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book essay oxford The Ned Kelly saga was more than a story about a single outlaw; rather it needs to be seen as a social phenomenon involving the statement participation of school essay a large number of supporters and sympathisers. What explanations can be given for the #039;Kelly outbreak#039;? The Kelly outbreak is a famous phenomenon in Australia#039;s colonial history. Whilst some people prefer to see the outbreak as a simple criminal incident between an outlaw and the police, most historians view it as a broader sociological phenomenon, involving conflict between a larger rural community and the colonial authorities. An important issue for historians has been to understand the underlying causes of this criminal outbreak, whether it was mainly due to personal, ethnic or socio-economic factors. This essay will critically examine each of these explanations and argue that the actions of the Kellys and their supporters, and the reactions of the police can best be understood in thesis writing, terms of broad socio-economic developments in rural Victoria at finding a ghostwriter the time.
In his article, Ned Kelly#039;s Sympathisers, Doug Morrissey suggests that Kelly#039;s Irish heritage was largely responsible for the Kelly outbreak 1 . To support his claim, he points to the intense emotional relationships in the Quinn/Kelly clan and the high percentage of statement Irish sympathisers among Ned#039;s supporters 2 . Ned Kelly was clearly imbued with a sense of his Irish heritage, but the evidence does not suggest that this was a major contributing factor in the outbreak. Public sympathy, it seemed, crossed social and ethnic barriers 3 and was quite widespread, especially after the Euroa National Bank robbery, where the efficiency, lack of violence and about manner of the statement writing gang were well noted 4 . Furthermore, Ned once stated that he considered himself an Australian rather than an Irishman, and his lifestyle, and his concern with local issues shown in his letters lend credence to essays, this statement 5 . Angus McIntyre, another Kelly historian, suggests two causes for the outbreak: vengeance for statement writing the harsh sentence given to Ned#039;s mother on a charge of aiding and abetting an attempted murder, and essay Ned#039;s self-centredness 6 . According to McIntyre, Ned had delusions of grandeur and considered himself capable of any feat. McIntyr attributes the great loyalties Ned inspired as well as his eventual downfall to this #039;grandiose#039; image he had of statement writing himself 7 . There appears to be some merit in this interpretation. After his father#039;s death in 1866, Ned Kelly became the male head of the family, at the age of twelve 8 . He would surely have had a great understanding of his mother#039;s problems in coping with a large and poor family, and this may explain his reverence for her. The Kelly brothers were also members of the Greta Mob. The mobs were gangs of native-born youths from various areas in the north-east region, most of whom migrated seasonally to rubric school literary essay, the Riverina, earning good money from shearing. They were, according to contemporary observers, #039;flash#039;, #039;larrikin#039; and #039;displayed a disregard for statement writing authority#039; 9 . Ned Kelly was held in high esteem by essays cameras, his fellows as he excelled in most of their activities - marksmanship, bushcraft, fighting and perhaps the most important pursuit of writing all lampooning authority. This may have been the basis for role essays Ned#039;s alleged #039;elevated conception of his powers#039; 10 . However, to portray Kelly only as a charismatic larrikin is to ignore a more serious part of his make-up. Thesis Writing! In his writings, Ned also showed great concern for the wider social and economic problems of the north-east region 11 . I am not sure that the man Dr. McIntyre describes would have shown such concern. On Gallapagos! Mrs.
Kelly#039;s arrest, conviction and sentence - based on, at best very confusing evidence - may have provided the impetus for the outbreak, but there appear to be more substantial reasons why a significant part of the community lent its support to the Kelly cause. McIntyre#039;s analysis may help to explain why it was Ned himself who led the uprising - and not somebody else - but fails to take account of the fact that it was such a widespread social phenomenon. Statement! John McQuilton argues that the outbreak was the result of economic and help social ills prevalent in the region and that given such conditions was virtually inevitable 12 . Statement Thesis Writing! In particular McQuilton focuses on the dramatic changes in technology, in role models essays, land use systems and in social systems that occurred during this period. These changes, he argues, could not fail to produce #039;profound results#039;, one of which was an statement thesis outbreak of social banditry 13 . Evidence from the period strongly supports such a view. The region was first occupied by squatters during the internet late 1830s and 1840s, and was largely settled by 1847.
By 1850, several villages were established, there were good seasons and high wool prices . 14. Between 1860 and 1880 several land reform laws were introduced, intended to halt the statement thesis writing monopoly of the squatters by creating a new rural class from the diggers - now experiencing diminishing returns on the goldfields. These laws made available small freeholds of help introduction thesis pastoral land for #039;selection#039; by any man or (single) woman over the age of statement thesis writing eighteen. Help Writing Introduction Thesis! 15. This effort to make land available to the new rural classes proved a failure however.
The government#039;s and the selectors#039; knowledge of agriculture, shaped by the European experience, proved largely to be inapplicable to statement, Australia .. Essays! 16. In addition, selection was opposed and obstructed by the squatters who used their superior knowledge of land conditions, political and financial influence, and evasion of certain regulations of the Land Acts to amass large holdings of premium land, leaving poorer land to selectors. . 17. This situation caused hardship and poverty among selectors, and stock theft became an increasing problem as the selectors sought to supplement meagre food supplies and income with stock stolen from squatters . Police inefficiency, corruption and harassment of selectors, and statement writing harsh treatment from magistrates, who were often themselves squatters heightened the antagonism . 18. The social atmosphere in the district at the time of the Kelly outbreak was one of bitternes and turbulence . As McQuilton 19 argues, the outbreak needs to are celebrities models essays, be seen as an extreme manifestation of the squatter/selector conflict based on unequal distribution of rural resources. Statement Thesis Writing! . Finding A Ghostwriter! To conclude, the statement Kelly outbreak cannot be understood without examining the social and political events which preceded it. The land acts of the 1860s, the internet reaction of the squatters, the Government#039;s and selectors#039; ignorance of the regional landscape caused widespread poverty among the thesis selectors. The new set of mores that emerged, in which the for high stealing and borrowing of squatters#039; stock was accepted and writing even condoned, brought the selectors into direct conflict with the police, who often acted as the on gallapagos islands squatters#039; men. Writing! This produced a social structure in help, which the squatters and selectors were directly opposed. Statement! These events can be seen as the underlying cause of the Kelly outbreak. 1 Doug Morrisey: #039;Ned Kelly#039;s Sympathisers#039;, Historical Studies, Vol 18, no 71 October 1978, pp.
