. Some have misunderstood, misconceived and misinterpreted the meaning of the concept. Others have included discrete and critical thinking, separate elements loosely, put them together that create confusion. The range of meaning attached to the term has become so wide, that David Martin advocates its removal from the sociological vocabulary. There are two meanings of the word current in modern and modernizing India and even in the whole of this subcontinent.
One of the two meanings is found by consulting any standard dictionary. But there is the difficulty in gender inequality in the research, finding the creative classes for kids other, for it is gender inequality in the workplace research non-standard, local meaning which, many like to believe, is typically and distinctively Indian or South Asian. The first meaning becomes clear when people talk of secular trends in history or economics, or when they speak of critical thinking reading detective secularizing the State. Gender Inequality Workplace Research. The word secular has been used in this sense, at least in the English-speaking West, for more than three hundred years. This secularism chalks out an area in public life where religion is not admitted. One can have religion in one’s private life. One can be a good Hindu or a good Muslim within one’s home or at one’s place of worship. But when one enters public life, one is expected to leave one’s faith behind. In contrast, the non-Western meaning of secularism revolves round equal respect for all religions. In the Indian context the word has very different meaning from its standard use in gcse media, the English language. It is held that India is gender in the workplace paper not Europe and hence secularism in India cannot mean the same thing as it does in Europe.
What does it matter if secularism means something else in Europe and American political discourse? As long as there are clear and commonly agreed referents for the world in the Indian context, we should go ahead and address ourselves to classes for kids, the specifically Indian meaning of secularism. Unfortunately the matter cannot be settled that easily. Inequality In The. The Indian meaning of secularism did not emerge in write compare contrast thesis, ignorance of the European or American meanings of the word. Indian meaning of secularism is debated in its Western genealogies. New meaning is acquired by the word secularism in India. The original concept is named by the English words, Secular and secularism in the Indian languages, by neologisms such as ‘Dharma-nirapekshata. This is translation of those English words and dharma-nirapekshata is used to refer to the range of meanings indicated by the English term. The term dharma-nirapekshata cannot be a substitute of secular or secularism which is standardly used in talking about the role of religion in a modern State or society. Dharma-nirapekshata is the outcome of vested interests inherent in our political system.
Dharma-nirapekshata is understood in terms of practice of any religion by any citizen. Besides, the State is gender in the workplace research not to give preference to any religion over another. But this term is irrelevant in a democratic structure and gcse media, it bears no application in reality because three principles are mentioned in the liberal-doctrine (Liberty which requires that the State, permits the gender research paper practice of any religion, equality which requires that State not to give preference to any religion and the principle of neutrality). Indian secularism has been inadequately defined ‘attitude’ of goodwill towards all religions, ‘Sarvadharma Sadbhava’. In a narrower formulation it has been a negative or a defensive policy of religious neutrality on the part of the State.
Hence, the original concept will not admit the Indian case with its range of references. Research. Well-established and gender in the workplace research, well-defined concept of secularism cannot be explained differently in terms of Western or Indian model. To Herberg, ‘authentic religion’ means an emphasis on the supernatural, a deep inner conviction of the reality of supernatural power, a serious commitment to religious teaching, a strong element of the theological doctrine and a refusal to creative, compromise religious beliefs and values with those of the wider society. If there is any trend of inequality in the workplace research paper decline in any aspect of religion mentioned above, then it is indicative of the process of secularisation. Thus secularization, as Brayan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. Religion in America is subordinated to the American way of life. It means that religious belief and practices have tended to decline. Secularism is taken to movie theater, mean that one’s religious ideals and beliefs should not interfere in general with social, economic and political field. Paying equal importance or constitutional guarantee for coexistence of religions does not mean secularism. There are other aspects of secularism. Secularism is related to gender in the workplace paper, rationalism and empiricism.
Secularisation involves reduction of religious influence on men, elimination of some aspects of it which are not beneficial to human welfare, elimination of superstitions and blind beliefs. In this manner, the process of secularisation implies the following assumptions. The process of contrast secularisation implies the transformation of religious institutions as a whole. There is the gender research need to guidelines research paper proposal, secularise the inequality in the religious institutions. This means less emphasis on supernatural power, lack of classes for kids theological doctrine, and desirability to compromise with religious beliefs and values. The religious institutions undergo a process of change in the context of changing society. In a modern society sacred has little or no place, that a society undergoes a process of ‘desacrilisation’ . This means that supernatural forces are no longer seen as controlling the world. Action is not directed by gender inequality paper, religious beliefs. People in a modern society increasingly look upon creative for kids, the world and their own lives without the benefit of religious interpretation. As a result there is a ‘secularisation of consciousness’.
Berger argues that the ‘decisive variable for secularisation is the process of rationalisation’. That is the pre-requisite for any industrial society of the modern type. Secularisation also implies rationality. Wilson argues that a rational world view is the energy of religion. Gender In The Research Paper. It is based on testing of arguments and beliefs by coursework, rational procedure, on asserting truth by means of factors which can be quantified and objectively measured. Religion is based on faith. Its claim to truth cannot be tested by gender in the workplace research, rational procedures. A rational world view rejects faith which is the basis of religion. It removes the compare contrast thesis statement mystery, magic and authority of religion. A secular man lays more emphasis on physical laws rather than supernatural forces. The process of secularisation as the most important component of the process of modernisation is occurring in different forms in various contemporary societies.
Like modernisation, this process is good and desirable for the welfare of mankind. Finally, it is both a product and a process. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to inequality in the workplace research paper, post a comment. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: