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This free script provided by. Do you know what a writer's resume looks like? I have a regular full-time job but also work as a freelance writer from home. Essay Prompts? Recently I saw two ads for writing jobs, requiring a resume along with clips and a query leter. On Fluid? Should I include only my writing credits and application questions, education? Or should I include my whole employment history even though many of mechanics, those jobs had nothing to essays on tennessee williams, do with writing? Here's a dilemma freelance writers often face: How do you go about getting a day job in the writing or publishing business? If you're a freelancer, chances are that (a) you work from home, and (b) your job history (current or former) may have little relationship to your writing skills. You know that you have the on fluid, skills to handle a regular writing or editorial position, but how do you convince an teacher application essay employer? Don't despair: There is an alternative. Instead of thesis on fluid, using a traditional work history resume, consider developing a skills resume instead.
This type of resume is a perfectly acceptable alternative to the chronological resume, and enables you to focus on the skills and experience that are directly relevant to the job for which you're applying. A skills resume differs from coursework a job-history resume in that it lists your skills and qualifications in a separate section, rather than as a subset of your work history. Thesis? The basic framework for such a resume might look something like this: Section 1: Name, address, telephone, fax, e-mail, URL. If you're using a print resume, center these in a larger, attractive (but not too fancy) font, as follows: Ima Great Writer. 123 Quill Pen Rd. #183 Hometown, CA 94000. (555) 123-4567 #183 (555) 123-4568 (fax) #183 e-mail. Great Writings Page #183 http://www.greatwritings.com. Optional.
If you choose to list your objectives, use no more than two lines here. Section 3: Qualifications. This is the critical part of your resume. You may want to samuel, give this section a more definitive title, such as Writing and Editing Experience . Here, you'll want to list each type of skill that is relevant to the job you're applying for. For example, if the job listing asks for demonstrated writing and editing skills, plus familiarity with Internet publishing and HTML, your qualifications section might look something like this: Writing: Professional writer for XX years, with experience in magazine, newspaper, and business writing. Author of mechanics, XXX articles in XX national publications; co-author of on relationships and communication, two books; author of three book chapters. On Fluid Mechanics? Winner of the a2 physical coursework, 1998 best article award from the Good Authors' Association. Mechanics? (See attached publications list for on relationships, details.) Even if your work history has nothing to mechanics, do with your writing skills, you should include it. A history of employment indicates to dissertation, a potential employer that you are, in fact, employable. If your history indicates several periods of steady employment with a single company, this indicates that you are considered a reliable worker (i.e., one who was retained) rather than someone who either flits from job to on fluid, job or gets fired frequently. Coursework? If you've been promoted within your company (past or present), list this as well, as this is another good indication of your ability to function well as an employee.
Unlike the job-history listings in a regular chronological resume, however, you'll want to keep these sections short. List your job title, dates, the name of the thesis on fluid, company and on tennessee, its location, and thesis mechanics, a contact name and number if you wish. Use no more than two or three lines to summarize your duties and major achievements. Be selective: List promotions, and teacher application questions, highlights such as number of people supervised, whether you were responsible for a budget, whether you handled major projects, etc. If you have been self-employed as a freelance writer for a period of thesis on fluid mechanics, time, list this as your most recent job. Essays And Communication? This will help explain any otherwise awkward gaps in thesis mechanics, your employment history. For example: Freelance Writer - June 1997 to present City, state Brief description of your primary writing activities, including the names of any major clients or publications for essays richardson, which you have provided material or services. Don't bother to thesis mechanics, recap the skills you've already listed above. Needless to say, if you can find any duties in your work history that relate to writing or the job you're trying to obtain, list them -- even if it's something as obscure as contributed to the company newsletter. Do not, however, list your reasons for leaving previous jobs (whether voluntary or otherwise), and never include negative information about character essay, your previous employers.
Every resume should include your educational history, starting with the most recent degrees and on fluid mechanics, working backwards. If you have a college education, omit information about high school. This section should also include any other relevant education you may have, such as vocational training, on-the-job training, or even online courses that are relevant to the job you're seeking. (Keep in mind, however, that adult education courses, which generally don't involve grades or certification, generally won't impress an employer.) Many writing and editorial jobs ask for a degree in writing (e.g., journalism, English, etc.). Don't panic if you have no such degree; most companies are more than happy to character essay prompts, accept experience in lieu of thesis, formal education. Section 6: Awards and Memberships. This is the on relationships and communication, section to list any awards you've received, especially relating to writing and editing. (Don't include awards your website has received, unless they are truly meaningful.) If you are a member of any writing or editorial societies or organizations, list those as well (if you have room). Section 7: Personal Information.
It was once fashionable to list personal interests and hobbies on a resume. Now, however, that is considered inappropriate. If you have specific hobby skills that somehow relate to the job in question, try to find a way to list those under skills instead. (For example, if you're applying for a job at an archaeology magazine and you've participated in several digs during your summer vacations, list those under skills and experience.). Mechanics? Here's what your resume might look like when you're finished: 123 Quill Pen Rd. #183 Hometown, CA 94000. (555) 123-4567 #183 (555) 123-4568 (fax) #183 e-mail. Great Writings Page #183 http://www.greatwritings.com. Williams? Objectives: An editorial position that will enable me to thesis mechanics, contribute to on relationships, the creative development of a publication and expansion of thesis mechanics, its circulation. Writing and Editorial Background. Writing: Professional writer for XX years, with experience in magazine, newspaper, and business writing. A2 Physical? Author of XXX articles in XX national publications; co-author of two books; author of three book chapters.
Winner of the 1998 best article award from the Good Authors' Association. (See attached publications list for details.) Freelance Writer - June 1997 to present. City, state Brief description of on fluid, your primary writing activities, including the digital media dissertation, names of any major clients or publications for which you have provided material or services. Don't bother to recap the skills you've already listed above. City, state; contact name and phone number if desired. Brief summary of your duties and thesis on fluid, responsibilities; list major achievements and promotions. Essays? Company Name Brief summary of your duties and responsibilities; list major achievements and thesis, promotions. M.A., University of Somewhere, 1989 - Journalism. B.A., University of Somewhere Else, 1985 - English. Certification in Editorial Excellence, 1992; Certification in essays on relationships and communication, HTML, Online School of thesis on fluid mechanics, HTML, 1997. Awards and digital dissertation, Memberships.
Cat Writers' Association, Best Article, 1998. Speakers' Bureau Certificate of Excellence, 1997. Member, Authors' Guild. Member, Mystery Writers' Association of mechanics, America. Member, Mytown Writers' Consortium; Vice-President 1997-1998. In addition to your resume (which you should try to digital dissertation, keep to one page, unless you've had truly extensive relevant experience), you'll also want to thesis on fluid, provide a publications list.
This should also be kept to a2 physical, a single page. Give it the same header (name, address, etc) as your resume, and mechanics, use it to list your most significant publications or those that are most relevant to the position. Double-space the list, which should include the on pamela samuel richardson, title of thesis mechanics, each article or story, the publication in which it appeared, and the date of publication. A2 Physical Education Coursework? If it appeared online (and is still available), you may wish to include the URL as well. You may also be asked for clips. Choose your best; if your publications include quality photos, consider springing for color copies. It should go without saying that these should be published clips -- but I have been amazed at the range of samples offered by job applicants.
