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Business Coursework Marketing Plan. Extracts from this document. I predict that the two most influential types of narrative papers promotion will be :- 1. Local Newspapers, 2. Posters in the local area. This was wrong as the time mba essays 2 most chosen types of promotion were Sponsorship and papers, Local Radio. This could be for a few reasons. The most obvious is that I asked people with interests influenced most by these two types of promotion. Or I could have just been wrong. I feel that it was a combination of both factors, but the survey I feel still holds water and does not need to diversity childhood a collection, be re-done, although I will have to changer my original prediction. I now agree with the narrative survey and I will target the two chosen types of promotion. GCSE Business Studies Coursework - Task 14 Produce a marketing plan in diversity neat January I will launch my shop in mid-January, I will launch the shop with a cut in prices. Before the launch I will have posters placed around the local area along with flyers handed out in the street, an advertisement in a local paper and if I can afford it advertisement on narrative, a local radio station.

I will also contact a local sports team to being negotiations for sponsorship. February End the steps sale in papers my shop and the large amounts of paper promotion, prices return to normal. By late-February negotiations should be near conclusion and sponsorship should commence as soon as is possible. I will also have a sale in the week before the 14th of February (Valentines Day) March Sponsorship should start. Narrative. I will have a short sale of maybe 5 days as a 'spring sale'. I will also try to arrange a few promotional events with the local sports team. Reflective Gibbs. April For Easter I will hold another sale, this will be that last before my summer sale.

I will also place more posters around the local area, and place a few more radio advertisements. . Narrative. read more. be at achieving the aims you set out at the start I will take each of my original aims and then compare it to how I feel the campaign will work. Aim 1 - To survive. So I can make a living. For this aim I will need for my advertising campaign to be successful, especially the summer section of it. This means that I will have to keep costs to a minimum while maximising my income.

I will also have to target my advertising effectively as I have a limited budget. I think that my advertising campaign meets all these requirements. It is targeted effectively as it matches with the results of my survey. It also targets the local area instead of nationally, this means that it is effectively targeted. To maximise profits while keeping costs to time mba essays, a minimum I have chosen cheaper forms of advertising radio instead of television. Narrative Papers. Therefore I feel my campaign meets these requirements. Aim 2 - To make a profit. Making a profit ties in with the previous aim. My campaign will have to be cost effective, and targeted effectively. My campaign as I said previously meets this requirement as I have chosen the types of media so that they target the appropriate people in the local population and are cheap enough for me to afford.

Aim 3 - To eventually establish a brand in the local area. To establish a brand in the local area my marketing campaign will have to be effective, successful and be backed up by quality products. My business has the quality products and my marketing campaign is effective and should be effective. It will also take time to establish a brand, meaning I will have to continuously meet these requirements till I have built up a brand, this could even take a few years. The marketing campaign I have set out essay meets the these requirements, except that it will probably end before I have built up a brand in narrative papers the local area. . read more. From my market research I found out that the two most appropriate forms of media for advertising my shop are sponsorship and local radio.

I then decided to try and essay on immigration, spend as much of my advertising budget on these two forms of media so I can maximise the narrative cost effectiveness and overall effectiveness of my advertising. I also found out that most of my customers would be female and between 0-35. Essay On Immigration. I then decided to focus on this segment of the population with my advertising by narrative, selecting events that would be attend by people fitting this description and by tailoring my advertisements for this segment of the market. I also found out that; the trades description act, the sales of goods act, the consumer protection act, and reflective essay gibbs, the weights and narrative, measures act all effect my business. I then decided to take measures so that my advertising and products meet the requirements of these acts.

Overall I have found out quite a few major things and made a few major decisions. I feel I have made all my decisions correctly and in early childhood a collection of essays, with the narrative appropriate knowledge. GCSE Business Studies Coursework - Social, environmental and economic effects of your business My business won't have a large impact on the local environment, or economy, but could have reasonable social impact. There won't be much litter produced by my business, but I would try to make my package recyclable so my customers can recycle it if they wish. Diversity Childhood A Collection Of Essays. My business would help other business by placing adverts in them (radio stations and newspapers) or by narrative papers, buying their services or products (paper mills for my posters and flyers). Time Mba Essays. My business is narrative, unlikely to essay, take business away from or bankrupt its rivals as they are large established brands, instead it will allow other people to buy jewellery. Socially my business has a larger impact, I will provide a few jobs to the local community. I will also provide leisure facilities by sponsoring a local sports team. It could also possibly improve the local image of the area if my business does well by providing extra services to papers, the local community. . Steps To Writting Paper. read more. Narrative Papers. This student written piece of synthetic materials work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Advertisements section. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month.

Join over narrative 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related AS and A Level Advertisements essays. Produce a marketing strategy for a product or service with a clear understanding of . It will come on many times as a constant reminder. John Conley Essay Contest. As appendices 1 and other research show that television is a good method to use to narrative papers, get the point across. Reflective Gibbs. It is rather effective, as a lot of people tend to watch the television. Marketing Communications Plan For A Small Cleaning Service Company. Tactics Tactics is the operational element of strategy, which leads to the question: What are the individual steps AtHome needs to take to narrative, achieve their objectives? The tools of thesis about tactics are such as advertising, Public Relations (PR), sales promotion, personal sales etc. This advertising campaign is a proposal for Guinness. It details the proposal for papers a . * Collateral Marketing: newsletters and e-mails, in order to keep the stakeholders informed concerning the evolution and the aim of the campaign * Promotional activity: - Sponsorship: sportive events and associations' sponsorship have to be developed. Part Time. - Trade Shows: Six Nations Tournament, Cheltenham Gold Cup, Celtic League, Boat Show and especially St Patrick's Day. Narrative Papers. (A) How professional advertising agencies can contribute to the success of a marketing campaign. for both parties to come to an agreement for a successful promotional campaign. Disadvantages of using the professional agency to promote a product As I was saying earlier Sainsbury's will also bare in conley essay mind that there are disadvantages of using the professional advertising agencies here are some reasons why.

You have been newly appointed as Promotions Manager to a company - Your task . and find out narrative papers that these customers find it difficult to thesis synthetic materials, come to a race meeting because they have children. Thus, the AJC may decide to position their brand for this selected customer audience by linking this customer need with certain entertainment activities for narrative children at the racecourse such as pony rides, jumping castles, free sausage sizzles, and possibly childcare services. Has the Marketing of McDonalds products been successful? Setting the time mba essays right price for a product is crucial. A price that is too high may lose sales as consumers switch to cheaper alternatives, but a price that is too low may also lose revenue as consumers may think that a lower price means lower quality. In order to narrative papers, attract customers a business may use a variety of essay on immigration different pricing strategies such as discounts and sales. The fundamental aim of this study is to evaluate whether or not the Internet . The characteristics of Internet advertising vs. Papers. traditional media Chris Fill (2002) illustrates the differences of about synthetic materials traditional media for papers advertising and the new media (Internet) in the table below. Contest. Table - A comparison of new and papers, traditional Media. The Communication Process Model To evaluate the thesis effectiveness of a message, it is.

Marketing Promotional Strategy - A Mobile Phone Network for Marks and narrative papers, Spencer. There is very little difference between them and this varies greatly in different regions so it is very hard to say which is the best. Marks and to writting a research paper, Spencer would not be able to seriously compete with these companies in the same way they couldn't compete with Marks and Spencer in the retail industry. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and papers, feedback to. improve your own work. Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the reflective anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to narrative, read the rest? Sign up to view the whole essay and reflective, download the narrative PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Looking for expert help with your Media Studies work?

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Narrative Essay Examples - Examples on YourDictionary

Bibliometrics, Citation And Citation Analysis. Chapter 3: Bibliometrics, Citation and Citation Analysis. Dr. Ranganathan S. Narrative Papers? R. (1969) coined the term 'Librametry' and presented his concept in ASLIB conference held at Leamington Spa. He used the term to include statistical approaches to diversity childhood study library and papers, its services.

However, the practice of using quantitative method to measure information sources were made even before Dr. Ranganathan but under different terms or without any particular term but 'Statistical Analysis' was in common use before the thesis about, term Librametry. Cole and Eales (1917) graphically mapped the literature and called this method of analysis as 'Statistical analysis'. Hulme (1923) studied the literature and called it 'statistical bibliography', but the terms were found to be clumsy as it could easily be mistaken. Later the term was coined as bibliometrics by Pritchard (1969). 3.2 Different Terminologies in Use:- Many attempts have been made to define the term bibliometrics and its analogous terms since the use of the term 'statistical bibliography' by Hulme (1923), and according to him 'the purpose of statistical bibliography is to throw light on the process of written communication and the nature and course of development of narrative papers a discipline (in so far as this is displayed through written communication) by means of about synthetic counting and analyzing its various facets of written communication'. Raising (1962), in his article clearly defined the term statistical bibliography as 'the assembling and interpretation of statistics relating to books and narrative papers, periodicals to demonstrate historical movements and to determine national and universal research, use of books and journal, and to ascertain in many local situations the general use of books and journals'. This definition is also treated as one of the classical definitions of bibliometrics. The term Bibliometrics was first coined by Pritchard (1969) in preference to existing terminology 'statistical bibliography' as he felt there is fair likelihood to misinterpret it as bibliometrical methods to books and other media of communication'. According to Fairthorne (1969), statistical bibliography was 'Quantitative treatment of reflective essay properties of recorded discourse and behaviour appertaining to it'.

British Standard Glossary (1976) of documentation explained the term bibliometrics as 'the study of use of documents and patterns of publication in which mathematical and statistical methods have been applied' which is basically similar to Pritchard's original definition of bibliometrics. Hawkins (1977), in his on-line bibliometrics study interpreted bibliometrics term as 'The quantitative analysis of the bibliographic features of narrative a body of diversity in early childhood of essays literature'. Nicholas and Ritchie (1978), in narrative their books entitled 'Literature on Bibliometrics' opined that bibliometrics provided information about the structure of knowledge and how it is communicated? They further added that bibliometrics studies fall mainly into two broad groups, describing characteristics or features of a literature (descriptive studies) and those examining the relationship formed between the components of literature (behavioural studies). More recently Plotter (1981) had defined bibliometrics as 'the study and measurement of the publication patterns of all forms of gibbs written communication and their authorship'. Schrader (1981), has also tried to define the term in narrative a more simplified manner and stated that bibliometrics is 'the scientific study of reflective essay gibbs recorded discourse.' Broadus (1987b) presented a historical overview of various definitions of bibliometrics and narrative papers, proposed an alternative definition for bibliometrics. According to him, bibliometrics is the quantitative study of physically published units or of bibliographic units or of surrogates of either.

More explicitly Sengupta (1990), defines the term as 'organization, classification and quantitative evaluations along with their authorship by mathematical and statistical calculus'. A more elaborate concept of bibliometrics has been recently explained by Egghe (2000), as 'development and application of mathematical models and techniques to all aspects of communications.' From these definitions it is concluded that statistical bibliography is replaced by bibliometrics and john ethics contest, it means study of measurement of the publication patterns of all forms of written communication and their authorship by means of using citation studies. 3.3 What is Bibliometrics? The term 'bibliometrics' was first used by Pritchard (1969) in papers his article 'Statistical Bibliography or Bibliometrics' published in the 'Journal of Documentation'. 'Biblio' means book and 'Metric' means a scale or measure. Bibliometric means application of ucla part time mba essays statistical studies in library and information science. According to Pritchard (1969), bibliometrics is defined as 'the application of mathematics and statistical methods to books and other media of communication.' Potter (1981) defines bibliometrics as 'the study and narrative, measurement of the publication pattern of all forms of written communication and their author'. In Bibliometrics and Librametry as an area in which studies 'information process and information handling in john conley ethics essay libraries and information canters by quantitatively analyzing the characteristics and behaviour of documents, library staff, and narrative, library users.' The study of steps a research paper bibliometrics and Librametry include bibliometric distribution, citation analysis, library use studies, etc. It is narrative also a quantitative study of literatures as reflected in bibliographies.

Bibliometrics is the use of quantitative analysis and statistics to describe patterns of publication within a given field or body of gibbs literature. Bibliometrics is a set of methods to quantitatively analyze scientific and technological literature (Bellis 2009). The commonly used bibliometric methods are citation analysis and narrative papers, content analysis. Content analysis or textual analysis is a methodology used in the social sciences for studying the steps paper, content of communication. Earl Babbie (2010) defines it as the study of recorded human communications, such as books, websites, paintings and laws. According to Farooq Joubish (2011), content analysis is considered a scholarly methodology in the humanities by which texts are studied as to authorship, authenticity, or meaning.

Later subject includes were philology, hermeneutics, and semiotics. Lasswell (1951, p.525 ) formulated the core questions of content analysis and stated that 'Who says what, to whom, why, to what extent and with what effect? Ole Holsti (1969) offers a broad definition of content analysis as any technique for making inferences by objectively and systematically identifying specified characteristics of messages. Kimberly (2002) offers a six-part definition of content analysis:Content analysis is a summarizing, quantitative analysis of messages that relies on the scientific method (including attention to objectivity, inter subjectivity, a priori design, reliability, validity, generalisability, replicability, and hypothesis testing) and is not limited as to the types of narrative papers variables that may be measured or the context in which the messages are created or presented. Garfield (1983) and gibbs, Richard (2010) defined citation analysis as 'the examination of the frequency, patterns, and narrative, graphs of citations in articles and books'. Content analysis uses citations in scholarly works to establish links to other works or other researchers.

Citation analysis is part one of the most widely used methods of bibliometrics. Martyn (1976), defined citation analysis as, 'Analysis of the citations or references or both which forms of part of the scholarly publication.' According to papers Baughman (1974), 'Citation study is a systematic enquiry into the structural properties of the literature of the steps to writting paper, subject' he explains that the structure of literature is narrative of a good quality. Bibliometric method is most often used in the field of library and information science; as well it has an equal applicability in john conley ethics essay other areas also. In fact, in many research fields use of bibliometric methods is carried out to explore the impact of their field, the impact of a set of researchers, or the impact of a particular paper etc. Bibliometrics are now used in quantitative research assessment exercises of academic output (Henderson et al 2009). The UK government is considering using bibliometrics as a possible auxiliary tool in its Research Excellence Framework, a process which may assess the quality of the research output of UK universities and on the basis of the assessment results, allocate research funding (http://www.ref.ac.uk/) Bibliometric methods have been used to trace relationships amongst academic journal citations.

Citation analysis, which involves examining an item's referring documents, is used in searching for materials and analyzing their merit. Citation indices, such as Institute for Scientific Information's Web of narrative papers Science, allow users to in early childhood of essays search forward in time from a known article to more recent publications which cite the known item. Today citation analysis tools are easily available to compute various impact measures for scholars based on data from citation indices. Narrative? These have various applications, from the identification of reflective expert referees to review papers and grant proposals, to narrative papers providing transparent data in support of gibbs academic merit review, tenure, and promotion decisions. Nicholas (1978) in his article 'Literature and Bibliometrics' explained the narrative papers, importance of citation analysis and about materials, its applications in LIS. He pointed out that information scientists and librarians use citation analysis to quantitatively assess the core journal titles and narrative papers, watershed publications(less used or border lined publications) in particular disciplines; interrelationships between authors from different institutions and schools of thought; and related data about the academia.

Some more pragmatic applications of this information includes the to writting a research, planning of retrospective bibliographies, finding the age of material used in a discipline (Half life) , and comparison between use of recent publications versus older ones, comparing the coverage of secondary services which can help publishers gauge their achievements and competition, and can aid librarians in evaluating the effectiveness of their stock. There are also some limitations to the value of narrative papers citation data. Ucla Part Time Mba Essays? They are often incomplete or biased; data has been largely collected manually (which is expensive), though citation indexes can also be used; incorrect citing of papers sources occurs continually; thus, further investigation is required to essay truly understand the rationale behind citing to allow it to be confidently applied. Thus it is revealed that bibliometric method is very useful to papers analyze the impact of literature in any subject areas and in LIS it is useful to steps a research decide the policies for narrative, different activities like acquisition, organization, stacking, introduction of new service, ranking of periodicals, half life of literature in any subject discipline formatting and collection development policies and john ethics, related policies etc. 3.4 Laws of Bibliometrics:- The three most commonly used laws in bibliometrics are. 1) Bradford's Law of Scatter: - which describes how the literature of a subject area is distributed in its journals and which forms the basis for calculating how many journals contain a certain percentage of published articles? 2) Lotka's Law of Scientific Productivity: - A formula for measuring / predicting the productivity of scientific researchers. 3) Zipf's Law of Word Occurrence: - which describes the frequency of the papers, appearance of certain words or more specifically, suggests that people are more likely to ethics essay contest select and use familiar rather than unfamiliar words. Among all these three laws, Bradford's Law is more useful to LIS professionals and related to narrative papers citation analysis.

3.4.1 Bradford's Law of Scatter:- Bradford (1934), pointed out that if scientific journals are arranged in order of decreasing productivity of articles on on immigration, a given subject, they may be divided into a nucleus of periodicals more particularly devoted to the subject and several groups and zones containing the same number of articles as the nucleus when the number of periodicals in the nucleus and succeeding zones will be 1: n: n2. Bradford's Law states that journals in a single field can be divided into three parts, each containing the same number of articles: * A core of journals on the subject, relatively few in number, that produces approximately one-third of all the articles; * A second zone, containing the narrative, same number of articles as the first, but a greater number of journals, and. * A third zone, containing the conley ethics essay contest, same number of articles as the second, but a still greater number of journals. The mathematical relationship of the number of journals core to narrative papers the first zone is a constant n and to the second zone the relationship is n. Bradford expressed this relationship as 1 : n : n. Bradford formulated his law after studying a bibliography of geophysics, covering 326 journals in the field. He discovered that 9 journals contained 429 articles, 59 contained 499 articles, and 258 contained 404 articles.

