High Quality Custom Essay Writing Service -
(MP) Ph D Thesis - Shodhganga
Army Crew Case Study Essay Sample. Executive Summary After Applying OB Analysis, Coach should switch Varsity JVThe coaching staff reviewing this case determined a recommended course of action to, in only four days, prepare our Army Crew team to compete at the National competition. The problem as presented to us is that our Army Junior Varsity (JV) team, historically the second best performer of the two teams, frequently outperforms our prized Varsity team in heats. The alternative solutions to address the on diversity of butterflies, problem ranged from:1-Switching the team rankings, promoting the Junior Varsity to Varsity and african statement demoting the Varsity to second-ranked Junior Varsity status. This we believe is the safest and surest way to have a better performing team ready for thesis, the competition. Ucla Part? 2-Changing individual crew team members in the boats. In this, the coach hoped to find a more ideal personality combination, resulting in better performance. We believe this is not a viable choice in the timeframe, given the JV team#8217;s unwillingness to thesis on diversity of butterflies adjourn from their team and risk involved in trying to rebuild the team.
We are skeptical the removed JV members would be able to unify the rest of the varsity team. 3-Trying an intervention with the Varsity team, hoping to enhance their performance by helping them become aware of the psychological differences. While we believe this is ap english literature less risky than switching members, we do not believe it is reasonable to accomplish in the short time frame, and instead should focus our energy on preparing the JV team for thesis of butterflies, the competition. Practice Ap English Literature Essays? Since #8216;Coach P#8217;, as an experienced #8216;master#8217; level coach, has already tried to reach the varsity team on a mental level, and failed, we do not believe we can apply a similar method and achieve adequate results before the competition. Thesis Of Butterflies? We fear the practice ap english literature essays, damage has already been done-we should have analyzed our rower#8217;s personal qualities, whether leaders or disrupters, early on in the team forming process. Our staff#8217;s recommendation is thesis on diversity of butterflies based on Tuckman#8217;s model. The model requires developing the team throughout all five stages, including high congruence and cohesiveness to achieve maximum performance.
We believe that given our situation, switching the JV and thesis about varsity teams gives us an immediate, practical solution without risking the cohesiveness of the shining JV squad. Why do you think the problems are occurring with the varsity team?Despite our rigorous team selection process, once the season started, we began to see the JV consistently beat the varsity in practice. It is apparent that there is more to a successful crew team than stringing together the best individual performers. We can look to the field of organizational behavior (OB) to better understand why our varsity team is thesis of butterflies struggling and essays then to consider three options for how Army can be successful at National championships in four days. The first concept to understand is team viability, that is, the team member#8217;s satisfaction and willingness to contribute (Kreitner and of butterflies Kinicki 344).
Crew relies heavily on teamwork and requires the eight members of the boat to move synchronously in order to achieve maximum performance. Our coaching staff did not facilitate the south statement, kind of team building necessary for success: discussing team goals, establishing a sense of of butterflies, trust or leadership, and recognizing the potential for disruptive behavior and conflict. In short, we did not create an environment for ap english essays, effective group development as described by Bruce W. On Diversity Of Butterflies? Tuckman. About Materials? In the Tuckman model, teams go through five stages called #8220;forming#8221; (role clarification), #8220;storming#8221; (testing policies, assumptions, leadership), #8220;norming#8221; (agreement on roles and expectations), #8220;performing#8221; (cooperation and problem solving), and #8220;adjourning#8221; (completion) (Kreitner and Kinicki 310-311). We will refer to these group stages as we consider options.
As coaches, we can look back at the varsity and junior varsity and see their differing progression through the stages. While the varsity team is on diversity of butterflies still storming and african thesis statement has yet to create norms or perform, the junior varsity team demonstrates clear communication and mature problem solving we associate with a team in the performing stage. In hindsight, we should have taken time to help the varsity get to know one another, build friendships, and gain a vision of the overall goals and objectives of the thesis on diversity, team. After the first race we noticed that varsity appeared to be unhappy and critical of one another because they felt the margin of victory over junior varsity was not large enough. It then became our role as coaches to step back and provide the team with feedback and encouragement. In addition to proposal understanding the stages of team development, we need to understand the components of successful groups and of butterflies teams. Contoh Proposal? OB describes four significant factors: composition (how similar or different members are), size (the number of members), norms (the behaviors expected of each member) and cohesiveness (the level of commitment or #8216;adhesiveness#8217; of each member to one another) (Kreitner and Kinicki 316-354). The final idea to evaluate is congruence, or how well aligned team members are with the purpose. In crew, we think of this as swing-that perfect harmony of team members. High performance teams are characterized by high cohesion and high congruence (Moorehead, M1). With this understanding of critical factors in successful groups and teams, we can consider three options to create a successful outcome at National championships.
Should we declare the JV boat to be the new varsity boat?This may seem like a radical idea because, as we discussed earlier, we know these are our eight lowest-rated individual performers. We should consider the components of successful groups and teams in order to evaluate this option. On Diversity? We can examine how the practice, varsity and junior varsity boats compare on these determinants and assess which are, or are not, producing performance outcomes critical to success. Composition. At a distance, the two teams would seem to thesis on diversity be highly homogenous (similar) in thesis, physical terms. Though given the level of specialization of their skill, they are actually heterogeneous (dissimilar) because they were selected on individual physical measures. If composition were the critical factor, the varsity would be the thesis of butterflies, higher performing boat. Size. Both teams have an thesis synthetic, equal number of thesis of butterflies, members; subsequently size is not a determinant.
Norms. This is where we are seeing marked differences between the two teams. The junior varsity has developed positive behaviors and a shared sense of responsibility. We see this in the lack of individual criticism and their shared accountability for success. The varsity team, of course, has developed negative, individual behaviors and thesis about synthetic an absence of shared accountability. The positive behaviors take time to develop as we know from the Tuckman model and we simply do not have the time to expect the varsity team to build these positive behaviors in four days. This is a significant factor in our alternative to switch the two teams. Cohesiveness. This is where we see the greatest differences between the thesis on diversity, two teams.
We see the strong cohesiveness of the JV boat in how they have recently handled team members who are moved up and african apartheid thesis sent down between the boats. Contrary to what we would expect, JV members would rather remain with their JV teammates than be promoted to the varsity boat. These group characteristics also relate to thesis another important dimension, congruence. A congruent crew team will #8220;feel#8221; for each teammate#8217;s stroke, and trust that mistakes will be corrected as a team. Today, the practice ap english, JV team is operating at high cohesiveness and high congruence. As a result, this team is producing a high level of on diversity, group performance.
The varsity team is synthetic materials operating at low cohesiveness and low congruence. They are not in on diversity of butterflies, #8220;sync#8221; with one another on the fundamentals of winning crew. As coaches, we would have to help the varsity go through two stages of cohesiveness/congruence in order to reach highest performance (Moorehead, M1). We would have to build a level of prompts, cohesiveness and thesis of butterflies congruence that is missing today. This will take more time than we have until championships. Should we switch personnel back and forth between the boats?We must also consider attempting to switch team members to create a better combination.
With only four days this may seem like an impractical solution to the problem. Our teams have been in prompts application, place for thesis on diversity of butterflies, an extensive amount of time and rowing is a complex sport based on timing and teamwork. This group may be too ineffective and fragmented at seventh grade research paper, this stage for repair. However, it may be that splitting up the on diversity of butterflies, dysfunctional varsity team may be just what is needed. If we were to replace some of the varsity team with JV members, one of the grade research, biggest challenges would be the small amount of time in thesis on diversity, which they would have to become a high performing team. Thesis Synthetic Materials? In this situation, the newly mixed squad would have to jump from thesis on diversity, forming right to performing. While they could perform at about materials, a high level in the short term (i.e. for the next few practices), it is unknown if that performance would last. Another hurdle is the fact that the thesis on diversity of butterflies, squads do not want to be associated with one another.
Trying to ucla part build a sense of cohesiveness in such a short time could prove extremely difficult. Trust is another characteristic of effective teams. [Kreitner and Kinicki 350] We can safely assume from the kind of relationship that the on diversity of butterflies, squads have with one another, that their propensity to trust members from the other squad is low. Roles are considered one of the important elements of group behavior. Proposal Hukum? Threats to group effectiveness include role overload, which happens when #8220;others expectations exceed one#8217;s ability#8221; (Schein 198). When the varsity members finally expressed their frustrations, the recurring theme was #8220;I#8217;m the one who is carrying the boat.#8221; We believe this was not the case or else we would have noticed and made appropriate changes. There appears to be a perception among some of the rowers that one individual is thesis on diversity doing all the work. In fact the problem may be they are unsure of their abilities to perform at the expected high level.
The solution may be to bring some of the south african apartheid thesis statement, JV members up, who have gained confidence and may be able to instill it in the other varsity members, eliminating role overload. Should we figure out of butterflies, some novel approach to shake up the varsity group?The final option is to time intervene in order to try to improve the performance of the on diversity, varsity boat. To achieve this, we must identify the issues and create potential solutions to those issues while considering the time frame before Nationals. Let us focus our attention on african apartheid statement, the psychological dimensions of the varsity rowers-the element that the most experienced and successful coaches deem the most important variable to success. OB tells us the primary distinction between a group and a team is mutual accountability, a psychological factor. A team is a small number of people who are committed to thesis of butterflies a common purpose for which they hold themselves mutually accountable (Moorehead, M1).
If we review the emails from the varsity rowers as well as all the comments made at last night#8217;s meeting, we can conclude that the varsity rowers lack mutual accountability. They also lack cohesiveness and are actually getting slower. They also largely demonstrate poor attitudes-especially during the mental training exercises. If we can help the Varsity group establish and prompts for college application develop behavior norms and cohesiveness among themselves, then we may still have a fighting chance. In order to help varsity move from storming to norming to performing, we must first clearly explain to the members why they are failing as a team, so that each clearly understands the issues. Next, we must engage them in team and on diversity trust building exercises in an effort to begin building group cohesiveness and establishing behavior norms among the group. Once the group has transitioned into the norming stage, it can almost immediately transition into the performing stage. The greatest obstacle to our ability to move the varsity to performing is seventh grade research time. Recommendation #8212; Declare the JV Boat to be the New Varsity Boat.
After careful consideration, we recommend that the JV team be switched with varsity. The high-performing JV team gives us the best chance to succeed at Nationals. Based on the visual evidence of the performances by both teams, we know that simply stringing together the strongest individuals does not create a high performing and winning team. After assessing the components of thesis, successful groups and teams, it is clear that the JV team is well ahead of the varsity team in terms of trust, morale, mutual respect, absence of disrupters, positive conflict, synergy, and also having an overall positive team psychology. The JV team has progressed through the Tuckman model stages very smoothly over prompts application, time and thesis is performing at a level where they are experiencing #8220;swing#8221; in a consistent manner. This is seventh grade research also the only solution that does not require additional team building.
Time is on diversity of butterflies a crucial factor. While it is ap english possible that switching and trying out different combinations could yield results, getting the right combination and finding congruence within four days is unlikely and would be a huge risk to the existing teams. Another alternative would be to try to on diversity instill the JV team values, norms, cohesiveness, synergy and trust into the varsity team within the allotted time. Again, time becomes a detrimental factor for this option and the likelihood of success is quite low based on the evidence we have seen throughout the season. We recommend that we promote the JV team to the varsity team, tap into thesis synthetic materials, the established high performing team psychology and spend the next four days fine-tuning their performance. This will set us up in the most optimal position to thesis on diversity of butterflies succeed at the championships. This approach worked for the Cornell Coach in the 1990#8217;s. We already have the evidence that shows it will work for us. Robert Kreitner and Angelo Kinicki.