290- 291. 3 The Age , 19 November, 1878. 4 McQuilton, J. The Kelly Outbreak 1878-1880: The Geographical Dimension of Banditry , Melbourne University Press, 1979, p. 188. 5 Ned Kelly, Jerilderie, Kelly Collection, Public Records Office of Victoria. 6 Angus McIntyre, #039;Ned Kelly, A Folk Hero#039;, in John Carroll, ed. Intruders in essays about cameras, the Bush, Melbourne, Oxford University Press. 1982, pp 38-53. 8 McQuilton, op. cit. p. 75. 10 McIntyre, op.cit. p38.
11 Ned Kelly, Jerilderie, Kelly Collection, Public Records Office of Victoria. 12 McQuilton, op.cit. Thesis! 15 Geoffrey Searle, The Golden Age, Melbourne University Press 1963, ch. 9. 16 I.D. McNaughton, #039;Colonial Liberalism 1852-92#039;, in Gordon Greenwood, ed. Austral , Angus and Robertson, Sydney., 1955, pp 118-119. 17 Searle op.cit. ch. 10. Essay's! 18 McQuilton, op. cit. ch. 3. Problems?
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lucy komisar resume Reports analysis by award-winning investigative journalist Lucy Komisar “” My Stasi Files: getting banned by East German secret police in the 80s. Filed under Blog, World. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can leave a response or trackback to this entry. By Lucy Komisar. November 8, 2009. The 20 th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall has called forth a plethora of statement, memories and celebrations.
Here are mine. I visited West Germany in 1983 as it held massive demonstrations against the U.S. plan to station medium range missiles on internet today German territory. The peace movement – objecting to writing the Ronald Reagan hard line against the East — had another view of how to writing bring down communism from within. The German government’s “Ostpolitik” – East politics – though denounced by the Reagan politicians, was ultimately successful. On several occasions I went to statement East Berlin on day visas (good till midnight) as a tourist to see people of the peace movement of the other side. Leaders on both sides knew each other and shared the are celebrities role view that militarism would not lead to peace or freedom. In 1985, as the dissident movement took hold in East Germany, I got a journalist’s visa, good for several days, and arranged to see government spokespeople.
More importantly, I arranged extensive contacts with the opposition. My contact with the government turned out rather surreal. Thesis Writing? I was going to see someone from the academic institute that studied the United States. Our conversations, of course, would be duly reported to the secret police, the Stasi (an acronym for Staatssicherheit , State Security). The government office arranging the interview told me I had to pay for a translator. I protested vehemently. “The people studying the United States speak very good English.
If you want to send someone to take notes of our discussions, do it, but don’t ask me to pay for it!” After I refused to back down, they dropped their demand for cash. But they did something else I didn’t find out about till later. They rifled my red Samsonite suitcase which I had left locked in my room at the Hotel Metropol on essay Friedrichstrasse. (I learned later that hotel was where the Venezuelan terrorist Carlos the Jackal frequently stayed). A year later, when I tried to cross the thesis border from West to East, the stone-faced guard told me, “Ihre Enreise in die DDR ist nicht erwunscht.” Your entrance into internet today, the GDR (German Democratic Republic) is not desired.” I loved the passive construction. Visa from Lucy Komisar’s Stasi file. A few years after that, I was a member of a group of U.S. Thesis Writing? journalists invited by a West German institute to participate in a seminar that included a day-trip to East Berlin to see the U.S. ambassador and for high school essay visit the GDR’s U.S. studies institute.
I told the organizer that she’d better make sure I’d be allowed over the border. “Oh, no problem,” she declared, brushing aside my qualms. The day of the visit arrived. Thesis Writing? We took the S-Bahn – the today rail line we could board in writing West Berlin but which sped through boarded up East German stops till it arrived at Friedrichstrasse. As my colleagues passed through the help writing introduction thesis border check, I wondered what would happen. Statement Thesis Writing? When my turn came, a government-issue stern-faced guard perused my passport, did some checks, and returned to announce, “Ihre Enreise in die DDR ist nicht erwunscht.” I waved to writing thesis the lady in charge of our group. “Well. Do something!” The guard directed me to a bench. Forty-five minutes later, I was waved through.
I went to the first appointment, with the U.S. Writing? ambassador, Richard Barkley. I’d gotten in, because under the post-war four-powers agreement, Ambassador Barkley had the right to have his visitors enter. “Well, what have you being doing?” he inquired, with a grin. I had contacted him before my trip, because in New York I played tennis with his ex-wife Brigitte and had sought a private interview in addition to the group meeting. I had the private interview, though not in the way I’d expected. When we finished chatting, I asked if he thought I could return the next day. Role Essays? “Ask the ministry of interior,” he replied, and dialed the number. I thanked the GDR official for letting me into his country and asked what would happen if I attempted to cross the border the next day. “I wouldn’t advise it,” he replied. I used the statement thesis writing rest of the day to visit some of the essays about dissidents I’d seen before. Then I left Friedrichstrasse at minutes before midnight. After the Wall was torn down, I was at a dinner given by statement thesis, the German Consul General in New York for Rev. Joachim Gauck, a former East German dissident who had been appointed the state ombusdman overseeing the Stasi files.
I told him I thought I might have some. He said, “Write me a letter.” I did and got back about finding 300 pages! Some of it was absurd. Government press releases I’d picked up in Romania and Bulgaria and statement other East European countries I’d been to before East Germany. Copies of my address books for Stockholm and cameras Paris, which I was visiting. But there was a lot more. There were pages indicating that I’d been followed by Stasi informants and statement thesis writing officers who had written about on gallapagos my contacts with East German dissidents.
A year later, I returned to Berlin and writing visited some of the people who I’d talked to and who had turned me in to the GDR secret police. For High School Essay? The article I wrote for the Wall Street Journal follows. After that are English translations of selected pages, plus a link to copies of pages from the statement thesis files, in German. Wall Street Journal, Dec 27, 1996. By Lucy Komisar. BERLIN—Guenter Krusche is a stocky, avuncular man who used to be the role models Lutheran superintendent for East Berlin.
I had interviewed him in thesis 1985 at his church, which that day was hosting a “peace fair,” a gathering of East German dissidents who sought protection of the church against harassment and arrest by the Stasi, East Germany’s state security police. I returned to see him this fall, because my own Stasi file, which I had just obtained, described my 1985 visit. I showed him the file, which included pictures of me at the peace fair. The Stasi had summarized my trip under the heading: “On the negative-enemy activities of the American citizen Lucy Komisar in association with underground persons of the GDR.” Suddenly, Mr. Essay's On Gallapagos? Krusche stunned me by blurting out, “I was listed as an unofficial collaborator” with the Stasi. Later I learned that when that had been made public a few years ago, the activists who had met in his church had denounced him. Statement? A few days after that, his daughter had committed suicide.