So it took 9 journals to contribute one-third of the articles, 5 times of 9, or 45, to produce the next third, and 5 times 5 times 9, or 225, to produce the last third. Bradford's Law serves as a general guideline to ucla part time librarians in determining the number of papers core journals in any given field. Steps To Writting Paper? Bradford's Law is not statistically accurate, but it is still commonly used as a general rule of thumb. 3.4.2 What is Citation:- Citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source (not always the papers, original source). More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression (e.g. Newell84) embedded in the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the part mba essays, work for narrative, the purpose of acknowledging the diversity childhood, relevance of the works of papers others to ucla the topic of narrative papers discussion at essay gibbs, the spot where the citation appears. Narrative? Generally the combination of essay both the in-body citation and papers, the bibliographic entry constitutes what is commonly thought of as a citation (whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not). A prime purpose of a citation is intellectual honesty to attribute prior or unoriginal work and ideas to conley ethics essay the correct sources and to allow the reader to determine independently whether the referenced material supports the author's argument in the claimed way. 3.4.3 What is Reference:- Reference is derived from Middle English referren, from Middle French rfrer, from Latin referre, to carry back, formed from the prefix re- and ferre, to narrative papers bear.

A large number of words derived from this root, including referee, reference, referendum, all retaining the basic meaning of the original Latin as a point, place or source of origin. A referee is the provider of this source of origin, and a referent is the possessor of the source of origin, whether it is knowledge, matter or energy. Because of its meaning, the word reference is used in every sphere of human knowledge, adopting shades of about meaning particular to the contexts in narrative which it is used. Reflective Essay? References can take on many forms, including: a thought, a sensory perception that is audible (onomatopoeia), visual (text), olfactory, or tactile, emotional state, relationship with other, space-time coordinate, symbolic or alpha-numeric, a physical object or an energy projection; but, other concrete and abstract contexts exist as methods of narrative papers defining references within the scope of the various fields that require an origin, point of departure, or an part original form. This includes methods that intentionally hide the papers, reference from some observers, as in cryptography.

Citations are measured to find the different use patterns like author, chronology, geography, subject, forms etc in LIS. An essential part of research papers, particularly in science is the list of references indicating towards prior publications. Ziman (1968) has rightly indicated 'a scientific paper does not stand alone; it is embedded in steps a research paper the literature of the subject'. Similarly Nann (1976) defines 'A reference is the acknowledgement that one document gives to papers another; a citation is the acknowledgement that one document receives from another'. Malin (1968) says 'A citation implies a relationship between a part or the whole of the on immigration, cited document and a part or the whole of the citing document.' From these statements of narrative stalwarts it is very clear that citation has an importance while publishing scientific or research communications. Essay? It is must to cite the author from which data is used. The research activity built on citing papers and using previous knowledge.

The use of citation and narrative papers, its study reveals many concepts useful for developing libraries properly. Citation analysis is the conley ethics essay contest, area of bibliometrics which deals with the study of their relationships which might be useful for bridging research. Weinstock (1974) identified reasons for citing and quoting references in research study as under. 1. Giving homage to papers pioneers. 2. Giving credit for related works (Homage to Press.) 3. Identifying methodology, equipment etc. 4. Providing background reading.

5. Correcting one's own work. 6. Correcting the work of others. 7. Criticizing previous work and adding quality and a collection of essays, innovation. 8. Substantiating claims. 9. Alerting to forthcoming work. 10. Narrative Papers? Providing leads to poorly disseminated or poorly indexed or uncited work. 11. Authenticating data and reflective essay gibbs, classes of fact-physical constants etc. 12.

Identifying original publications in which an idea or concept was discussed. 13. Identifying original publication or other work describing a concept or term (e.g.HODGKIN'S Disease Pareto's Law, Friedel-Crafts reaction etc.) 14. Papers? Disclaiming work or ideas of others. (Negative Claims)

15. Disputing priority claims of others. (Negative Homage) Apart from these points references appended in the research study is valid indicator of its significance. The facts stated in the research needs to be supported by earlier citations (studies) and there is essay always a relation between citing theses or book or an article indicating similarity of the research. 3.4.4 Importance of Citations:- Ziman (1968), Price (1968), Narin (1976), Marin (1968) had opened that citations plays an important role in research. Papers? Father they added that scientific paper or scientific research does not go alone, but it is embedded in the subject of literature, as a reference (citation) which is acknowledgement for the use of information by diversity a collection the another author who cites in his writing. The relation of narrative papers cited and citing document stating 'a citation implies relationship between a part or the whole of the cited document and about, a part or the narrative papers, whole of the citing document.' Citation analysis is the area dealing with the bibliometrics and deals with study of relationship of cited and citing document and such studies are essential to track the scholarly development in any subject field.

3.5 Citation Analysis:- When one author cites another author, a relationship is established. Citation analysis uses citations in scholarly works to establish links. Many different links can be ascertained, such as links between authors, between scholarly works, between journals, between fields, or even between countries. Synthetic Materials? Citations both from and to a certain document may be studied.

One very common use of citation analysis is to determine the narrative papers, impact of a single author on a given field by counting the number of times the essay on immigration, author has been cited by others. One possible drawback of this approach is that authors may be citing the single author in a negative context (saying that the author doesn't know what s/he's talking about papers, (Osareh 1996). 3.5.1 Co-citation Coupling:- Co-citation coupling is a method used to establish a subject similarity between two documents. If papers A and B are both cited by about paper C, they may be said to be related to one another, even though they don't directly cite each other. If papers A and B are both cited by many other papers, they have a stronger relationship. The more papers they are cited by, the stronger their relationship is. 3.5.2 Bibliographic Coupling:- Bibliographic coupling operates on a similar principle, but in a way it is the mirror image of co-citation coupling. Bibliographic coupling links two papers that cite the same articles, so that if papers A and B both cite paper C, they may be said to be related, even though they don't directly cite each other. The more papers they both cite, the narrative papers, stronger their relationship is.

3.6 Reasons to synthetic conduct Bibliometric Studies:- Historically bibliometric methods have been used to trace relationships amongst academic journal citations. The bibliometric research uses various methods of citation analysis in order to establish relationships between authors or their work. The Bibliometric studies are conducted to identify the narrative papers, peers, social change and the core journal, etc. indexing and Thesaurus, research, formulating search strategies in case of automated system, comparative assessment of the secondary services, Bibliographic control, preparation of retrospective bibliographic and library Management. Collection development includes planning, implementation and evaluation of collections (Baughman, 1977): Planning is to map information needs, to develop aims and make decisions about priorities. Knowledge about the structure of a subject field and john ethics, about the information resources used in papers the field is needed for essay on immigration, planning the collection. Bibliometric methods such as citation analysis, bibliographic coupling, co-word analysis and co-citation analysis can be used to map the narrative papers, knowledge structure and the use of reflective gibbs literature.

Implementation of the collection includes library routines, communication and information provision. A working indexing language, which reflects the modern terminology, is needed to organise the narrative, collection. Conley Essay? Knowledge about the important themes in a field gives a base for narrative, developing the terminology. These themes are based on the knowledge structure received by in early childhood bibliometric methods. Collection Evaluation is analysis and assessment of the collection according to its aim and papers, functions. Different bibliometric methods such as citation analysis, analysis of the scattering of articles to journals and analysis of the obsolescence of literature are used for this purpose. Application of essay gibbs bibliometric research identified by narrative Wallace (1989), indicated that the use is for developing libraries.

- Improving the bibliographic control of literature. - Identifying a core literature especially journals. - Classifying a literature. - Tracing the spread of ideas and growth of a literature. - Improving the efficiency of information handling services. - Predicting publishing trends and ucla, needs. - Describing patterns of book use by patrons. - Developing and evaluating library collections. 3.7 Strengths of narrative Bibliometrics as a Research Approach:- Bibliometric studies are useful and have a quantitative base. The method helps analysis status and strength is in: ' Methods are objective and repeatable.

' Results have a wide range of potential practical value. ' Does not require human subject interaction. ' High reliability in ethics data that are collected unobtrusively, from the published record, and narrative, can be easily replicated by others. 3.7.1 Limitations of bibliometrics as a research approach:- Following few limitations of the essay, study are observed by. Results are only narrative papers, valid to extent that citations are assumed to represent significant link between citing and cited documents.

' Technical issues related to data obtained from diversity a collection citation indexes and papers, bibliographies. ' Variations and misspelling of author names, authors with same name, incomplete coverage of non-English publications. 3.8 Application of synthetic materials Bradford's Law in Library and Information Science Research:- Bradford's law is used to solve problems in journal collection management as well as resource development in any libraries. The basic concept is to narrative conduct Bradford analyses of journals i.e. to sort the journals in Bradford zones and thus identify which belong to the core and which does not.

Any Bradford analysis involves three steps. 1. Identify many or all items (usually articles) published in this field; 2. List the sources (usually journals) that publish the john conley, articles (or items) in rank order beginning with the source that produces the most items; 3. Papers? While retaining the order of the sources, divide this list into a research groups (or zones) so that the number of items produced by each group of sources is about the same. The 'most obvious potentials' of narrative papers Bradford analyses are: ' Defining the core. ' The law of ucla time mba essays diminishing returns. ' Calculation of cost based on various coverage. ' Setting priorities among journals. Bradford's law is used to solve practical problems related to information seeking and retrieval. An automatic option for sorting the output from online searches of journal literature, which he argued would help online users. 'Computerized sorting of hits by the journals in which they appear, and narrative, then of journals, high to thesis about materials low, by the number of hits appearing in each'. Special libraries and information officers make good use of data generated using bibliometric techniques in selecting and maintaining collections of the most needed serials.

Bradford's law, Lotka's law, Zipf's law, and narrative papers, citation analysis have contributed to the effective operation of in early childhood a collection special libraries' From the various studies it is narrative analysed major thrust areas of research in Library and Information Science are using application of bibliometrics and the reasons are: 1. Identify the quantum and structure literature on a specific subject during a particular period. 2. Examine the growth literature output in a subject during a period of time. 3. Part Time Mba Essays? Identify the source and country-wise distribution of papers research literature in a particular subject. 4. Thesis About Synthetic Materials? Compare and measure the growth rate of literature on a particular subject in various countries. 5. Analyze the authorship pattern of literature on a particular subject published from various countries. 6. Papers? Analyze the degree of single versus multiple author publication and study the trend in authorship pattern. 7. Apply Lotka's authorship productivity concepts on the frequency distribution of authorship productivity.

8. Reflective Gibbs? Track the development of research literature on a particular subject and its language of publication during the period of narrative papers coverage and analyze the trend in the language of publication. 9. Study the language of the publication in the context of quantum of pages. 10. Study the frequency distribution of applications in time the context of country-wise breakdown. 11. Analyze quantitatively the annual literature output on a specific subject. 12.

Identify the variety of narrative papers research publication on a particular subject. 13. Analyze the trend among the various types of publication. The recent developments and methods used and developed the techniques: 3.8.1 The impact factor:- The impact factor, often abbreviated as IF, is a measure reflecting the average number of citations to articles published in science and gibbs, social science journals. It is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field. In case of journals with higher impact factors deemed to papers be more important than those of lower ones. The impact factor was devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), now part of Thomson Reuters.

Impact factors are calculated yearly for those journals that are indexed in Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports and listed in . In a given year, the impact factor of a journal is the average number of citations received per paper published in that journal during the two preceding years.[ For example, if a journal has an impact factor of 3 in 2008, then its papers published in 2006 and 2007 received 3 citations each on average in 2008. The 2008 impact factor of a journal would be calculated as follows, 2008 impact factors are actually published in 2009; they cannot be calculated until all of the 2008 publications have been processed by the indexing agency. A = the number of times articles published in 2006 and 2007 were cited by indexed journals during 2008. B = the total number of citable items published by that journal in 2006 and 2007. (Citable items are usually articles, reviews, proceedings, or notes; not editorials or Letters-to-the-Editor.) 2008 impact factor = A/B. If is used by many libraries as a tool for selecting Journals for subscription, similarly researcher try to conley essay contest contribute in using it journals for credits. New journals, which are indexed from their first published issue, will receive an impact factor after two years of indexing; in this case, the narrative, citations to the year prior to Volume 1, and the number of articles published in the year prior to Volume 1 are known zero values. Journals that are indexed starting with a volume other than the first volume will not get an on immigration impact factor until they have been indexed for three years. Annuals and papers, other irregular publications sometimes publish no items in about synthetic a particular year, affecting the count. The impact factor relates to a specific time period; it is possible to calculate it for any desired period, and the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) also includes a 5-year impact factor.

The JCR shows rankings of journals by impact factor, by discipline such as organic chemistry or psychiatry. The terminology used later and becomes popular is Infometrics which covers: The h-index is an index that attempts to measure both the productivity and impact of the published work of a scientist or scholar. The index is papers based on the set of the scientist's most cited papers and the number of citations that they have received in other publications. The index can also be applied to the productivity and impact of a group of scientists, such as a department or university or country. The index was suggested by Jorge E. Hirsch, a physicist, as a tool for determining theoretical physicists' relative quality and is sometimes called the Hirsch index or Hirsch number. The h-index can be manually determined using citation databases or using automatic tools. Subscription-based databases such as Scopus and the Web of Knowledge provide automated calculators. Harzing's (2011) Publish or Perish program calculates the h-index based on Google Scholar entries.

In July 2011 Google trialed a tool which allows a limited number of scholars to keep track of their own citations and also produces a h-index and an i10-index (Google Scholar Blog, 2011), the I10 index indicates the thesis materials, number of papers academic papers an about author has written that have at least ten citations from narrative others. It was introduced in ucla part time July 2011 by Google as part of their work on Google scholar. A search engine dedicated to academic and related papers. Each database is likely to produce a study different h for the same scholar, because of different coverage: Google Scholar has more citations than Scopus and papers, Web of Science but the smaller citation collections tend to be more accurate. In addition, specific databases, such as the Stanford Physics Information Retrieval System (SPIRES) can automatically calculate h-index for researchers working in High Energy Physics. Infometrics is the study of quantitative aspects of information. This includes the production, dissemination and use of all forms of in early a collection information, regardless of papers its form or origin. As such, infometrics encompasses the fields of. ' Scientometrics, which studies quantitative aspects of science; ' Webometrics, which studies quantitative aspects of the World Wide Web; ' Cybermetrics, which is similar to reflective gibbs webometrics, but broadens its definition to include electronic resources; ' Bibliometrics, which studies quantitative aspects of recorded information. Scientometrics and webometrics are the latest methods.

Scientometrics covers quantitative fashion of the development of science and narrative, of the mechanism of scientific research. ' Emphasizes investigations in which the development of science and of the mechanism of thesis scientific research is studied by means of (statistical) mathematical methods. ' Publishes original studies, short communications, preliminary reports, review papers, letters to the editor and book reviews on scientometrics. ' Includes the Journal of papers Research Communication Studies. Scientometrics is concerned with the quantitative features and characteristics of science and scientific research. Emphasis is placed on paper, investigations in which the development and mechanism of science are studied by statistical mathematical methods. The journal publishes original studies, short communications, and preliminary reports, and review papers, letters to the editor and narrative, book reviews on scientometrics. Due to diversity in early a collection of essays its fully interdisciplinary character, the journal is indispensable to research workers and research administrators. It provides valuable assistance to librarians and documentalists in central scientific agencies, ministries, research institutes and laboratories.

Scientometrics includes the Journal of Research Communication Studies. Consequently its aims and scope cover that of the latter, namely, to bring the results of such investigations together in one place. Bibliometrics and scientometrics are two closely related approaches to measuring scientific publications and science in general, respectively. In practice, much of the work that falls under this header involves various types of citation analysis, which looks at papers, how scholars cite one another in publications. Steps To Writting A Research Paper? This data can show quite a bit about networks of scholars and scholarly communication, links between scholars, and the development of areas of knowledge over time. Bibliometrics are also one of the key ways of narrative papers measuring the diversity childhood, impact of scholarly publications. If an article is published in a journal with a high impact factor, which is determined in papers part by the number of citations to articles within a particular journal, this raises the publishing profile of the author. The number of citations to that article over time is also a key measure of the productivity and the impact of reflective that scholar. These techniques are very well developed for traditional citations among journal articles, but are much less clear for new types of outputs, including data sets, websites, and digitized collections.

For items such as these, when researchers have used the materials to support their publications, they often don't have clear methods available to them to cite the material. Many of the style guides do not have clear guidance for how to cite a database, for instance, or whether to cite a digitized resource in a way to identify its digital location, or that cites the narrative papers, original item, whether or not the researcher actually consulted it. 3.9.2 Webometrics (Cyber metrics):- The concept of webometrics is essay based on bibliometrics, because like the bibliometrics study, one can measure the different quantitative aspect of the web in webometrics study. Secondly it is based on narrative, Infometrics. The Infometrics study is diversity childhood a collection of essays such type of study, which measures the quantitative aspect of any type of information and through webometrics study one can get the information about web (web site). Narrative? That's why the above phrase is reflective gibbs used.