Organizational Behavior. Mcgraw-Hill Irwin, 2007. 310-311, 312, 315, 316-354, 344, 352Greg Moorhead. Organizational Behavior Blackboard, 2007. Module 1:4,14. Shein, Organizational Psychology. 198. Is this the seventh grade research, perfect essay for thesis on diversity, you?
Save time and order Army Crew Case Study. Prompts Essays? essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Army Crew Case Study. Thesis Of Butterflies? USS Florida: Case Study Synopsis Employee engagement was not used enough in this case. The crew was afraid of their captain. As stated in part, chapter five, “a damaging aspect of#8230; Developing Terms in Business. Thesis? Exlpain how to build cohesive teams that perform well. For a team to south apartheid statement become successful they must progress through different stages of development. Business owners will try to build a#8230; Tuckman’s Stages of Group Development. Bruce Tuckman is a well known man for publishing the 4 stage model theory of group development, which is now called the 5 stage model theory.
In 1965 Tuckman published#8230; Five Stages Team Development Model. Every team goes through the five stages of thesis on diversity of butterflies, team development. African Apartheid Thesis Statement? First, some background on team development. The first four stages of team growth were first developed by Bruce Wayne Tuckman#8230; Under Armor case Study. 1. Competitive Rivalry Within The Industry Medium to High Bargaining Power Of Customers (Medium) They have wholesale and end customers as well as independent salesagents in on diversity, different countries Threat Of#8230; Learning Team Reflection.
For week three topics of discussion we decided to for college application discuss the five stages of development a group priority. After reading and reviewing the information provided there are many things that#8230;
Write My Paper -
Final Thesis - DiVA portal
My Favorite Food Essay Essays and Research Papers. -Here are some guidelines for writing a descriptive essay : Take time to on diversity, brainstorm If your instructor asks you to describe your . favorite food , make sure that you jot down some ideas before you begin describing it. Part Time Mba Essays? For instance, if you choose pizza, you might start by writing down a few words: sauce, cheese, crust, pepperoni, sausage, spices, hot, melted, etc. Once you have written down some words, you can begin by of butterflies, compiling descriptive lists for each one. Part Mba Essays? Use clear and thesis, concise language. . Chicken , Cooking , Fried chicken 848 Words | 4 Pages. Ever since I was a little boy, pizza has always had a special place in my heart. Contoh Thesis Hukum? From pizza day in the school cafeteria to of butterflies, pizza parties at . sleep away camp, there was nothing more exciting than when that cardboard box was opened to south thesis statement, reveal a round pie with eight delicious slices waiting to be devoured. Early on thesis on diversity of butterflies, I learned that everybody eats their pizza differently. There are those who fold their slices in practice literature essays half, those who eat their slices with two hands, and those who (dare I say) like to cut their. Calzone , Campania , Italian cuisine 2393 Words | 6 Pages. Corina Termini.
My favorite movie: “The Notebook” Movies give you inspiration to thesis of butterflies, do or change many things in Life. Prompts For College? This is a . huge benefit on watching movies because they often give you something to learn from, you can see probably how a bad decision can change you life forever, how people influence can sometimes be bad for you, how everyone is capable of good thing in thesis of butterflies life, how by working hard you can achieve you goals, etc. Research? So, trough movies you can get motivated and look forward in your life. English-language films , Horror film , Love 973 Words | 3 Pages. hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh My Favorite Person something good to say about everyone. Micah is thesis of butterflies, a blessing to me and will . always be on the most favorite people. With all his wittiness and good looks, he is truly. Synthetic Materials? Premium My Favorite Teacher all ways or I may also have misunderstood them.
However, the teacher that I chose as deserving of the My Favorite Teacher earned this title due to the care he showed. Premium Favorite Place the kids swim. Alton Brown , Climate , Climate change 525 Words | 3 Pages. English 101 “The Meaning of Food ” Throughout my childhood I grew up with my mother preparing all . my meals, to what I thought was normal eating habits. My mother is southern and on diversity, was working full time. Research? We usually ate fried or fast food ; we would have traditions that would not only on diversity of butterflies feed our bellies but our souls. It all started when I was in the fourth grade the pounds piled up like the pancakes my mother would make on Sunday morning.
I started to use food as comfort and think I needed to. Cooking , Eating , Emotion 1043 Words | 3 Pages. ? MY HOLY WEEK CELEBRATION During April we celebrated the Holy week. About Materials? It is when Jesus Christ was crucified and died under Poncioplilate and rose . again after three days. Hundreds of people belong to thesis, the church to get to the great unwashed, they prayed and thanked Jesus for saving the world from sins and temptation. There are many devoted and believe the prompts for college power of of butterflies Jesus Christ. Perhaps processions are also held with prayers too.
In that respect are different saints, showing up. From this day, probably. Beach , Holiday , Holy Week 960 Words | 2 Pages. April 26, 2013 My Favorite Place Have you ever thought about synthetic how the place you live seem to have lack of places to of butterflies, go? Is . it really inconvenient to get to places? And sometimes when you go somewhere, you have to worry about the weather. Prompts For College Application Essays? Where would you go? Whether it's your own home, small town, or a vacation site, everybody has a favorite place. Some people like loud places to have fun, while others like quite and serenity places to relax.
If I had to choose my favorite place, it would be. Climate , Ferris wheel , Meteorology 920 Words | 3 Pages. McDonald’s, My Favorite Restaurant McDonald’s is a fast food restaurant chain and “has over 32,000 locations in . more than 100 countries around the globe” (McDonald’s website). It is one of most popular fast food restaurants in the world, and preferred by thesis on diversity, a lot of people. Practice Ap English Literature Essays? The restaurants are very modern and cozy and on diversity, always have a place for children to play in. It is also known for their Happy Meals, which contains a hamburger, french fries and the always desired toy.
McDonald’s is application essays, my favorite fast food. Burger King , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 829 Words | 3 Pages. ?Tiffany Presley English Composition Dr. Philip Underwood October 21, 2013 My favorite celebrity I’m writing . my essay on is Maya Angelou. The reason why I’ve chosen her as my favorite celebrity is that she has given us the greatness of poems. Her poem’s to me is so remarkable. My favorite poem is “Still I Rise”. This poem is so influential to on diversity of butterflies, me because the poem is so powerful.
The thing I am going to discuss about thesis synthetic materials Maya Angelou is her childhood, career beginnings, later successes, and her. African-American Civil Rights Movement , Coretta Scott King , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings 917 Words | 3 Pages. My favorite season of the year is autumn. There are three main reasons why it is on diversity of butterflies, my favorite of the . four seasons. During this season nature is an absolute wonder to see, Thanksgiving holiday occurs at this time, and the weather is african thesis statement, perfect for many outdoor activities. The first reason I enjoy autumn so much, especially down here in the South, is because nature is such an absolute wonder to see during this time of the year.
There are many animals that are preparing for the cold winter. A good way. A Great Way to Care , Autumn , Family 1293 Words | 3 Pages. Essay about Red Nose Day The purpose is to entertain and change lives in the UK and Africa. On Diversity? The money spent to aid young who live on the . Hukum? street and protect people living with domestic abuse. In Africa for vaccines etc. Thesis? People make donations, people also do something fun as games, parties, karaoke night, contests and other things and it's like winning money. This program is great, I think there should be more people like them, generous y caring. This type of action I love. It is south apartheid thesis statement, best to help and. British Museum , Cardiff , Remembrance Day 678 Words | 3 Pages.
My Favorite Place Narrative Essay. prepare me for thesis, an office work environment; I am obtaining my Associate of Art Degree in Medical Office Specialist. I have some existential . number of years contributed to for college essays, customer service and I am available immediately! I have an awesome personality and I am a very reliable individual; also, I have the ability to catch on to new, exciting tasks easily. I have great work ethics and thesis, I believe that I would be a great asset to your company because of my willingness to succeed!
I feel that this particular. Berkeley County, South Carolina , Cash , Cash drawer 770 Words | 4 Pages. PART A: OUTLINE: I. DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY : Outline: Introduction: Holiday celebrations are often a very fun and about materials, festive time with . my family. Thesis? One such holiday is part time, Tet holiday of year. Many families have fun days filled with love, gift sharing, eating, fun times and laughs.
In my family the entire family gathers at my grandparent’s home. Body paragraph: Decoration: - Outside: + Lights + Flowers + Parallel sentences . Family , Grandparent , Ho Chi Minh 830 Words | 4 Pages. nutritious alternatives to preserved and fast food products. Where this agreement usually ends, however, is on on diversity, the question of how this can . Time Mba Essays? “healthy lifestyle” can be obtained. Whereas some are convinced that trusting yourself and thesis of butterflies, your body will lead to better choices, others maintain that eating food in moderation and more fruits and vegetables is the proposal hukum best path to thesis of butterflies, choose. “Today, more than 95% of all chronic disease is caused by food choice, toxic food ingredients, nutritional deficiencies and time mba essays, lack. Eating , Food , Health 1419 Words | 4 Pages. American Chinese Cuisine and Favorite Food. June 08, 2010 Experiencing Chow-Mein If I were to ask a group of people “What is your favorite food ?” most of them . would say countless varieties of food , starting with the delicious French pushing it to Chinese and thesis on diversity, Indian Cuisine. But whatever it is, whenever it comes to thesis about synthetic materials, my favorite food , I would say Chow-Mein, which hit the top of my most favorite food . Chow-Mein is thesis, a Chinese term for south african apartheid thesis, a dish of stir-fried noodles, which eventually carries many varieties: chicken Chow-Mein, beef Chow-Mein. American Chinese cuisine , Asian cuisine , Chinese cuisine 967 Words | 3 Pages.
Chanukah, my family and of butterflies, I sat down to thesis about synthetic, our traditional holiday dinner. Thesis On Diversity Of Butterflies? With the time smell of thesis warm food being prepared, everyone . anticipated the meal to come. Hearing my aunt, mother and sister all scrambling in the kitchen, we knew our meal was almost ready. I helped bring out the brisket, noodle koogle, potato latkes, applesauce and other Jewish dishes. As everyone settled around the grade research paper dinner table, there was one item that was completely consumed within the first three minutes. This was not an thesis of butterflies, item my mother. Bread , Challah , Family 1083 Words | 4 Pages. My Favorite Place Everyone has a special place, a place where people can find happiness, be themselves, and peace. This special . place perhaps is a place where people have a dream to go for a vacation, honeymoon, or relax.
A tense of ucla part time mind in life force people to think about the place that they can truly relax. In many people’s lives, a travel is the best option for relaxation. Specially, middle class people who live in thesis the bay area and literature essays, be under high pressure of thesis on diversity work, perhaps they need to paper, have a. Dollar , Halong Bay , Pound sterling 1137 Words | 3 Pages. That's My Boy (2012 film) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the 2012 film. Thesis On Diversity Of Butterflies? For other . uses, see That's My Boy. |[pic] |This article's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. Please help improve it by removing unnecessary details and thesis synthetic materials, | | |making it more concise. (January 2013) | |That's My Boy . Adam Sandler , Andy Samberg , Film 1400 Words | 5 Pages.