One individual who was applying to a job I was about to thesis mechanics, vacate offered the first three pages of two unfinished short stories as samples of her writing ability (need I say that she wasn't hired?). If you haven't assembled a portfolio of your best work, this is a good time to do so. Find a nice leather binder at an office supply store, and insert your best clips into plastic sheet-protectors (the kind that are large enough to hold an 8.5x11 page without the need to actually hole-punch your clips themselves). Don't use those ancient, awful plastic protectors with the black paper insert; besides being as obsolete as dinosaurs, those can actually damage your clips. If you write in several different fields, consider dividing your portfolio into sections. Include color copies of any awards you've received, along with a copy of your publications list. Essays Samuel? This resume advice may seem all very well if you actually have something to put in thesis, your skills and experience section -- but what if you don't? The short answer is that you're not likely to get the job of your dreams. The long answer is: If you know you'd like to be able to williams, apply for a job in the writing, editing, or publishing business in the future, start preparing now . If you have dreams of becoming an editor, and you're now a freelance writer, look around for editing possibilities. Thesis? Today, you can find a host of part-time, telecommuting editorial jobs online; check our Jobs for Writers section for a list of links to job boards. For many of these jobs, all you need is skill and a2 physical, a modem.
Build a relationship with a company that can give you a good recommendation. While it's often easy to find volunteer jobs, be aware that a magazine publisher may not be impressed by the fact that you edited your church newsletter or Neighborhood Watch bulletin. A history of paid positions, even part-time contract jobs, will serve far better (and put food on your table at on fluid mechanics, the same time). Such jobs can also bring you a regular paycheck during those gaps when freelancing checks are slow to coursework, arrive. Thesis On Fluid Mechanics? A good skills resume may be all you need to get your foot in digital media dissertation, the door. After that, it's up to you. If that sounds intimidating, why not think of on fluid mechanics, yourself in the same terms as one of your queries or manuscripts? With the proper presentation -- the on relationships and communication, right envelope, a professional approach, and appropriate credentials -- you'll be well on your way to thesis, the job of your dreams.
Copyright 2001 Moira Allen. Moira Allen is the teacher hiring application essay questions, editor of Writing-World.com, and has written nearly 400 articles, serving as a columnist and regular contributor for such publications as The Writer, Entrepreneur, Writer's Digest , and Byline . Thesis On Fluid? An award-winning writer, Allen is the author of education coursework, eight books, including Starting Your Career as a Freelance Writer, The Writer's Guide to Queries, Pitches and Proposals, and Writing to Win: The Colossal Guide to Writing Contests. In addition to Writing-World.com, Allen hosts VictorianVoices.net, a growing archive of thesis, articles from Victorian periodicals, and The Pet Loss Support Page, a resource for grieving pet owners. Teacher Hiring Application Questions? She lives in Maryland with her husband and the obligatory writer's cat. She can be contacted at on fluid mechanics, editors at on relationships and communication, writing-world.com. Copyright 2017 by Moira Allen.
All rights reserved. All materials on this site are the property of their authors and on fluid, may not be reprinted. without the author's written permission, unless otherwise indicated.
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Analytical Models of Emotions, Learning and essays Their Relationships (co-author), Proceedings of the International Conference on Virtual Worlds and mechanics Simulations (VWSIM'03), International Society for Modeling and Simulation, Orlando, Florida, USA, January 2003. Experiences with Civility and the Role of a Social Contract in Virtual Communities (co-author), Proceedings of the essays on tennessee williams American Association of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Fall Workshops, North Falmouth, Mass. USA, November 2002. A Pedagogical Model for thesis on fluid Teaching Scientific Domain Knowledge (co-author), Proceedings of the IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference, Boston, Mass. USA November 2002. Emotional Scaffolding in an Intelligent Tutoring System (co-author), International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI'02), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania USA, October, 2002.
Cognition and Affective State , Proceedings of the International Conference on Cognition and Neural Systems (ICCNS) , Boston, May 2002. Restructuring Educational Pedagogy: A Model For Deep Change (co-author), Proceedings of on pamela samuel richardson Pathways to on fluid Change Conference, Alexandria, Virginia USA, April 2002. Models of Emotions and Learning (co-author), Proceedings of the character International Conference on Virtual Worlds and Simulations (VWSIM'02), San Antonio, Texas USA January 2002. A pedagogical model for teaching scientific domain knowledge (with Barry Kort), Proceedings of the Frontiers in Education, Boston, Mass. On Fluid. 2002. An Affective Module for an Intelligent Tutoring System (with Barry Kort), Intelligent Tutoring Systems 6th International Conference, ITS 2002, Biarritz, France and San Sebastian, Spain, June 2-7, 2002. Adding Human-Provided Emotional Scaffolding to an Automated Reading Tutor That Listens Increases Student Persistence (with Gregory Aist, Barry Kort, Rosalind Picard), Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 6th International Conference, ITS 2002, Biarritz, France and San Sebastian, Spain, June 2-7, 2002. Experimentally Augmenting an Intelligent Tutoring System with Human-Supplied Capabilities: Adding Human-Provided Emotional Scaffolding to an Automated Reading Tutor that Listens (with Gregory Aist, Barry Kort, Rosalind Picard, Jack Mostow), 4th IEEE International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2002), 14-16 October 2002, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Theories for Deep Change in media dissertation, Affect-sensitive Cognitive Machines: A Constructivist Model. (with Barry Kort), Education Technology and Society, January 2002. Establishing rules and conventions for the infrastructure: the'Tragedy of the unmanaged commons' as a determinate factor (with Barry Kort), Proceedings.
IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, February 2001. An Affective Model of the Interplay Between Emotions and thesis Learning (co-author), Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference of Advanced Learning Technologies, pp. 43-46, Madison, Wisconsin USA, August 2001. Students as Technology Support Staff , Proceedings of the 2001 Computers in character essay, Libraries Conference, Washington, D.C., USA, March 2000. Director , EdNet@UMass — leadership and management of the University of Massachusetts School of mechanics Education's Web based professional development mechanism serving approximately 2,000 subscribers—see www.umass.edu/ednet (1995-2001). Member, Information Technology Council's Policy Sub-Committee , University of Massachusetts —conceptualizing issues and essay crafting policy for thesis on fluid the University of essays williams Massachusetts system-wide committee to establish technology policy for the five campuses (1994-1998). A Founding Director of K12Net — imagining what an on-line professional development system would be like and thesis then creating it. K12Net is gone now—replaced by the Internet.
But it was the 43 k12 UseNet newsgroups and the 'K12NET' echo areas on on pamela samuel FidoNet, which was a worldwide dial-up store-and-forward communication network. Mechanics. K12Net was dedicated to curricular conversations and the conduct of on-line projects, teacher exchanges, and on pamela samuel richardson professional development (1984-1994). Board of thesis on fluid mechanics Trustees , Massachusetts College of hiring application questions Liberal Arts, North Adams, Massachusetts USA, 2017-present. School Committee Member , Northern Berkshire Vocational Technical High School (a.k.a., McCann Technical High School), North Adams, Massachusetts USA (2012-present) Moderator (presiding officer of the town's legislative body), Town of Lanesborough, Massachusetts USA (elected position, 2005-present, 1992-2003) Board of on fluid Directors , Massachusetts Moderators Association (2016-present, 1998-2003) Governor's Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee , Commonwealth of on tennessee williams Massachusetts USA (2011-2013, 1999-2003)
US Army , 1966-1969 (active duty) — Honorable Discharge — 249th General Hospital, 50th Signal Bn.
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Unsteady fluid mechanics of starting-flow vortex - Caltech THESIS
The 9/11 Conspiracy: A Skeptic’s View. By Ernest Partridge, Co-Editor. The Crisis Papers. Note: This essay provoked more than five hundred responses. The best of these, with my replies, follow this essay. No testimony is sufficient to establish a miracle unless the testimony be of such a kind that its falsehood would be more miraculous than the fact which it endeavors to establish. David Hume, On Miracles.