The science of webometrics (also Cyber metrics) tries to measure the narrative papers, World Wide Web to get knowledge about the number and types of hyperlinks, structure of the World Wide Web and essay, usage patterns. According to Bjrneborn and Ingwersen (2004), the definition of webometrics is the study of the quantitative aspects of the construction and papers, use of information resources, structures and technologies on the Web drawing on bibliometric and Infometrics approaches. The term webometrics was first coined by Almind and Ingwersen (1997). A second definition of webometrics has also been introduced as the study of web-based content with primarily quantitative methods for social science research goals using techniques that are not specific to one field of study (Thelwall, 2009), which emphasizes the development of applied methods for use in the wider social sciences. The purpose of this alternative definition was to help and publicize appropriate methods outside the information science discipline rather than to replace the essay, original definition within information science. Similar scientific fields are bibliometrics, infometrics, scientometrics, virtual ethnography, and web mining. One relatively straightforward measure is the Web Impact Factor (WIF) introduced by narrative papers Ingwersen (1998). The WIF measure may be defined as the number of web pages in a web site receiving links from essay other web sites, divided by the number of web pages published in the site that are accessible to the crawler. However the use of WIF has been disregarded due to the mathematical artifacts derived from power law distributions of these variables.

Other similar indicators using size of the institution instead of number of web pages have been proved more useful. Narrative Papers? There is one electronic journal, Cyber metrics published since 1997 by the Spanish National Research Council that is devoted entirely to this discipline. Cyber metrics is a branch of knowledge which employs mathematical and statistical techniques of in early childhood of essays quantity web sites or their components and concepts, measure their growth, stability, propagation, and narrative, use examines the authenticity of steps to writting content, establish laws governing these factors, studies the narrative papers, efficiency of cyber information services and systems, services and products and assesses the steps a research paper, impact of narrative cyber age on ucla part, society. Citations in scholarly works are used to establish links to other works. It is one of the most widely used methods of bibliometrics and studies reference to and from documents Gooden (2001). The benefit of bibliometrics and citation analysis is expressed by Van Raan (2003), which is reinforced by the studies (Lal and Panda, 1996, Aksnes 2006) that have used this method of narrative papers research enquiry to ethics essay contest evaluate a library collection. Citation analysis reveals interesting information about knowledge producers in terms their information seeking behaviour and usage of various information sources. Papers? It can highlight the familiarity, awareness and usage of knowledge producers regarding the online and print information sources. Citation analysis examines the steps paper, frequency, patterns and graphs of narrative citations in articles and books (Garfield, 1983). This chapter satisfy the objective set for the study i.e. 'To study the significance of citations as well as citation study and bibliometrics'. This chapter elaborates the detailed study of citations, reference, need of citation study and laws etc.

' Aksnes, D.W. (2006), Citation rates and perceptions of scientific contribution. Journal of the American Society for reflective essay gibbs, Information Science and Technology, 57(2), p.169-185. ' Bellis, De Nicola (2009). Bibliometrics and citation analysis: from the Science citation index to Cybermetrics. Scarecrow Press, p.417. ISBN 0-8108-6713-3. Located at http://books.google.com/books/about/Bibliometrics_and_citation_analysis.html?id=ma4YjaKyM9cC accessed on 23.08.2011.

' Bhughman J C (1974), A structural analysis of the literature of sociology, Library Quarterly, Vol. 44 (Oct), p.293-308. ' Birger Hjrland and narrative, Jeppe Nicolaisen 'Bradford's Law of Scattering: Ambiguities in the Concept of Subject Royal School of Library and Information Science, Birketinget 6, DK-2300 Copenhagen S., Denmark @db.dk. ' Bradford, S.C. Sources of information on specific subjects. Engineering, 1934, 137 (3550), p.85-86. ' British Standards Institution. British standards of documentation terms. BSI; London; 1976, p.7. ' Broadus R N (1987a), early approaches to essay on immigration bibliometrics, journal of the papers, American society for information science, 38, p.127-129.

' Cole, F J and Eales Nellie B (1917), the history of comparative anatomy: a statistical analysis of the on immigration, literature, Science Progress (11), p.578-596. ' Earl Babbie (2010), the practice of narrative papers social research, 10th edition, Wadsworth, Thomson Learning Inc., ISBN 0-534-62029-9. ' Egghe L (2000), Lectures Potter, W G (1981) Introduction to Bibliometrics. Library Trends Vol 30, p.5. ' Egghe L (2000). Mba Essays? A heuristic study of the papers, first-citation distribution. Scientometrics 48(3), p.345-359. ' Fairthorne, R. A. (1969), Empirical hyperbolic distributions (Bradford-Zipf-Mandelbrot) for bibliometric description and prediction, Journal of on immigration Documentation, 25, p.319'343. ' Fairthrone R A (1969), Empirical hyperbolic distributions for bibliometric description and prediction, Journal of Documentation, 25, p.319. ' Farooq Joubish and Ashraf Khurram (2011), outlook on some concepts in the curriculum of papers social studies, World Applied Science Journal 12(9), p.1374-1377. ISSN 1818-4952.

' Garfield, E (1974), Citation Indexing: Its theory and application in diversity science, Technology and narrative, Humanities, New York, Wiley, ' Garfield, E. (1983). Citation Indexing - Its Theory and Application in Science, Technology and Humanities. Essay? Philadelphia: ISI Press. Retrieved November 4, 2011 from Located at http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/ci/contents.pdf. accessed on 12.04.2011. ' Garfield, E.(1983) Citation Indexing - Its Theory and Application in Science, Technology and Humanities Philadelphia's Press. ' Gooden, A.M. (2001). Citation analysis of chemistry doctoral dissertations: An Ohio State University case study. Retrieved October 13, 2008 Located at http://www.istl.org/01-fall/refereed.html accessed on 27.12.2011. ' Google scholar blog (2011), Google scholar citations open to all, Google. Papers? Located at http//en.wikipedia.ogr/wiki/I10-index accessed on 03.09.2011.

' Hawkins D T (1977), Unconventional uses of on-line information retrieval system on line British metric studies. Journal of American society for information science, 28(1), p.13-18. ' Henderson, M., Shurville, S. and ucla part mba essays, Fernstrom, K. (2009). The quantitative crunch: the impact of bibliometric research quality assessment exercises on academic development at small conferences, Campus-Wide Information Systems, Vol 26, No. 3, p.149'167.

' Henderson, M., Shurville, S. and Fernstrom, K. (2009). The quantitative crunch: the impact of bibliometric research quality assessment exercises on academic development at small conferences, Campus-Wide Information Systems, Vol 26, No. 3, p.149'167. ' Higher Education Funding Council for England, Located at http://www.hefce.ac.uk/Research/ref/. and http://www.ref.ac.uk/ accessed on 12th May 2012. ' Hjreppe, P (1982), Supplement to bibliography bibliometrics and citation indexing, 4, p.241-273. ' Hjreppe, R (1980), a bibliography of bibliometrics an dictation indexing and analysis, Royal institute of Technology library, Stockholm, Sweden. Narrative Papers? Located at http://www.gslis.utexas.edu/ palmquis/courses/biblio.html#Laws and http://www.netugc.com/librametric-bibliometric-scientometrics-informetrics accessed on 25.08.2012. ' Hulme, E.W. (1923), Statistical Bibliography in Relation to the Growth of Modern Civilization, Grafton, London. p9. ' Kannappanavar, B U (1991), Citation analysis of the doctoral dissertation in library and information science accepted by the universities in Karnataka, Karnataka University, Dharwad, p. 88. (Ph.

D Thesis) ' Lal, A., Panda, S (1996). Research in plant pathology: A bibliometric analysis. Library Science with a Slant to Documentation and Information Studies, 33(3), p.135-147. ' Lasswell Harold (1951), the analysis of political behavior: An empirical approach, Rautledge, London, p.525. ' Lotka A J (1926), the frequency distribution of scientific productivity, Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, Vol. Essay Gibbs? 16 (12), p.317-323. ' Malin M V (1968), the science citation index: A new concept in Indexing, Library trends, Vol.

16, p. 376. ' Martin, M U (1968), Science citation index: A new concept in indexing, Library Trends, Vol. 16, p.376. ' Martyn L A (1976), Use studies in library planning, Library Trends 24(30). ' Nann F et al (1976), Evaluative bibliometrics: The use of publications and citation analysis in the evaluation of scientific activity, cherry Hill, N J, Computer Horizon Inc, p.334-337.

' Narin, Francis and et. Narrative Papers? Al. Steps A Research? (1976), evaluative bibliometrics: the use of publication and citation analysis in the evaluation of scientific activity, Cherry Hill, New Jercy, Computer Horizon Inc. p.334-337. ' Neuendorf, Kimberly A. (2002), the Content Analysis Guidebook Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. ' Nicholas, David and Maureen Ritchie (1978), Literature and Bibliometrics London: Clive Bingley, p.28-29. ' Nicholas, David and Maureen Ritchie (1978). Literature and Bibliometrics London: Clive Bingley, p.12-28. ' Ole R. Holsti (1969(, Content Analysis for the Social Sciences and Humanities. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. ' Potter W G (1981), Introduction to bibliometrics, Library Trends, Vol. 30, p.5. ' Pritchard A (1969), Statistical bibliography an interim bibliography, New Western Polytechnic school of Librarianship, London.

' Pritchard A (1969), statistical bibliography; an interim bibliography, North-western polytechnic, school of Librarianship, p.60. ' Pritchard, A and Witting, G R (1960), Bibliometrics: A bibliography and index (1874-1959), Aaih Books, Westford, ' Raising L (1962), Statistical bibliography in the health sciences, Bulletin the medical library Association, 50, p.450-461. ' Ranganathan S. R. Narrative? (1969) Librametry and its scope. DRTC Seminar (7) paper DA Bangalore: DRTC, ISI and Sarada Ranganathan Endowment of Library Science. Reflective Gibbs? Reprinted in : JISSI : The International Journal of Scientometrics and narrative, Infometrics; Vol.1, No.1 (1995), p.15-21. (ISSN-0971-6696) ' Rubin, Richard (2010). Foundations of library and information science (3rd ed.). New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers. ISBN 978-1-55570-690-6. Accessed at http://books.google.com/books?id=Pk1TSAAACAAJ accessed on 09.02.2012. ' Von Sara Ungern-Sternberg Applications in teaching bibliometrics, PhD, Senior lecturer, Abo Akademi University, Department of Library and john conley ethics contest, Information Science, FINLAND. ' Schrader, Alvin M. (1981) Teaching Bibliometrics, Library Trends 30, p.151-172.

' Sengupta I N (1990), Bibliometrics and its application in information science and libraries, Atlantic, New Delhi, p.256. ' Swapna Kumar Patra and Prakash Chand (2006), 'Library and Information science Research in narrative India: a Bibliometric Study' Annals of Library and Information Studies, Vol 53, December, p.219-223. ' Van Raan, A.F.J. (2003). The use of essay bibliometric analysis in research performance assessment and monitoring of interdisciplinary scientific developments. Technikfolgenabschatzung, Theories und Praxis/ Technology Assessment- Theory and Practice, 12(1), p.20-29. ' Weinstock M (1974), Citation Index, Encyclopedia of library and information science, Vol.5, New York, Dekker, p.19. ' Ziman John M (1968), Public knowledge: An essay concerning the social dimension of science, Cambridge, Cambridge university press, p.58. ' Zipf, G. K. Papers? (1949) 'Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort' Reading, MA: Addison- Wesley Publishing co, p.34. Chapter 4: Progress of Education and Research in LIS. Chapter/ Section Description Pages.

4.1 Introduction 104. 4.2 LIS Education : Global Overview 104. 4.3 Library and Information Science Education in India 105. 4.4 Historical Development 107. 4.5 Present Scenario of LIS Education in essay on immigration India 108. 4.6 Objectives of Library and Information Science Education 109. 4.7 Levels of Education 110. 4.8 First Course of narrative papers Library Science in India (Certificate, Diploma and Training Courses) 112. 4.9 Post Graduate Diploma Courses 113. 4.10 Degree Courses 114.

4.11 Documentation Research and Training Centre (DRTC) 114. 4.12 Five Year Integrated Course in LIS 115. 4.13 Present Status of LIS Education in India 115. 4.14 Specialization 116. 4.15 Syllabus 116. 4.16 ICT as an Integral Part 116.

4,17 Practical Exposure 117. 4.18 Problems with Present LIS Education and Research 117. 4.19 LIS Research in India 117. 4.20 LIS Research: Global Overview 119. 4.21 Research Trend in Indian Universities 128. Chapter 4: Progress of Education and ucla part time, Research in papers LIS.

Higher education in each country has its own unique form of system and varies from essay gibbs streams or branches of knowledge. Higher education is imparted by narrative universities and in colleges having equal facilities. Academics in higher education plays an important role in making the society strong as stated different policies are adopted in different countries similarly LIS is a specific subject discipline which support in all educational branches through library systems. Schools of library science provide useful professional education universally and develop library and information professionals to manage the libraries efficiently. The LIS schools have more emphasis towards developing technical and managerial skills through the LIS education. Following paragraphs briefly narrated the ucla mba essays, status of LIS education. 4.2 LIS Education: Global Overview:

Tsuji et al (2006), pointed out narrative papers it in his study that the main theme in LIS education Japan was developed qualified librarians (Shisho) and assistant librarians (Shisho-ho) for public libraries and as well as qualified teacher librarian (shisho-kyouyu) for school libraries. There is no formal education system for about synthetic materials, academic and special libraries. Narrative? In education field life line learning, library management, information reference service, information retrieval, library organization, copy right, information literacy etc. were more focused. Wilson (2012), in his article 'Fifty years of LIS education' in USA and conducted a survey of research productivity and LIS educators during the period 1959-2008. Author narrated the progress of LIS education in USA and stated that prior to 1960s practicing librarians were teaching LIS education according to steps to writting syllabus and examination conducted by papers library associations and similar status was also in Australia and Library Association Australia (now Australia library and information association (ALIA) was taking care of the education system.. Latter LIS education moved to higher education institute since 1980. Chu (2006) in his paper 'Curricula of essay contest LIS programs in the USA: A content analysis' in which the narrative papers, syllabi was reviewed by author from 45 ALA accredited LIS master programs in USA.

This study brought to the notice that more elective courses offered in LIS education in USA, while number of core requirement is reduced to few. Author has also pointed that 10% of the LIS courses in USA are designed in such a way to deal will emerging subject and latest development in the field of LIS. Thus subjects covered in the syllabus deals with knowledge organization, reference and information sources services, management, research in LIS, ICT, collection development, information use etc. As indicated by author in USA education system is giving more emphasis on elective subject like ICT, librarianship, resources and services, technical services etc. to part manage latest situation. Papers? Now LIS courses clusters were introduced, which covers: - Information seeking behaviour. - Digital publishing etc.

4.3 Library and Information Science Education in diversity of essays India:- LIS education in narrative papers India is completing a century of essay on immigration its existence during the period progress have been achieved in developing LIS education to tune with current practices. Radhakrishanan Commission, Kothari Commission, National Knowledge Commission, UGC, NAAC put more efforts in education sector including LIS by establishing advisory commission for libraries, national policy for library etc. Curriculum Development Commission (CDC) continues grading and narrative, upgraded of LIS education in essay gibbs India. The progress from certificate courses to narrative papers research level through regular and distance mode took leading developing education in India (Joshi, 2010). There has been enormous growth in education and diversity of essays, higher education around the globe. Every country worth its name and has developed a system of education and infrastructure to educate its people, and India is no exception.

There has been a fast growth in narrative papers institution of higher education since the dawn of twentieth century and more particularly, after India attained independence in 1947. The new India started its development program to achieve the new educational, cultural and economic objectives at synthetic, the national level. Such developments at these institutions contributed to the development of more libraries, which in turn had to accept new responsibilities to papers meet society's changing needs and essay on immigration, demands. Narrative Papers? Libraries are recognized to play an important role in education, scientific research and social-economic development of a country. This envisages the need for professionally qualified personnel to essay manage and run the libraries and information centres effectively and efficiently. In order to feed the growing number of narrative papers libraries, more trained library professionals were needed. For this purpose, library science departments started springing up, and library science developed into a distinct field of specialization with its own normative principles, theories, techniques, and in early childhood a collection of essays, practices that were deemed sufficient to meet the growing dimensions of library services. Narrative Papers? Handling of recorded knowledge in modern libraries has given birth to the functional aspects of collecting, organizing and promoting the use of reading materials relevant to the users through information transfer activities. These activities, no doubt, assist in defining the spectrum of studies for librarianship. The basic tenet of reflective essay gibbs LIS education is to provide balanced training, integrating theory with practical exercises, and to cover all aspects of professional work with equal emphasis embracing new frontier of narrative papers librarianship.

LIS education aims at providing trained manpower to manage different types of libraries, information and documentation centres which, over a period of time have undergone changes in terms of needs, functions, types and range of services offered as well as tools and techniques being used when offering the diversity childhood of essays, services. Research in library and narrative papers, information science in India is not deep rooted. In Early Childhood A Collection? In the narrative papers, beginning it was in the form of a trial and error method. It was Padamashree S R Ranganathan (1889-1972) father of library science who lifted trail librarianship to the level of a science with the formulation of laws of library science, and establishment library schools and thesis synthetic materials, research centres. He even graded them as normative principles, fundamental laws, canons, principles and postulates. Ranganathan cut new grounds and blazed new practices in library and information science initially by solo research. This is papers evidence from the john, published literature that Ranganathan era's is characterized by a period of intellectual contribution to the library and information science, particularly library classification. Narrative Papers? The root of the library and information science research in India were off shoots from the country first LIS intellectual workshop (i.e., Department of Library and Information Science, University of Delhi) instituted by Dr S R Ranganathan a day of library science profession in India in 1946. The first research degree in the library and information science in the country and even in the commonwealth countries was awarded by the University of Delhi in 1957 to D B Krishna Rao for his thesis 'Facet Analysis and Depth Classification of Agriculture' under the supervision of Dr. S R Ranganathan.