As a teen, I was not much into thesis on diversity movies, which always got my parents concerned. Contoh Proposal Thesis? My parents were very broadminded; they encouraged . Thesis On Diversity Of Butterflies? me to see all types of essays movies, to thesis of butterflies, develop my interest, so that I could “know the real world”, as they believed that cinema was a reflection of our daily lives. My brother, who was 15, was even more concerned about my disinterest in movies, and took upon himself, the pious duty of introducing me to prompts for college application essays, the realities of on diversity of butterflies life, though in a starker way. He had a huge collection of. Film , The Prodigal Daughter 1599 Words | 4 Pages.
7 February 2013 Food . When people see or hear that word, many of them think of about synthetic food as something that just keeps us healthy and thesis on diversity, . alive. In my perspective that is true. But there is so much more to it than many people see. It is cultural, a tradition, and synthetic, can have many different meanings. It can also be seen as edible art and a way to express yourself.
To me, it is a way to get away from everything. As a child, I didn’t enjoy eating what my parents wanted me to. I was obsessed with sugary treat. Baking , Cooking , Eating 1150 Words | 3 Pages. ? My Favorite Chinese Food China is thesis, famous for its food . Chinese food . is the seventh research ultimate food . Especially in South China, they would say they eat all four legs except table legs, and all two wings except the thesis aircraft wings. Proposal Thesis? Some Chinese food may be really unbelievable, but most of these dishes are delicious.
Compared with the western style of food , there are more kinds of food in of butterflies China. According to statistics, there were more than 1000 kinds of prompts essays dishes in China. My favorite Chinese foods are the. Beijing , China , Chinese cuisine 670 Words | 3 Pages. Applications 2.0 (7th – 8th) MY FAVORITE FOOD ESSAY (Basic) A Tasty Way To Write an Incredible . Of Butterflies? Essay © Copyright 2007 Hot Topic Essays , Super Achievement, Inc. All Rights Reserved www.superachievement.net Introducing: __________________! Paragraph One—Introductory Paragraph Fill-in-the-blanks to show what this paragraph does: 1. Essays? Introduces the topic • (Your Topic)______________________________ 2. Thesis On Diversity? Makes a statement about the topic. • My favorite food is _____________________. Application Essays? 3. Writing 525 Words | 6 Pages. My Favorite Chinese Festival The Mid-autumn is my favorite Chinese festival.
It always falls on the . 15th day of August, but this year is on 29th September. “This wonderful tale is a depiction of a Chinese family coming together and preparing to celebrate the moon with a nighttime picnic that embraces their Chinese customs with glowing lanterns and includes traditional dishes, such as the moon cakes, pomelos, and tea.”(LIN 94) A few days before the festival, everyone in the family will help to. Chang'e , Chinese calendar , Han Chinese 1052 Words | 3 Pages. MY FAVORITE FOOD (Draft # 3) After gaining an unappealing 3 or more pounds over thesis, the years, one would think . that I would quickly learn to put down the tacos. However, when the opportunity rises for that scrumptious, slow simmered seasoned beef, crisp green lettuce, rose ripe red tomatoes, yellow aged cheddar and hard crunchy shells come across my path, I just can’t resist. Ucla Time? I should have to say no-more, than “I LOVE TACOS”! Just typing these words reminds me of last Friday night, while preparing. Adjective , Flavor , Indefinite pronoun 369 Words | 2 Pages. Whitney Walker Professor Brogdon Eng.101 sec.505 January 24, 20011 Favorite Food My . favorite food is chicken fettuccini pasta. I prefer this dish because of the great taste.
It consists of a magnificent sauce, tender chicken, and mixed vegetables. On Diversity? This blend of ingredients contributes the flavor, texture, and appearances of the pasta. Just because the sauce isn’t an attractive color, which is an dull white with drops of about grey from mushrooms and specks of green from the broccoli. Chicken , Cooking , Food 622 Words | 2 Pages. My favorite teacher was scary and mean -- but only in thesis the eyes of materials those who had never been in her classroom. Those of thesis on diversity us who were . her students encouraged the about synthetic materials rumors and on diversity, bolstered our reputations for bravery, secure in for college application the knowledge that she would protect and of butterflies, defend us with every ounce of apartheid thesis her being, because we were her students. What kind of on diversity teacher inspires such trust? The best kind!
The other day a local newspaper columnist, the practice survivor of an abusive childhood, wrote about a teacher who had. Zero tolerance 706 Words | 3 Pages. about my three favorite breeds of dogs. THESIS: Any dog can make a great pet but my favorites are . chihuahuas, boston terriers and boxers. INTRODUCTION I. Attention Material: I have been an animal lover since I was a small child, but dogs are my favorite of all animals. II.
Credibility: I have two dogs, a Chihuahua and a Boston Terrier. III. Preview: My favorite three dog breeds are, Chihuahuas, Boston Terriers, and thesis of butterflies, Boxers. Transition: Lets start by about materials, talking about my first favorite dog the. Boston Terrier , Chihuahua , Companion dog 787 Words | 3 Pages. parts, leathers, jewelry, t-shirts, tattoos, music and on diversity, food . Activities include a ride in bike show (weather permitting), bike games, and one . of the best wet t-shirt contest in research paper the Southeast for Miss Cherokee Survivor. We also have the Easyriders tour truck and two concerts featuring national acts. On Diversity Of Butterflies? The event is held rain or shine, and there is a minimal fee for the three-day event. With that, I will tell you about my most recent time away with my husband. Prompts Application? I will tell you about the scenic route.
Blue Ridge Parkway , Cherokee , Comma splice 1488 Words | 4 Pages. Food Is Important for the Creative Process. Food Is Important for thesis, the Creative Process I was constantly switching schools during the thesis first years of my student life. On Diversity? In . my first grade, I studied at a semi-boarding school that provided me breakfast and lunch because both of my parents had to work and were never at home. Ucla? Then, in my second grade, I switched to a public school that was near my house because my mother hired me a nanny. But then in my third grade, my family moved to the big city, thus leading to thesis, another change of school.
It did. Education , Final examination , High school 1195 Words | 3 Pages. My Favorite Website is Rollingstone Rollingstone.com As s fan of music, movies, TV and just about all things pop culture it . was hard for thesis, me to choose which was my favorite website. Thesis On Diversity Of Butterflies? In this day and age, any and all information is contoh proposal hukum, just a click away. I chose a website that gives me access to all of these things and thesis, more, Rollingstone.com. Research Paper? As I subscriber to the magazine since 1997, I remember getting excited when they day came every 2 weeks or so (depending on the US postal service) when a new Rolling. Elvis Presley , Hunter S. Thesis On Diversity? Thompson , Jann Wenner 1322 Words | 3 Pages. ENGLISH COMP.2. Prompts For College Essays? ASSIGN 2 | A Description | | A description about my favorite desserts. Of Butterflies? | | Mrs. Mirelle Jayawardene | . 3/10/2013 | | My Favorite Desserts Everybody has their favorite games, cars and for college application, meals.
Also everyone has their desserts and I have mine. All my favorite desserts have one thing in common they all are made with one ingredient that is “Chocolate”. Mmm!! Chocolate Desserts! I honestly believe that chocolate is the closest we can get to heaven as mortals, seriously. Butter , Chocolate , Custard 780 Words | 3 Pages. 4. Does this recipe include a good balance of essential nutrients? Explain your answer. Yes.
This recipe only has 120 calories and includes milk and . Thesis Of Butterflies? cheese which are good for the bones and seventh grade, provide vitamins that are healthy. I like to give my children mac and cheese because its kid friendly and I know they are eating a meal that is thesis on diversity, healthy for them. 5. How could the recipe be altered to include more essential nutrients? This recipe can be made healthier by south, substituting the on diversity of butterflies flour noodles. Eating , Essential nutrient , Food 647 Words | 3 Pages. 10/29/2011 Food in my family English: . 1841 I come from a very diverse ethnic background, with many variations of for college essays what maybe considered cultural foods . Thesis? I have many fond memories of family reunions and all the interesting dishes my relatives would prepare. Food in grade research paper my family holds so much meaning; it’s the glue that has held us together for many years even before I was born. Food in my family isn’t just a. Cooking , Flavor , Food 922 Words | 3 Pages. Today I am here to share one of my favorite place in on diversity of butterflies world. This place is one of miraculous blessing given by seventh grade research paper, mother earth to all . living things.
I am so fond of this place that I see it in my dreams. Kereala, it was celebrated as a 'Paradise Found' - one of the ten in thesis of butterflies the world. A perfect description for a land renowned as God's Own Country. There is different charm in practice ap english literature essays its backwaters, beaches, Ayurveda health holidays, hill stations, wildlife, festivals, monuments and vibrant art forms, it’s amazing. Asia , Earth , English-language films 1308 Words | 4 Pages. My Quest for Authentic Indian Food. Carolina – Chapel Hill Course: ENGL 105: Kitchen as a Writing Craft Professor: David Ross Parth Patel English 105 Mr.
David Ross Paper 2.4 My . Quest for Authentic Indian Food Born and on diversity of butterflies, raised in India, I have had quite some experience with authentic Indian food , whether it may be my mom’s cooking or local restaurants. Since we moved to the United States nine years ago, my family and I have made monthly visits to Indian restaurants in grade research search of the thesis authentic, traditional taste that we enjoyed back home. In. Indian cuisine 1418 Words | 5 Pages. Diagnostic Essay The famed George Bernard Shaw once proclaimed “There is no love sincerer than the love of food .” I . couldn’t agree more. I, myself, am something of part time mba essays a food enthusiast. And my favorite food is biryani.
You just cannot go wrong with it. You just cannot. Even the most critical and picky individuals cannot resist indulging themselves when it takes “center stage” on thesis of butterflies, the dinner table. Biryani is the prompts essays name and stuffing one’s face is the game. Biryani is, by of butterflies, far, my most favorite dish. I. Cooking , Food , Indian cuisine 1563 Words | 4 Pages.
Tobacco Smoking and thesis about synthetic materials, Favorite Foods. anxious, nervous, moody, and thesis, depressed after you smoke. Using tobacco can cause headaches and dizziness. Thesis About Synthetic? Mouth Tobacco stains your teeth and gives you . bad breath. Tobacco ruins some of your taste buds, so you won't be able to taste your favorite foods as well. Tobacco causes bleeding gums (gum disease) and cancers of the mouth and throat. Heart Smoking increases your heart rate and blood pressure and on diversity of butterflies, causes heart disease and practice ap english essays, heart attacks. If you try to on diversity of butterflies, do activities like exercise or.
Blood , Cancer , Heart 1183 Words | 5 Pages. First Essay I am interested in becoming a special education teacher because every type of child needs and deserves a proper education. South African Apartheid Statement? . Thesis? Unfortunately not all children receive the type of education they need. Having worked and volunteered my services to multiple families who have children with different assortments of disabilities. Prompts? Working with children that required high levels of assistance to perform what would be basic task for other children. Thesis Of Butterflies? While teaching these children the basic life skills. Education , Gifted education , High school 1808 Words | 5 Pages. ?Anthony Leon EngWr300 Shapiro March 1, 2015 My favorite childhood place I was separated from my family at a . young age. Materials? When I was 7 my family and I moved to Vallejo because of my father’s job. I was extremely close with my cousins and thesis of butterflies, family that lived in Soledad, a small town close to Salinas. So whenever my mom would tell me we were going to go visit my aunt may I would always be excited.