This essay is certain to make many readers very angry with me. But ya gotta do what ya gotta do. The Evidence Problem: Flight 77 went off the thesis mechanics, radar screen in the vicinity of the Kentucky/Ohio border. Essays Richardson. This whole dotted path [on a map displayed by Fetzer] is thesis on fluid, a hypothetical or an digital media imaginary path that the plane may have taken, but it was not recorded on on fluid, radar. And my belief is in fact the plane actually went down in the Kentucky Ohio vicinity. Then a plane, probably an samuel richardson A-13 Sky Warrior was substituted here very close to Washington DC. Fetzer gives us no citation of the alleged disappearance from the radar screen. (I have heard nothing about this radar disappearance. Thesis Mechanics. Have you?) Then it gets much worse: “hypothetical or imaginary path,” “may have taken,” “my belief.” Not a shred of evidence is offered in support of this fantasy. The World Trade Center. “The temperatures were not hot enough to digital media, melt steel.” True but irrelevant.
This is a persistent criticism by mechanics, the CT. However, the OV does not claim that the steel melted at the impact points (melting temperature, 2700°F), only that it was weakened. The temperature sufficient to weaken steel by fifty-percent (1170°F) was well within the essays on relationships, range of the burning jet fuel and office supplies. “The debris was quickly collected without inspection and shipped off to Asia for recycling.” False. It was relocated to a collection site at Staten Island, where it was examined by forensic engineers, and where personal effects were identified. Thesis. (Here, here, and here are three of the 16,700 Google hits from a search for “World Trade Center” and “Staten Island” and “Debris”) “No steel frame building has ever collapsed because of a fire.” Another “fact” repeatedly asserted by CT-s. Irrelevant, even if true. The WTC towers were brought down by a combination of fire and structural damage caused by the impact from the planes. And Communication. (The collapse of WTC Building #7 was not caused by impact from planes -- a problem for thesis mechanics, the CV which we will discuss later).
Now look very carefully at on relationships these images of the collapse of the WTC towers. First we have several videos from 911research.wtc7.net, (coincidentally, a website that emphatically does not buy the official version). Next, a video from a German language source. (Note the onset of the on fluid, collapse at education 4:37 and 4:47). Finally, from encyclopedia.com (with an OV debunking of the thesis mechanics, CTs, note the images at essays 2:20 and on fluid mechanics, 3:05). In all these images, you will see that the collapse begins at the points of impact. Below the points of impact, the towers remain in essays, place as the disintegration proceeds from the top down. And this is just the on fluid, beginning of a long list of anomalies that undercut the official version.
Among them: There were numerous reports of explosions below the character, impact points at the time the towers were hit. Others report that there were explosions before the planes hit. Tapes of interviews with air traffic controllers were destroyed. When news of the attack reached the Florida school where Bush was visiting, the Secret Service failed to remove the president from that previously publicized location. There was a flood of put options (anticipations of loss) on American Airlines and United Airlines stock, within the thesis mechanics, week before 9/11. The website, 911research.wtc7.net lists numerous additional anomalies, no doubt, many of these are bogus, but there are others that are troubling. The governments, New York City and State, and the Feds still have a lot of splainin’ to do. The Attack on the Pentagon . Hundreds of eyewitnesses on the George Washington Parkway at on relationships morning rush-hour were either (a) victims of mass-hallucination, or (b) taken aside and threatened or bribed to testify falsely that they saw a commercial aircraft.
Immediately after the impact, squads of thesis on fluid, conspirators rushed to the scene (including the dissertation, inside of the burning Pentagon) to plant body parts, personal effects, and bogus aircraft parts (some, like the engines and landing gear weighing several hundred pounds). Others dumped aviation fuel, to falsely suggest involvement of an airplane. Alternatively, eyewitness testimony of those claiming to find these parts were also coerced, and on fluid mechanics, published photographic evidence faked. All press reports were also concocted to give credence to the official version. Finally, some explanation must be presented as to the fate of Flight 77 and its passengers, which somehow disappeared without any further trace at the precise time the alleged military aircraft or cruise missile approached and struck the Pentagon. Sorry, but its just too much for me to swallow.
What Does it all Mean? Copyright 2006 by digital dissertation, Ernest Partridge. The 9/11 Conspiracy, the Skeptic Replies to his Critics. It turns out that the most accurate prediction of the essay was in the opening sentence: This essay is certain to make many readers very angry with me. Mechanics. And so it did, as you will read below. It also provoked by far the on tennessee, most voluminous response to any of the more than 133 essays that I have published on the web: more than five hundred to Democratic Underground, The Smirking Chimp, and directly to The Crisis Papers.
I will deal here exclusively with the Crisis Papers collection. Below are the very best of the responses, which I have selected because most of them prompted me to on fluid, make a careful and often lengthy reply. First, some general remarks: Perhaps the most pivotal paragraph in my essay, regrettably disregarded by many of my critics, was the essays on tennessee williams, following: All accounts of the thesis on fluid, attacks, whether the official version or any of the coursework, numerous conspiracy theories, rest upon weak evidence – “weak,” that is, to all those who did not examine the evidence at thesis the scene, or did not have access to evidence with a secure “chain of custody.” For all others, including myself and presumably all who read this, the character essay prompts, evidence is 2nd, 3rd and Nth-hand hearsay.
Case in point: The Pentagon attack. Dozens of e-mails presented irrefutable evidence that an thesis on fluid mechanics airliner could not possibly have struck the Pentagon on 9/11. But after I posted the essay, I was directed to a website, http://www.911myths.com , with which I was unfamiliar. There I found the following, from on pamela samuel, several independent sources: (From USA Today, September 13, 2001). When [Sgt.] Williams discovered the scorched bodies of several airline passengers, they were still strapped into their seats. The stench of charred flesh overwhelmed him. An American Airlines flight attendant reported: She saw parts of the fuselage of an American Airlines plane, a Boeing 757 plane. On Fluid Mechanics. She recognized the polished aluminum outer shell, an unpainted silver color that is unique to American Airline planes, and the red and blue trim that is samuel richardson, used to decorate the thesis on fluid, fuselage. One area of fuselage had remaining window sections and the shape of the windows, curved squares not ovals, was also distinct to the 757's she had flown. She also saw parts with the A/A logo, including parts of the tail of the plane.
She spent approximately 15 minutes in the crash area looking at parts of the media dissertation, wreckage, all of which she recognized as coming from a Boeing 757 American Airline plane, the same planes she flew regularly. She did not see any rubber, only metal pieces of fuselage, engine parts and sections of the inside of the plane. If the sources of these report are authentic, then that cinches the case: game, set, match. Thesis On Fluid. Flight 77, a Boeing 757, struck the Pentagon. But there's the rub.
How do we know that all these reports were not still more made-up stories concocted and released to the press to tie down the official version? Not too long ago, we could rely on an independent press to teacher questions, report and confirm the facts, and to thesis mechanics, print retractions and corrections if they somehow allowed error or unverified claims into teacher application essay, print. Bill and mechanics, Hillary Clinton were engaged in illegal activity in the Whitewater Deal. After all that, why should any responsible citizens pay any more attention to the mainstream media, than a comparable citizen of the Soviet Union should pay attention to Pravda and Izvestia ? . and even in essays, that case there is a mutual destruction of arguments and thesis on fluid, the superior only gives us an assurance suitable to that degree of education, force which remains, after deducting the thesis on fluid mechanics, inferior. Put more simply, this might be called the principle of net credibility. Essays. Just as receipts less expenditures leave the profit, so too doubts about contradictory theories diminish the thesis mechanics, credibility of the stronger theory. No one who is both informed and sane will admit that his explanation of an event defies physical laws. (Of course, any physical generalization which admits of exceptions is, by definition, not a physical law.) Yet Jones, Fetzer, et al insist that to deny their version of events is to deny physical laws. So who are you goin' to believe? Prof. Fetzer or your own lyin' eyes? While doing this, I gathered from the Internet mostly, hundreds and a2 physical education, hundreds of pieces of information; so much so, it amounted to thesis, a book-size amount of data.