4.4 Historical Development:- The modern period in the history of education for librarianship began in the mid-1800s as librarians around the world recognized that systematic education and training were required so that proper order could be brought to the collections that had been growing in all libraries. The need for ucla part mba essays, professionally qualified personnel to manage these libraries effectively and narrative papers, efficiently was duly recognized during the first half of the present and consequently, the library education programme had been started at essay on immigration, several places much before Independence. The history of the education of library science in India may be traced far back as the year of 1911 with the starting of narrative a short term training programme in library science in the Baroda State, under the patronage of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikwad of Baroda, who, impressed by the splendid work done by public libraries in the West, secured the services of an American librarian Mr. W. Essay On Immigration? A. Borden as Director of the papers, State Library Department. Mr. Bordon had been a pupil of Mr. Melvil Dewey, who established the first library school in the Columbia College, New York in 1887. In 1915, another student of Dewey, Mr. A Dickenson, the then librarian of Punjab University, Lahore started a three months apprentice training programme for working librarians.

Before Independence, only five universities namely the Andhra University, Banaras Hindu University, Calcutta University and Madras University were offering diploma course in library science. About Materials? Library education was given a new status and design by narrative papers Professor S. R. Ranganathan in 1920, when the part time, first systematic programme in library education was started under the papers, auspices of the Madras Library Association in collaboration with the Madras University. This library school was subsequently taken over by the Madras University in 1931 and in 1937 the course was converted into Postgraduate (PG) Diploma in Library Science. This was the thesis, first diploma programme in Library Science in India. University of Delhi was the first university to establish a full-fledged Department of Library Science just before independence in 1946, and started admitting students to the PG Diploma in 1947. In 1951, the diploma was changed to Master in Library Science (M.Lib.Sc). Later, between 1956 to 1959, six new LIS departments were established at narrative, Aligarh Muslim University, M.S.University of Baroda, Nagpur University, Osmania University, Pune University and Vikram University. Since 1960s, the number of LIS departments has continued to increase.

After Independence the stimulus for the growth and development of libraries and library science education has come from the conley ethics contest, progress in and extension of education, scientific research and papers, programmes of socio-economic development which started in ucla time 1951 with the commencement of the papers, First Five-Year Plan. As a result of these developments, Library and a research, Information Science today is a well-recognized discipline of study and research at the post-graduate level in more than hundred universities in the country. The Baroda and Nagpur universities started training course in narrative library science in 1956 and the Vikram University in 1957. 4.5 Present scenario of LIS Education in India:- Since its inception decades ago, LIS education has grown and developed into a full-fledged multi-disciplinary subject. LIS courses at bachelors, masters and research level are being impacted by different institutions ' university departments, colleges, library associations and ucla mba essays, specialized institutions. There are now 96 universities in India imparting Library and papers, Information Science education as independent departments in different levels. The list is shown in ethics essay appendix. Apart from these departments, there are also specialized RD organizations imparting library and information science education. Worth mentioning is the two years Associateship in Documentation and Information Science (ADIS) imparted by Documentation Research and Training Institute (DRTC), Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore (Karnataka) and National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) formerly INSDOC, New Delhi which is narrative equivalent to Mater degree of Library and Information Science (LIS). In addition to, these universities/departments there are several other open universities imparting library education as distance education.

The professional associations such as Delhi Library Association (DLA) and the polytechnic institutions throughout the country are also imparting LIS education as lower level such as Certificate/Diploma in reflective gibbs Library and Information Science. With the realization of the importance of higher education and research, research in Library education is not lagging behind like other disciplines. The University Grants Commission (UGC) and narrative, the Indian Council of essay Social Science Research (ICSSR) are promoting to research activity in library and information science by awarding scholarships to papers research and doctoral students. 4.6 Objectives of Library and Information Science Education:- The goal of library and information science education is the thesis about synthetic, preparation of papers personnel for the task of successful performance at different levels of competence in different types of libraries with an insight into the role of these libraries in a fast changing society. It should impart a thorough grounding in on immigration the intellectual foundations of the profession and competence in the technical and technological skills required for their day-to-day practice in different positions. In other words, education for papers, library and information science should be both knowledge and essay, theory oriented task or practice oriented. The two aspects of theory and practice blend harmoniously in a sound programme of library and information science education because on this aspects LIS education depend the effectiveness and success of the programme. In achieving this objective the methods of teaching and evaluation employed are as important as the quality of the faculty. The main objectives of LIS profession are to provide training for building up leadership qualities among the LIS profession develop knowledge on the latest techniques of information storage, transfer and retrieval of information help to acquire necessary skills in handling information, accessing and application of narrative electronic resources, tools and media; and essay on immigration, help to know the narrative, latest developments in the Information Technology (IT) To sum up, the basic aims of library and information science education may be as follows. ' To develop necessary technical skills; ' To develop administrative skills; ' To develop service orientation; ' To develop thorough knowledge of various sources of information, necessary to give traditional and modern library services.

' To develop professional awareness. 4.7 Levels of Education:- Out of the 96 university departments, 56 departments conduct one-year Bachelors degree and thesis materials, one year Masters Degree in Library and Information Science at the postgraduate level. Thirteen of these universities conduct two years integrated Masters Degree in Library Science. These programme further leads to M.Phil. and PhD levels. The levels of narrative LIS education in India are discussed as follows in brief: 1.7.1 Certificate/Diploma in Library Science (C/D. Lib. Sc.):- Many polytechnic colleges, schools and Library Associations impart the low level of library science courses in thesis about India having duration of six months to one year.

The basic qualification for these courses is 10+2. This course prepares students for low level professional positions in libraries such as Library Attendant, Library Clerk, etc. 1.7.2 Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS) after any graduation:- This is narrative a one-year post graduate degree course. The basic eligibility is a three years degree from any discipline. Time? This course prepares students for junior professional positions at all types of libraries and papers, they perform technical libraries. 1.7.3 Master of Library and steps to writting a research paper, Information Science (MLIS):- In the early 19th Century, young people learned librarianship by working under the more experienced practitioners.

But, gradually the tasks performed by librarians became more complex and more dependent on technology. As a result, the study of library science has moved from the work-setting to professional schools in Universities. The first ever library school was started by Melvil Dewey in USA in 1887 at Columbia College (now Columbia University). In 1889 the programme moved to the New York State Library in Albany when Dewey became the Director there. The success of Dewey's training programme and the publication of narrative Training for Library Service, a book by materials the economist Charles Williamson in 1923, led other universities, institutes of technology, and large public libraries to establish their own professional degree programmes in library science. Narrative Papers? Master of Library and Information Science is imparted as a one-year post graduate degree course in some universities while in time mba essays some, it is conducted as a two years integrated course. Many universities which offered one year BLISc and MLISc courses are now switching to two years integrated MLIS course in the line of other masters degree courses. The North East Hill University (NEHU), RTM Nagpur, Punjab University Chandigarh, Karnataka University, Dharwad, etc are now offering two years MLISc course.

This course trains persons for senior professional position in libraries, documentation centres and/or information centres and narrative papers, teachers as well. 1.7.4 Associateship in childhood Documentation and Information Science (ADIS):- The Documentation Research and papers, Training Centre (DRTC), Bangalore (Karnataka) offers two years Associateship in Documentation and Information Science (Now know as Master of Science in Information Science). The National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources (NISCAIR), New Delhi , formerly INSDOC also impart two years documentation programme i.e., Associateship in about materials Documentation (AID) after graduation. The course offered by the DRTC and NISCAIR have upper age on papers, the courses as offered by the university departments in terms of ICT syllabus and intake of the enrolments.

1.7.5 Master of Philosophy in about materials Library and Information Science (M.Phil):- In Library and Information Science prepares a student for further advanced research in LIS. The basic eligibility for admission for this programme is minimum 55% MLISc or any equivalent degree recognized by the UGC. With candidates having more qualifications are being preferred for superior position, many students are opting for M.Phil. Courses to better equip them for better positions and develop research activity. 1.7.6 Doctor of Philosophy of Library and Information Science:- This is an narrative advanced level of research programme being offered after the completion of MLISc or M.Phil. The general aim of a research degree, whether M.Phil. Diversity Of Essays? or Ph.D. Narrative Papers? is to provide training in doing research as well as to develop in the candidate a critical and analytical process of childhood thinking with the purpose that they would be able to provide leadership in the profession. They would also be able to help librarians and information scientists to develop techniques and skills required to meet their requirements of the fast changing society. They should be able to narrative papers identify the needs, set objectives, identify and analyze the problems and find appropriate solutions.

They would also be in a position to participate in the planning, organization and implementation of conley programmes at various levels. 1.8 First Course of Library Science in India(Certificate, Diploma and Training courses):- In India the existence of in service training was initiated by John Macfarlane, the first librarian of the papers, Imperial Library (Now National Library) at Calcutta from 1901-06, as mentioned in some reports. In subsequent years, the training programme was opened to the staff of other libraries and even those interested in librarianship who deals with books and other documents. 1.8.1 Baroda School:- In 1911, Sayajirao Gaikwad (1862-1939), the ruler of Baroda state called the American librarian Mr. William Allenson Borden (1853-1931), a disciple of Melvil Dewey to essay create a cadre of men for narrative papers, the newly established libraries in essay the state library system. In 1912, he initiated the first training school in library education in India.

In 1913, another training class for working librarians of town libraries was started. These classes continued even after the departure of narrative Borden. 1.8.2 Lahore School:- In 1912, the Punjab University called another librarian Mr. Diversity Childhood? Asa Don Dickinson (1876'1960) from USA.

He started the second educational course of three month duration in library science in the year 1915. This happens to be the first university course in India. Mr. Asa Don Dickinson later becomes the Librarian of Panjab University, Lahore (now Pakistan) during 1915'1916. 1.8.3 Andhra Desha:- The Andhra Desha Library Association (founded in 1914) started conducting 'training classes for the library workers' at Vijayawada in 1920. The classes covered a module on running adult education classes in addition to library technique.

1.8.4 Mysore State:- In 1920, a course for the training of librarians was conducted at Bangalore under the 'program of narrative papers library development' initiated by the then Dewan of Mysore Mr. M. Visweswaraya. 1.8.5 Madras Library Association:- A summer school for college librarians and lecturers in charge of college libraries in Madras was held in 1928 and repeated in 1930. The Madras Library Association also organized a regular certificate course in library science from 1929. Then in 1931, University of Madras took up the training course of MALA in 1931 and started offering the course on a regular basis. 1.8.6 Andhra University:- Andhra University started a certificate course in 1935, which was letter abandoned. 1.8.7 Imperial Library, Calcutta:-

The Imperial library, Calcutta started a training class under the supervision of its librarian Mr. K. M. Essay? Asudulah in papers 1935. Ucla Part Time Mba Essays? It was a full time regular Diploma course in papers librarianship at the Imperial Library, Calcutta (now National Library, Kolkata). It continued till 1946. 4.9 Post Graduate Diploma courses:- University of Madras, in 1937, introduced a one year Post Graduate Diploma course in place of the to writting a research paper, certificate course of three month duration. This was the first P G Diploma in library science in papers India. The second university to start a post graduate diploma course was the Banaras Hindu University in 1942.

University of Bombay initiated a diploma course similar to ucla part time Banaras Hindu University in 1943. A training course for the staff working in various government organizations was started in 1953. This course was recognized as equivalent to the university diploma courses. 4.10 Degree Courses:- In 1947, Aligarh Muslim University started B.Lib.

Science Course for the first time in the country. University of Delhi was the first university to establish a full fledged Department of Library Science in 1946. It also instituted the first post diploma degree course in 1948. In 1949, the structure was changed. The programme of Master of Library Science was introduced as a two year course with the first year leading to Bachelor of Library Science.

In between 1956-59, six new LIS departments were established at Aligarh Muslim University, MS University of Baroda, Nagpur University, Osmania University, Pune University and Vikram University. In 1960, Madras University replaced its full time one year diploma course to B.Lib.Sc. Degree course. By mid 1960, many other universities had fallen in the line of university of Madras following the recommendation of Review Committee Report of UGC in narrative papers introducing different degree courses. The Government Polytechnique for steps to writting a research, women, Ambala, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Delhi, Jullandhur, and Rourkela started post matric (class X) diploma courses of two years duration in late 1960s. 4.11 Documentation Research and Training Centre (DRTC):- In 1962, Dr.

S. Narrative? R. Ranganathan established Documentation Research and Training Centre at Bangalore. Previously DRTC courses were of ucla 14 month duration which was later on moved to narrative papers two years programme. John Conley Contest? INSDOC conducted a short term course for Asian Documentalists in 1963. In 1964, it started a one year post graduate course in papers Documentation and essay on immigration, Reprography leading to narrative 'Associateship in Documentation and Reprography'. In 1977, the programme was renamed as 'Associateship in Information Science (AIS)'. On September 30, 2002, INSDOC merged with the National Institute of Science Communication (NISCOM) and was renamed as National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources (NISCAIR). At present, it is conducting 'Courses in Information Science'. The DRTC and NISCAIR concentrate on the training of professionals for special and industrial libraries and information centres. Conley Ethics? Their course contents are biased toward information science and technology.

The programme of these two institutes are class apart from other similar programmes offered by various institutes. In India advanced professional education has remained attached to narrative universities, though there are some regional library associations conducting certificate courses of a few months duration and women polytechnics offering post-masters two year diplomas in library science to train paraprofessionals. At present, about 107 institutions, mostly university colleges and ucla mba essays, polytechnics, have library science education courses. Out of these, M. Lib. I. Sc. course is being offered by papers more than 75 universities. 4.12 Five Year Integrated Course in LIS:- In 2010, University of Calcutta introduces five year integrated course in Library and Information Science and thus becomes the first university to launch such course in LIS domain. The entry qualification for this course was set at Higher Secondary (10+2) in Arts / Science or Commerce. Steps To Writting A Research Paper? Launching of this course will force the learners to choose the LIS by choice and not by chance.

It will again help the students to grasp and understand the papers, contents for LIS in a better and exhaustive way. 4.13 Present Status of LIS Education in India:- Only few departments and associations now provide Certificate Courses in Library and Information Science (CLIS) and Diploma in Library and Information Science (DLIS). The others provide BLISc and MLISc courses. In most of the universities, the prerequisite for admission into the Bachelor or Master degree course in Library and Information Science is 10+2+3 years of part time education from any faculty (arts, science, commerce etc). The majority of the universities generally conduct two separate courses for the Bachelor's degree followed by the Master of Library and Information Science of one year (or two semesters) duration each. Narrative? In recent years, some institutions have offered two years of integrated courses of four semester duration.

The University of Calcutta went a step ahead and introduced five years integrated course in LIS with entry qualification as 10 +2. Similarly IGNOU and essay gibbs, YCMOU are also playing major role in narrative imparting LIS education along with deemed and formal universities. Students in most schools of diversity childhood a collection library and information science have the opportunity to develop at least some degree of specialization. Some may take advanced courses in particular library functions, such as reference work, while others may take courses related to a particular type of library, such as a course in medical librarianship or public librarianship or academic librarianship. Narrative? In simple, there are many different courses available in essay LIS. It makes the professionals available to work at all levels of library irrespective of type, structure and function.

The University Grants Commission (UGC), from time to time recommended the broader outlines of courses of narrative Library and Information Science. The latest effort has been through a UGC Curriculum Development Committee (1993). The UGC and other higher bodies now give emphasis to semester system rather than annual system, and credit-based rather than marks-based system. Every university being autonomous is free to frame its own course of studies, and syllabi of many universities / schools are quite modernized. All programmes to educate librarians share certain characteristics. Part Mba Essays? Programmes typically offer courses in the history of books and librarianship to give students a background in the profession's past. It also includes courses in knowledge organization (classification, cataloguing, bibliography, indexing abstracting, Metadata, semantic syntactic analysis, controlled vocabularies, etc.), collection development (acquisition), information seeking behaviors of users, search strategies, library services (dissemination of the acquired library materials, reference), and management of the collection (preservation conservation of documents). Narrative Papers? It also includes contents related to scholarly communication (bibliometrics, Infometrics, scientometrics, webometrics), digital libraries and ICT. 4.16 ICT as an about materials Integral Part:-

Technology is papers entering in a very big way in every sector and in LIS where it has been used extensively to store and retrieve information in different forms and structures. This new dimension is steps paper reflected in the course structure of almost all universities that provides courses in papers LIS. The courses include topics that impart new skill in organizing web resources, and providing web-based services. 4.17 Practical Exposure:- All courses provide scope of practical knowledge rather than restricting to only theory. Even some universities make it compulsory for their learners to undergo some apprenticeship before practicing the librarianship. 4.18 Problems with Present LIS Education and Research:- 4.18.1 Limited Accommodation Capacity:- All universities which provide Library and Information Science courses witness a great flow of learners.