Mr. Krusche defended himself: “I had my visitors listed, but there are only two or three pages where talks I had with some people are documented.” The rest of our afternoon was given over to a discussion of the moral justification for the collaboration of some churchmen with the finding East German secret police. In 1990, the thesis writing year after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Stasi files were opened up; any German can go to an office in help writing Berlin and examine his. The millions of pages of files are still roiling German society. One ex-dissident has set up a library and statement writing research center to index activists’ Stasi papers; another, who declined to see the internet essay thousands of writing, pages about role essays herself, said she wasn’t about to spend the second half of her life reading about the first half. Sascha Anderson, a dissident poet who turned out to be an informer, is now shunned by the eastern literati. But some leftist intellectuals from western Germany, many still Marxists, don’t want to talk about or publish the political criticisms of the statement thesis former dissidents. Models Essays? . The church, once thought to be an statement thesis writing, ethical touchstone, turns out to have played a morally ambiguous role. Though some ministers were dissidents, others seemed to straddle the line between protecting dissidents and rubric for high school literary essay dealing with the Stasi to protect their own interests.
“After the wall was built,” explained Mr. Thesis? Krusche, “the church confronted the on gallapagos question: We live here and God is here; we are the church in socialism, and we do the best we can. They weren’t easy years.” There were practical matters: “If you wanted a passport, you had to talk with people.” Mr. Krusche argues that to offer support and statement writing refuge for dissidents as well as to get greater freedom for about, the church, the statement writing church needed contacts with the government—and that meant talking to the Stasi. And Mr. Krusche added: “The Western government worked with the East, but nobody is touching this. The files which contain these points are secret.” Dissidents, however, say some church leaders lacked courage. “Krusche could have talked to Stasi, but not reported on internet today essay people,” said Rainer Eppelmann, a leading dissident in East German times and now a member of parliament from the conservative Christian Democratic party. A short man with a beard and mustache, Mr. Eppelmann laughed when I reminded him of the time in 1983 I’d told an East Berlin taxi driver to drop me off on a corner several blocks from his church. “Oh, you’re going to thesis see Pastor Eppelmann!” the driver had smirked, After unification, Mr.
Eppelmann headed a three-year parliamentary inquiry into the East German dictatorship. Mr. Essays About Cameras? Anderson, the poet-informer, had been a sweet young man, a musician with long, blond hair. He was one of the first dissidents I’d met in East Berlin in 1983. Writing? In a cafe in finding the old, slightly bohemian neighborhood of Prenzlauer Berg, where many dissidents still live, he flipped through my files. People at peace fair, from Lucy Komisar’s Stasi files. He pointed to the report written by a Fritz Mueller and thesis declared, “That is me! I was an islands, unofficial collaborator.” He read on: “You went to a peace meeting, you were identified as a foreigner, then the Stasi followed you. Statement Writing? From the beginning of your trip, you were quickly observed.” Mr. Anderson showed no emotion as he sipped his espresso.
“Why did you report on me?” I asked. It appeared to have had nothing to do with ideology or the Cold War. “I had been in essays about cameras jail,” he shrugged. “I had to find a way to exist. I reported by telephone once a month for 20 years. Everyone has his own story.” In telling his story, Mr. Anderson gropes for some sort of explanation of his actions: “My grandmother was from Russia,” he noted, as If this meant something. He insisted he got no money, but his erstwhile colleagues scoffed at that. He added, defensively, “But I didn’t tell them what you said.” The church and dissident’ informers were willing collaborators used by the Stasi in the battle ‘against dissent. Thesis? And Western journalists were used by both sides. The dissidents used them for protection. Werner Fischer, left, talking to Lucy Komisar at peace fair, from Lucy Komisar’s Stasi files.
Werner Fischer, who recognized his lanky form in a photo of the church peace fair, was fired from his theater job after he joined the peace movement; he earned a living making pottery. “We wanted the State Security to know we had contacts,” he told me. Today? “They were protection. The Stasi knew that if something happened to us, the news would go throughout the world. But we always worried that you might not be able to come in.” Indeed, after my early visits, I was banned. Some Western journalists, in order to keep getting visas, shied away from reporting too much about the statement dissidents. Lutz Rathenow, a prominent East German writer who was part of both the literary and are celebrities role models essays political dissident movements, explained that East Germany let in journalists it thought it could influence. Those who wanted visas had to statement writing “play by the” rules” and not pay too much attention to dissidents. It was worse, he said, for for high essay, anyone who also had contact with government opponents from other East European countries. The moral issues raised by the Stasi files, though detailed in the press, have been generally ignored by political leaders, the church, and the public. Statement Thesis? “Krusche wasn’t criticized by the Church,” Mr. Eppelmann noted. “He was part of the establishment.” Many eastern Germans seem to view the are celebrities role models essays East German political drama as morality tale, featuring in lead roles the Stasi, the dissidents, the informers, the churchmen who made deals and the journalists who pulled punches.
Most East Germans were either bit players or spectators, the latter perhaps not applauding loudly but certainly not booing. Christophe Buch, a West German writer, says the public has been far too forgiving of Stasi criminals. “Markus Wolf; who ran foreign intelligence, is called ‘the charming, cultivated Stasi,’ ” Mr. Buch told me. “He is witty and funny, but he sent people to jail and had them tortured. Now he appears on statement thesis writing TV talk shows and models speaks about Russian recipes.” “People don’t want to know any more about it,” Mr. Fischer said. “The same happened after the Nazi time; there was never a real discussion of how it could happen. Was our silence partly to blame for thesis, the system? I don’t know if it’s typically German, but in the Nazi time and in East Germany, the majority was silent.” When I asked Mr. Krusche if the Stasi revelations raised moral questions for churchmen, I was surprised when he also brought up the essays about cameras failure to deal with German accommodation to the Nazis. “In East Germany it was always said we are the antifascist country, and therefore we don’t need any discussion about this,” he said. Writing? “One of the problems is that we never had a discussion of civil courage.” Calls to essays cameras close the statement thesis files now come from people on both sides of the old border.
Perhaps that is why Sascha Anderson seemed so unperturbed. “Politics today is economic politics,” he told me. “I don’t know a country where the priority is internet their history.” Click here for selections of the files I received from German authorities: Lucy Komisar’s Stasi files part 1, part 2, part 3. Here are my translations and thesis descriptions of selected pages from the files. Meetings with “Independent Peace Movement in the GDR” : Lutz Rathenow, Annedore Havemann, Rainer Eppelmann, Stefan Haym, Werner Fisher, Ulrike Poppe, Gerd Poppe, Martin-Michael Passauer. Nov 28, 83, report that Nov 1 and 2 I had crossed the border to see Lutz Rathenow, Annedore Havemann, Gerd Poppe, Barbel Bohley.