My cousins and I were and still are very close even though we don’t see each other as often as I’d like. Cousin , Debut albums , Family 972 Words | 3 Pages. My Favorite Photo Pine trees are evergreen; they grow tall with the average height of materials thirty -forty meters. Each pine tree has . On Diversity Of Butterflies? very unique poses: some grow straight, fall more to the left or tilt more to thesis hukum, the right. Of Butterflies? One tree has at least seven major braches; moreover, each branch is covered by part time, the thickness green color of the leaves. Thesis On Diversity? The leaves are very pointy and ucla part time mba essays, sharp as needles. The smell of pine gives you the touch of on diversity of butterflies relaxation from nature. Pine trees grow as a group, as if they were a united. Family , Father , Love 1269 Words | 3 Pages. April 11, 2013 Period 2 English 3 Honors Today I am going to explain to you about Judy Blume and her childhood, education, and all . of her great achievements.
I chose Judy Blume to write my paper on because she is an amazing writer and south african apartheid statement, I was intrigued to thesis on diversity of butterflies, learn more about her. She is an inspiration to a lot of ap english literature people and is very successful. Judy Blume was born on February 12, 1938 in Elizabeth, New Jersey. Thesis Of Butterflies? Her parent’s names are Rudolph Sussman, a dentist, and Esther. A Great Way to Care , Children's literature , Early childhood education 1786 Words | 5 Pages. ? Thinking back on this week, what are the meals that you have eaten? Were these meals home cooked or were they from a fast food restaurant? . There are around 160,000 fast food restaurants in ucla time the United States (Pew Research Center), but do these restaurants control how you think or how you feel? No, they do not. Obesity in America should not be blamed on these fast food restaurants. I believe that it is solely America’s fault for being obese.
Many say advertising has a play in what people eat, but. Cooking , Eating , Fast food 1012 Words | 3 Pages. ?Zamil, ISEFP, ID: 110402509 “The use of thesis of butterflies fossil fuels, such as coal and oil, belongs to the past” This essay explores the use of . fossil fuels and argues that current methods used to contoh thesis, fuel our world are not sustainable. Thesis? I will present the thesis about synthetic materials case that new energy sources need to be investigated and adopted worldwide in order to thesis of butterflies, save our planet. There is ucla part mba essays, a trend of thinking that the thesis on diversity use of fossil fuels is a thing of the essays past, and alternative energy sources need to be invented and thesis on diversity of butterflies, adopted globally. Alternative energy , Energy development , Fossil fuel 956 Words | 3 Pages. My Favorite Place: The Virgin Islands.
?Rachel Fraser English 1102 Diebert September 12, 2013 My Favorite Place As I walked into the room filled with vivid . colors and sweet smelling perfume, a taste of for college essays freshness and on diversity of butterflies, rejuvenation captured my attention. Practice Ap English Literature? It was as if the world came to thesis of butterflies, a sudden stop and mba essays, the closest thing to heaven was this room. The lights created an array of scenes that suddenly became blinding. Thesis Of Butterflies? I closed my big brown eyes for a second, and opened them up again. I looked outside at contoh proposal hukum the vibrant sun causing beams of. Blue , Green , Humidity 1245 Words | 3 Pages. My favorite place, Capurgana. Thesis? 1. Contoh Proposal Hukum? Description Hist.background of the place. the thesis of butterflies Kuna Indians were the first . inhabitants until the twentieth century that were displaced by settlers black-mulatto who came from the city of part Cartagena .in 1970 one built the airport is named after its founder Narcisa Navas, so came the first tourists and families build summer homes. One built in 1975 after the first hotel and others like Almar and Calypso, and already by 1990 there were more than 20 hotels. Colombia , English-language films , Hotel 575 Words | 3 Pages. story ending with: “…he left and closed the thesis on diversity of butterflies door behind him quietly.” 4) Success comes to those who work hard.
Do you agree? 5) Strength 1)Why should . children help their parents at home? 2) Describe the scene during recess in school 3) Power 4) My life is a joy 5) Write a story which begins with: “It was a miserable day until the phone rang….” 1) An ideal holiday 2) The benefits of seventh grade paper saving when you are young. 3) Social networking brings more harm than good. Discuss. Thesis On Diversity Of Butterflies? 4) Write a story which. Fiction , Novel , The Last Five Years 802 Words | 7 Pages. GLOBAL LESSON PLAN FORMAT Title of Lesson: My Favorite Community Helper Topic: Community Helpers Subject Areas: Language . Arts, Social Studies, and Fine Arts Grade Level: 1st Grade Description or Outcome Statement: Students will listen to a haiku poem about a Construction Worker. South? Together, students will brainstorm and create a haiku poem about pilots. Then individually, students will create their own haiku poem about their favorite community worker.
Specific Lesson Outcome Statement. Assessment , Education , Educational psychology 834 Words | 4 Pages. Fast Food Nation Essay ! The food that we eat today is far different from what it was just a century ago. The way . we consume our food has changed more in this last 100 years than it has in the whole history of humanity. Food is what fuels your body, so in a sense, you are what you eat, but it goes deeper than that. On Diversity? It is very important to know where your food comes from. Within these last 100 years, we have become disconnected from the earth. About 99% of what we eat is grown packaged and sold. Bacteria , Eating , Escherichia coli 1149 Words | 3 Pages. ? My Favorite Restaurant in Thailand When feeling bored eating at home, wanting to practice literature essays, meet your friends or your family, or having a . special occasion to celebrate, going restaurant will be a good alternative for you.
There are a lot of thesis good restaurants in Thailand that you can enjoy your favorite meal in the atmosphere you please. Someone may like fine dining in ap english literature the luxurious restaurant, and someone may like general food or fast food in the ordinary restaurant. People have their own favorite restaurant. Eating , Food , Isan 1298 Words | 4 Pages. That One Essay about thesis on diversity of butterflies Food A plant-based diet is what I have been living on for nine months now, some people call me a . vegetarian, and others call me crazy. Being raised in the country meant eating more meat than the usual girl, and I began to notice how sluggish beef, pork, even chicken made me feel after eating it. So, one day I made a bet with my friend to be a “veg-head” for part time, two weeks, I won the challenge and thesis on diversity, haven’t stopped being an contoh proposal, organic vegetarian since.
It helped me become more disciplined. Health , Meat , Nutrition 971 Words | 3 Pages. A New Day Has Come I have never been a person who looks at art and enjoys it. My favorite artwork is Gottfried Helnweint . Boulevard of Broken Dreams. But when ask to write about my favorite art piece, that didn’t come to on diversity of butterflies, mind. I watch a show called So You Think You Can Dance and on June 18, 2008 I saw a Viennese Waltz performed that has stayed in my mind. Seventh Grade Research Paper? For me art is something that gets you thinking and thesis of butterflies, feeling in a way that you might not have before.
Everything from the music to the lighting. Celine Dion , Dance , Emotion 998 Words | 3 Pages. It all began in ucla mba essays the summer of 1988 when my parents packed up our car. On Diversity? We began our countless hour journeys from Youngstown, Ohio to FaHoLo Deaf . Family Camp in Grass Lake, Michigan. The excitement and thrill that would rush through my veins when going to FAHOLO sent visions to grade, my head about who I would see first, where I would be staying, what I would be doing, and to what fun places I would go.
You are never too old to go to FAHOLO, there is always something to on diversity, do no matter what age you are. Although. 2007 singles , Astronomical seeing , English-language films 1475 Words | 3 Pages. ? My Favorite Film If you're like me a person who like action, then the movie Bad Boys 2 would be one of my highly . recommended films to see. Actors Will Smith and Martin Lawrence play as two Narcotic Detectives in the big city of Los Angeles. These detectives make they biggest bust when they get involved with this case involving this dangerous crime mob boss.
One of the practice ap english essays reasons I love this movie so much is thesis on diversity, because it shows how no matter what our daytime job is thesis about synthetic, we still are sensitive. American film actors , Bad Boys , Bad Boys II 586 Words | 3 Pages. accompanied your mom to buy some stuffs then you couldn’t come to the competition that I took last week. Do you know that your coming is really important for . me. Don’t you realize that?” Ami was so sad. “Well, I do have sin with you, Mi.
But, I have my own reason why I couldn’t came lastweek. Believe me that I’ve tried to come, unfortunately God didn’t allow me to on diversity of butterflies, see you directly on seventh research, that competition. On Diversity Of Butterflies? Sorry…..” Denny explained. “Just tell me the real reasons!” “I……….I’ve something to do at that. 2005 singles , 2006 singles , 2007 singles 2316 Words | 6 Pages. Thumb wrestling federation Regan Lee Block C/D Paolo!! Paolo! My mother said, Paolo what did I say about watching those thumb . Ap English? wrestling matches” “come on ma what has thumb wrestling ever done to you” said Paolo “you know what I finally think your old enough to thesis, know. Proposal Thesis Hukum? Now Paolo you’re Grandfather Enrique you know the thesis of butterflies man you always see in proposal the old pictures well when he was 22 he was drafted into on diversity the TWF, he was better known as rumble because of seventh his monstrous thumb. Anyway he was knocking.
Animation Collective , Family , Ice cream 1625 Words | 4 Pages. My Familiar Escape In the story “The Way to Rainy Mountain,” by thesis on diversity of butterflies, N. Scott Momaday, Momaday relates to prompts for college application, his special place which is thesis on diversity, Rainy . Mba Essays? Mountain. On Diversity? It holds the for college application essays harshest weather on thesis on diversity of butterflies, earth, but is application, still spectacularly beautiful to him. There is a place I love as well, and find myself looking forward to every year. Thesis On Diversity? I count the days until I hop on the plane to reach my destination. I have nearly memorized every detail of seventh research paper my exquisite paradise and feel my “home away from home” is equally as excited to receive. Arecaceae , Hawaii , Humidity 1179 Words | 3 Pages. Paragraph: Food and Topic Sentence. group of thesis sentences that all refer to the topic sentence. A paragraph is generally at least three sentences long, and should not, if at all possible, exceed . half of a page. Transitions between paragraphs lend a fluid smoothness to seventh grade paper, the finished essay . http:// essay -advice.papercheck.com/?p=15 2. What are the on diversity parts of ucla part a paragraph?
There are three parts to a good paragraph. The Topic Sentence, the body, and the conclusion. The topic sentence, states the point of view of the thesis on diversity of butterflies author. The body, the bulk. Paragraph , Sugar , The Conclusion 870 Words | 3 Pages. My Essay Hello my name is Tillaeva Dildora and I work at daycare named Ann Kids.
This is not . Prompts Application? my first year of working with kids, before this preschool, I have worked in variety of different preschools. Here, I work for two years with kids’ age from thesis on diversity three and four. About Synthetic? I really enjoy working here, because of the kids and the environment of this daycare. How my day starts? This might been your first question, and answer to it is. Of Butterflies? First I check the room, before I let my kids to the class.
Health , Hygiene , Occupational safety and ap english literature essays, health 1776 Words | 8 Pages. WRITING THE COLLEGE ESSAY PURPOSE OF THE ESSAY Your GPA, class rank, SATI and SATII scores are all important to a college . admissions officer in thesis on diversity of butterflies helping to assess your academic abilities. But they are only numbers – they have no personality. Paper? What can make your application stand apart are the personal essays . The college essay will allow an admissions officer to look beyond those numbers and see you as a person. A well-written essay should convey your thoughts, attitudes, personal qualities. College , Essay , Question 1382 Words | 5 Pages. Soul Food A ritual done over a specific length of time can become tradition, rooting itself into one’s culture and lifestyle. Thesis On Diversity? George . Gmelch in the essay “Baseball Magic” describes rituals as being irrational and unemotional behaviors linked to an outcome. Part? He finds when a baseball player has a good performance his rituals grow and are continued. Thesis Of Butterflies? Gmelch’s findings reflect that rituals fulfill one’s need for ap english, control over one’s environment.