But they are able to accommodate only diversity in early childhood, a limited number of such desired students. 4.18.2 A Very Competitive Entrance Examination:- In most of the universities, students desire to study the LIS has to go through a very competitive entrance examination for admission. 4.18.3 Limitation as a Professional Subject:- LIS is a professional course and so it has the limitations of any other professional courses. The non-inclusion of Library and Information Science in UPSC, Civil Service / State Public Service Commission examination, SET / SLET is a very common. The other problems include lack of papers a standard cohesive syllabus of LIS and low level of steps to writting paper awareness among the general people about papers, this course. 4.19 LIS Research in India:- The LIS research briefly means the collection and analysis of original data on a problem of part librarianship, done within the library school according to scientific and scholarly standard. Papers? Research in this connection broadly includes investigation, studies, surveys, academic work at about synthetic, the doctoral, post doctoral and research staff level, It also includes in house or action research by practicing librarians, information personnel and documentalists, etc. The aim of research in LIS, like any other discipline is to contribute towards the advancement of subject and contribution to the existing knowledge.

4.19.1 Dr. S. R. Ranganathan's Effort:- The era of LIS research in India started with S. R. Ranganathans efforts. He performed individual research for several years. His works that lead to narrative papers some of the about synthetic, fundamental and theoretical principles have dominated the research activities for five decades. Narrative? His idea of classification and cataloguing becomes the area of paper research in different library schools all over the world. The library and narrative papers, academic community of those days, even today also respect him as a pioneer researcher in steps a research paper LIS. Some of his worth notable contributions are. a) Five laws of library science. b) Colon Classification.

c) Prolegomena to library classification. d) Classified Catalogue Code. e) Documentation and its facets. f) Library administration, etc. In India research activity to reflect in two programs. 4.19.2 M. Phil Programme:- i) University of narrative papers Delhi:- University of Delhi was the first to introduce M. Phil programme in Library and Information Science in ucla part time 1980. Today more than 11 universities offer the M.Phil programme. The duration of M. Phil programme in narrative almost all universities in this country is steps a research paper one year.

4.19.3 PhD Programme:- i) University of Delhi:- The credit for introducing the doctoral degree programme in library science in papers India goes to Dr. S. R. Ranganathan (1892'1972). In 1951, he started PhD program in Delhi University in part time mba essays 1958. The university offered first doctoral degree in Library science to D. B. Krishan Rao for his 'Facet Analysis and narrative papers, Depth Classification of Agriculture' under the guidance of Dr. A Collection Of Essays? S. R. Ranganathan.

In 1977, Panjab University, Chandigarh offered the second Ph.D. Papers? Today more than 125 Universities in India have Ph.D. research facilities. ii) Documentation Research and synthetic, Training Centre (DRTC):- In 1962, Dr. S. R. Ranganathan established Documentation Research and Training Centre at Bangalore. Since its inception, it has been carrying out research studies on narrative papers, documentation and related areas. iii) Library Associations:-

The contribution of library association of time India towards research activities is negligible but they restrict their activities in the field of publication of journals, organization of seminars, conferences and workshop, etc. for making ground to do research in LIS. Narrative Papers? IATLIS, NASSDOC, ILA, IASLIC are the mentionable among them. iv) Funding of LIS Research in India:- The University Grants Commission (UGC) is conley ethics promoting LIS research by awarding different kinds of fellowships to narrative the students. Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) and thesis materials, Defence Scientific Information and Documentation Centre (DESIDOC) are also promoting LIS research programme by awarding scholarship to doctoral students. v) D.Litt Programme:-

In 1992, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar awarded D.Litt. to Dr. B. B. Shukla. It claimed to be the first such degree in library science all over the world.(Kumar, 1998) 4.20 LIS Research : Global Overview:- Rochester and Vakkari (2003) conducted various national studies of different countries to analyse the trends in LIS research at global scenario and narrative papers, record the research trends in LIS research at global level based on the analysis.

The different national studies in research were conducted by these two authors as an assignment of IFLA project during 1997-1998 and compared national and international trends in part LIS research and recorded the development in research. The countries covered in the analysis were basically European countries Japan, China, UK, USA etc. The analytical study conducted and results reported by IFLA provided a descriptive account of research conducted in narrative various prominent countries of the world. The author's analysis on the research activity and broad subject in which prominent research covered during the period 1965-1995 indicated that the major focus in LIS research at International level was concentrated mainly of the following topics. 1. Information storage and retrieval (87) 2. Diversity Childhood A Collection? Library and narrative, information services (77) 3. Information seeking behavior (8) 4. Other LIS topics (25) Thus out of 197 research studies it was reflected that ISR, LIS services and ISB were in essay on immigration prominent areas. Papers? Though these are common during the period the trend was almost similar in other countries also.

European countries covering Finland, Spain etc had research activity in conley library services, information seeking behaviour, information services and retrieval where as in UK the same situation was reported. Narrative? In Spain 1995 LIS degrees were recognized as academic degrees in universities. Information science research took leading position in European countries. The research trends in Australia reflected in LIS services, information seeking and ucla part mba essays, history were more prominent (74). In China principals in LIS , LIS services, information industry were the major research areas, were more considered but library and narrative, information services area was more popular. The most popular sub topics on which research was conducted more during 1965-1995 in China were : ' Library management and administration.

In China during the period 1979-1985 it was known as revolver phase of LIS research, 1986-1990 flourishing phase and 1991 onward developing stage and information service, library education were the prominent areas. A comparative study conducted Vakkari (1996) for LIS research in Scandinavia countries like Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Norway; Spain etc. also reflected European trends in LIS research. Thus it was reflected that major countries noted below during this period involved more in research concentration at broad information topics. It was found that research at international level had orientation towards solving information problems. In LIS many authors reviewed the research methods used by LIS scholars for conducting effective research and noticed that the reflective, among the different methods in which descriptive research covering survey (66), historical conceptual research element (79) as well as discussions, mathematical methods, literature review were the papers, prominent methods. In UK, LIS research was examined by Layzell Ward (1998) and pointed out the research trends and informed that research output was low initially and increased latter after establishment of synthetic materials library association which setup research committee 1946 and from 1960 Government funding made available for LIS research.

Since the establishment of British Library 1994 the growth in research gradually increased after 1980 and information technology, information storage and retrieval become more popular topics. From the papers, above global study it is noticed that LIS research progress was slow and different topics were grouped in to three areas based in traditional practices and since 1990 area were shifted towards modernization covering : 1. Library history: Library profession, Library administration, Library education, Analysis of libraries, Publishing and book industries. 2. Library and diversity in early a collection of essays, information services: Circulation, Collection development, Information and narrative, seeking behavior, User education. 3. Information storage and retrieval: Cataloguing, classification and indexing, Information retrieval, Bibliographic databases. 4. Information seeking behavior: Methods of information dissemination, Information sources, Information seeking behavior in different subject, Information use, Information management. 5. Scientific and professional communication: Scientific publication, Citation pattern and structures, Methods of communication.

At the end of 2001 centre for information research at university of central England, Birmingham examines the research landscape in LIS domain. They have reviewed LIS research 2002-2005 and recorded potential gaps in LIS research activities. The survey using questioners covered LIS organizations links public library, universities libraries, schools and colleges, government libraries etc. the survey was focused on core areas in LIS. The centre reported that in LIS research domain may be local regional, national and international have a practice or academic focus. Hayns et. al (2000), pointed out that strategic research, basic research, exploratory research, action research, applied research are the major types of research. Strategic research deals with practical applications, basic research relate to theoretical investigation and helps in understanding principals of information management where as exploratory research generate new ideas with practical applications. Applied research creates applications or products as well as transferable knowledge. Action research covers findings solutions to problems at work places worked of different services in 1984 Stewert felt that research area in LIS. This covers resources and services, new technologies, management of change, library services, staff skills, literacy, staff motivations etc. thus the prominent areas in LIS research was predicted was information retrieval, library co-operation, digital resources, information services, preservation and access to knowledge, information providers, public library etc. Till 1995 prominent research was conducted in above areas using different research methods for conducting research in childhood a collection of essays LIS like, historical method, survey method, qualitative, evaluation, action (case) research method, content analysis, citation analysis, bibliometric methods, secondary analysis (Literature review) and experimental research, bibliographic methods etc. The data collection techniques used by researcher while conducting the study during 1965-1995 mainly covers questioner, observation, interview, content analysis, citation analysis, historical resources analysis and secondary analysis.

In UK research conducted mainly in the area public library, library management, user studies, technical processing, information storage and retrieval etc. (Meadows 1994, 1995). Peritz (1977) conducted a study in which analysed research articles published in 39 core journals published during the period 1950-1975 from LIS to find out the publishing trends in the stream. Author analysed about 900 journals articles and recorded the research trends. Similar study was also performed by Atkins (1988) and narrative papers, he analysed subject trends in LIS research carried out during the period 1975-1984 using questionnaire. The purpose of the author in conducting this study was to find past, present and future trends in LIS research. Atkins in john conley ethics contest his study presented a table indicating popularity of the subject in which research articles were publish and papers, these were treated as a base to conduct LIS research. The areas isolated by him are : 1. Library management. 2. John Essay Contest? Information retrieval.

5. Public library. 6. Library automation. 7. Library history. 8. Library finance. 9. Collection development. 10. Information services. 15. Citation studies. 16. Special libraries. 17. Research libraries. 18. Library education. 19. University library. 20. Library building. 21. Special collection. 22. National library. 23. Library security.

The author opined that in developed countries till 1980 traditional concept were considered and since 1980 emphasis was given on latest trends related topics which were in currency like databases, ICT applications. The growth of OCLC, RLIN and WLN gave more attention towards research in the advanced topics and papers, modernization, automation, database developments etc were considered more by the researcher. 'Citation analysis' was the subject area proved more popular and reported more studies as compared to ethics essay contest other topics in LIS, due to its applications in the field to narrative papers manage libraries and provide better services to childhood of essays users and uses in library at narrative papers, its highest potential. Mcnicol and Nankivell (2003), in their study 'The LIS research landscape: A review and prognosis' conducted a survey of research in LIS covering the period in two parts 1997-2002 and 2002-2005. The comparative analysis of the on immigration, study leads to find out trends in research in LIS. Papers? This study highlighted LIS research landscape to identify trends and analysis as well as the conley contest, gaps in research.

Slewart (1984) in his study prepared a research agenda and narrative papers, indicated few research areas in LIS which are not yet considered. 1. Resources utility and user and services requirement. 2. New technologies. 3. Management change. 4. Library services. 7. Essay On Immigration? Retraining staff. 8. Papers? Restructuring libraries. Sumsion (1994), also focused on the following research topics and also opined that there is a need to work on the current development to get the quicker solution . 1. Library principals. 2. Identify trends.

3. Ucla Part Time? New user needs. 4. New type of services. Pluse and Prythech (1996), studied and analysed LIS research conducted during 1990-1996 and identified few prospective areas like: 1. Operational management. 2. Standards and benchmarking. 3. Use of internet. 5. Staffing pattern. Few authors pointed out areas of research conducted in narrative papers UK, USA during period 1996-2002 after a study and essay, reported few of the prominent areas considered more in narrative developed countries are: 1. Information retrieval. 2. Information skill. 4. Professional development.

7. LIS education. 8. User development. 9. Electronic services. Thus research conducted in developed countries during 1996-2002 indicated increasing trends and it was highest since 2001. Further while indicating future research development themes for research activities suggested were, 1. Electronic information. 2. Information policy. 3. Multimedia policy. 4. LIS education.

5. Business information. Electronic resources and information services based on on immigration, digital media is the need of the time including internet resource management. Few prominent subjects presented to narrative undertake future studies are: 1. Impact of digital resources. 2. Digital library development. 3. ICT and school library. 4. Use of electronic resources.

5. Community building. 6. Controlled vocabulary. 7. Reflective Essay? Information searching. 10. Semantic web and controlled terminologies. The editorial of library and information science research (1997), in which research agenda beyond 2000 was highlighted by Burke and others and focused the narrative papers, areas in LIS research before 1997 and next bilinear were also highlighted. Information seeking and information retrieval, storage and preservation technology, information quality was covered more. Diversity Childhood Of Essays? The opinion of narrative editorial board covers the major topics like economics, manage rising cost of journals, electronic publishing, information retrieval, internets and its impact on libraries, bibliographic information resources, library services, quality information services, information need/assessment, managing organizational change due to application of information technology, digital information services, web technology, value added information services are the major core areas to ucla part time be looked in to 2000 onwards.

Samdani (2011), in his article narrated the status of doctoral research in LIS in Pakistan and appended the views indicating the LIS research was started in narrative papers 1967 from university of Karachi. In Pakistan seven universities and one private university is offering doctoral research programme in thesis about LIS. During 1967-1971 only five candidates admitted for research program and papers, only one i.e. Steps Paper? M A H Chishti completed his thesis and awarded degree in narrative papers 1981 entitled 'Islamic libraries (749 AD-1257 AD)'. In 1992 second PhD degree was awarded to Nasim Fatima under the guidance of Dr. Jamil Jalibi from university of Karachi entitled 'cataloguing and standardization of Urdu manuscripts'. The third degree awarded to Munira Ansari in john contest 2005 entitled 'Information needs and information seeking behaviour of the media practitioners in Pakistan'.

The fourth degree awarded to Shamshad Ahmed in 2009 for narrative, entitled 'A study of library and archival record in directorate of Sindh archives Karachi'. The ongoing research activity involve 13 candidates in a research paper research programme and their topics are information generating and handling, health science libraries, news paper library, digital library, library and information science education curriculum, reference and information sources etc. It is review that university of Karachi four PhD degrees awarded and 13 ongoing PhD research work. From university of Panjab, Lahor initiated doctoral research program in 1971. First degree awarded in 2004 and second degree awarded in 2005. The topics were funding model in library and collection management in libraries, at present till 2009, three students have submitted the thesis.

In university of Sindh research programme started in 2001 first degree awarded in 2005 and presently four students have registered for ongoing research program and their topics school libraries, college librarianship, user survey/user satisfaction, digital libraries etc. From Islamia University started doctoral program in 1986 and first degree awarded in 1991 for university library and presently three students have registered for PhD ongoing research program. From university of Balochistan only one candidate having registered in narrative 2003. University of Peshawar, Urdu university of Karachi, Hamdard University, Karachi research has been reflected only at initial stage. It is thus reported that 19 PhD degrees in LIS were awarded during 1964-2010. From foreign university thus 1964-2010, 28 PhD degrees were awarded in 46 years duration, almost single degree in a twice year. During 2004-2010 total ten PhD were declared and this is the real contribution of Pakistan. Ucla Part Time? The topics were covered academic library, collection management, library education, classification, cataloguing, library funding, school library, university library, user education etc. as compared Indian progress is narrative excellent. Miwa (2011), in steps his article trends in Japanese LIS education is highlighted in which more trace was given on LIS education to maintain quality. The problem areas indentified were public library, academic library, special library, research activities, ICT, professional system etc. Narrative Papers? it has also same educational pattern followed in in early a collection of essays India i.e. Narrative Papers? any bachelor degree, bachelor degree in LIS, master degree and reflective essay gibbs, doctoral in LIS. In Sri Lanka (Chamani 2008), the major research covered till 2008 were library professional, library history, publishing, LIS education, Information system, information storage and retrieval, information seeking behaviour etc.

The review of LIS research in different countries highlighted that till 2005 almost traditional research was focused more but since 2005 more research is covering latest trends in the profession. From the review of narrative India the same picture is reported except the ICT and technology based research initiated since 2009 onwards. 4.21 Research trend in Indian Universities: The research activity in Indian universities is gathering momentum as there is reflective essay gibbs a greater demand for papers, the research in the discipline. Reflective? During the narrative papers, recent past, quite a number of research activities have been carried out in the universities and research institutions in various parts of the steps to writting a research paper, world. In India, due to the establishment of narrative papers University Grants Commission (UGC), AICTE and about, other similar bodies and their active support, many students are caring out M. Phil. and PhD degrees. During pre-independence, there were only few doctorate degree holders, but after independence the research output increased drastically in every field. In India about papers, 125 universities and research institutions are offering PhD programs in LIS. Many researchers made an part effort to collect data from different universities and analyzed it to fix the research productivity of the various universities in papers India (Chandrashekara 2009). The credit for the formal institution of the doctoral degree program in library science in India goes undeniably to Dr. S.R.

Ranganathan (1892'1972). In 1951, he started library science education at the University of Delhi. The University of Delhi awarded the first de jure degree in library science in 1957 to D.B. Krishan Rao who worked on 'faceted classification for agriculture'(Chandrashekara 2009, Gupta 2010). Doctoral research remained in the wilderness when Ranganathan shifted to Delhi in 1955. In 1960s and 1970s some doctorates in john conley essay contest library related topics were earned by library professionals under the guidance and supervision of faculties belonging to narrative the disciplines such as sociology, history, law, economics, management, and the like. The purpose of reviving and furthering doctoral research facilities was assumed by J. S. Sharma (1924'1993), the then university librarian and head of the library science department of the Panjab University, Chandigarh.

Under his guidance, the second de jure (de jure means devoting something and someone) Ph.D. in library science was awarded in diversity in early childhood a collection of essays 1977 after a gap of two decades. Many universities followed with mostly individual efforts and enthusiasm and doctoral research raised since 1980s and gradual improvement in facilities paved ways for India to narrative maintain its third world leadership in essay library research and library literature. PhD programs thereafter, mushroomed even despite the narrative, lack of facilities or adherence to standards (Satija 1999, Gupta 2010). Chandrashekara (2009) collected the data from various authorized sources for the degrees awarded in on immigration Indian universities from 1957 to 2008 in LIS discipline and analyzed in proper manner in his paper. His results indicated that during the period 1957 to 2008 about 802 theses were submitted and awarded the degrees to the researchers. Narrative? From his analysis it is very clear that LIS researches gained momentum since 1991 to 2008 and on thesis about materials, an average degree awarded per narrative papers, year were 36 and from 1957 to 1990 only 8 per annum average degrees were awarded. The drastic change is about synthetic materials reported since 2003 onwards and on an average 43 degrees were awarded per year in narrative Indian universities. Even author had grouped decennial growth of in early childhood a collection of essays research degrees awarded in Indian universities.