That I had “a great interest in the so called independent peace movement in the GDR.” That on Nov 2 I went to a church service on the theme “Fasting for Peace” at finding the church of Minister Passauer, talked with people in the peace group and took notes in English. That in 85 I took part in thesis a peace workshop at a church in Berlin. That in rubric for high 89 “K went with a group to statement visit the Academy for State and Legal Studies. K used her entry to meet Poppe and Fischer.” 24 Nov 83, a note that my papers had been copied when I cross the border. Internet Today? They would be translated to determine if I should be blocked from further entry. A note from the thesis source IMB Fritz Mueller to Major Heimann. [Fritz Mueller was the code name for rubric essay, Sascha Anderson.] Komisar is traveling in Europe to work for a number of large American papers. For one she is writing on the theme of Spanish Communism and her second central theme is the peace movement in the GDR and West Germany. Notes meetings with Lutz Rathenow (on Nov 1 in the evening), Gerd Poppe, Sascha Anderson, Barbel Bohley (Nov 2 from afternoon to evening).
On Nov 2 Komisar from writing, 10 to about 1 was at Poppe, from 1 to 3 at Anderson and from 3 to essay's islands 5 at Barbel Bohley. From there to statement thesis Minister Passauer at rubric the church. There she was going to a service on the theme of Fasting for Peace and to have talks with the peace circle. In the afternoon would have a meeting with the secretary of Krusche, to talk about peace politics with Eppelmann, Passauer and Misselwitz, to writing interview people from the independent peace movement. She points out that there is a difference with the Soviet Union where left and right dissidents exist, while in essays about cameras the GDR there are left dissidents and scarcely rightists.
She asked Poppe which politics he follows and Poppe answered [blacked out]. From Poppe and Rathenew she got the answer that [blacked out]. Lucy Komisar speaks German, but not very well. She is happy when she can speak English. So she spoke English in her talk with the secretariat of Krusche. On the phone she was told that she would need state authorization/permission to have an official interview with Krusche. Komisar endeavored to have an unofficial talk with Passauer. At the same time, she received the statement writing information that it would be possible without giving names at any time to have an on gallapagos islands, interview. Since Nov 1, 83 she is in West Berlin and comes daily with a day visa to statement Berlin.
Report on a citizen of the USA who is organized in the peace movement. On Nov 2, 83, about 10:05 pm from the role models essays capital of the GDR the citizen of the USA, Lucy Komisar, went over the border at Friedrichstr Bahnhof into West Berlin. In her handbag were found a notebook with handwritten notes, English, sometimes shorthand, a slip of paper with names and phone numbers. She tried to have the notebook not taken. In this situation she was reserved and cold. In the notebook were the words SS 20, SU-US, (and some names and address) Most of the notes were not legible. [The SS 20s were Soviet intermediate range missiles.]
On a loose slip were the names, Gerd Ryke, Sascha Anderson, Barbel Bohley, Gunter Krosche, Werner Fischer, Jutta Seidel, Cora Hubchen, Katja Havemann, Frau Lewll, Reinhard Schult, Martin Boettger. [Actually it was Gerd Poppe at Rykestr.] (conversation about thesis being in peace movement, opposition to a ghostwriter all weapons, east and west, the danger of statement writing, a computer error) She was friendly and polite. She was cleanly dressed and well groomed. signed by the operative, Morgenstern, OSL and finding Major Naumann. Report at Nov 4 83 that at the border railway station F, Komisar is statement writing subject known through clarification of circumstances on Nov 2. In the framework of filtration it could be established that Komisar appeared with further persons.
She was at the same clearance place and spoke in English very stirred up during her waiting period. Her traveling companions were Julia Hanilsberg, Korean Mendell, Korean Schreiber, Shari Liebermann, Alchen Alan Esquibel. Essay's Islands? [I never heard of any of statement thesis, them.] It was not possible to talk with those persons. They said they were entering as tourists. Further measures/ precautions.
Head of the central service informed that the writing introduction thesis searched for object and statement thesis writing the traveling companies would be returned to West Berlin together. OLZ of the head office Gen Boehm notified. OPD Berlin Gen Hornig informed. signed Morgenstern and Naumann. note Dear General, further investigations are initiated. After the rubric for high school translation of the materials decide over search or ban. Investigation of Lucy Komisar. The search was initiated. All the reports follow under the number…
Proposals on the extension must be filed by the latest 14 days before the statement thesis expiration of the period by the HA VI, Office of investigation by the service of the commune 20 days before the expiration of the period by the responsible office. then June 25, 85. On June 14, 85 at 11:50 the consulate has given a visa to the prohibited object #053 etc. Learn that she was banned in Dec 83 because she used her stay in the capital of the GDR Nov 1 and essay's on gallapagos islands 2 to writing talk with Lutz Rathenow, Gerd Poppe, Annedore Havemann, Sascha Anderson and Barbel Bohley to get information over the so-called independent peace movement in the GDR. She also used the trip to go to a church service of the essay's on gallapagos known Minister Passauer on the theme of Fasting for Peace on Nov 2, 83 and had a talk with Passauer’s peace group. It was proposed by the HA II the ground of the thesis writing entry and essays about nonobservance of the ban through the thesis MfAA as well as to let Komisar prove her concrete intention and through that to decide if the visit for the time should be approved. The operative would draw up suitable preventive measures if Komisar contacted underground people in the capital of the GDR. Then a note, [name misspelled] Lucie Comeson, journalist from NY, made contact with Gunter Krusche.
She communicated that she was staying a week in Berlin to do a report and on this ground wants a conversation with Gunter K. Gunter K wants above all to know for whom she works, upon internet, which she says that she is freelance journalist. Above all she works for the newspapers Miami Herald, San Francisco Chronicle and Philadelphia Inquirer. With regard to an interview appointment Gunter K observes that this week is very full. Lucie Comeson can come to thesis writing his office on Sunday since because of the essays about Peace Workship he will be there. Statement Thesis Writing? Gunter K is of the opinion that she can meet a lot of interesting young and older people there.
There she can see specifically what she can’t see on the street. Gunter K believes that the people she speaks with will also have the right questions. Lucie Comeson will arrange to go to Gunter K’s office on Sunday and lets him describe the way to get there. 13:28 hours. Then some days later 3 pictures of me at the Peace Workshop as well as one at a cafe where I went to help writing thesis talk with Barbel Bohley. At this point I picked up a sobriquet, Balken (means a long flat piece of statement thesis writing, wood). 6/29/85 interview with Barbel B. “Balken” (Komisar) 29.6 17:08 hours. “Latte” interview with Bohley. “Latte” and a ghostwriter a woman who has the name “Balken” leave the Church grounds. They walk in the direction of Noldnerstrase to an ice cream cafe in Lueckstrasse.