Similar to Gmelch, I have found that within my family. African American , Cooking , Family 1724 Words | 5 Pages.
Expert Essay Writers -
Ecology and evolution of mountain butterflies - Theses
500 Word Essay: How to Write It in One Day. Do you need to thesis write a 500 word essay and don't know where to thesis hukum start? Maybe before, you wrote only long essays consisting of thesis on diversity of butterflies, 1000 words or more and now you don't know how to cram all the information so it would fit the limit. For many reasons, you may think that writing a 500 word essay is complicated. Don't worry, your task is not as difficult as it seems. South African Apartheid Thesis? Stop searching for 500 word essay is how many pages and panicking because we are going to help you. In this article, we collected the most frequently asked questions about a 500 word essay and responded to them in details. You will learn how many pages is a 500 word essay and even see some examples of such papers. Of Butterflies? Now you are saved as you can find all the answers you need below!
Some students can't even imagine how long is a 500 word essay. In fact, 500 word essay length in many ways depends on your writing style: if your writing is detailed, it might even feel like the limit is not enough. The good thing about this type of essay is that it doesn't require you to go deeper into ucla part time mba essays, the topic, so the research itself may be quite superficial. How many pages is a 500 word essay? Of course, some students want a clear answer to the question how many pages is a 500 word essay?
We hasten to inform you that if you complete it in accordance with all standards (12pt Times New Roman, 1-inch margins, etc.), then your essay will take 1 - 1.5 pages. As you can see, the amount of thesis of butterflies, 500 word essay pages is not so frightening but for some students, the task of thesis about materials, being brief can be a serious obstacle. On Diversity Of Butterflies? Short essays like a 500 word essay are a very common writing task in universities and apartheid thesis colleges. They can be a part of the syllabus in many courses. Before writing you should look over the examples of a 500 word essay and understand what exactly is expected from you.
Here you can find the right 500 word essay example and carefully study it. What does a 500 word essay look like? You can't start writing until you decide on the type of your essay. On Diversity Of Butterflies? Once you understand how your 500 word essay should look like and for college what it should consist of, it will be much easier for you to start working. Let's take a look at the common essay types to help you find the right one. Of Butterflies? This is the most common type of academic essay. Your 500 word essay should consist of a thorough analysis of your topic.
You should provide necessary research and experiments and clearly explain your position. Seventh Grade? In this type of essay, you describe a situation, a person, a place or an experience. It gives you an opportunity to demonstrate your creative abilities. You can choose this type of essay if you want to tell the story and make your text more personal. A narrative essay can be emotional and reflect the thesis on diversity, author's personal views regarding a particular topic or a situation. This essay is like an expository essay, but an argumentative essay requires you to for college application go deeper into your research. An argumentative essay allows to look at the topic from all sides, so you need to prepare it carefully. How long does it take to write a 500 word essay?
Planning a short essay does not require a lot of time but writing a 500 word essay can take much more time than a regular essay. While writing your 500 word essay, you need to focus on thesis on diversity of butterflies only one main idea. Practice Literature? This will make your task easier and will help you avoid unnecessary sentences. Generally, researching and writing a 500 word essay takes about 2-3 hours. Of Butterflies? Of course, everything depends on south statement a topic you choose and your ability to find all the necessary information quickly. Thesis Of Butterflies? However, your research might take much longer or you might run out of ideas. In these cases, prepare to spend more time to complete your essay. If you don't have the time or need some essay help, you can always turn to an essay writing service.
What topics are suitable for for college application 500 word essays? As you probably know, not every topic is easy to write about. The choice of thesis on diversity of butterflies, a topic in many ways depends on what type of prompts essays, essay you need to thesis on diversity write. Also, it is south african thesis, important to consider the word limit: it will be quite difficult to on diversity of butterflies fully cover a serious topic in a 500 word essay. If the topic is not specified, there are many different things you can write about. Research papers may seem boring, but you can study many new and practice literature interesting things in the process of thesis of butterflies, completing it. You just have to choose the right topic and prompts it will fascinate you. How can we protect the thesis of butterflies, environment?
Equal pay and ways to achieve equality. Ucla Time Mba Essays? Nowadays, educational institutions use special types of essays which are meant to thesis on diversity teach students a system of proposal hukum, causes and effects. Thesis? What are the effects of spending too much time on part the Internet? What causes people to spend so much during the sales? Every day we make many different choices. Why not choose comparison and contrast as a fundamental idea for thesis of butterflies your essay? What is application essays, your choice - textbooks or eBooks?
What is more convenient - Twitter or Facebook? If you are good at proving your point of view and are ready to treat facts subjectively, then this type of essay suits you best. Are sugar substitutes healthy for thesis of butterflies you? Should marijuana be used as a medical treatment? Words can have a huge impact on people.
If you can speak persuasively, you can make people follow you and adopt your point of view. This is a very valuable practice that will be useful throughout your life. Application? Should army service be obligatory? Should parents be certified first to have children? Therefore, 500 word essay writing can be hard. To make this process easier, you can pay attention to the following points: Keep it brief.
Don't use meaningless words. Develop your writing style by on diversity of butterflies, using synonyms. Use powerful and ap english active words for convincing your audience. Be consistent with paragraphs. Always use only of butterflies one style while writing your essay. Thesis About Synthetic Materials? Divide long sentences into short ones. Use clear sentence structures for your arguments. How to thesis create a 500 word essay structure? Every essay writer knows that structure is contoh thesis, one of the most important things to consider when writing an essay.
The standard structure includes: An introduction of on diversity, your essay should state your opinion very clearly, give background information or describe the current situation. In the body of a 500 word essay, you should point out all of your arguments and give supporting evidence. The conclusion should improve the effect that your arguments had on the audience. What are the critical points for practice essays 500 word essay editing? When you're done with your 500 word essay, don't forget to proofread it. Pay special attention to your writing style, the repetition of words, the consistency of sentences, and the persuasiveness of the arguments. If you are still asking yourself: 'How should I edit my paper?', you can turn to companies that provide proofreading and editing services. 500 word essay format may be a challenge because it is hard to thesis on diversity share your thoughts briefly.
But now you are armed with the tips that can make it easier. Remember that writing a 500 word essay is a skill that can be built only with practice. Good luck with your essays!
Custom Essay Writing Service -
Thesis on diversity of butterflies - capvalue
fes optimal resume On the importance of communication in the development process. Copyright by Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, 1992. Published by the Media and Communication Department. of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) Godesberger Allee 149. Federal Republic of Germany. Edited by Reinhard Keune and Dr. Thesis On Diversity. Heinz Dieter Bauer, FES. Designed and typeset by Gerd Ernst, FES.
Printed by essays DruckCenter Meckenheim, 1992. I. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS. 1. Communication as a fundamental factor of a society's. 2. Communication and quality of life 7. 3. Communication as a human right 10. 4. Thesis. The great handicap: misconceptions about the importance. of the mass media. An excursus on the sociology of science 11. 5. On hostility towards the media 16. 6. Seventh Grade Research Paper. The paradigms debate 17.
7. System-theoretical model 20. 8. Development journalism 23. II. CONSEQUENCES FOR PRACTICE. 9. Of Butterflies. Problems of consulting in the media sector 26. 10. Journalist training: development journalism versus. envelopment journalism 30. 11.
Management training and democracy 33. 12. On the seventh grade research structure of the international flow of communication 38. 13. The cultural imperialism discussion 43. 14. Topical developments: technology, economics, politics 49. 14.1 The triumph of free journalism? 49. 14.2 Commercialisation as a global trend 50. 14.3 Technical development: telematics and transborder data flow 52.
14.4 Summary: consulting in the media sector - mistakes. are inevitable 57. DEVELOPMENT AND COMMUNICATION IN SHORT THESES 59. I. Theoretical considerations. The Third World needs food and clean water, medical care and education, jobs and a fair deal in international trade. It does not need electronic gadgets for passing the time. The key issues in the North-South dialogue are population growth and desertification, the debt crisis and trade barriers, not questions of how to while away the hours. 1. Communication as a fundamental factor of a society's existence. Although it may appear to be stating the obvious, the thesis on diversity importance of about synthetic, communication to thesis on diversity of butterflies human life cannot be overemphasised, for thesis, without communication no society can exist, no social structures can form or endure. For the existence and organisation of any society communication is the fundamental and vital process because all joint action by individuals is based on thesis, shared meanings conveyed by communication. Prompts For College Essays. (Communicatio means not only to pass on information, it also means community, participation.) Communication is the fundamental prerequisite to human life and social order.
Communication is the thesis on diversity functionally necessary prerequisite for seventh grade paper, the existence of thesis on diversity of butterflies, any social system. Communication is the fundamental social process permeating all aspects of social life. Communication is, as it were, the basic social process as such because without communication no organised action is possible. Social systems can only form and endure if the participating persons are linked to each other by communication. Because of the ubiquity of communication the human being can be perceived as 'homo communicator' since what it is (and what it can be) came about (or will come about) in communication situations. Communication is culture and seventh research paper, culture is communication. As the institutions which create second hand reality the mass media are becoming ever more important in this. Without a doubt, mass media are of decisive importance to societal life of the modern, large-scale-organisation society we know. Yet largely unnoticed by the public dramatic changes are going on in the communication sector.
On the one hand a development is happening under the influence of the socalled new communication media in the process of on diversity of butterflies, which the borders between mass communication and individual communication are becoming ever vaguer. The mass propagation of identical contents to a dispersed public will no longer be the predominant form of communication, but chosen communication (on-demand communication) will become ever more important. On the other hand, however, under the influence of the technological revolution in the field of data processing the fundamental structures of society are changing; coming into being is the information society (cf. 14.3 Technical development: telematics and trans-border data flow). No analytically precise separation of mass communication and interpersonal communication is thesis hukum, fundamentally possible. It would be only if one limited the mass communication process to the emission of the contents and ignored the recipients. Interpersonal communication and mass communication can be regarded as the end points of of butterflies, a continuum of communication situations. Seventh Research. Although mass communication is of butterflies, inseparably linked to interpersonal communication there are considerable differences between the two. If a communicator's aim is to change attitudes or even behaviours, interpersonal communication in about general is more effective than mass communication.
The communicator can react more flexibly, that is check on the potential effect of a message (direct feedback). On Diversity Of Butterflies. Moreover, more channels can be employed and with that the non-verbal communication potential can be better used. Added to that is the proposal thesis possibility of social pressure which the mass communicator cannot access to a comparable extent. Recipients can much more easily break off contact with the mass media than in interpersonal communication. Thesis. In the mass communication process active participation by the recipient is comparably small (although this depends on content as well as the situative context and the personality of the recipient), whereby the recipient does not have to express his or her opinion on a possibly controversial subject raised by about materials the mass communicator. The advantage in mass communication is its dissemination effect in spreading information; but it is limited by the communicator's addressing an on diversity of butterflies, indefinable number of people in the mass communication process without being able to take the various situations of the individuals into account. The optimal combination of mass communication and interpersonal communication is achieved if the mass media manage to reach the opinion leaders in the fields concerned who pass on the messages into interpersonal channels or strengthen them in the sense intended at the level of interpersonal communication. 2. Communication and quality of life. Communication is inseparably linked to quality of life. Quality of proposal hukum, life is defined here as identification with the of butterflies community, a feeling of being able to make the best of african thesis statement, one's abilities (e.g. to have achieved something in one's vocation) and thesis on diversity, an appreciation of the beauty of art and nature, whereby the thesis material basics and thesis of butterflies, especially health assume decisive importance to the quality of life. In the following, under-development is to be taken to ucla part mean that compared to Western industrial nations in terms of economic performance and technological standard a nation is thesis on diversity of butterflies, weaker, but not inferior in respect of cultural values nor automatically in regard to quality of contoh, life.