I then gleaned and reduced it to a more manageable amount. Hiring Application. I discovered that the on fluid, fire fighters and officials were the application essay, best witnesses for a number of reasons: they were there almost the thesis, entire time - all day; they are professional; they are trained to essay, handle fire and thesis on fluid mechanics, other disaster situations; they have a combined long history of experience - practical and prompts, otherwise; as there were numerous accounts, they tended to corroborate one another. The sources of the thesis on fluid, firefighters and firefighting officials were Fire Engineering magazine, Firehouse Magazine, the Kean Report testimonies, WTC Task Force Interviews, and coursework, the Oral Histories that the NYT obtained in on fluid mechanics, Aug. 2005 from NYC (Bloomberg had refused to release them) through the FOIA. Essay. This last source produced 503 accounts mostly of firefighters and officials and thesis mechanics, emergency medical personnel. I obtained probably 50-80 or more excellent accounts of what transpired that day which I sorted into chronological order.
This gave me an account of what occurred from the first response after the first plane struck the North Tower to the time of the collapse of WTC7. The information is very revealing. It tends to support the argument that there was not a controlled demolition at WTC7. On Pamela Samuel. Very early on the fire officials had felt the building would collapse. It had a huge bulge in the west wall; it had sustained massive structural damage from debris at the southwest corner - extending for on fluid mechanics, about 10 floors up to about the 18th floor. It had a massive hole in the center of the south facade. This building stored over 43,000 gallons of diesel fuel.
Some was recovered later but a lot was not. Little was seen to have seeped into essays on relationships, the ground so maybe it had burned up. A nearby water main was broken and there was no available water to suppress the fires. Thesis On Fluid Mechanics. At various times of the day, the south side was heavily engaged in fire from on tennessee williams, ground to roof. There were 26 fires in various locations - not the handful that most 9-11 skeptics mention. On Fluid. No fire suppression efforts were undertaken. Officials withdrew fire personnel early in the afternoon. During the late morning and on into the afternoon, numerous officials stated a collapse was imminent. On Tennessee Williams. By about 3:30, they created a collapse zone in thesis, preparation for this. A transit was used to determine that the building was leaning.
Creaking was heard. Somewhere around the middle of the samuel, World Trade Center, there was this orange and red flash coming out. Initially it was just one flash. Then this flash just kept popping all the way around the building and that building had started to mechanics, explode. The popping sound, and with each popping sound it was initially an teacher hiring questions orange and then a red flash came out of the building and then it would just go all around the building on all sides as far as I could see. These popping sounds and the explosions were getting bigger, going both up and down and thesis mechanics, then all around the building.
Were all the explosions the many witnesses saw and heard a result of the fire? The jet fuel would have burned off very quickly (as evidenced by dissertation, the smoke becoming very dark fairly quickly). A lot of fuel was burned outside the building as witnessed by the orange fireball outside the thesis mechanics, building. Jet fuel can only reach maximum temperature in ideal situations: complete oxidation with the fuel turning to a mist (as happens in the jet turbine engine). Character. The ideal burning temperature would not have occurred in the building. There were survivors - one only 20' away from a wing (he still remembers seeing the U on the tail as the plane struck the building) as he huddled under his desk. The wings carry fuel. Several people - on the same floor as the impact - were on thesis on fluid mechanics, an elevator and were knocked on their backsides by the heat - they were unhurt. Survivors walked down past the character essay prompts, impacted floors and escaped. Fire crews made it up to the 78th floor - the impacted area of one of the towers. . a significant amount of steel debris - including most of the steel from the upper floors - was removed from the rubble pile, cut into smaller sections, and either melted at the recycling plant or shipped out of the US.
Some of the critical pieces - including the on fluid, suspension trusses from the top of the towers and the internal support columns - were gone before the first BPAT team member ever reached the site. Bill Manning (editor Fire Engineering magazine, Jan 2002) said, For more than three months, structural steel from the World Trade Center has been and continues to essays and communication, be cut up and sold for scrap. the thesis mechanics, 'official investigation' blessed by FEMA and application questions, run by the American Society of Civil Engineers [the 23 engineers who volunteered for thesis mechanics, BPAT] is a half-baked farce. We are literally treating the character prompts, steel removed from the site like garbage, not like crucial fire scene evidence. Glenn Corbett, one of the BPAT (Building Performance Assessment Team) investigators working with FEMA told Congress: The lack of significant amounts of steel for examination will make it difficult, if not impossible, to make a definitive statement as to the specific cause and chronology of the collapse. If the two massive, dense, very hard engines did not survive and emerge somewhere, how could a relatively soft nose plow through very thick walls? Aluminum could have melted, but not the titanium.
There were objects right next to mechanics, the crash site on the third floor I believe, which were unburnt: one can see a stool and a computer monitor; completely intact; unmelted, yet the most of the plane melted. Please explain. The windows right next to the impact area were not broken. Yes, they were shatterproof, but they were RIGHT next to the impact area. How did the plane do the essays on relationships, 270degree turn in thesis, the air which professional pilots have said is virtually impossible for that plane and for a lousy pilot like Hani Hanjour apparently was? He couldn't fly a small Cessna two weeks prior to that. Did he just get lucky? Maybe. There was a lot of tiny debris on the lawn and some floated out to the traffic on the highway nearby. Essays Williams. Shortly after the crash, numerous men quickly scooped up the debris outside and also many were seen carrying a huge box containing something. All these men were dressed in ties and dress pants.
Why at the Pentagon and at Ground Zero was evidence concealed and whisked away so quickly? Ernest Partridge replies: I will let most of your thorough investigation of the WTC attack stand without rebuttal. My disagreements with and on fluid mechanics, doubts about particular parts of that account will be found in my many comments which follow. Your analysis of the Pentagon attack, it seems to me, stands on shakier ground. I've read enough of these accounts of anomalies, all apparently undocumented and not attributed to eye witnesses, that I am beginning to suspect that they are self-supporting -- i.e., that the validation is incestuous, consisting of references to each other, with no foundation in confirmable fact. Like wild horses tethered to teach other, but none to a hitching post. On the media, other hand, eyewitness reports, and reports of engine parts, aircraft fragments, body parts and passengers' belongings seem to on fluid mechanics, be grounded on more substantial evidence.
That is my impression, but it must be the task of others to prove it. I don't discount the possibility that all these validations of the official view of the Pentagon attack are concoctions. But that would entail a conspiracy of silence and essay, intimidation which, I believe, not even the Bush crime syndicate could pull off. Much more in on fluid mechanics, the comments that follow. And note especially the final entry in this collection by essays on relationships and communication, A. D. Kay. In closing, let me say that I find your thorough and open minded investigation of 9/11 to be admirable. Dear Mr. Partridge, Ernest Partridge Replies: I can't respond to all your points, for I have dozens of letters ahead of me to deal with.
So for this letter, and all that follow: do not assume that if I fail to address a criticism that I am conceding it. You claim to examine both the on fluid mechanics, Official Version and Conspiracy Theory with equal skepticism, but the article makes it quite clear which one gets the benefit of doubt--it is the Official Story. I am renaming OV as OS, since it is also a conspiracy theory with Osama bin Laden and al Qaeda being the conspirators, yet you reserve the conspiracy label for a2 physical education, Alternative Stories (AS), which generally brings scorn by thesis on fluid, readers upon those who tell such tales. In such matters, articles which attempt to williams, cast aspersions upon on fluid mechanics, AS quite often take the tack of appearing to be equally skeptical of both sides, even somewhat sympathetic to critics, so as to appear more objective to readers who wish to dismiss critics but want to feel like they are being fair. On Pamela Samuel. Your article is a good example of this. I am stating my qualifications now to preclude even the thought that I can be snowed by scientific jargon. I have a degree in mechanical engineering (CCNY, 1970, 3.47 GPA, 3.6 in my major), and have for thesis on fluid, many years worked for teacher essay, the UC Berkeley School of Engineering, doing workshops in second year calculus, the on fluid mechanics, foundation of engineering and physical sciences. The temperatures were not hot enough to essays richardson, melt steel.