At the ice cream cafe with Barbel Bohley, right, photo from Lucy Komisar’s Stasi files. 17:13 the thesis writing two people go into the cafe, buy two ice creams and take a table in the garden of the Cafe. Internet Today Essay? “Balken” takes out of a black, leather-like case a computer-like machine with keyboard and built-in screen and both people occupy themselves intensively with this machine, the keyboard of which Balken uses. [ This was the Radio Shack Model 100 ] On the way to the cafe and during the conversation there Balken and Latte carried on a stimulating conversation, of which Latte was the leader. 18:11 Two unknown men walk into the cafe with a 4 year old child, go up to Balken and Latte at the table and sit down after casual greetings. In the continued course of the conversation Latte looked at a large sheet of paper the thesis contents of which no particulars could be made. 18:28 Balken, Latte, the two men and the child leave the cafe and walk through Noldnerstrasse back to the Church which they. 18:35 enter, where they were previously. 17:30 the event ends. At this time a large number of the participants leave the area alone or in groups and set out predominantly for help writing thesis, the Rummelsburg S-bahn [railway] station or go with the ready PKW. 18:00 about 25 persons stay at the church area. 18:01 Eppelmann leaves with his PKW from the area.
19:00 were only a few people at statement writing the church area. 19:50 Balken leaves the place of the event. From there the thesis observation at the Erloschurch was broken and the Balken connection carried on. Writing? She walked through Noldnerstrasse to the Rummelsburg S-bahn station. 19:57 She walked into the station, bought a fare card in the automatic machine and went onto for high school, the platform.
20:02 She went with the S-bahn in the direction of Alexanderplatz. 20:14 Balken got out at writing Alexanderplatz, stayed on the platform and got. 20:16 in a train in the direction of Friedrichstrasse that shortly left. 20:19 she got off at islands the Friedrichstrasse station, left the train station and went in the direction of the Metropol Interhotel which she. 20:29 walked into. There she went to the reception and thesis asked if anything might be left for essay's on gallapagos, her, that she had an statement thesis, appointment at literary essay 12:30 that she could not keep. I could not hear what was answered. Following that, she went to the 7th floor. 30.6 12:20 [can’t read it], photo. 14:00 meeting with Bohley.
15:35 talk with Eppelmann. 16:50 Fischer, interview with technical apparatus [my computer]. On the negative-enemy activities of the USA citizen Lucy Komisar in association with underground persons of the GDR. On June 14, 85 it was learned that USA citizen Lucy Komisar proposed a visa for thesis, entry into the capital of the GDR from June 24 to July 7. along with a journalistic plan request. Komisar was first in November 83 operative made an are celebrities models essays, appearance as she on Nov 1 and 2 used her entrance as a tourist to talk with Lutz Rathenow, Gerd Poppe, Annedore Havemann, Barbel Bohley and Alexander Anderson, to take part in a church service of the known Minister Martin-Michael Passauer on the theme of Fasting for statement, Peace and over the talks took notes which on her return over the border were taken and documented. Komisar continued to attempt on Nov 4 83 together with other persons from the USA to travel into essay's on gallapagos islands, the capital of the thesis GDR. This trip was as a result of the short-term initiated banning measure together with for are celebrities role models, one to prevent this day’s planned provocative action by statement, underground people of the GDR together with members of the FRG [West German] Greens. [I had thought so]
On the ground of the above mentioned activities a travel ban was initiated against Komisar. On the internet ground of the statement thesis aforementioned activities a travel ban was initiated. Investigation by the head office II on finding the requested visa from June 24 to July 7 1985 showed that Komisar at the international press center of writing, MfAA was accredited for on June 27 a talk with the secretary of the NDPD director Hartmann and on June 28 a talk with the chief editor of the magazine Horizont, Gen Schwabe, with collaborators of the Institutes for Politik and Economy as well as with collaborators of the Institute for help writing introduction, International Relations in Potsdam. During these plans Komisar was accompanied by a known GDR escort. As a result of this investigation the entry ban against statement thesis writing, Komisar was for finding a ghostwriter, the said time interrupted. Her entry in the capital of the GDR would follow on June 24 and the exit on June 30. During the period of her time here Komisar lived in the Hotel Metropol. Through the control operation was carried in coordination with the local administration of Berlin, it was learned that Komisar misused her hoped for entry possibility in the capital of the GDR, so that addition to her registered journalistic plan, she had interview talks with known operatives of the statement thesis political underground and on this account prepared notes. So did she on June 29 in a cafe have an extensive talk with the known operative Ulrike Poppe, and before apparently from today essay, a message of Komisar an interview with Barbel Bohley. Komisar was further photographed on statement thesis writing June 30 from 12:20 to 16:50 at the “Peace Workshop” at the Erloserkirche in Berlin, Noldnerplatz, and essay's islands she had conversations with known operatives Rainer Eppelmann, Werner Fischer and Barbel Bohley about which she made written notes.
After leaving the “Peace Workshop” she traveled to statement writing West Berlin. Unofficially it can be further known that Komisar on June 25 had contact with the known writer Sefan Heym and expressed the introduction thesis wish to talk with him about questions of foreign policy in the GDR and the East-West relations. This talk was refused by Heym because he only speaks about his literary work. It was proposed over the MfAA to take a decision if Komisar on the ground of her activities together with the thesis writing underground people should be allowed further entries for journalistic plans in the GDR in the future. (copies to five places: Director of HA XX, HA II, BV Berlin, Office XX, HAXX/AKG, and HA XX/9. (HA XX is the church office) K is freelance journalist and finding a ghostwriter writes for statement thesis writing, Miami Herald, Philadelphia Inquirer, Newsday, The Nation, sometimes in the NY Times. She is concerned with foreign policy, especially with LA and Europe.
For some years she regularly visits West Europe (Germany, France, Italy, Sweden, Finland, Denmark) [later two not true] During these trips she has interviewed W. Brandt, H. Ehmke, K Voigt and E. Essays? Bahr as well as Craxi and Palme. [This was Willy Brandt, Horst Ehmke, Karsten Voigt, Egon Bahr – all German Social Democratic leaders – and Bruno Craxi and Olaf Palme, socialist leaders of Italy and Sweden]. The suggestion to visit also the GDR and other socialist countries came from W Brandt and other men of the SPD. So she has taken the proposal of the press attache in the GDR in Washington to travel. K would like through this trip to find out how people in East and thesis West Europe think about the a ghostwriter relations between the US and USSR, FRG and GDR, SDI and the American foreign policy in general. The talks in thesis the GDR pleased her a lot. She had not expected such open and constructive talks on the basic themes.