The trends resulted from the data presentation indicated that the real growth starts from 1980 to 2008 and during 1950 to 1979 only 15 degrees were awarded. The analysis of degrees awarded in different states and narrative papers, arranging them the top 10 states in India conducted LIS research are Karnataka (169), AP (96), MP (80), MS (58), West Bengal (56), Punjab (45), Orissa (43), UP(42), Rajasthan (41), TN (31) and a collection, other states contribution is (141). The analysis made by papers Chandrashekara and Ramashesh (2009) regarding the synthetic, research conducted in India during the period 1957-2008 and found that research activity in narrative papers Karnataka state is leading and Maharashtra is ranked at 4th position. The library and information science deals with all aspects of information and knowledge which includes acquisition of materials, classification and diversity childhood a collection of essays, cataloguing, searching tools, information retrieval, library services, preservation and conservation of documents and so on. The library and information science closely related to all other subjects. It forms its own foundation by taking the help of some other subjects. Dr.

S. R. Ranganathan is a pioneer in the field of Library and Information Science in the world and India in particular. He contributed in narrative papers almost all aspects of the library science. Nowadays many university and colleges provides different courses in Library and Information and its related subjects. Diversity In Early Childhood? It ranges from certificate course to PhD. The research trends indicated the growth at global level and also in India. This chapter satisfies the objective 'To study research growth and narrative papers, research trends in LIS and compare it with current developments in LIS'.

This chapter summarizes the progress in LIS education, LIS research at global and gibbs, national level. ' Asundi, A Y and Karisiddappa C R (2007) Library and Information Science Education in India: International perspective with special reference to Developing Countries. Narrative? DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology Vol. 27(2) March, p.5-11. ' Atkins Stephen E (1988), Subject trends in library and information science research, 1975-1984, Library Trends, Spring, p. 633-658. ' Barman Badan (2012), Library and information science education, Accessed at http://www.netugc.com/library-and-information-science-education-in-india dated on 14.04.2012.

' Burke R M and others (1998), A research agenda beyond 2000, Library and information science research, Vol. 19(3), p. Mba Essays? 209-216. ' Chamani G (2008), library and information science research literature in Sri Lanka: A bibliometric study, journal of the university librarians association of Sri Lanka, Vol. Narrative? 12. ' Chandrashekara, M and Ramasesh, C P (2009) Library and Information Science Research in essay on immigration India. Papers? Asia Pacific Conference on steps to writting a research, LIS education and practice, p.530-537. ' Gupta, D K and Bhardwaj, K (2010) Library Management Research in Indian Universities. Annals of Library and Information Studies. Vol. 57(Dec), p.333-338.

' Higgins, S E(2007) LIS education and research area for developing countries. 5th International CALIBER. Narrative? Punjab University Chandigarh. 8-10 Feb. ' Jarvelin, K. and P. Vakkari. 1993. The evolution of library and information science 1965-1985: a content analysis of journal articles. Information Processing and in early childhood, Management, 29(1): 129-144.

' Joshi Manoj K (2010), Library and information science education in India: Some government initiatives, DESIDOC journal of library and information technology, Vol. 30(5), Sept., p 67-73. ' Kumar PSG (1998), Doctoral studies in library and information science in India: A study, DESIDOC Bulletin of information technology, vol.18(1), p5-9. ' Layzell Ward (1998), Layzell Ward, P. (1997). The nature of UK research literature: Some thoughts arising from a bibliometric study. IFLA General Conference in Copenhagen, 1997. Library Theory and Research Section Open Forum paper accessed at http://ifla.queenslibrary.org/IV/ifla63/63rocm.htm accessed on 12.06.2012. ' McNicol; Sarah and Nankivell, Clare (2003) LIS Researchers and Practitioners: a Research Culture, Library and Information Research News 26(83), pp. 10-16. ' Miwa M et. Narrative Papers? al. (2011), Global LIS: An effort to in early childhood describe trends in narrative Japanese LIS education for global collaboration, Asia Pacific conference on reflective essay, Library information education and practice 2011.

' Naukri24 (2012), Library and information science education in India, Accessed at http://www.news24online.com/Library-and-Information-Science-Education-in-India--Options,-Opportunities-and-Places_career24_23.aspx accessed on 14.04.2012. ' Peritz (1981), the methods of library science research: some results from papers a bibliometric survey, Library Research2, p. 251-268. ' Pluse, John M., and Prythech, Ray (1996), Research in Public Libraries, Final Report of the thesis about synthetic, Project on Research in Public Libraries, British Library Research and Innovation Report 8, London: BLRIC. ' Rath, P (2010) Information and communication technology - Application in higher education with special reference to narrative papers north Eastern region. Located at gibbs, www.caluniv.ac.in/news/prabhakar.doc accessed on narrative, 23.07.2011. ' Rochester Maxine, and ucla part time mba essays, Vakkari, Pertti (1998), 'International LIS research: A Comparison of National Trends', IFLA Journal 24(3), pp. 166-175. ' Rochester Maxine K (1995), Library and information science research in Australia 1985-1994. A content analysis of research articles in the Australian Academic and Research Libraries 26, p. Narrative Papers? 163-170. ' Rochester Maxine K and Vakkari Pertti (2003), International library and information science research: A comparison of national trends, IFLA professional reports, Nr.

82. ' Samdani R A and Bhatti R (2011), doctoral research in diversity childhood a collection of essays LIS by Pakistani professionals: An analysis, Library philosophy and practice, accessed on http://inillibunl.edu/lpp accessed at 25.02.2012. ' Sumsion John (1994) strategic research areas and possible research models for UK public libraries, Library Review, Vol. 43(4), p 7-26. ' Tsuji Keita, Yoshida Yuko and Miva M (2006) Survey on faculty of Library and Information Science education in Japan, Graduate school of library, Information and Media Studies, University of Tsukuba, 2-3, Kasuga, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki 305-8550. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Science essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is narrative qualified to ucla part time mba essays a high level in our area of expertise, and narrative, we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Science work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Science essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.

This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to to writting paper provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Bibliometrics, Citation And Citation Analysis . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/science/bibliometrics-citation-citation-analysis.php [06-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and narrative, coursework writing service.

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vita in dissertation This page was created by Professor Frank Pajares. So you want to papers, create a professional vita. Since you are in john conley need of papers such a document, I will take the risk of assuming that you are relatively new what some like to call the thesis synthetic academy. You are likely a doctoral student at some stage of your academic journey.

Perhaps you are just starting your program and narrative papers, you realize, wisely may I say, that if you create this animal now you'll not need to to writting a research paper, scour your long-term memory several years from now to narrative, recover just what it was you did during this now lost time and when precisely it was that you did it. Gibbs? Perhaps you are at narrative papers the end of conley ethics essay contest your program, failed to create the animal early on, and now find yourself preparing your credentials so as to be short-listed by every search committee fortunate enough to receive your application packet. Narrative Papers? Perhaps you are at some stage in between, which makes you wiser than our poor procrastinator but sadder than our wiser early bird. In any case, let me first welcome you to our world of academe. In Early Childhood? Depending on the world from which you have come, you will discover that in papers our world we view both the creation and substance of to writting our self-presentations quite differently from the manner in which you may have viewed them in your previous life. You will need to narrative, rearrange some of your mental furniture. Let's deal with some things up front. First the name of the animal. Academicians like to gibbs, call a vita what the rest of the civilized world refers to papers, as a resumé . Vita , from the Latin for life, actually means a biographical sketch, so an to writting a research, academic resumé is often more accurately referred to as a curriculum vitae (or cv ), which Webster defines as a short account of one's career and qualifications prepared typically by an applicant for a position.

The word vitae is the plural of vita (although those of us inclined to decline vita [get it, get it?? ] know that, in curriculum vitae , the papers vitae is not a plural). Vitae is the genitive, or possessive, form, the translation being the course of life . The genitive and on immigration, plural forms are identical in this case, and it makes no sense to use the term vitae either as a plural or in the genitive case to refer to narrative papers, an academic resumé. I like vita because it's the correct term to use in this context, because nobody really cares what it's called, and john conley ethics, because it's one letter shorter. Academicians may indeed believe that brevity is the soul of wit , but they do not believe it is the papers soul of the credentials they present to each other. In your previous world, you learned that a good resumé should consist of one page (two at the most, and then only front/back of one sheet of paper). Gibbs? After all, employers are busy people who shouldn't have to rifle through multiple pages to get at papers the essential information they seek. Reflective Essay Gibbs? Not so in academia, where when it comes to the account of your professional experiences, less is little and more is best.

Albert Einstein once said that not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts. That's nice. Just remember that, in academia, everything can be counted and everything counts. So let's create a vita. Narrative? Before we begin, however, let's deal with mundane details. What font should you use? Can it be on chartreuse paper if that's your favorite color? Where should you number the pages?

What margins should you set? Here are some guidelines. You can't go wrong with Times New Roman . Everyone likes Times New Roman, especially reviewers, copy-editors, and diversity of essays, professors. Courier is functional but ugly. Arial and narrative papers, Helvetica hurt people's eyes. Comic sans looks like you're writing the credits for a Simpsons episode. And remember, Times New Roman , not Times. Early in your career, a 12-point font will give you the length required without making it obvious that you're going for girth. After a few publications and a few service experiences, 11-point is a better choice. 1-inch margins all around.

Page numbering at the bottom works just fine. Some like the about top-right hand corner with a running head of narrative papers their last name on each page. Some like a footer with the name and page number. About Materials? Nobody really pays attention to this. Just be sure to number the pages. Narrative? And use the same font type and size for the page number, header or footer, and document text. White paper only thesis, . It should be of reasonable quality, but no need to go out and buy an expensive bond of heavy weight. Borrow some copier paper from your department office. It will do just fine. If possible, print the original copy of your vita using a laser printer . Papers? You want your text to be crisp and sharp.

And since you want the reflective essay text crisp and sharp, take care that the photocopies are crisp and sharp . Narrative Papers? If your department has a poor quality copier, or if it has a great copier but won't let you use it, invest a few dollars and go to your local copy center. But don't make too many copies at any one time . Make just enough copies to reflective essay gibbs, meet your needs at the time. Keep in mind that you will be frequently updating your vita. Papers? It will also need to conley essay contest, be adapted to meet your objectives at any particular time. A little more on this point at narrative the bottom of this page. Staple your vita on the top left-hand corner. If your copy machine will do it for you, all the better. Paperclips are cumbersome and easily come undone. Diversity Childhood A Collection Of Essays? Those little black clip-on thingies are bulky , especially when it comes to narrative papers, mailing your vita.

No fancy cover page. In fact, no cover page . The first page of your vita should be the first page of your vita. Although you can't read the text, here is a nice first page. Notice that, since the author could not begin a new section following PUBLICATIONS, he simply left the a research paper extra space at the bottom of the page blank. And it works fine. Papers? A first page with the most essential information#151;contact information, education, and publications. Part Time Mba Essays? He must have had a fine adviser. As you prepare to begin page 1 of your vita, you realize that you need to make decisions regarding what to include and how to include it.

First, you will need to decide what categories to use, the narrative papers order in which to use them, and what information to include (and, just as important, what information to leave out). Paper? As regards categories, I suggest the following in the following order. Narrative? After each, I provide an example drawn from actual vitae (that have had excellent success!). Essay On Immigration? The examples are .gif files, so the text will not be perfectly sharp (yours, on the other hand, should be crisp and clear). If you are using a slow modem, be patient, as the graphics may take a bit to narrative, load. At the end of this page, I offer links to a couple of complete doctoral student vitaes that you may view or download. Name . Essay? Right at the top, nicely centered and in bold.

Perhaps even a couple of font points larger than the document text. I think it looks nice to put Vita to papers, the left of the page and the current term and year on the right. Lets people know you're keeping up with yourself. Contact Information . Professional contact information on the left (address, office telephone, fax, email); home contact information on the right (address, home telephone). About Synthetic Materials? If you have a home page on the Internet, be sure to narrative papers, include the URL. Essay? If you choose not to provide your home contact information (I don't), you may prefer to put address on the right and papers, tel/fax/email on the left. In any case, be sure your vita clearly tells readers how to best contact you should they wish to. On Immigration? Here are samples of narrative each. This one with the home address and personal contact information. And this one without the diversity childhood home address.

Note, nonetheless, that the home phone number is included. Narrative? Again, that is up to you. Essay? I don't even like the narrative phone company having my home phone number. Education . List your degrees, the universities that were wise enough to grant them to steps, you, and the year you obtained them. Include your academic major(s) and major areas of papers study. If you graduated with honors or Phi Beta Kappa, include this information. If you've not yet graduated, state your status and expected date of graduation. If you are this far into conley ethics contest the game, include the title of your dissertation and narrative papers, your committee chair. Don't outline. Gibbs? Simply include the information in a nice tight paragraph.

Most recent degrees first. Publications . Search committees at research universities are strongly interested in a candidate's publications. Consequently, this section should follow the Education section. If you are just starting out, place all your publications in one section#151;refereed articles, nonrefereed articles, chapters, book reviews. As your publications accumulate , this section will need subsections such as refereed publications, chapters in edited books, monographs and narrative papers, research bulletins, and steps to writting paper, the like. List publications in order of papers recency, with most recent publications first. Don't worry about alphabetical disorder#151;readers are most interested in what you've done for them lately.

And here is a critical point: present the publications using the format provided by your discipline's Publication Manual . Part Mba Essays? In social science, we use the guidelines of the American Psychological Association [used in education, psychology, most social sciences, most sciences, medicine]. Narrative Papers? Consequently, all our publications and presentations should be written consistent with APA guidelines. If you fall under the auspices of the Modern Language Association (MLA) [used in the humanities, English, foreign language studies] or The Chicago Manual of essay Style [used in narrative papers history, anthropology], or perhaps you need to use the American Sociological Association Style Guide. To Writting? And take care to follow their guidelines. There should be few things more professionally embarrassing to you than revealing your ignorance of your discipline's publication guidelines right on your vita. Presentations . You've presented papers, posters, or round-tables at narrative papers various regional and national conferences. John Conley Essay? List them here, again in order of recency, with most recent presentations first. Papers? Perhaps you've done invited talks at professional meetings or have been asked to be a chair or discussant of a particular session. If so, these should be included.

Again, take care to follow your discipline's referencing format. Additional Research Experience . If you think through your doctoral experience, you will no doubt have taken part in various research projects. List them here. Include official titles, names of principal investigators, your actual duties and responsibilities, dates. Order of recency again. Honors and Awards . This section may be a bit sparce at first, but, as will your publications, it will grow. If you received research funds or fellowship funds, include the amount (unless the figure is rather low, in which case who needs to know?). Ucla Time Mba Essays? Think back to narrative, your Masters and Bachelors programs#151;you got stuff. We all get stuff. Essay Gibbs? We love stuff. Put the stuff down.

Professional Development . Not only have you gotten stuff, you've done stuff, you belong to stuff, and you know stuff. Include in this section your professional affiliations, service that you have provided your department or university, continuing education coursework you've taken. Think back to all those wonderful committees you've suffered . I mean, served on. Perhaps you have reviewed manuscripts for journals or conference proposals for narrative papers, professional organizations, in which case be sure to include this information. You may want also to include proficiency in statistical or other software programs that a prospective employer may value. College Teaching Experience . As part of your doctoral program you've no doubt been provided with the opportunity to ethics essay, teach. At the very least you've TA'd for one of narrative papers your professors. Perhaps you've been able to reflective, teach your own class. Narrative Papers? If you've guest lectured in someone else's class, you could put this here as well.

Of course, if you've done this often, it would better go in its own section. Previous Work Experience . You had a life before you came to academia. Remember? Here's your chance to tell prospective departments what you've done before. Be judicious as to what to include in this section and to how much information to provide. If you were a classroom teacher, provide the name of the essay on immigration school, courses or levels taught, and any additional duties you undertook. Be brief. Papers? There is no need to include the essay numerous part-time jobs that got you through college, or the pizza deliveryt job you had throughout high school. Ask yourself, what does my prospective employer need to know about papers me. References . This should be the last section of your vita. A Collection? Provide at least three referees, but, again, more is more.

You never know who knows whom, and it's wise to give readers as many names as possible to papers, contact. Perhaps one of your referees is a long-time acquaintance of a search committee member. Who can predict these things? Be sure to include the referee's title, mail address, office phone number, and email address. About? It goes without saying that you should seek permission from referees before including their names on papers your vita. Here are some closing thoughts. A vita is your face to a crowd who can't see or hear your face. Synthetic Materials? It speaks for you and about you. How it looks and feels says something about you and about your professional habits. If it has numerous errors, omissions, and typos, it says that you are careless, inattentive to detail, and have little regard for the audience who is taking the narrative papers time to time mba essays, examine it (and you), to whatever end. Think about this for a moment: When you apply for your first position, the search committee who receives your application packet may receive over 200 application packets similar to yours.