By this definition a dollar and thesis of butterflies, cent yardstick is unsuited to gauging the ucla mba essays qualitative differences in quality of life. In The Health of Nations Leonard A. Sagan points to the outstanding importance of communication to the quality of life, in this more specific context the ability to read and write. Sagan reports on a study done by him in thesis on diversity of butterflies which data about more than 150 societies (from pre-modern to highly complex modern ones) were analysed. Examined were inter alia demographic, social and medical factors, religious preferences, distribution of wealth, urbanisation, per capita income and energy consumption. Sagan comes to the conclusion: By far the ucla time most consistently powerful predictor of thesis on diversity of butterflies, life expectancy was the prevalence of literacy. Quite clearly there is a link between the spread of education to materials broad masses of the population and on diversity, the decline of the mortality rate. The rapid mortality decline in developing countries was at thesis synthetic first explained with parallels to European and American history, i.e. economic development was seen as the reason for higher life expectancy. It was found, however, that in relatively poor countries like Sri Lanka or in the Indian federal state of Kerala the populations were healthier than those in richer countries like Brazil or Nigeria.
In the late 60s the thesis on diversity of butterflies fallen mortality was put down to technological advances and the expansion of public health care. But this explanation was also too simple because the improvement of hygienic conditions and water supplies in some countries were not the decisive factors, either, for practice literature essays, the reduction in the incidence of diseases - sanitation and water supply programmes failed to reduce disease incidence in some countries. Nor could better food policies explain the enormous rise in life expectancy. Finally, the on diversity importance of literacy, which in turn is dependent on the existence of adequate communication structures, to the quality of paper, health care was recognised in the early 80s. In 1985 UNESCO published a study in which the influence of many factors on mortality in 15 developing countries was examined (inter alia occupational and educational status of parents, urban/rural residence, religion, ethnic group, availability of health facilities, piped water, flush lavatories). Thesis On Diversity. Without doubt the strongest influence on health was found to be the school attendance of the mother. Every additional year of school attendance meant a reduction in mortality of 3.4%. In other words, 10 years of school attendance in which the abilities to read and write and calculate mathematically produces a 34% reduction in mortality. An impressive example of the influence of communication on the quality of life. In addition to interpersonal communication, in developing countries mass communication is also of time, decisive importance.
This holds not only for running health campaigns or for diffusion of innovations but above all for the communication of those matters that concern all of thesis on diversity of butterflies, a state's citizens. Development towards a modern society which is to be characterised by democracy, social and economic justice, national consolidation, social discipline and economic growth is hardly possible without employing mass media for in societies with large rural sectors the mass media are able also to reach the rural dwellers and supply them with information. Only a communication system which also allows the population of the rural sector to inform themselves continuously and above all also to articulate their own opinions enables national identities to be formed and can prevent or remedy society's being culturally split into seventh grade research paper a rural and an urban sector. Modernisation, respectively development, apart from on diversity, technical progress also encompasses democratisation in the sense that old social structures, most of which are based on inherited positions, are broken up. Political participation by segments of practice essays, society previously excluded is a central element of democratisation. Thus the thesis North-South Commission gave a wider definition to development than the transition from poor to rich. Development also means more human dignity, safety, justice and equality.
The elimination of existing strong inequalities within society is central to successful development processes starting. Equality is the value which is of decisive importance to successful modernisation and whose attractiveness has been proved in the context of successful liberation wars. Equality here is not to mean equality in poverty but above all equality of opportunity. Even in societies where nominal equality is a valid norm unequal distributions of income, insofar as they are based on performance, are regarded as quite fair. The propagation of the normative notion that equality means equality of opportunity can be done with the help of the mass media, whose effectiveness is greatest in times of marked social change. Such situations, in which traditional values and african apartheid thesis statement, structures are in flux, are also the situations in thesis on diversity which mass media can give orientation aids and convey new ideas (e.g. about future democratic forms of co-existence in mba essays society). Prerequisite to this is that the mass media are perceived as credible. In developing countries development also always means a process of social mobilisation in whose course old economic, social and with that also psychic links are destroyed. The countries of the Third World cannot be regarded as a category of homogeneous societies but in thesis on diversity of butterflies their cultural and political variety must be assessed individually - including, too, in respect of the use and time, hence the effect of the mass media.
In regard to the expressive power of thesis on diversity, indicators for measuring quality of life it must also be assumed that no two societies are the ucla mba essays same, because development is like a giraffe: difficult to describe, but easy to of butterflies recognize. The federal German government now places central importance on media promotion measures in both the practice ap english national development process and as an instrument to improve relations between peoples and states. In the paper Medienförderung in der entwicklungspolitischen Zusammenarbeit (Media promotion in development policy cooperation) it is argued that the thesis media offer the chance positively to influence social change in developing countries by informing and motivating the population, by familiarising them with educational contents, values and ucla part mba essays, norms indispensable to a country's development. On Diversity. The breadth of developmentally instrumental use of the mass media ranges from the possibility of educational measures on the broadest possible basis, through the preservation and african, cultivation of cultural values, to the effective support of of butterflies, efforts at democratising society and strengthening self-help and about synthetic, participation in the development process. 3. Communication as a human right. The principle of Free Flow of thesis, Information was written into the United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in 1948. Article 19 declares freedom of information a fundamental human right: Everyone has a right to freedom of opinion and expression; the application essays right includes freedom to thesis on diversity hold opinions. and to proposal seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of thesis of butterflies, frontiers. The McBride Commission argues: The right to communicate is an extension of the seventh grade research paper continuing advance toward liberty and on diversity, democracy. In connection with the principle of free flow of information the structure of the world news system was for a long time in the foreground of the media policy debates conducted in the UNO, respectively UNESCO, a discussion aimed mainly at constructing a New World Information Order.
In the dispute over free versus balanced news flow the research paper position of the West was and is unequivocal: freedom of information and opinion is perceived as a basic right. Restricting the freedom of information is seen as tantamount to censorship. Thesis On Diversity. The individual citizen has the right to inform himself or herself from domestic or foreign media. The general freedom of the press which also encompasses the audio-visual media, must be guaranteed. There must be no state control of mass media, whereby the control of the mass media by a few powerful individuals or companies must also be seen as a danger to democracy.
Press freedom must not mean that only a few economically powerful people or organisations have the opportunity to seventh grade disseminate their opinions. The mass media must not be hindered in carrying out their important political functions. Apart from imparting information and shaping opinion the media must also exercise criticism and by that be able to control the government. Thesis On Diversity. That is why no state can assume responsibility for information the mass media disseminate in its area of jurisdiction or from its territory to other countries. The demand for apartheid statement, a balanced international flow of information in a North-South context would imply two possibilities of achieving a more balanced information flow: 1. The present information flows from the North to the South can be reduced. Of Butterflies. 2. The South-North (and naturally also the South-South) communication can be improved. Since option one implies destroying or hindering existing communication channels, which would mean a lessening of the system's ability to learn, option two is without doubt preferable. In connection with trans-border communication of news an improvement of the possibilities of free flow of information is needed, in which the building of better South-North communication must be linked with better South-South communication. This proposition assumes that a government is interested in having a population which can and wants to participate in the process of democratic will-shaping.
Investment in South-South flow also means that the chance to create solidarity in world society is prompts for college application, used. On Diversity. Improved horizontal communication means that the chance to transmit information relevant to developing countries grows. If information flow is restricted, on the other hand, it is very likely that existing undemocratic structures of rule will remain, under which the dignity of human beings is not respected and time, underprivileged parts of the population are prevented from gaining knowledge about possibilities of better lives. People must be aware of their being under-privileged and they must perceive this as unjust and stoppable so as to take action to improve the quality of life (on fighting fatalism cf. 8. Development journalism). Reducing information flow poses yet another danger, for institutions have to be established which decide what information is to be 'reduced'.
Balanced information flow by thesis of butterflies limitation thus becomes synonymous with censorship. 4. The great handicap: misconceptions about proposal the. importance of the mass media. An excursus on the sociology of thesis of butterflies, science. The theories and/or models about the effects of the mass media which have dominated in science over time can be characterised in their historical sequence as follows: 1. The early approaches to theoretical evaluation of media effects were closely linked with mass psychology. One assumed that an practice ap english, omnipotent medium could influence the more or less defenceless recipient at will. Of Butterflies. It was thought that one could draw direct conclusions from the contents about the effects on the recipients.
2. Already the first empirical studies brought a revision of the simple stimulus-response model. Especially under the influence of the analysis of the 1940 US presidential election campaign between Roosevelt and Wilkie the theory that mass media always made a direct and identical impact on all people had to be abandoned. There followed a time in which the theory of relative ineffectiveness of the mass media predominated. Klapper in his literature appraisal came to the conclusion that in the normal case mass communication had to be seen neither as a prerequisite nor an adequate condition for effects. According to this the main effect of the mass media is to strengthen existing opinions. McGuire still maintains in the 1969 Handbook of Social Psychology that on the basis of the research findings to hand it could be assumed that the mass media had no effects at all. 3. The present position in communication science can be characterised as holding that strong effects of the media (e.g. on public opinion, the world-view, etc.) are recognised as indisputable, whereby there is no adherence to the simple cause-and-effect model of the first phase of effects research which at ucla part mba essays the same time seems to be ineradicable among non-communication scientists. Effects of the media are defined as: characteristics and/or changes firstly at thesis on diversity the level of individuals, secondly at the level of social groups and time, organisations (mesosystem) and thirdly the level from whole societies to the world system which can be wholly or partly traced back to the contents, forms and organisations of the mass media. Thesis. Thus effects are identified not only at practice ap english essays the level of individuals and thesis, groups, but mass communication as a social sub-system interacts with other sub-systems (e.g. politics, education, economics, churches, etc.) and society as a whole. These macro effects have not been given enough attention in research so far. An example would be, for example, the changing of the election campaign, respectively the selection of candidates in democratic parties by south african thesis introduction of television (e.g. Of Butterflies. show on TV rather than political grass roots work).
It would also be a decisive effect of television on the sub-system politics if the thesis about synthetic majority of the population believes because of the on diversity of butterflies TV coverage that the individual cannot influence political decisions but that they are made by 'those up there'. Because of their wide dissemination the mass media from the application essays outset were at on diversity the centre of public discussions. A problem arises in this for communication research which, although it is time, common to all social sciences, becomes especially conspicuous here because, at least in the industrial states, everyone has their own experience with the mass media: The scepticism vis a vis the of butterflies social sciences and the findings they make, prevailing generally in the public and politics, is especially marked here. Ucla. Particularly in respect of the effects of the media there are widespread popular-scientific notions, most of which can be characterised as holding that although one is oneself a very critical media consumer, the 'others' (the mass of the on diversity population) are in south apartheid thesis statement extreme jeopardy because of the on diversity of butterflies assumed great effectiveness of the media. The lay notions about media effects, very many of which have the prompts essays character of self-evident cultural tenets, form a substantial barrier to of butterflies the dissemination of findings in communication science (and the implementation of promotion measures in the media sector). If the findings of thesis about, a scientific study correspond to on diversity of butterflies the general assumptions it is seen as proof that one knew everything anyway and that communication science had nothing new to offer. If the results of a study are not compatible with widespread beliefs then their acceptance and dissemination is obstructed, for example by imputing that the researchers had worked faultily or imprecisely.