She didn’t like American foreign policy because it didn’t take reality into account. For example in Central America Reagan was playing a hopeless game. Finding A Ghostwriter? He didn’t take into account the real interests of the people in this area. According to her, it would not come through American military intervention because the statement writing US would risk its political influence in this area and introduction thesis the anti-American mood could deepen. She holds the strengthening of the economic and financial pressure on Nicaragua as possible. The reaction in writing the US Congress after the Ortega visit in Moscow is writing introduction due according to initiated American political circles to the support of the contras, it doesn’t include the statement writing right of the president to send troops. Vietnam is in political circles not long surmounted. K starts out from that after the Reagan administration the American foreign policy in this area will change. One would under certain relations be ready to work together, for ex Nicaragua’s solution in neutrality. In the winter months she will travel again to Nicaragua, Honduras and essay's islands El Salvador.
Komisar is traveling after her GDR stay to Prague, Budapest and probably to statement thesis Vienna (she doesn’t know exactly). The talks in the GDR have strengthened her wish to visit the GDR again in rubric for high essay 1986. Then she would deal with special GDR problems. In this event she criticizes that the working conditions for American journalists in the GDR are really more complicated than in the FRG. Statement Thesis? There she can call people she wants to speak with directly.
Since she didn’t know the GDR, she informed herself in the FRG. In the SPD circles, with which she has close relations, were the internet today names E. Krenz, H Axen, H Haeber, O Fischer, K Nier, K Gysi known as competent people to see. K makes a markedly intelligent impression. She travels a lot, next to statement Europe and Latin America she has visited Africa. She maintains that she is objective. She is against any sensational journalism known in East and West and help introduction thesis rejects every kind of slander and is against such words as class struggle, deadly enemy, foe, etc. Thesis? Such a form of journalism stirs up hatred.
She would only write what she can completely account for. atop: streng geheim: strictly secret/confidential. Dear Chief Reuter. For the writing thesis proposal of Lucy Komisar promptly to decide again. On the thesis negative-enemy activities of the essay USA citizen Lucy Komisar together with underground persons of the GDR. On June 14, 85 it was learned that USA citizen Lucy Komisar proposed a visa for statement thesis writing, entry into the capital of the GDR from June 24 to July 7 along with a journalistic plan request. Investigation by the HA II revealed that Komisar by the International Press center of MfAA had asked for accreditation for on June 27 a talk with the secretary of the rubric NDPD director Hartmann and on June 28 a talk with the chief editor of the magazine Horizont, Gen Schwabe, with collaborators of the statement writing Institutes for Politics and Economy as well as with collaborators of the Institute for International Relations in are celebrities role Potsdam. As a result of this investigation the entry ban against Komisar was for the said time interrupted and Komisar got a visa for the time from June 24 to June 28, 1985. The entry ban was initiated in November 1983 because Komisar on writing Nov 1 and 2 83 used her entry as a tourist to about cameras the capital of the GDR to talk with the known operatives Lutz Rathenow, Gerd Poppe, Annedore Havemann, Barbel Bohley and statement Alexander Anderson followed by taking part in a church service of the known operative Minister Martin-Micahel Passauer on the theme of “Fasting for Peace” and prepared extensive notes over the following talks.
These notes were on introduction thesis her departure at statement the border seized and finding documented. Komisar continued to attempt on Nov 4 83 together with other persons from the thesis USA to travel into the capital of the GDR. This trip was as a result of the short-term initiated banning measure together with one to prevent this day’s planned provocative action by underground people of the GDR together with members of the FRG [West German] Greens. Through the control operation was carried in coordination with the a ghostwriter local administration of Berlin, it was learned that Komisar misused her hoped for entry possibility in statement thesis writing the capital of the GDR, so that addition to her registered journalistic plan, she had interview talks with known operatives of the about cameras political underground and on this account prepared notes. She didn’t leave after the expiration of her visa on June 28, instead she obtained a visa extension in the Hotel Metropol where she lived through her stay. On June 29 Komisar went to a cafe for thesis writing, an extensive talk with the known operative Ulrike Poppe, and before apparently from role models essays, a message of Komisar an interview with Barbel Bohley. Komisar was further photographed on June 30 from 12:20 to 16:50 at thesis writing the “Peace Workshop” at the Erloserkirche in Berlin, Noldnerplatz, and help thesis she had conversations with known operatives Rainer Eppelmann, Werner Fischer and Barbel Bohley about which she made written notes. The meetings with the named persons was photographically documented by Office VIII of the community administration of Berlin. With regard to the contents of the talks of thesis writing, Komisar with the about cameras named persons cant be gotten at writing because all the talks were under four eyewitnesses, and the planted unofficial source had no possibility to take part. After leaving the “Peace Workshop” Komisar traveled to West Berlin. Unofficially it can be further known that Komisar on June 25 had contact with the known writer Stefan Heym and expressed the role essays wish to talk with him about questions of foreign policy in the GDR and East-West relations.
This talk was refused by Heym because he speaks only about his literary work. Through an unofficial source of the HVA it was known that Komisar after some work as a freelance journalist works for the USA newspapers Miami Herald, Philadelphia Inquirer, Newsday and The Nation and is involved with foreign policy themes, especially with Latin America and Europe. She regularly for some years visits West Europe and has through that contacts with leading politicians of the thesis SPD by whom it was suggested that she should visit the GDR and other socialist states. Her visit in essays the GDR was further attributed to statement thesis writing a suggestion of the press attache of the help thesis embassy of the thesis GDR in the USA. Concerning her trip through Europe is to find out what one in East and West Europe thinks about the relations between the USA and the SSR, between the FRG and the GDR, of the so-called strategic defense initiative of the USA as well as about American foreign policy. Komisar left the source the impression that she is very happy with her talks in the GDR and has a strengthened wish to visit the GDR again in 1986. Then she would deal with special GDR problems. According to essays about her declaration to the source, Komisar plans after her stay in the GDR to go to Prague and statement Budapest as well as to Vienna. It was proposed to give the information on the knowledge of the on gallapagos HA II and to check whether to produce further information on the activities of Komisar during her stay in the GDR. Through the statement thesis ZAIG have prepared a party information on which grounds by the MfAA a decision can be taken if Komisar on the grounds of her activities together with the essays about cameras underground people should be allowed further entries for journalistic purposes in thesis the GDR in the future.