They will put all your stuff in papers a little folder and will place that folder in a big file-drawer filled with similar folders each filled with all the stuff from other candidates eager to on immigration, beat you out for that position. At some point, tired committee members will begin the process of examining each and every folder. You will be at narrative papers home sipping a gin and tonic, certain that you will be short-listed. You will not be inside your folder. All that will be there are pieces of ucla paper. They'd best be good pieces of narrative papers paper. A vita should be adapted and tailored to meet your objective. For example, if you will be applying to on immigration, a teaching college, it's wise to narrative, put the teaching sections first, and you may even want to include information about your teaching experience that you would not include if you were applying to a research university.

Similarly, if you've worked hard and garnered many awards and recognitions for ucla part, your labors, you may want to move that section a leeetle tiny bit closer to the front. Fluff, filler, and papers, padding will add girth to your vita, but they will substract class. Respect both the integrity and the shrewdness of your audience. A search committee can spot a padded vita immediately. Moreover, it makes you look silly and desperate. More is indeed more, but you shouldn't be trying to make much ado about very little. There are many types of effective vitaes.

And you have a personality. Tailor your vita to your personality. Ask your Chair and other members of your department to see their vitaes. Who knows, perhaps one of them is on chartreuse paper. There are no set rules or standards in this endeavor, and, as Alexander Dumas said, all generalizations are dangerous, even this one. Or at least they should be. Stay real. John Essay Contest? I had a professor who was overly fond of the injunction that this or that activity would be a good resumé builder. That got on my nerves as a student.

As a professor, I find it deplorable that anyone should engage in an activity because the activity is a good resumé builder. Because, as some are prone to say, it looks good on narrative your vita. Of course some things look nice on a vita. Fine. What if you hated doing those things but your prospective employer expects you to do more of thesis synthetic them? Follow your muse and your interests. What a prospective employer sees should be what a prospective employer gets. And that should be the real you. Let others worry about building their resumés. You worry about building your character and your life through your interests and your strengths. And . dare I use such an abused word . through your passions.

Revisit your vita often! Given enough time, it's easy to forget what you've done and when. Well, I hope this was helpful. All that remains is for me to papers, provide you with samples of vitaes that are good exemplars and with links to sites on the web that provide information about diversity in early creating academic vitaes. First the narrative sample vitaes. For those of you who have reached this page but who are not graduate students in Education, please note that the following vitaes are from graduate students in education. All are PDF files. If you do not have it, click here to download the free Acrobat PDF Reader. It may be helpful also for you to have a look at the vitaes of some established scholars. Here are some links to diversity in early, vitaes available on-line (from some pretty hefty names). In some cases, the scholar has placed the vita on-line as an html document, which means that you shouldn't pay attention to the format of the vita.

It's difficult to format an narrative, html document in the same way you will format your own vita. Essay? The more important thing to pay attention to in these vitaes are the categories that the scholars have created and what they typically include in narrative these categories. Of course, these are all similar to what your own vita will look like in just a couple of years. Prof. Ethics Essay? Tim Urdan, Santa Clara University (PDF file) Prof. Robert Sternberg, Yale University (html file and Word document) Prof.

Gary Natriello, Teachers College, Columbia University (html file) And last but not least, here are a few sites on papers the Web that provide information on creating a vita. Please keep in mind that any advice offered at these sites that conflicts with mine clearly must be misguided.

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Fake Myth Made Up Story Essays and Research Papers. This story is about trust in papers relationships. Reflective Essay Gibbs. This a story about a girl in 8th grade she is new and has no friends yet. It was . very hard for her to narrative papers make friends even though she spoke perfectly good English and blended in well she was still ignored because she wasn’t known. She finally made her first friend who introduced her to other people who are his friends. They eventually became very close friends throughout the year she made great friends she went into steps a research high school with.

During the summer both. High school 1146 Words | 2 Pages. ? “A Myth ” Mythology/HUM/105 August 19, 2014 Stacy Pfister-Jolley For me a myth is an narrative abstract word that . can be real or not. Ucla. When using it in textbook then it should be understood figuratively. It’s as stated on www.thefreedictionary.com, myth is papers defined as a fictitious but well known story . The word myth is used in the studious context by acknowledging what is fake or real. The word myth is diversity in early used popularly through fantasies told throughout today’s culture.

Either were reading. Creation myth , Joseph Campbell , Judaism 786 Words | 3 Pages. What is a myth ? According to the dictionary, a myth is described as a belief of a traditional or legendary story , . figure, or belief. In academic content, Myths are ancient stories that attempt to fill the continuing and essential questions that humans regularly ask. With both of these definitions in papers mind, I came up with a definition as well. In my opinion, a myth is an exaggerated story that instructs an individual an example of morality.

This essay will talk about the most common mythological themes. Cultural anthropology , Faith , Folklore 1460 Words | 4 Pages. What is john conley a myth ? It is a traditional story based on narrative papers ancient beliefs of different communities and having supernatural . explanations of facts or natural phenomena. The mythical story is related to religious beliefs, for that reason, has a ritual character, ie presents invariable elements and is distinguished by its durability. The purpose of myth is not to entertain, as with the story , but to essay explain the meaning of papers, life. So there are certain subjects such as the origin of man and the universe, which. Claude Levi-Strauss , Creation myth , Earth 1621 Words | 5 Pages. ?Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which you answer the part time, following questions: How is the word myth used popularly? For example, what does the . statement, It's a myth mean? In contrast, how is the word myth used in the academic context? After considering the definition in your textbooks and papers, course materials, write a definition in your own words.

What Are Myths ? Myths are ancient narratives that attempt to diversity in early a collection answer the enduring and fundamental human questions: How did the universe and the world come. Joseph Campbell , Mythography , Mythology 1584 Words | 5 Pages. A biblical myth is defined by Burrows, (1946) as a symbolic, approximate expression of truth which the human mind cannot perceive sharply and . completely, but can only glimpse vaguely, and therefore cannot adequately express. In bibilical interpretation a myth is a story which communicates a set of narrative papers, values or beliefs through imagery. The most important thing in the myth is the message and conley, not the papers, literal truth of the imagery. . Good examples in the bible include: Jonah and the Whale Noah’s Ark. Bible , Christianity , Joseph Campbell 1007 Words | 3 Pages. ? What is a myth ? According to the dictionary, a myth is described as a belief of thesis about materials, a traditional or legendary . Narrative Papers. story , figure, or belief. In academic content, Myths are ancient stories that attempt to fill the continuing and essential questions that humans regularly ask. With both of these definitions in mind, I came up with a definition as well. In my opinion, a myth is an exaggerated story that instructs an individual an thesis materials example of narrative papers, morality. This essay will talk about the most common mythological.

Cultural anthropology , Faith , Folklore 745 Words | 5 Pages. Myth and Stereotypes: Racial Profiling Wendy Horton Kaplan University A stereotype is an exaggerated belief about a group that can be . positive or negative but generalizes without allowing for differences (Louisiana Voices, 1999-2003). One example of part, a stereotype would be racial profiling. Racial profiling is an inclusion of racial or ethnic characteristics in determining whether a person is papers considered more likely to commit a particular type of crime or an illegal act or to behave in a “predictable”. African American , American Civil War , Black people 909 Words | 3 Pages. The Myth of Man Made Global Warming.

this for essay gibbs years and have yet to come up with an narrative answer to this question even with overwhelming evidence supporting the idea that humans are not . the cause of reflective essay gibbs, global warming. Papers. There is steps too much evidence to narrative deny that the Earth's warming is due to a natural change in the Earth's climate not mankind. A Collection Of Essays. Past and future fluctuations in the Earth's climate, the sun and the energy it emits, and North and South Pole activities all prove that man made global warming is papers a myth that has gotten out of hand. Throughout. Climate , Climate change , Earth 928 Words | 3 Pages. Theories of to writting a research, Myth Clarice Hoff HUM/105 November 6, 2010 Rathi Krishnan . Life has a beginning, middle, and papers, end. As all people will never know what part of the beginning, middle, or end that is at this moment. The next generation will have the same myths given to them through the ancestors. Conley Ethics. Myths will.

Cultural anthropology , Folklore , Greek loanwords 719 Words | 3 Pages. ?Angelica Diaz ENC 1102 Reference #809838 The Myth of the Cave and a Rose for Emily The stories “ Myth of the . Cave” by Plato’s and “A Rose for Emily” by papers, William Faulkner reveal how people are compelled to john essay contest live their life in an illusion or a different way rather than to live in narrative papers reality, thinking that’s how life is supposed to be, not knowing what life really looks like, they make this illusion seem real, at least to them. Thesis. Even though the plots of the stories are different, they both share similar themes. English-language films , For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her , Jackie Chan filmography 905 Words | 3 Pages. Literary Essay A myth is an extraordinary story invented with a symbolic meaning explaining the creation of something . mysterious. Myths always contain mythical objects, human characters, animals, gods and goddesses. Myths describe things that happened, their success, tragedy and the relationships between gods and humans. Narrative Papers. Myths always have deep meanings. To illustrate what a myth is, I chose to compare two myths : Pandora ‘s Box and on immigration, Psyche Eros, which are both myths from Greek mythology.

In. Aphrodite , Carl Jung , Greek mythology 1178 Words | 3 Pages. AP US Founding Myths : The Stories that Hide Our Patriotic Past Most of the historical events that are taught today are . merely fabrications of narrative, what really happened many years ago. Ucla Part. These fabrications soon turn into myths because they are continually passed on incorrectly, but yet people still believe them to be true. Papers. Founding Myths : Stories that Hide Our Patriotic Past is filled with many historical happenings that people believe are true, and diversity in early of essays, the actuality of what really happened as well. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Continental Army 1174 Words | 3 Pages. will discuss about if myths matter or not from a CEO of a Fortune 500 company. This is a thesis essay discussing about myths and . Papers. why do not matter to us.

The word myth comes from the Greek word mythos, which in turn “means a story , tale or fiction”. Synthetic. Typical myths deal with supernatural beings and things that might not be real. Myths are stories that are written or told to people, passed down from narrative papers generation to generation. Some believe in it; some read or listen to myths just because it is entertaining. Ancient Rome , Evidence , Infant 1209 Words | 4 Pages. They didn't have status or value in the eyes of Sizzina. The halls that were once filled with praises and commandments were now turned into hearts filled . with hatred. The god of beauty, Sonia, noticing all the essay contest, injustice occurring to other students made a ever changing decision. Sizzina had to learn her lesson!

Sonia decided to turn Sizzina into an unattractive monster. A monster that would not receive any appreciation. Sooner nor later, her high self esteem turned into an ocean filled with tears. 2006 singles , Aesthetics , Beauty 539 Words | 2 Pages. ?Diary Of Lazy Bratzz Home About Us.

Wednesday, April 3, 2013 Fake Alert. Heinz Apple Cider Vinegar (what are you eating. ) Hi . girls, We know many of narrative, you girls are using Apple Cider Vinegar for weight loss.It is steps to writting a research really hard to find this vinegar in papers our country.Most of us are buying it from Almas,Priyo,CSD,Gulshan DCC market and from many other superstores.And the only available brand is Heinz.We've been using this vinegar for 3months now.Recently we bought a bottle of Heinz Apple Cider. Apple , Apple cider , Apple cider vinegar 448 Words | 3 Pages. February 1, 2012 Period 3 God Story “Where am I?” asked Hephaestus, confused and hurt. “Why you’re on Lemnos Island, you took quite a hit. On Immigration. . I’m guessing you did something to narrative papers make Zeus distraught, am I right?” said Thetis, a Nereid nymph. And suddenly Hephaestus remembered it all.

Seeing his mother, Hera, all tied up and Zeus madder than ever. As he began to go through all the emotions again he carefully disdained all of the bad thoughts and put an indifferent face on; there was no reason to scare. Aphrodite , Greek mythology , Hephaestus 584 Words | 2 Pages. In his article “ Myth ”, Russell T. McCutcheon offers many academic views on what myth is, but his own definition seems to stray . far from synthetic popular thinking. McCutcheon seems to prefer the school of papers, thought that sees myth not as extraordinary but as ordinary made extraordinary.(McCutcheon p200) He construes myth as a method of steps to writting a research, social construction used by particular individuals, groups or ruling powers to give divine legitimacy; through the use of omnipotent rhetoric, to their own desires for the function.

Epistemology , Manifest and narrative papers, latent functions and dysfunctions , Mythology 1261 Words | 4 Pages. Cosmic Creation Myths Across Culture. ? Cosmic Creation Myths Across Cultures Tracey Walker HUM/105-Wk2- World Mythology June 12, 2014 Sharon Worely Cosmic . About Synthetic Materials. Creation Myths Across Cultures Two myths that I have chosen for my paper are on narrative papers the Norse culture of john ethics contest, Iceland Vikings and the Genesis creation of the papers, Hebrew origin of Christian culture. Both creation myths begin with a void where chaos or conflict develops. Ucla Mba Essays. The Norse myth narrates a conflict between the fiery realm or Muspell and papers, the dark, cold. Book of Genesis , Creation myth , Creation myths 901 Words | 4 Pages.

Creation Myth Compare and Contrast. ? Usually, creation myths have a lot of to writting, similarities and seem to convey the same message. A creation myth is a symbolic narrative . of how the world began and how people first came to inhabit it. There are many different creation myths that have been passed down from generation to generation and in “Enuma Elish” “Osiris, Isis and Horus” and narrative, “Genesis” you are able to see just how similar they are, but also slight different. One of the first things you will notice in essay these myths is that they are all. Adam and Eve , Earth , Horus 932 Words | 3 Pages. power. In the creation stories , The Book of Genesis and Shinto Myth from the Nihongi, there are similar beliefs that there is a . stronger higher power creating and controlling events throughout the world. Both stories profess that man and woman are created by this higher power to multiply and occupy the earth; however, the stories differ in the beliefs of the origins of the narrative, divine powers with Genesis based on monotheism and Nihongi based on polytheism.

Throughout both stories , the thesis, nature of the divinity. Creation myth , Deity , Earth 1437 Words | 4 Pages. March 1, 2009There are many types of myths , and papers, from nearly every place in in early the world! Each country, continent, and culture has different . myths , with different gods, humans, and other creatures. Usually, a myth exists for narrative one of to writting a research paper, three reasons: to teach a lesson, to explain the narrative, unexplainable, or to provide entertainment. I personally like the Irish myths , not only because my family is part Irish but because of my idea of the steps to writting a research, Irish and myths . I look at papers, things in a very romantic idealist?s way, and. Joseph Campbell , Mythology , Parent 719 Words | 3 Pages. that most of the mythological stories are based on some degree of truth. Steps Paper. Legends and folktales evolve from papers small grains of truth and steps to writting a research paper, usually . spawn from one’s own inner demons and secret fears.

A common phobia that evolves throughout cultures is the myth of The Vagina Girls. Papers. The myth of The Vagina Girls is often associated with fear of castration in men. This fear highlighted because of the myths translation to film and on immigration, seems to be a premise for a horror movie. The myth discussed something that women. Clitoris , Female reproductive system , Folklore 2044 Words | 5 Pages. ? Cosmic Creation Myths Across Cultures HUM105 Cosmic Creation Myths Across Cultures Cosmic creation . Narrative Papers. myths are at the center of literally every culture of the human race. The Inca and The Navajo people are no different each has a cosmic creation myth . To Writting A Research Paper. The two myths are similar in many ways there also are some differences in each cosmic creation myth . The Christian cosmic myth is one most every person from our American culture is familiar with, god created the world in 6 days, and on. Country classifications , Creation myth , Earth 1002 Words | 4 Pages. ? The myths countries that I have chosen are China and Egypt.

I chose to do only 1 myth from each country. The Divine Archer . from China and Osiris and Isis from the selection of narrative, Egyptian myths . In the first myth from China there is only a little bit of geographical information given. I had to do some research for some other information. I found out on immigration that there are many mountains and forests in papers China. As there are lots of mountains in essay gibbs china there are also many valleys. This would make China flood.

Ancient Egyptian religion , Chinese mythology , Ennead 840 Words | 2 Pages. discussion forum, I can tell that many of you are unhappy with where the world has come today. This last article by Johnson was, I believe, . extremely eye opening, and helped me bring everything from class to a final thought. Johnson opens up the article with something I personally am guilty of. I believed if I did not contribute to the oppression of people, if I did not openly do something to another individual than I was not part of the problem. I believe most of society thinks like this. Acts of the Apostles , Deferred gratification , Domino effect 1624 Words | 4 Pages. Myths In Human Civilization Throughout the narrative papers, history of human civilization, myths have been an integral part of human society. . Myths have no cultural boundaries as they can be found in all cultural societies. The word myth can be referred to the classical Greek and on immigration, Roman mythology or a contemporary myth . Regardless of the type of myth , they are stories used to give meaning to a phenomenon or symbolic manner to the natural cycles that surround humankind. Myths are used to explain and understand.

Gender , Gender identity , Gender role 968 Words | 3 Pages. The Myth of Er concerns the narrative papers, issue of john contest, what happens to papers us after death. What Socrates is trying to sum up , which he has been . A Research Paper. mentioning through out the entire book, is that we should all live a wise, strenuous, and philosophical way of papers, life. Socrates’ tale is for part time people from all walks of life, he only wants us to pursue a just way of life. The way it correlates to politics is that he wants people that hold a high status is politics to make sure they are just in the decisions they make for their people. Afterlife , Ethics , Life 980 Words | 3 Pages.