Fundamentally, no simple and eternally valid statement on what effects the media have can be made because the effects are so complex. This is due to the uniqueness of each situation, the seventh research paper mouldability of human beings - whereby it must also be considered that identical contents can be used and perceived differently by various recipients - and the systemic nexus of the components relevant in a given situation. Propagation of communication science findings is also made difficult by the public and/or the thesis journalists who report on them expecting that they need to be easily and generally understandable. Especially in regard to the effects of media the roller coaster argument applies: If reality has the shape of a roller coaster, then the theories which attempt adequately to explain the reality must also assume the character of a roller coaster. In other words the tendency so popular with politicians and other decision makers to speculate about the effects of the mass media on the level of plausibility arguments which are mostly extrapolations of one's own life-experiences is bound to contoh proposal thesis hukum produce misconceptions. In the context addressed here it is of decisive importance that it is not only naive culture pessimists who tend to sweeping uncritical condemnation of the mass media. Thesis Of Butterflies. Even related to a scientific public it appears more promising of success in grade paper many cases to make statements based on everyday knowledge. A typical example of this is the argumentation of Stanislav Andreski who rails against the witchmasters of the thesis social sciences and their methodological conjuring tricks but himself gets entangled in culture-pessimistic platitudes when he speaks of the advanced stage of cretinisation into which our civilisation has fallen under the influence of the mass media. Also in complete misperception of the effects of the mass media Ludwig von Bertalanffy argues that every well managed advertising campaign is thesis about materials, as precise a behaviourial experiment as any in a laboratory. Modern psychology knows all the tricks of the trade for turning human beings into sub-human automatons or even into thesis on diversity of butterflies a mob roaring for the destruction of an imagined foe or even self-destruction. This was merely the use of the ucla mba essays routine methods of the car salesman or the TV advertiser. The author, whose reputation as a system theoretician and biologist is undisputed worldwide, nevertheless arrogates unto himself knowledge in the field of effects research and dilettantes on by arguing that because we treat human beings according to the model of Skinner rats and more and on diversity of butterflies, more make them into robots we have all those problems.
For this reason we urgently needed a science of thesis about synthetic materials, mass-influencing, both for the manipulators seeking new effective methods and for the manipulated so that they can be on guard against thesis of butterflies, them. Mass-influencing became almost invincible if it was not applied by external compulsion but rather was internalised; if the animal within the human being were so conditioned that it had no option but to respond to the stimulation given it in the way the manipulator wanted it to. Next to nuclear weapons, this was the great invention of our age: the forming of humanity into automatons who simply buy anything - toothpaste, washing machines, presidents, atomic war and self-annihilation. Such statements about the alleged effectiveness of the mass media made by indubitably renowned scientists who in their own fields have successfully tried to popularise their knowledge and therefore possess high reputations in public help to spread totally false notions because as a rule the non-communication scientist cannot recognise when an author oversteps the bounds of his competence. That prepares the ground for the mass media's being assessed by completely wrong yardsticks. If political decision makers adhere to such omnipotence suggestions and then find that an investment in the media sector does not immediately show the hoped for practice ap english, effects it cannot be ruled out that they react negatively inasmuch as further media promotion measures are made more difficult or prevented since one could, after all, assume that the media did not work anyway. But as already mentioned, media effects are always very complex. This applies not just to the effects at the level of of butterflies, societies (macro effects) but also to literature effects at thesis of butterflies the level of individuals or groups. For an explanation of the effect on individuals one can resort to learning theories. From the premise of learning theory people are neither solely driven by internal forces nor pushed forward solely by environmental stimuli. Psychic functions are explained by continuous interaction between personal and environmental determinants.
This reciprocal determinism means that expectations influence the synthetic ways people behave and that the consequences of this behaviour in turn change their expectations again. The behaviour of human beings is such that through the symbolic representation of foreseeable events these anticipated events can have effects on current behaviour. Thesis On Diversity. That means that most actions are subject to anticipatory control. This in itself is enough reason always to reject as wrong any explanation of the effects of mass media based on south african apartheid, a simple cause-and-effect model. However, effects research itself has largely added to of butterflies the widespread notion that nothing precise was known about the effects of mass media. A state-sponsored German effects research commission in 1986 came to the conclusion that quite generally we know too little about the connection between mass communication and society, about the effect laws of the media. The commission stated further that although the research works to hand were thematically wideranging they were disparate at the same time. Often there was only a single study on a particular problem. Follow-up studies, replications or falsification attempts were the exception.
This created the impression of fragmented, mangled, unconnected, occasionally even contradictory findings. In such a data situation there was no way theoretically to integrate the many individual findings. The demand for time mba essays, the one theory of media effects could not be met because the media and their contents were much too varied. Thesis Of Butterflies. Also, the conditions under which the media made their impact were much too complex for them to african be assembled in one consistent set of hypotheses. However - and in the context being addressed here this is the thesis most important aspect - it is undisputed that the mass media do have an effect. Essays. But one had to be aware in helping to develop media that as a rule the effects are complex and longterm. This complexity and longterm perspective must under all circumstances be taken into account in the evaluation of such measures. The situation cannot be characterised as if one did not know what impact the thesis on diversity media had, but rather that one must warn against overly simple statements on media impact. The resumé to be drawn from thesis materials, this scientific-sociological excursus is this: If one has completely wrong notions about the effects of the mass media and uses them as the thesis on diversity of butterflies yardstick to prompts assess the success of measures in on diversity the media sector negative judgments about media promotion measures are almost bound to be made. 5. On hostility towards the media. Walter Lippmann's famous formulation that we define first and then see also applies to politicians.
Out of the vast volume of events and information those are preferably chosen which correspond to the already existing pre-judgment. Kenneth Burke argued similarly: A way of seeing is also a way of not seeing - a focus upon object A involves a neglect of object B. If we have a corresponding image in our heads there is no difficulty processing even apparently contradictory information. Information which contradicts our own pre-judgment can simply be ignored or re-interpreted. The German poet, Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach expressed this fact in 1893 in an aphorism: A judgment can be proved wrong but never a pre-judgment. In respect of the effect of media the valid proposition is that identical contents can be perceived and used completely differently. Paper. Every person chooses from the multitude of environmental phenomena only a few (selective perception), and depending on life experience especially those which fit into the familiar world-view. The decisive thing is the on diversity frame of reference within which perception takes place. Mba Essays. Thus a worker will as a rule perceive a strike differently to an employer.
In this context the on diversity of butterflies 'hostile media phenomenon' is important. Valone et alii who coined this phrase proceeded from the assumption that in readers' letters to newspapers and magazines often one and the same article was attacked as one-sidedly presenting the position of the other side in each case - and this by for college essays people who held completely different views. It was obviously assumed the mass medium concerned in thesis of butterflies each case took a position hostile to the letter writer's. It can be assumed that as a rule politicians and part, other decision makers feel unjustly treated by the media and of butterflies, therefore try to control them in their favour. For media promotion measures which aim at democratisation of the practice literature essays media this means in countries where such control of the media by politicians already happens that in principle such help is perceived as a threat to a status quo pleasant for thesis on diversity of butterflies, the rulers. There is always massive resistance by those concerned to thesis materials reforms and improvements in the media sector which could endanger the existing non-democratic structures of rule, although they never tire of claiming that they stand up for the freedom of the mass media. 6. The paradigms debate. The starting conditions for 'communication and development research' were almost ideal. Thesis On Diversity. Communication scientists such as Joseph Klapper, Harald D. Lasswell, Paul F. Lazarsfeld and Leo Löwenthal - all authors whose scientific reputation is still beyond dispute - were co-authors of Issue 4 of the 1952/53 Volume of the periodical 'Public Opinion Quarterly' in which 'international communication research' was launched into the world. The political climate was very favourable to this young branch of science for in the USA one felt committed to spreading the American ideals of freedom and democracy throughout the world. The motive of pulling the rest of the prompts world up to one's own level, to the American way of life, was especially apparent in point 4 of President Trumann's 10-point programme of 1948: Fourth. We must embark on a bold new program for making the benefits of our scientific advances and industrial progress available for the improvement and growth of thesis of butterflies, underdeveloped areas.
In this programme communication research was assigned an important task in the propaganda battle then fought with the Soviet Union for synthetic, the loyalty of the developing countries. American foreign policy aimed at of butterflies containing communism and included preventive measures in the developing countries in the form of development aid. Development aid was understood in this as an seventh grade research paper, investment in world peace by which the thesis of butterflies political systems concerned were to be developed towards democracy. Development aid was based on the following logic: One thought that by introducing modernising institutions (e.g. schools or mass media) one could raise modern personalities who in turn would be able adequately to seventh grade research fulfil vocational roles in modern institutions (e.g. in factories). This, it was thought further, would enable economic growth. Thesis On Diversity Of Butterflies. Breaking the 'vicious circle of poverty' was regarded as possible. Economic growth, the south thesis statement argumentation went on, would lead to greater political stability and the formation of a democratic system.
Thus American development aid policy proceeded from the convergence-theoretical assumption that political behaviour, respectively the formation of democratic political institutions, was governed by fundamental economic processes. State and form of government were seen as products of the social structure. This economic determinism of the policy aimed against the Soviet Union and at containing communism corresponds exactly to the theoretical ideas Karl Marx develops in the foreword to Das Kapital. Marx argues that the thesis on diversity of butterflies capitalists would overcome the backward production methods in the under-developed countries: It concerns these laws itself (the laws of nature of capitalist production, M. K.), these seemingly oaken laws and thesis, asserting tendencies. Thesis Of Butterflies. The industrially developed country merely shows the less developed one the picture of its own future. For decades the ap english most influential book on the practical use of thesis on diversity, mass media in developing countries was The Passing of Traditional Society (New York 1958) by Daniel Lerner. It was originally designed as a study for the Voice of America. One wanted to know which recipients one could reach in developing countries. Lerner, who had worked in the Intelligence Section of the Psychological Warfare Division of the US Army during World War II, differentiated between modern, transitional and traditional personalities, wherein the transitional persons were seen as the key to change in the Middle East, where the proposal study was done. Apart from the thesis on diversity economic and political interests the main motive in American development aid was also to try to set in thesis motion modernisation processes by investments in the communication sector. The findings of socio-scientific research were to enable people to have lives in freedom and dignity.
This basic position becomes clear with Wilbur Schramm who argues: - knowledge is better than ignorance; - health is better than disease; - to eat is better than to be hungry; - a comfortable standard of living is better than poverty; - to participate actively in one's nation is better than to be isolated from it. In the mid 70s one arrived at thesis on diversity of butterflies the conclusion that development aid and especially the use of mass media by seventh paper no means automatically set in motion peaceful development towards democracy; publication of an essay by Everett M. Rogers marked the end of the thesis on diversity of butterflies dominance of apartheid, modernisation theories. However, the Lerner model influenced communication science until the mid 80s. The modernisation theories, according to thesis on diversity which the causes for the under-development of certain societies or world regions lie in those societies themselves, were obviously off the mark. Part. Under-development is not solely the cause of on diversity of butterflies, certain socio-cultural characteristics (e.g. traditionalism) or other system-immanent misdevelopments (e.g. population explosion). The consideration not represented in the context of modernisation theories, that especially the synthetic materials imbedding of under-developed countries in a modern industrialised environment can prevent modernisation, respectively development, is taken up within the framework of of butterflies, dependency theories. The dependency theories, which attempt an all-encompassing explanation for prompts essays, the failure of decades of efforts to develop the Third World, perceive under-development as a result of thesis, worldwide economic interactions. Development aid had not changed the system of seventh, international economic stratification.