Dear chief lieutenant Reuter. Check the enclosed sheets of the known talk. Accordingly prepare official information for the MfAA. Working material of a freelance journalist from the USA whose trip in the socialist states was supported by the SPD [That is the West German Social Democratic Party.] The American citizen Lucy Komisar. Came on Aug 26, 1985 at about 9:05 am with the Flight LO 161 from Warsaw to Berlin-Schoenefeld airport to continue a trip to West Berlin. According to the documented requested English-speaking working material, she is finding a ghostwriter a freelance journalist and writer. According to her resume, she gained in 1964 the statement writing academic grade BA in history from the City University in New York.
She speaks in essays addition to her mother tongue also Spanish, French and Italian. Besides that she has a basic knowledge of German and Portuguese. Her article “German Ostpolitik” for the US press agency AP compares the attitude of the former SPD government with that of the CDU/CSU/ FDP coalition toward the socialist states. Especially criticizes the conflictive statements of Chancellor Kohl and other rightist politicians on the question of borders in Europe. In addition, Komisar refers to the planned trip in July/August 1985 to the GDR, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania and Poland. The trip is in accord with Eugen Selbmann from a concrete objective of the thesis trip is not contained in the submitted writing from May 29 85 signed Selbmann, stationary of islands, Prof.
Dr. Horst Ehmke, Member of the German Parliament, about people considered Komisar should see of thesis writing, which the following were recommended: Poland: Rakowski, Bercikowski, Richard Wojna and from the Catholic Church circle Miczewski. Hungary: Berecz, Acil (Cited: “You remember we had in last year a good talk with him), Peter Reenyi from the Newspaper Neepzabadzaag. Czechoslovakia: “it is very hard here to today essay get a good person to talk with. Statement Thesis? The best man would naturally be Bilak, but I don’t think he would be available…Naturally a talk with Hayek offers itself, but in the opposite situation in Prague our embassy cant arrange it, but the on gallapagos islands Norwegian embassy can. Statement Writing? I would talk covertly with our ambassador, but I must then know what days you are going to be in Prague.” (A Hajek, Jiri, is known as the signatory of “Charter 77,” inimical to the state.) Komisar was in writing from June 21, 1985 informed about her contact possibilities in the forenamed states.
So she in Warsaw should go to Mr. Glabinski Interpress and models the FRG Ambassador Mr. Koepping. In Hungary, Arpad Argita, SK of the USAP, was informed about her trip. For Czechoslovakia it was foreseen that she would phone Mr.
Scheuer from the FRG embassy. During her trip in the socialist states she prepared handwritten notes that are very hard to read. [They didn’t know the half of it–besides my speedwriting, meant to be intelligible only to me, most of my notes were carried on floppy disks!] The notes include interview meetings and advice about the thesis writing names of people to help writing introduction thesis see. Enclosure: film negative. Appropriate specific measures Komisar would go through a notifiedborder control at statement thesis writing the OG ZF . The control reached only the large pack and was without knowledge of the thesis traveler.
….of Komisar in the ban of… Statement on thesis writing result of the finding a ghostwriter search object. The object aimed on Apr 26, 88 to statement writing travel to the capital of the GDR at finding 17:38. The object was sent back. Supplementary statement of the object: use other side [not there]. Then comes 19 pages of my notebook notes, which are for some reason later repeated since they couldn’t read them. Seroxes of my phone calling card, health insurance card. Several forms list me as a political science professor. I’m not, but I have a feeling I might have said that first time at the border when they found my notes about the writing SS20 since I figured I feared they’d take them if I said I was a journalist; but they never figured out that mistake, and the ID persisted. Then there are 9 pages in Russian, sent at various times to the KGB. Czechoslovakia (sent from are celebrities role, Czechoslovakia to the Stasi).
K is a person that the EID pursued, seized. On July 9, 1985, in statement thesis writing Czechoslovakia she visited Jiri Hayek, a member of the “Charter 77.” She is interested in the current situation in Czechoslovakia and the results of the are celebrities role accomplishment of the writing resolution of the essay's on gallapagos Helsinki Conference in thesis writing Czechoslovakia. K met with various members of the Czechoslovakian opposition. During her stay in Czechoslovakia, she collected material for enemy propaganda activity in the USA against Czechoslovakia. K was processed in are celebrities models essays 1985 through administration 10 of the statement thesis writing KNS of the Czechoslovakia operative. The statements appear on the year 1985 and were put in the system in about cameras 198?
may 29, 85 letter from thesis, Eugen Seltmann, notice for internet, Dr. Horst Ehmke, MP, People for Lucy Komisar to see. My advice for Warsaw: Rakowski, Barcikowski, Wojna and thesis writing out of the Catholics, the top close camp, Miczewski. As for the first three, I would recommend that you in the next week your speak with Riyszard Wojna. The talk with Miczewski should be arranged through our embassy in Warsaw (Koerting). For Hungary: Berecz and the Politburo member Acil. You remember we had a good talk with him last year. If the help writing thesis meeting for the Budapest visit is arranged, we should connect the Hungarian ambassador on statement thesis writing the arrangements, for example I will phone Hargita directly in Budapest. Czechoslovakia: Here it is very hard to get a competent person to interview. The best man would naturally be Bilak, but I don’t think he could be available. Essay's On Gallapagos Islands? Ambassador Meyer in Prague is these days cut off through a new ambassador, I don’t remember the name, who till now was in Latin America and doesn’t have any knowledge of statement, Czechoslovakia.
You have an opportunity of finding a ghostwriter, course for a talk with Hayek and in the opposition situation in Prague our embassy can’t arrange that, but the Norwegian embassy can. I would covertly happily talk with our ambassador, but I must then know what days you will be in thesis writing Prague. Further: Peter Reenyi, from the newspaper Neepzabadzang. And another letter June 21 85, letterhead SPD Fraction in essays about cameras the German Parliament, Coming back from our talk, I pass on as people to interview. For Warsaw: at Interpress, Mr. Statement Thesis? Glabinski. He is apprised by the Polish embassy. And Mr. Herting from the FRG embassy. He is at the phone number 004822/12 30 12 or 17 60 44 or 17 60 45.
In Hungary you should meet with Mr. Arpad Hargita. A Ghostwriter? He is also apprised. He is reachable at the phone number 00361/ 311-400. In Czechoslovakia you should contact Mr Scheur from the Germany embassy.
You can reach him at the number 00422/ 53 23 51. With friendly greetings, Eugen Seltmann. Then copies of my typescript of a story on thesis German Ostpolitik (copied 4 times) A government paper on Bulgarian Jews. Another “Negative Aspects of Private Farm Plots Criticized.”
Ways of role, Achieving Higher Agricultural Output Discussed. Names and statement thesis phone numbers of contacts in Sweden and France. “Andrei Gromyko replies to questions on the meeting between the USSR and the USA in Geneva.” A U.S. State Dept paper on “Soviet Active Measures: The Christian Peace Conference.”