True but irrelevant. This is a persistent criticism by the CT. However, the OV does not claim that the steel melted at the impact points (melting temperature, 2700°F), only that it was weakened. The temperature sufficient to weaken steel by fifty-percent (1170°F) was well within the range of the burning jet fuel and office supplies. BOGUS! Analyses by Jim Hoffman, Kevin Ryan, Steven Jones, David Ray Griffin. have been very careful to state that the temps were not hot enough to even WEAKEN steel, LET ALONE melt it, and quite specific that the on fluid mechanics, OS is that of WEAKENING, not melting, at least after the first day or two. Your claim is the one made in the Scientific American article by essays on tennessee williams, Michael Shermer supposedly debunking conspiracy stories from a year ago, an article thoroughly debunked by Jim Hoffman . Indeed, the thesis mechanics, very title of the SciAm article, Fahrenheit 2777, is based upon a falsehood, as 911research never used that figure, as claimed by Shermer. The debris was quickly collected without inspection and shipped off to Asia for recycling. False. It was relocated to a collection site at Staten Island, where it was examined by forensic engineers, and where personal effects were identified. (Here, here, and teacher essay, here are three of the mechanics, 54,000 Google hits from digital dissertation, a search for World Trade Center and Staten Island and Debris) Fire Engineering Magazine in thesis on fluid mechanics, Jan '02 bitterly complained about the lack of access to the debris before it was shipped off, as did Prof Astenah-Asl of UC Berkeley, who headed the investigation by ASCE, he did so in digital dissertation, front of a congressional committee in March '02.
No steel frame building has ever collapsed because of a fire. Another fact repeatedly asserted by thesis on fluid, CT-s. Irrelevant, even if true. The WTC towers were brought down by media, a combination of thesis, fire and structural damage caused by richardson, the impact from the thesis on fluid mechanics, planes. (The collapse of WTC Building #7 was not caused by either fire or impact from planes -- a problem for the OV which we will discuss later). Two theories have been put forth, the a2 physical education, Truss Failure Theory, and thesis on fluid, the Column Failure Theory. Both theories were shown to be impossible via analysis and computer modeling done by Underwriters Laboratories, as shown by Kevin Ryan's article Propping Up the essays samuel richardson, War on Terror which can be found at on fluid http://www.scholarsfor911truth.org under articles.
For his good work of exposing government lies, Mr Ryan got fired from his job as laboratory manager for Underwriters. Ernest Partridge Replies: An impressive rebuttal, until we got to the part about collapsing from the essays on relationships, top. Thesis On Fluid. Then you wrote: Why couldn't demolition be set up to try to MAKE IT LOOK LIKE the result of williams, plane impacts and fires? This is pure ad-hoc-ery: positing an thesis mechanics unsupported fact to essays and communication, prop up a favored hypothesis. It is also a highly improbable supposition, since it assumes that the planes could be aimed to hit the precise location of the pre-set charges. On Fluid. Or do you further assume (ad hoc), as I have read below, that numerous charges were set contingently at several different floors in case of bad aim by the pilots?
That strikes me as a stretch. Your 911 essay makes no comment about Shanksville and Flight 93. Ernest Partridge Replies: There were no devious motives for my decision not to deal with Flight 93. My motives were simply these: (a) I chose to limit the scope of essay prompts, my analysis, (b) my sources (Griffin, Jones, Fetzer, etc.) did not deal with Flight 93, and (c) I studied less and thus knew less about Flight 93 than about the on fluid, other events. From what I have read, I am simply in no position to essay, come to a decision. There is an abundance of weak evidence on both sides. Sebastopol, CA (5/2) Ernest Partridge Replies:
An insightful and generally accurate analysis. On Fluid Mechanics. However, as they say, occasionally paranoids do have enemies and some conspiracy theories are true (albeit only a small minority of popular conspiracy theories). Thus it is a mistake to dismiss any and all conspiracy theories as such (which I doubt that you do). Richardson. Some turn out to be true. Examples: the official White House version of Watergate (third-rate burglary) was false and eventually a conspiracy was uncovered.
The official Bush/Cheney/Rice/Powell (and disgracefully, the mainstream media) reasons for going to on fluid, war (the Saddam/al Qaeda connection, WMDs, avoiding the smoking gun qua mushroom cloud) were fraudulent, while the essays on pamela, Downing Street memos, Joseph Wilson's column and hopefully the Fitzgerald investigation prove that there was a conspiracy afoot. Additionally, I am personally unable to thesis, buy the Warren Report version of the JFK assassination, and there is strong statistical, anecdotal and circumstantial evidence that the 2000, 2002 and 2004 elections were fraudulent. The WTC towers were somewhat unusual in that they had bearing walls, support cross-members which carried the essays on relationships and communication, floors. Unusual in very tall buildings, as was touted when they were built, but actually a very old way of building buildings, and there are lots of mid-19th century examples in lower Manhattan. When they burn -- and several tons of on fluid mechanics, kerosene does burn pretty nicely -- and the joists are weakened, it is entirely normal for such buildings to pancake. Ask any urban fireman; it is, I have been told, a worst-case nightmare.
Interestingly, this seems to be a consensus view of the engineers' report on the collapse. NY 911 Truth Movement (5/2) Ernest Partridge Replies: Surely it is not the case that everybody you talk to media dissertation, feels that 9/11 was an inside job. Maybe everybody Tom Foti talks to. However, as you can see from this sample of letters, not everybody agrees. But what if (almost) everybody felt (as apposed to rationally believed due to evidence) that 9/11 was an inside job? At one time everybody believed that the earth was flat. Didn't make it so. Argumentum ad populum (i.e., the nose count) has often proven to be very unreliable.
I liked your essay, which seemed to on fluid, me far more balanced than what is available elsewhere on the internet. Essay Prompts. I found the lack of an official explanation for WTC-7 troubling also and did some searching this evening. I found the following, which is NIST's provisional explanation for the collapse. I think you'll find it's far more credible than the various points of evidence purported to support collapse by demolition, as is on fluid, claimed by virtually every website seeking to establish a coverup of some sort. Dear Dr. Partridge,
Elizabeth de la Vega (5/2) Ernest Partridge Replies: I am honored to receive your comments, having read your online essays with great interest and admiration. Your voice is an invaluable asset in the growing resistance to essays, the Bush/GOP oligarchy. Santa Monica, CA (5/2) Ernest Partridge Replies: You write: the author states categorically that the official version of what happened at the Pentagon has to thesis mechanics, be right. I stated no such thing. Instead, I wrote that neither version is convincing, and the available evidence is weak. (You did read my essay, didn't you?) Several critics have stated that a Boeing 757 couldn't have punched a small hole (16 feet by some accounts) in the side of the Pentagon, and a picture of said hole is often displayed with the assertion.
That sounds reasonable. The implication is then drawn that a 757 did not strike the Pentagon. But that conclusion only hiring application essay, follows if the indicated hole was the only damage to the side wall. I have found no compelling evidence that this was the case. Ph.D. Candidate, May 2006. UCLA Mathematics (5/2) Dear Mr. Thesis. Partridge, 30 floors of a2 physical coursework, South Tower topple over. What happens to the block and its angular momentum?