Cultural Myths and Advertisements. Cultural Myths and Advertisements Go Together In companies wanting to be successful they have to narrative papers attract customers somehow into buying their . products. The most effective way to do so is to advertise/promote the product through TV, magazines, or billboards. These advertisements later lead to people having cultural myths , “a story or idea that explains the culture or customs of people” (Davis). A cultural myth is a traditional story that holds special significance for the people of a given culture. Academy Award for Best Actress , Advertising , Attraction 822 Words | 3 Pages. Paper#1: “How do people create creation myths ?” Creation myths of on immigration, every civilization rooted from one thing: Ancient people . Narrative. tried to make sense of their existence in part mba essays this cosmos.

In that case, however, we could not be so sure who made the first creation myth but in trying to analyze their creation stories , it could not be denied that patterns can be derived from them. There are some basic concepts in the creation myths that seem similar. Each of the narrative, creation myths borrowed an idea in one way or another. Chinese mythology , Cosmos , Creation myth 849 Words | 3 Pages. Cosmic Creation Myths across Cultures HUM 105 WEEK 2. ? Cosmic Creation Myths across Cultures Lyndie McPherson University of reflective essay, Phoenix June 16, 2015 HUM/105 Modern Mythology Allen Olsen . Cosmic Creation Myths Across Cultures There seems to always be a question as to how we the humans came into existence. Everyone has their views and opinions as to how this happened.

Different cultures have different ideas as well as stories and narrative papers, creation myths . No one knows the true answer, but they are pretty interesting to read and listen to. There are several. Creation myth , Earth , First World 1449 Words | 6 Pages. Myth and conley essay contest, Legends In the Popol Vuh their is a story that explains the creation of man. In the myth it describes . the four stages that god went through before humans came to be.

The first stage explains that earth was completely empty their was no life on earth. There was only land, sea, and sky. Narrative Papers. Then the great molder set out to reflective gibbs marks on the earth, these marks then became the four corners of the papers, world. John Conley Contest. The second stage is narrative about the time, great molder starting to papers shape the landscape, by creating mountains. Creation myth , Earth , God 930 Words | 3 Pages. Running head: FAKE DEGREE'S: ARE THEY TRULY WORTH IT? Fake Degree's, are they truly worth it? Fake . Degree's, are they truly worth it? How many people would like to achieve a college degree in two weeks? Is this even possible? This paper will look further into this growing business and see if the reflective, benefits of papers, purchasing a fake degree are worth the potential ramifications.

Or can a fake degree truly help an ethics contest individual get ahead in a career or in life. Is purchasing a fake degree ethical. Academic degree , Bachelor's degree , Diplom 2028 Words | 5 Pages. Myths , Influencial Pros and Cons The Greek gods and godesses, La llarona, and fictional creatures such as Japanese dragons and heroes are all . of narrative papers, different origins and cultures with one universal concept. Mythology has the sole purpose of creating morals and beliefs deriving from human nature in order to steps paper teach generations of narrative papers, a specific culture their trademark theories and faiths. According to Joseph Campbell every myth has a hero and thesis materials, the criteria for one such as this includes: sacrificing oneself.

Belief , Child , Folklore 900 Words | 3 Pages. Everything Is Made Up of Chemicals! 1. Everything is made of chemicals. You are made of chemicals. Papers. So is to writting paper your dog. So is your desk. So is the sun. Drugs are . chemicals.

Food is narrative papers made from chemicals. 2. Many of the changes you observe in the world around you are caused by chemical reactions. Examples include changing colors of leaves, cooking food and thesis about synthetic materials, getting clean. 3. Knowing some chemistry can help you make day to day decisions that affect your life. Can I mix these household chemicals? What are safe mosquito repellents? Will.

Chemical compound , Chemical element , Chemical reaction 1158 Words | 4 Pages. Myths tell us stories of the past including beliefs and cultures of people. Narrative Papers. There are many myths and . Essay. stories that give us ideas of creativity and papers, imagination. Diversity. In the book The Metamorphosis of Ovid, the story of Phoebus and Phaethon particularly stood out to me. Even though it is short, the narrative papers, story is full of suspense and action that helps capture the reader’s attention. The two images below portray the same scene yet they have remarkably different impressions. Essay On Immigration. Illustrations and visuals make it easier. Chariot , Color , Earth 1110 Words | 3 Pages. ? Myths And Heroes in A Lesson Before Dying A Lesson Before Dying During the time of the . Enlightenment Period, a major issue mentioned by narrative papers, philosophers was that every man is born with natural rights.

A hero is someone that does something that no other man can do; he does things for others, and is willing to face reality and any thing else that stands in the way. In the to writting paper, novel A Lesson Before Dying the author Ernest J. Papers. Gaines shows how a black man had. African American , Black people , Jackie Robinson 1781 Words | 5 Pages. found where ever there is snow all year round, on the poles, on mountaintops, but mostly in the Northern Hemisphere, especially in ethics essay Greenland, Canada, and . Alaska. Mythic Contrary to papers where Neivanism is practiced, the ethics essay contest, religion originated in Spain. The story goes that a man named Carlos was stuck in a freak snow storm in Central Spain.

The storm lasted for papers 4 days and for 4 nights. Essay On Immigration. Carlos blunders bout in the storm for this days, and before dawn on the fifth day a figure appeared to narrative papers him. The figure was. Christianity , Deity , God 1064 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Contrast: Islamic and Christian Creation Myths. Essay Similarities Between Islamic And Christian Creation Myths The religions Christianity and Islam have many comparisons in ucla time mba essays their . Narrative. creation myths and stories . Both myths were passed down from generation to generation and are believed to be true by both Islamic people and Christians. Ucla Part Time Mba Essays. Both of the religions share strong similarities like the narrative papers, creation of Adam and to writting a research paper, the exile he faced due to his disobedience. The Islamic creation myth starts with the papers, deity they call “Allah.” He was simply able. Adam and Eve , Book of Genesis , Creation myth 1537 Words | 7 Pages.

were Owl, Rabbit, Dragon, Coyote and Whale. They each have a story of their own which adds up to what made the . world so beautiful, here is how they all go. Owl was a very quiet, but lazy bird. He was very different from other birds though, and he was always treated unfairly just because of his appearance. He had a beak that curved in towards the paper, bottom, a very wide body shape, big eyes, and a large rounded head.

The only thing that made owl and the other birds alike was the way they lived. Narrative. He ate. Bird , Fish , Night sky 1543 Words | 4 Pages. My Crime Story Draft ‘Hope hurry up !’ Shouted my family from their mum and dad’s bedroom. ‘Come on ethics we’re starting our . dinner now!’ Screamed Jane, ‘I’m coming, just cutting this last piece of fabric,’ I exclaimed. ‘Hope Nidon if you don’t get here now I will throw your food away with your designs.’ I dropped all of narrative papers, my equipment and sprinted briskly downstairs towards my parent’s bedroom. ‘Sorry, I was just design the next big thing in fashion. Hey, don’t you dare tut Usher you will see in 15. Brown hair , James 2314 Words | 5 Pages.

111542140 March 15th RE104 Evil and Symbols Essay: The Truth About Evil in Myth Many questions have been posed when it comes to the . ever-controversial topic of evil, and will continue to be posed throughout time. Essay On Immigration. Although prominent in everyday life, the battle between good and evil can also be seen in two of the narrative, most famous creation myths ; the Christian myth of Adam and Eve and the Garden of Eden, and ucla mba essays, the Native Creation Story of Turtle Island. In the tale of Adam and Eve, it is said that God banishes. Adam and Eve , Evil , Garden of Eden 1240 Words | 4 Pages. The Genesis Account of Creation: Myth or Reality. THE GENESIS ACCOUNTS OF CREATION: MYTH OR REALITY? I always do recall, while reading through the first few pages of the Bible, (i.e. the . Papers. book of Genesis), how highly impressed I was as a child, to see how the world began and how God put everything in time mba essays place but then kept pondering; who was there with God taking a record of narrative papers, events while he was creating? Once upon a time, I asked my Christian Religious Studies teacher in a research paper School and he stood there dumbfounded unable to give any response. During my. Bible , God , Jesus 1764 Words | 5 Pages. mythology stories is very intense but most of the stories end tragically for the lovers.

The stories are very . Narrative. similar and the beginnings and part time mba essays, ends are a lot alike. The stories usually start off with strong feelings of love filled with lust and sometimes obsession. Narrative. All building up into a relationship filled with love that eventually ends tragically. Essay On Immigration. The stories also has occurrences of symbolic flowers and trees that usually blossom after a death. There are many different tragic love stories in narrative mythology.

Aphrodite , Apollo , Artemis 1371 Words | 3 Pages. Myths about the Sun and Moon The sun and the moon are powerful beings that bring life and diversity in early of essays, death to all living creatures. Narrative. They control when . it is day or night, which season it is, and the weather. Essay On Immigration. They fascinate humans and a considerable amount of mythology has been dedicated to the creation of the sun and narrative papers, moon and why or how they travel across the sky during the day and night. This paper will discuss and compare some of these myths and the gods attributed to their care and existence. The sun. Apollo , Earth , Lunar deity 1155 Words | 3 Pages. Theories of Myth Heaven Sherrill Hum/105 January 29, 2010 Lisa Kealer-Carver Theories of essay gibbs, myth and narrative, creation . myths , how do they work together? That is what I will discuss in this paper. Unlike most papers, where you do a lot of research and essay gibbs, have a few scholarly references, in narrative papers this one I will base my information form the text book readings alone. In the beginning of studying myths , I asked myself, “What is to writting a research a myth ”? A myth is an ancient narrative; a word; a story ; it is not static artifacts.

Christian mythology , Comparative mythology , Human 720 Words | 3 Pages. Myth still remains one of the major links that merges the different cultures and religions from papers various ethnicities. “The Creation of the . Titans and essay, the Gods”, as well as “The Creation, Death, and narrative papers, Rebirth of the Universe”, are among the many creation myths that highlight these combinations. Throughout history, myths have created various similarities and ucla time mba essays, differences between the cultures and religions of the world. Man – the common principle in papers myths , illustrates that man was produced exclusively. Comparative mythology , Creation myth , Creation myths 1028 Words | 3 Pages.

Pandora's Box: What the Myth Means Today. Pandoras Box: What the Myth Means TodayIntroductionImagine a life with no pain, worries, or misery in which to speak all evils held secure by . a sacred beast or mythological container. This is the life described in many fantasies of the days before man, woman, and in early of essays, hardship. With any myth , however, unlocking and narrative papers, explaining the gift of knowledge and becoming aware seems to diversity in early a collection account for narrative all evils that have been imparted upon humankind. This is a very similar beginning to the story of Adam and Eve in that. Adam and Eve , Desiderius Erasmus , Greek mythology 1820 Words | 5 Pages. The Myth of Being “Beautiful” “Beauty provokes harassment, the law says, but it looks through men's eyes when deciding what provokes it.” . ? Naomi Wolf, The Beauty Myth : How Images of Beauty are Used Against Women The beauty myth , how what others perceive as what beauty is can, will be and has been used against women.

Advertising agencies and Hollywood are portraying to young girls and women that youth, beauty and thesis about synthetic, love go together to narrative make a complete and john conley ethics essay, happy existence in life. From reality. Beauty contest , Childhood , Extreme Makeover 1114 Words | 3 Pages. Cosmic Creation Myths Across Cultures. ? Cosmic Creation Myths Across Cultures Rasheem James HUM/105 August 11 Frank Pisano Introduction The two creation myths . that I have chosen are The Creation of the Universe and narrative, Ife. The Creation Of the Universe and steps to writting, Ife. Each myth has its story , and they all include a world with a sky, earth, and the underworld. There is narrative also the creator of humans both male and female.

Both genders have their significances including what they created and the steps they took. Part Time. Both myths have a different cycle. Chinese mythology , Creation myth , Earth 1146 Words | 6 Pages. ?Living in narrative a Fake world “The beauty of a woman is not in the clothes she wears, the figure that she carries, or the way she combs her hair. Steps A Research. . The beauty of narrative papers, a woman is seen in diversity in early of essays her eyes, because that is the doorway to papers her heart, the place where love resides. Diversity A Collection Of Essays. True beauty in a woman is reflected in her soul.” Audrey Hepburn once said these wise words. Someone’s true beauty lies in their hearts, not the narrative, makeup they wear, or the sexual favors they give men. Models, who are broadcasted all the way around. Adobe Photoshop , Audrey Hepburn , Das Model 886 Words | 3 Pages.

The Significance of childhood of essays, Myth in the Novel Ceremony. Many people in our culture misunderstand the narrative papers, function of conley, myth . Papers. We usually assume that there are two kinds of narrative, completely different . from one another: a journalistic compilation of facts, all literally true and verifiable, or stories spun by a fiction writer for essay the purpose of narrative papers, entertainment only. Myth , we assume, falls resoundingly into the latter group. While primitive and superstitious people may have once believed that the sun was pulled across the sky by a chariot, we in our infinite. Almanac of the Dead , Ethnic group , Laguna Pueblo 2619 Words | 7 Pages. the “Tree of ethics contest, Life” has been shown through history and even in narrative legends and in part time mba essays folk tales. This plant has been recognized as a source of every thing a man may . need.

Several stories have depicted the origin and narrative papers, the uses of the plant and several motifs were also shown. Essay. This paper aims to discuss a brief summary of some of narrative, these stories , how the plant came to be, how some of about materials, its utilities are presented and how different themes and motifs are implied and discussed. Narrative. There are actually a lot of ethics, histories. Arecaceae , Coconut , Coconut milk 2291 Words | 6 Pages. The Miss America Pageant and papers, the Oscars. It doesn’t get more real than David Niven’s 1974 ad lib comments at john conley ethics essay, the Academy Awards as a streaker crossed behind . Narrative Papers. him on ucla time the stage. Most television historians don’t consider documentaries or lengthy news stories as reality TV, but again these evoked people’s interest greatly. Anthropological studies of tribal groups, or watching the news “unfold” through camera coverage of events, like President Kennedy’s assassination, could be called the ancestors of modern.

America's Next Top Model , American Idol , MTV 2728 Words | 7 Pages. Comparing the Herakles Myth with Joseph Campbell's Hero Myth List. popular myths people have seen or heard, but could Herakles’ myth follow Joseph Campbell’s Hero myth list. Carl . Jung defined an narrative archetype myth or Jungian archetype as a pattern of thought that can be translated to “worldwide parallels” (“The Columbian Encyclopedia”) that the human race experiences as a culture or an individual. The myth of essay, Herakles includes parts that compare to the Hero Archetype, but there are also parts that do not fit the archetype at all. Joseph Campbell’s list of papers, myths for the. Archetype , Carl Jung , Hera 1140 Words | 3 Pages. Cosmic Creation Myths Across Cultures.

? Cosmic Creation Myths Across Cultures Name HUM/105 Date Instructors name Comparing and Contrasting . Creation Myths In this paper I will compare and to writting a research paper, contrast two myths from different cultures. The two myths chosen for this paper are the Genesis creation (Hebrew origin) of the Christian culture, and the Norse culture of Iceland (the Vikings). Both of these creation myths start with an papers emptiness where conflict and chaos eventually develop. The Genesis conflict is. Book of Genesis , Creation myth , Creation myths 1809 Words | 5 Pages. Allusive Idioms from Greek Myths and a collection of essays, English Learning. exaggeration to say that Greek myths have exerted no small influence upon papers, western culture. Especially those whose mother tongue is English . familiar with the contents and stories of Greek mythology have been imperceptibly influenced by steps to writting paper, what they constantly read, see and hear about papers, since they are very young. Hence allusive idioms from Greek myths have exerted great impact on the English language and literature.

It is fairly important to make a full understanding of childhood a collection of essays, Greek myths for narrative papers a foreign student in order. Apollo , Greek mythology , Homer 2602 Words | 7 Pages. today to talk about maori myths and john ethics essay, ledgends and their role in society. I would also like to tell you about a demi god Maui who influences many . Narrative. Maori myths and thesis materials, also share to papers you a particular myth about maui and the sun. Myths and legends have been apart of maori culture for thousands of years.

They are set in the past and often have to do with the supernatural. In traditional times the stories were used to remember important events or teach important lessons. These myths present ideas about the. Maori , Maori culture , Maori mythology 1000 Words | 3 Pages. ? Myth in diversity in early a collection the Movies In the movie Percy Jackson and narrative papers, the . Olympians, The main character Percy is a typical teenager with issues. He deals with Dyslexia which seems to essay on immigration get progressively worse, ADHD, living with his mother and emotionally abusive stepfather, and finally he feels abandoned by his birth father who he’s never met. Feeling as if he got the short end of the stick in life because of these issues, he considers himself. Greek mythology , Hades , Hera 1237 Words | 4 Pages. Cosmic Creation Myths Across Cultures.

? Cosmic Creation Myths Across Cultures – Week 2 HUM/ 105 June 24, 2015 The two creation myths selected . to narrative compare and contrast centers on synthetic the Norse culture of Iceland Vikings and the Genesis creation of the Hebrew origin of Christian culture. Both creation myths originate with a hollow abyss where anarchy or war cultivates. The Norse myth relates a struggle in the middle of the blistering realm of Muspell and the murky, icy realm of Niflheim inside the hollowness named. Book of Genesis , Creation myth , Creation myths 1442 Words | 6 Pages.

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If you feel a resume builder is the tool for you, see this page to diversity in early childhood find an online resume builder. Starting off on the right foot. A resume cover letter needs to narrative do more than introduce you and highlight some of thesis materials, your skills. It needs to be engaging, well crafted, and well researched. It needs to avoid sounding like a hard sell while still selling you to the company. If a resume is a list of your accomplishments, then its cover letter is where you get to tell the papers story of how you achieved those accomplishments. Use it to explain how your experiences will benefit the company.

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