On the contrary, the disparities between the richest and poorest nations had got more and more pronounced. A rule of thumb had also evolved: the poorer a country, the greater the differences between rich and poor in it. But the thesis on diversity of butterflies dependency theory offered no action alternative to the conception of the modernisation theory. The present situation comprises a potpourri of theories to choose from. The hypothesis of decoupling is only seldom espoused because in practice it means that one excludes oneself from thesis, processes of development going on worldwide and the lag behind the developed countries becomes larger and larger. Starting from philosophical considerations of the type propagated for example by thesis on diversity of butterflies Paulo Freire in Pedagogy of the oppressed, value was placed also in the use of mass media in the development process on such concepts as self-development, distributive justice, self-reliance, people participation, etc. However, this paradigm of media usage in seventh grade developing countries did not produce the desired effects, either. Saxer and Grossenbacher write: It is often overlooked that communication is always meant to be only part of an overall strategy and not its central element. The use of decentralised media does not get you round the structural conditions which can hinder or even prevent the success of projects. In this context Sonaike emphasises as a further paradigm the approach of the culturalists who see the thesis on diversity key to development of the countries of the synthetic materials Third World in the diverse traditional cultures. The integration of modern and traditional methods of communication to impart development-relevant information is on diversity, regarded as decisive to the success of media promotion measures. The needs of the people affected are to be taken into account in practice literature essays carrying out development measures.
In regard to the dependence theory considerations it remains to be observed that regardless of how applicable they are or are not, they pose a great danger: Politicians in developing countries can easily misuse them to deflect attention from thesis on diversity, their own failings. A great deal of development aid fails simply because of the thesis about corruption and incompetence in the recipient countries. There was exploitation and despotic rule in thesis on diversity of butterflies many developing countries before they became the victims of colonial and economic exploitation by ucla time the West. It is also possible that in some of them Western values have been selectively adopted. Thus Ali Mazrui argues that the African culture replicated the wrong things from the West: We borrowed the profit motive but not the on diversity entrepreneurial spirit. Practice Essays. We borrowed the acquisitive appetites of capitalism but not the creative risk taking. We are at home with Western gadgets but are bewildered by Western workshops. We wear the wristwatch but refuse to watch it for the culture of punctuality. Thesis On Diversity Of Butterflies. We have learned to parade in display, but not to drill in discipline. The West's consumption patterns have arrived but not necessarily the West's technique of production. 7. System-theoretical model.
In the system-theoretical perspective mass communication is treated as a social sub-system interacting with a society's other sub-systems (politics, economics, religion, etc.). The functioning of the mass communication sub-system depends on the adequate fulfilment of the exchange relationships to the other sub-systems. In other words a society's environment determines to what extent and proposal, how well goals are achieved. In that environment there are active influences with sanctioning potential (e.g. politics, economics, religion) and passive influences in the form of the relatively powerless individual recipients. Thesis On Diversity Of Butterflies. If, for example, the political sub-system no longer accepts the output of the mass communication sub-system then either the quality of the output has to contoh proposal hukum change or the thesis on diversity environment exerts pressure. Hence the performance of the mass communication sub-system depends firstly on thesis, the relationships to the environment and secondly on internal structural factors (e.g. organisational form of the on diversity media; journalists' incomes, legal security; etc.) and on the values climate (e.g. the ucla time professional ethos of the journalists). One can assume that if effective interaction with the environment is to happen there has to be a certain correspondence between the on diversity characteristics inherent in the sub-system and the expectations emerging from the time environment. On Diversity Of Butterflies. Thus the prompts for college application possibility of thesis on diversity of butterflies, asserting a certain kind of journalism, e.g. a critical development journalism, depends on the values climate in the mass communication sub-system, the structural conditions prevailing in it (e.g. private enterprise versus state-organised media) and very decisively the environment, in particular mostly politics and economics.
In the essays system-theoretical view differences in the socio-cultural environment produce different journalistic professional roles. Many developing countries - varying from medium to medium - lack the prerequisites for thesis, effective mass communication. It may be because for material reasons they do not possess the south african apartheid technical infrastructure to thesis on diversity reach large sections of the population; it may be because there is no mass public able to read the press (e.g. in the rural sector). Thus radio will remain the major medium in developing countries since it can reach people unable to read or write. In this area it is especially promising to set up local stations broadcasting in the relevant local vernaculars, that is the language used on the radio must match the linguistic capabilities of the target audience. And hence, too, it should be attempted especially in regard to contoh thesis hukum radio to train as journalists persons rooted in the relevant local cultures. It can be of decisive importance in this to win the cooperation of a community's most important people.
This can assure integration in the local culture which means a gain in credibility and raises the thesis on diversity chances of accessing channels of inter-personal communication. Credibility is for college essays, one of the most important factors in employing the mass media in on diversity developmental processes. Credibility is most readily achieved if the media adequately meet the task of criticising the government. If they do not, the population will perceive the media as a propaganda instrument of the government. If the media are perceived to be credible a country's intellectual elite is very likely to support the political system.
If a media system is perceived as incredible the intellectuals as a rule will not support the government. Moreover, other than the official sources of information will then be sought (e.g. foreign radio stations). The main criterion in ensuring the mass media's controlling function is to ap english literature essays ensure journalists' economic and legal security. However, in many former colonies the gain in political freedom coincided with a reduction in on diversity media freedom. Whereas in the West the development of the press was most closely linked with the thesis hukum notion of on diversity of butterflies, individual freedom, a typical characteristic of the press history of former colonies is that it was closely involved with the struggle for statal independence, whose imperative mostly was: national unity is more important than the freedom of the individual. Moreover, many journalists in practice ap english literature developing countries tend to be loyal dogmatists rather than critical, investigative journalists. Many holders of top journalistic positions are bureaucrats. A further sub-division into types of political order (e.g. in Myrdal's categories of strong and weak states) already shows how the functions of the media and linked with that the professional self-perception of journalists can vary from of butterflies, country to country.
The contradiction between traditional and modern society widely propagated in literature is much too coarse a categorisation, even if a transitional phase is added in. Ap English Literature. Developing countries are by no means static societies not differing from each other, as the category of traditional society would suggest. There are very marked differences between such countries as El Salvador, the Philippines, Mali, China or India which must also be taken into thesis of butterflies account in media promotion. Reddi writes in the context of grade, his demand of including a specifically Indian perspective in on diversity communication theory: A common field of proposal thesis hukum, experience exists among the nations which share the of butterflies Judaeo-Christian religions and where religion and the way of life are separate with the latter as the literature superior aspect. In Indian society, homogeneity is starkly absent.
With its diversity, there is no identifiable common concept around which the society functions, except in as much as it is different from other systems. However, there can be quite common development trends in respect of the function of thesis, mass media in developing countries dependent on certain development phases. Thus the initial function the for college mass media in, say, colonies which have just gained independence might be to spread symbols and information nurturing national identity. When subsequently modernisation processes are launched the media's primary function is to on diversity mobilise the masses. However, successful modernisation measures also always pose a danger to integrative progress already made since as a rule new conflict potentials arise (e.g. new elites form). In a next phase the integration function can take priority again which could in certain circumstances lead to hostile images being built up (the imperialists, the communists, etc.), for a threat, regardless of whether it emanates from an enemy within or without, however it is defined, increases people's readiness to submit to authoritarian leadership and put internal disputes on the back burner. But the unintended consequence of building up such an grade research, enemy-image can be the loss of media credibility for a long time. 8. Development journalism. Whereas development support communication describes communicative measures related to a specific development project, development communication is understood as the communication strategy related to an entire society, respectively a comprehensive national development plan. In the ideal case development journalism is to be oriented to the needs of the population while not endangering the manageability of a state nor being able to be misused to thesis on diversity of butterflies legitimise obviously unjust structures of rule. This notion of development journalism proceeds from the normative assumption that the people affected must be actively involved in the decision making, planning and implementation of development projects. With that, apart from dissemination of for college application, information, two functions of development journalism are particularly emphasised: the motivation to active cooperation of the people affected and the active advocacy of their interests vis a vis the planners, respectively the government.
Thus development journalism is imbedded in the context of a general management concept of the planning and implementation of development programmes, that is it is ascribed a quite instrumental, socio-technological character. The journalist working within these prescribed norms will become comparable in aspects of his profession with the on-site leader of development projects. Development journalism is then synonymous with a grass roots approach, that is, it is decentralised and of butterflies, participatory. It must not limit itself to practice ap english literature the communication channels of the on diversity of butterflies mass media alone but also use the traditional communication media. This development journalism is primarily local journalism in the sense that the journalist should be rooted in the local culture concerned. It cannot be stated often enough that the most important component of development journalism is credibility, which is proposal thesis hukum, most readily won by the media's adequately advocating the thesis on diversity interests of the affected people, which means inter alia articulating criticism of the government. It must be remembered in this connection that in most developing countries there is a vast gap between what government representatives say about the freedom the media have in their respective countries and grade paper, the truth. Probably only a free media system is able to contribute to rooting out corruption, this fundamental evil in developing countries, by revealing and pillorying it. However, the on diversity of butterflies demand for press freedom is practically unfulfillable in most developing countries because the governments always regard the mass media as something potentially very dangerous. 49 Adequate for a start would be a phased freedom of the media system, perhaps at thesis local or regional levels, i.e. corresponding to the experience horizons of the recipients. This would on the one hand secure the thesis credibility of the media and on the other hand prevent a short-term endangering of the political system, i.e. trigger resistance from those with the political power.
Asserting such a development journalism depends decisively on for college application, whether the rulers of a developing country can be convinced that free communication is in of butterflies the interests of the entire system, whereby interests means that national autonomy is achieved or preserved and the material standard of living is lifted by planned processes of synthetic, social change. But such guidance of the system presupposes functioning feedback mechanisms. Free communication does not mean abandoning management; on the contrary it increases the potential for steerage. Development journalism is not only to advocate externally set aims to of butterflies the recipients but at the same time through continuous feedback from part, them fulfil the function of examining whether the development measures are succeeding or not. Thesis. The form of development journalism sketched here proceeds from the premise that development policy measures run under the perspective of the entire system, wherein those responsible must satisfy local and/or regional needs and developments to prompts application avoid failures and on diversity of butterflies, friction.
By ongoing feedback from the people on the ground with the help of development journalism which should also be the advocate of the recipients a process of learning the rules of play of democracy can at the same time begin at local and/or regional levels, i.e. it can be learned what loyal opposition means. Fundamentally the most important task of development journalism can be seen in removing the acquiescent basic attitude towards one's own destiny which is so closely tied up with poverty. Such a passive, authoritarian world view is expressed in about synthetic materials the attitude that we cannot control events but are in the hands of God. In this context one talks of learned helplessness, or the hopelessness-helplessness syndrome. Sagan sees learned helplessness as the thesis on diversity main reason for natural disasters' claiming so many victims in developing countries. In the context of removing the acqiescent outlook special mention has to be made of the practice literature role of women who in many societies are still regarded and treated as second class human beings. In summary, the socio-technological development journalism outlined here is characterised as purpose-rational and ethically responsible.
It is pragmatically oriented to the objective of achieving higher quality of life. Thesis On Diversity. Apart from being the advocate of the interests of the population, another of practice, its major tasks is to act as a buffer to exaggerated demands and to thesis of butterflies emphasise goals achievable in a longer perspective. Seventh Grade Research. In terms of its value premises this journalism is clearly oriented to democracy and emancipation.