Much of the “evidence” presented by thesis on fluid, the WTC conspiracy theorists is demonstrably false, fallacious or irrelevant. For example: . The debris was quickly collected without inspection and essays richardson, shipped off to on fluid, Asia for recycling.” False. It was relocated to a collection site at Staten Island, where it was examined by forensic engineers, and where personal effects were identified. (Here, here, and here are three of the 54,000 Google hits from a search for “World Trade Center” and “Staten Island” and “Debris”) I checked the links that you provided in your article. Indeed, much effort went into sifting through debris for evidence that would fit in with the teacher essay questions, official theory of the attack and collapse. However, I see no evidence in the sites you link to that much effort was put into looking for thesis on fluid mechanics, evidence of the use of explosive cutter charges on the main steel beams of the towers, or in following up such evidence. Essays And Communication. While the blanket statement that The debris was quickly collected without inspection and thesis, shipped off to Asia for recycling is certainly an on pamela overstatement, it is a fact that much of the structural steel was held only a short time and on fluid, then sent off for recycling.
Here is Steven Jones again, on this very subject: I agree with this urgent yet reasoned assessment of expert fire-protection engineers, as boldly editorialized in the journal Fire Engineering. Digital Media. This editorial does not mention the controlled-demolition hypothesis, but rightfully objects to the rapid destruction of the structural steel which would provide crucial evidence from the thesis mechanics, crime scene. We agree that such destruction of on tennessee williams, evidence is wrong, and that a thorough investigation is imperative. Such destruction of evidence shows the astounding ignorance of on fluid mechanics, government officials to the value of a thorough, scientific investigation of the largest fire-induced collapse in world history. I have combed through our national standard for and communication, fire investigation, NFPA 921, but nowhere in it does one find an exemption allowing the destruction of evidence for buildings over 10 stories tall. (Manning, 2002; emphasis added). If you have not already done so, I would urge you to go to http://www.scholarsfor911truth.org and read through Steven Jones peer-reviewed paper, Why Indeed Did the WTC Buildings Collapse?, which I have quoted from above. As I have sought to demonstrate, he answers most of your objections to the controlled demolition theory. Ernest Partridge Replies: My quarrel is not with the laws of on fluid, physics (I am quite sane, after all), it is with the essays, putative evidence which, combined with the laws of thesis, physics, serve as premises for essay, Jones' (etc.) arguments.
I do not insist that this evidence is false, but I am not convinced that it is true. The foundation of evidence on both sides of the thesis on fluid, argument is hiring application, very weak. Hence my skepticism. Thesis Mechanics. For more, see the comments that follow the essays on pamela richardson, next letter. Dear Dr. Partridge, Ernest Partridge Replies: Remember first of mechanics, all, that I am a skeptic. By expressing doubt about one side, I am not affirming the other. That said, I would repeat that the best evidence I have are my own eyes as I examine the character essay, available images.
And it seems quite apparent to those eyes, that the on fluid mechanics, collapse began at the points of on relationships, impact. Thank you for thesis on fluid, publishing Dr. Partridge's much needed debunking of the some of the most persistent 9-11 rumors. Although the a2 physical education, tower [WTC 1] appears to mechanics, collapse in its own footprint, subsequent review of aerial photographs of the character prompts, site after the thesis, collapse—as well as damage to on tennessee williams, adjacent structures—will suggest that debris impacted the thesis mechanics, Marriott Hotel (WTC 3), the Customs House (WTC 6), the Morgan Stanley building (WTC 5), WTC 7, and the American Express and Winter Garden buildings located across West Street. Richardson. The debris field extended as far as 500 ft from the tower base.
I urge you to read the whole ASCE article. Mechanics. It puts many 9-11 claims to rest. Tapes of interviews with air traffic controllers were destroyed. Actually not. Now, the Bush administration has a lot of 'splainin' to do: Why they ignored the President's Daily Brief of Aug. 7, 2001, entitled Bin Laden Determined to Attack in U.S.'” Why Bush refused to a2 physical education, answer questions under oath--and why he insisted that Cheney baby sit him during his questioning. On Fluid. Why Bush cowered in Air Force One instead of hiring, flying to Washington to take charge.
Why Cheney and thesis, other administration officials ignored the character essay prompts, warnings of Richard Clarke. Thesis On Fluid. But as far as the state and local governments--not so much. Ernest Partridge Replies: I am awestruck! This is a terrific contribution to this discussion. There is more confidence here in digital media, the official view than I am able to share, but it presents a vigorous and on fluid, worthy case for on pamela richardson, OV. A. D. Kay has clearly given much more study to 9/11, and to the conspiracy theories that followed, than I have -- or likely will.
Thus I am grateful for this case for the official view. The May 9, 2006 Collection: Note: An expansive reply to many of these letters will be found at the end of this collection. EP. I read your essay entitled The 9/11 Conspiracy: A Skeptic's View. I have to say that I share some common ground with you in that I don't believe that the official version of what happened on 9/11 is mechanics, a reality, nor do I necessarily believe any of the conspiracy theories that are out there.
However, the way the investigation was handled by the Bush administration really makes me angry and very skeptical of everything. Ernest Partridge replies: With all due respect, I sincerely doubt that hundreds of Ph.Ds . have reviewed the evidence [and] believe the character prompts, towers and thesis on fluid, Building 7 were demolished. Dozens, perhaps. However, I am confident that at least as many Ph.Ds (including this Ph.D) who have examined the evidence are unconvinced by the hypotheses of David Ray Griffen (Ph.D), Steven Jones (Ph.D) and James Fetzer (Ph.D). Dear Dr. Ernest Partridge, Dear Dr Partridge,
I have just read your piece on 9-11 on Guerilla News. Essay Prompts. A pleasing blast of sanity! I have occasionally debated with the 9-11 people over here (in the UK) but have pretty much given up. There is no dialogue: just two conflicting views. My base line, I suppose, is trying to imagine the meeting - or series of meetings - in which the conspirators agree to do all the extraordinary things they are supposed to have done.
How would that go? So, we're agreed, then: we wire the WTC buildings with explosives then persuade a bunch of Jihadists to hi-jack them and fly them into the buildings as a cover story. All those in favour? This is thesis on fluid, preposterous at best. Ernest Partridge replies: Conveniently ignored? Do I detect a note of sarcasm here? For example, consider your points #2 and #3, above. If Hani Hanjour was incapable of flying a Boeing 757, this may indicate, as you suggest, that the OV is false. On Pamela Richardson. But it also suggests that (a) reports of Hanjour's incompetence were false, or (b) that Hanjour did not, in fact, pilot the aircraft.
You did, after all write that Hanjour was supposedly the pilot, which betrays your own doubts about the matter. RE: #3. Thesis On Fluid. I also found the story of the cell phone calls from character essay, United 93 to be incredible. But how do we explain the reports from the relatives that they received these calls? Were they all liars?
Then I was told that the thesis on fluid mechanics, calls were made by on-board phones (that one finds behind the seats). So what is the truth? I don't have the authenticated facts. Do you? Returning to the attack on the Pentagon: Now suppose I accepted the CT claim that Flight 77, a Boeing 757, did not hit the Pentagon. In that case, I would be hard-pressed to explain the photos of airplane parts (allegedly) taken at the scene, or the (alleged) eyewitness reports of an airliner, or the (alleged) reports of body parts identified by DNA analysis, and of personal belongings (allegedly) recovered at the scene. Is it possible that all this testimony was false and the result of threats and bribes, and character essay prompts, that the photos and evidence were faked and planted?
Yes, it is thesis, possible. Other official versions, for example the Warren Report on the JFK assassination, as well as the essays on tennessee, assassinations of RFK and on fluid, Martin Luther King, strike me as not credible. Moreover, I find that accounts that I have read of the accidental death of Paul Wellstone simply do not add up. If we had a government and a media that we could trust, then we might at last come to some firm resolution of these questions. But of course, we do not have such a government or media. Dear Dr. Partridge.
here. In order for that story to be at theory level it has first to be proven physically possible. You say: . highly improbable scenario: Charges had to be set beforehand at the points of impact, the 94th to the 98th floors of the north tower, and the 78th to the 84th floors of the south tower. Both aircraft, in stunning feats of piloting skill, succeeded in striking precisely at those pre-arranged locations. However, all charges placed below those points of impact were either duds or were insufficient to precipitate collapses. The towers stood firm as the hiring essay questions, demolition moved downward from the thesis on fluid mechanics, impact points. It is quite obvious from essay, observing the videos that explosives were planted on many floors, about every third floor for the whole height of the buildings.
Thus it is no coincidence that the mechanics, collapse started from the floor of a2 physical coursework, impact as the demolitions could be triggered remotely to begin wherever the thesis mechanics, perpetrators wanted. Explosions proceeded both up and down from the point of impact and the sequence could be programmed after the plane impact. No coincidence required. Ernest Partridge replies: Quite frankly, I'm about burnt out on and communication, this topic, and much of on fluid, what I might say in response to your letter I have said earlier. Two points, however: you propose that charges were set on several floors so that they might be set-off by remote control at the floor where the planes happen to hit. I've received a few other letters that said the a2 physical coursework, same.
This strikes me as a desperate attempt to salvage an improbable hypothesis by making it still more improbable -- adding ad-hoc explanations with no independent warrant, that serve only to hold up the theory. On Fluid. E.g.: Well, if they couldn't know beforehand just where the planes would hit, then THEY MUST HAVE placed many charges. And why believe this? Because it props up the foregone conclusion of controlled demolition. (Its the education, sort of thing one encounters in young-earth creationist explanations of the formation of the Grand Canyon). Second: Read my paper again, and you will find that I do NOT accept that WTC7 was taken down with controlled demolitions. I just don't know.
There are non-CD explanations for the CD like collapse of WTC7.
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lab variables Yale University Center for on fluid Science and Social Science Information. Schedule for 10/02/2017. CSSSI (219 Prospect St) Different Data Types for SPSS. There are three different types of data usable by SPSS: raw data, SPSS save file, and essays on tennessee williams an SPSS portable file. It is important to thesis, know what type of digital media, data you are using so you can properly load and save it. SPSS Save files (.sav) are special fomat files that SPSS creates. They can normally only be read on on fluid mechanics the same type of operating system they were created on. So if your SPSS save file was created on a Unix machine, it can only be read by a unix machine (you can transform it into a portable file using StatTransfer). SPSS Portable files (.por) are also special format files SPSS creates.
However, they can be transported to other computers and operating systems. Raw Data files or text files (.dat or .txt) consist of strings of text without any formatting. Character Essay Prompts! Because they contain no program specific formtating, raw data files can be read by virtually any statistical software and thesis on fluid mechanics are fairly compact for storage. SPSS Save and Portable files are useful because they can store information about the variables like names and teacher hiring essay questions value labels. If you are loading a textfile, you will have to do the work of naming hte variables yourself (unless there is a syntax file to on fluid, go with it). If your data is not one of the above formats, you should use StatTransfer to essays on relationships, transform your dataset into an SPSS portable file. I. Reading non-delimited ASCII datasets using SPSS Syntax Files. Syntax files tell SPSS where to find and how to interpret raw data files. Thesis On Fluid Mechanics! They do not contain any data themselves, but are very useful because they save you the a2 physical coursework, time and trouble of entering in all the locations and definitions of variables.
Most of the syntax files in the Social Science Data Archive are for older versions of SPSS and will not work as written. On Fluid Mechanics! Fortunately, they are easily edited. The file extensions should be .sps. 2) In the FILE menu, go to Open and and communication then Syntax. Specify the on fluid, SPSS syntax file to character essay, be used (either by typing it in mechanics, or browsing). 3) Remove any informative matter on the top (such information should be blocked out, but the formatting may be old and no longer valid -- it is safer to remove this from the and communication, syntax file). You may want to cut and paste the information into thesis on fluid notepad for education reference later.
4) There should be a few lines of code before the list of variable locations (often beginning with File Handle or Data File Path. Thesis On Fluid Mechanics! Now paste in the following: FILE HANDLE data1 NAME='datafilepath' LRECL=nnn . DATA LIST FILE=data1 RECORDS=1 / 5) File Handle is a temporary name SPSS uses when accessing the data. Character Essay! You will need to change this name each time you attempt to load the data (sadly, you may not be successful on the first time every time you load data). Simply replace data1 with whatever name suits your fancy. 6) Replace datafilepath with the file path for the data you wish to load (usually beginning H:ssda). Be sure to keep the single quotation marks. 7) Replace nnn with the logical record length of your datafile (how many columns per case are there?). This information should be available in the codebook and on the list of statlab holdings. Do not delete the period after the LRECL, it is crucial to the syntax. 8) Replace the data1 in front of List File with whatever name you typed into thesis File Handle.
9) If there is more than one record per case, you will need to change the number of records to reflect the number of records per case in your dataset. 10) While scrolling down check to make sure there is a period after the list of variables. You should also check to make sure there is a period at the end of any Variable Label section or Value Label section. You may also check for extraneous comments. 11) Type EXECUTE. after the final period. Make sure to put a period after the execute. 12) Highlight the whole syntax file (use select all). 13) Run the file by either pressing the dark triangular button on the tool bar or by going to All in the Run menu. A) Did you remember to dissertation, type Execute. at the bottom?
B) Did you specify the correct path to thesis on fluid mechanics, the data? C) Is there a period after the LRECL statement, the variable locations, the variable labels, and the execute? D) Is there a / after Records? E) Is there any hidden formatting before the first variable (delete until it is up against the margin)? If none of these are the problems, you could try eliminating optional sections such as comment fields, missing values, value labels, and the like.
While these are certainly nice features, there are often small errors or incompatibilities in these sections. II. Reading raw ASCII datasets without a syntax file. Syntax files are not available for digital media every dataset found in the Social Science Data Archive. Since most ASCII datasets consist of very long strings of text, you will need to use the codebook to load and on fluid mechanics interpret the character, data.
Most codebooks are separate text or pdf files in the SSDA folder you can open and read in any text editor (e.g., notepad or Microsoft Word) or using Adobe Acrobat, but others are stored in the Social Science Library. You can discover the location of the codebook from the SSDA catalog on the main screen for thesis the study. Most datasets are set up with each variable being assigned a specific column location. Essays On Relationships And Communication! This is thesis, called fixed width. In other datasets, variables are separated by a delimiter (like a comma).
The codebook should tell you which is the case. If you are using a delimited dataset, separate instructions are provided below. There are two primary options for loading ASCII data in hiring questions, SPSS. The easiest is to use the Text Import Wizard -- SPSS will provide helpful instructions each step of the way. However, more advanced users may want to input more information about variables (like value labels) and will need to write their own syntax file. IIA. Using the thesis on fluid mechanics, Text Import Wizard.
1) Find the codebook for the dataset you wish to use and locate the a2 physical education coursework, column location for thesis mechanics each variable you want to character essay, use. 3) Click on on fluid the FILE menu and go to Read Text Data. 4) Provide the desired file name (type it in or browse to it). 5) You do not have a predefined format, so click Next. 6) The variables are arranged in fixed width, so click the on tennessee, appropriate radio button. Chances are the variable names are not at the top of the dataset, but checking should be an thesis mechanics, easy matter in the window provided by the Text Import Wizard. Click Next.
7) You will now need to tell SPSS where to a2 physical education coursework, begin reading the data, how many lines of text there are per case (when there are many variables they may not all fit on a single line, so multiple lines may be used -- the data codebook should contain such information), and what portion of the thesis mechanics, data you will want to input (usually you will want to digital media dissertation, load all the data). Click Next. 8) You now need to tell SPSS where the thesis, columns are to be found in the data. The codebook will give you the precise location of each variable. By clicking in the appropriate location in the window, you can drop lines to denote column breaks. Richardson! You can move columns by mechanics, clicking and dragging the lines to the appropriate location. You can also delete lines by clicking and dragging the line off the window. A2 Physical Coursework! The ruler at the top of the window makes it easy to place lines in the correct location. You want to place lines at the end of each variable. For example, if the codebook said: ID 1-4; Name 5-20; Sex 21; Age 22-23, you would place lines on the ruler at the 4, 20, 21, and 23 locations.
Note, if there are large sections of the data that you do not want to import, then you do not need to delimit columns within these parts and can save yourself time. Click Next when you are finished. 9) You can now enter the names of mechanics, each variable by clicking on the appropriate column and typing in the name in the slot called Variable Name. You can also specify the format of the variable at this time. Any column that you do not wish to import, can be eliminated by highlighting it and choosing Do Not Import under the Data Format window. Click Next when you are finished naming the columns. The data should now be loaded into the data editor.
You now can save the data as an SPSS data file. If the data did not load correctly, you probably did not place the column markers in the correct location. You will need to go back and repeat the loading. IIb. Writing your own syntax file to load data . Writing your own syntax file is williams, not difficult, but requires a fair amount of careful typing (a single stray comma or period will cause the program to thesis on fluid, fail). 2) Click on the File Menu, go to New, and then Syntax. 3) In the syntax window that jut appeared, cut and and communication paste the following. FILE HANDLE data1 NAME='datafilepath' LRECL=nnn . DATA LIST FILE=data1 RECORDS=1 / 4) File Handle is thesis, a temporary name SPSS uses when accessing the data. You will need to change this name each time you attempt to load the data (sadly, you may not be successful on the first time every time you load data). Simply replace data1 with whatever name suits your fancy. 5) Replace datafilepath with the file path for the data you wish to load (usually beginning H:ssda).
Be sure to keep the single quotation marks. 6) Replace nnn with the logical record length of your datafile (how many columns per essays on tennessee williams case are there?). This information should be available in the codebook and on mechanics the list of statlab holdings. Do not delete the period after the LRECL, it is essay prompts, crucial to the syntax. 7) Replace the data1 in front of List File with whatever name you typed into File Handle. 8) If there is more than one record per thesis mechanics case, you will need to change the number of essays samuel, records to reflect the number of records per case.
9) Now you will need to on fluid, tell SPSS where to find the variables. For the first variable, simply copy the location found in on relationships and communication, the codebook (e.g., 1-4). Thesis On Fluid Mechanics! To input more variables, give subsequent variables names like V2 and V3, and on relationships tell the computer where to find them (e.g., V2 5-20 V3 21 V4 22-23). Do not put commas or periods between the thesis on fluid mechanics, variable and/or variable locations. The only punctuation should be the period at the end of the variable location statement. Note that you only essays, need to input the variables you wish to thesis, call up. 10) You can now name the essays on relationships and communication, variables in thesis, the Variable labels section. For each variable you wish to name, provide the indicator you gave above and place the and communication, names. For instance, V1 ID V2 Name V3 Sex V4 Age would tell SPSS to call the first variable ID and the second variable Name and so on. The names must be in thesis mechanics, double quotation marks. Teacher Hiring Application Questions! Do not separate names by commas or periods.
The only thesis on fluid, period should be at prompts the end of the on fluid mechanics, Variable labels section. Note, this is essays on pamela samuel richardson, not necessary to load the data, but column headings are often helpful is keeping track of information. If you do not desire column headings, delete this whole section. 11) The Value Labels section allows you to identify and interpret numeric values that refer to categories. For instance, V3 00 Male 01 Female would tell SPSS that when the third variable has a value of 00 it refers to males and mechanics 01 to females. There should be no extraneous punctuation in coursework, this section (excepting the period at the end). Again, this entire section is thesis mechanics, nonessential and can be deleted. 12) Make sure that the only periods in your syntax file come after the LRECL, all the hiring essay, variables, all the variable labels, all the value labels, and the execute at the end. 13) Highlight the whole syntax file (use select all).
14) Run the file by either pressing the dark triangular button on the tool bar or by going to All in the Run menu. A) Did you remember to type Execute. at on fluid the bottom? B) Did you specify the correct path to the data? C) Is there a period after the LRECL statement, the variable locations, the variable labels, and the execute? D) Is there a / after Records? If none of these are the problems, you could try eliminating optional sections such as comment fields, missing values, value labels, and the like. While these are certainly nice features, there are often small errors or incompatibilities in these sections. III. Reading delimited ASCII datasets . Delimited datasets have markers signifying the digital, breakpoints for thesis on fluid columns.
Comma, tab, space, and semicolon are the most common delimiters. The text import wizard can quickly read in delimited data. The text import wizard is very user friendly and has instructions at every step. On Relationships And Communication! If at any point you make a mistake, simply click Back to go back and repair your mistake. 2) Click on the FILE menu and go to Read Text Data. 3) Provide the desired file name (type it in or browse to it). 4) You do not have a predefined format, so click Next. 5) Click Delimited. Enter whether or not variable names are included in the top of the file. Then click Next. 6) You will now need to tell SPSS where to begin reading the on fluid mechanics, data, how many lines of text there are per essays on pamela case (when there are many variables they may not all fit on a single line, so multiple lines may be used -- the on fluid mechanics, data codebook should contain such information), and what portion of the data you will want to media dissertation, input (usually you will want to load all the thesis mechanics, data).
Click Next. 7) Now tell SPSS which delimiters your dataset uses. A2 Physical Education! It is possible to have more than one delimiter present, so be sure that only the delimiter(s) you want have a check marks. Click Next. 8) You can now name your variables and specify the format for thesis on fluid mechanics each column. This is often not necessary since the text import wizard will automatically sense what type of data is in teacher application, the column. You can also opt not to import particular variables.
Click Next. The data should now be loaded into the data processor. You now can save the thesis mechanics, data as an SPSS data file. Essay! If your data did not load correctly, you should check to make sure: A) Is the data really delimited? Did you specify the correct delimiter? B) Are there variable names at the top of the file?
C) Are there multiple lines per case? Using SPSS Export Files (.spx and .por files) To access a portable file from SPSS for Windows, identified by the extension .por , use the following procedure: Click on FILE/OPEN Select file type .por Select appropriate drive location of the file Select the file to be accessed Click on OK, and the contents of the file should appear in the Data Editor Window To access a portable file from SPSS /PC+ for DOS, identified by mechanics, the extension .spx , use the following procedure: Click on FILE/NEW/SYNTAX In the application essay, SYNTAX window, type the following command line: Note that both commands (import and execute) need to thesis mechanics, begin in on pamela samuel richardson, the first column of the line. You also need the final periods at the end of each of the command lines. Consult the help sheet on thesis mechanics SPSS Syntax Basics for essay additional information on on fluid submitting program lines. Click on essays and communication RUN/TO END to submit the program lines, and the contents of the data file should appear in the Data Editor Window You are now ready to analyze the data. Mechanics! Consult the SPSS help page for additional information on running procedures. Using SPSS System Files (.sys or .sav files)
Click on FILE/OPEN Select file type .sys or .sav ( .sav is the default file type) Select appropriate drive location of the education coursework, file (example: h:ssda directory_name ) Select the file to be accessed Click on OK, and the contents of the file should appear in thesis on fluid, the Data Editor Window Help using SSDA Data files with SAS Refer to the SPSS help page for additional information on digital running procedures.