A U.S. government paper about issue of on gallapagos, MFN for statement thesis writing, Romania, Hungary, China, 12 pgs. About 20 pages copied backwards, make sense if you hold them to a mirror (more U.S. government statements). Some 50 pages of notes from a small appointment book. Names, directions, expense records, most not intelligible even to me. Copies of my airline ticket for cameras, the Europe trip. Copies of 33 business cards from officials, journalists and others in various East European countries. A copy of statement thesis writing, my official program in Budapest. A page of phone numbers of American and internet other western media representatives in statement thesis Warsaw. A paper with phone numbers of dissidents I was planning to contact on 1983 trip.
Pictures of are celebrities role, me at the “peace fair,” 1985. My favorite pages are the statement thesis seven last, directions for today essay, how to use the Radio Shack Model 100 computer (remember that?) with acoustic couplers–a few pages of diagrams and complex formulae such as (tab) (graf + f) (enter), or “Basic Error Codes, such as Code 52 FF File Not Found.” I like to thesis writing imagine the Stasi analysts puzzling over that. 4 Responses for “My Stasi Files: getting banned by East German secret police in the 80s” Great article. Finding A Ghostwriter? Your file has satisfied a great deal of curiosity for me. I am sure there is a file on me as well, though not of any real interest as my visits were quite mundane. It is fascinating to see the statement writing correlation between your activities and the STASI reports. How do I request a copy of my Stasi file? Der Bundesbeautragte fur die Unterlagen des Staatssicherheitsdienstes der ehemaligen Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. The phone is 49 (0)30 2241 70. Fax is 49 (0)30 2241 7762.
(In both cases, exclude the first 0 if you call from outside Germany. 49 is code for Germany, 30 is role models Berlin.) Include the relevant details, including the years you are looking into and your date of birth. […] no personal knowledge, but saw this from statement, Lucy Komisar#039;s (journalist) website: How do I request a copy of my Stasi file? LK: Write to Der Bundesbeautragte fur die Unterlagen des Staatssicherheitsdienstes der ehemaligen Deutschen Demokratischen Republik Glinkastrasse 35 10117 Berlin Germany The phone is 49 (0)30 2241 70 Fax is 49 (0)30 2241 7762 (In both cases, exclude the first 0 if you call from outside Germany) Include your date of birth. Essay? – See more at: http://www.thekomisarscoop.com/2009/….Eo53apPS.dpuf […] I actually studied outside of Dresden in thesis a small city in models essays Radebeul for 3 months in 1988/1989. I studied initially in class for westerners (only 2 girls from Austalia) showed up) and then joined goup of communist students from throughout communist block and thesis studied German with them. It was amazing. I was American living in Switzerland before I went and role essays was interviewed at East German consulate by Ambassador before getting my Visa. Thesis Writing? I’m sure they thought I was a spy but I was only out for essays, cheap tuition. I’d love to see the statement thesis writing file on cameras me.
The whole place was bugged I’m sure.
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23 Beautiful Examples of Web Site Archives. When it comes to beautiful web design, one of the most overlooked elements of thesis writing a web site is the site’s archive listings. As a result, I really appreciate a well-designed archive listing when I come across one, and for high school have gathered together some of the best examples I’ve seen for this article. Let’s take a tour through this collection of sites in statement thesis writing which the archive listings are original, beautifully designed and, in some cases, bursting with attention to detail. Along the way, we’ll discuss what magic has been employed to make an archive’s look work so well. A couple of really standout sites appear more than once here, due to the multiple ways in which archive listings are presented on the same site. One of the rubric school literary essay, most common places for a site to display its archive listings is in the sidebar.
These listings are typically broken up into a listing by category and by writing, date, and sometimes may include a listing by recency, a calendar view, or a tag cloud. Essay's Islands! Let’s take a look at writing, Szabolcs Bakos’s site, New Concept. Are Celebrities Role Essays! In this example, the archive listing is displayed in the second column one of two sidebars on thesis writing the right side of the page. This archive listing starts with Categories, then has two links to a complete archive and a category archive, followed by Recent Comments. It has a very blocky treatment, but it works nicely with the site design. The archive treatment in this sidebar, showing the rubric school essay, recent comments and recent entries, are minimal yet elegant. Statement! The spacing and typography work well and make this example very attractive. The header treatments in this sidebar are nice. But what really catches my eye is the most recent comment, which is islands, beautifully styled in a phylactery with a watercolor background.
The type is low-contrast, so could be considered hard to read; however, in this context, as it’s not the predominant element on the page, it’s a great effect (and includes a link to statement thesis writing, the comment where it can be read in higher contrast). The Statement uses a bold sidebar for essay's its archive listing, which feels dimensional, even though it’s just a solid stripe with rules. The most popular posts are very dominant, and use a fun numbered style to indicate the order of popularity. The next sidebar treatment we’ll look at uses a calendar, a feature that was seen frequently on writing earlier blogs, and not as much on newer blogs. Here’s the essay's islands, Viget Extend web page. And here’s a close-up of the calendar.
The blocky date style in statement the calendar above is a nice touch. The days with posts stand out more, and you can view the previous and models next month using the pagination appearing to statement, the left and right of the month and year listed on top of the calendar. A Ghostwriter! This site also uses a calendar in the sidebar, and thesis not much else, other than a link to an index and internet today essay the RSS feed linked icon. Writing! The calendar is more open than blocky, which works well with this layout’s whitespace. The linked days use a bold yet fun pink underline. For something a little different, here’s coda.coza. The sidebar treatment on this site uses a tag cloud to show the popularity of keywords that the post has been tagged with. It also lists recent comments and finding most popular posts, in a simple but nicely styled set of lists. Writing! The tags are in low contrast against the background, and use different sizes to indicate popularity. Jeff’s site is very clean and minimal, yet uses some really nice details, ranging from rounded corners and drop shadows to incredible-looking bar graphs. The archive styling in this sidebar focuses on clean typography.
However, the most eye-catching element would be his fun, unique way of displaying popular tags; rather than using the tag cloud, he uses a horizontal bar-graph CSS-styled info-graphic. Rubric For High School Essay! I could actually steal this Next, we have the web page of statement writing Alex Buga. A Ghostwriter! The archive treatment in statement thesis this sidebar, showing the recent comments and role recent entries, are minimal yet elegant. The spacing and typography work well to make this example very attractive. The recent articles module in the sidebar are very glossy, and have expand and contract features to thesis, show or hide the content. While the unfortunate wrapping issue is unsightly, everything else looks really tight. Are Celebrities Models! The archive listing in the sidebar on this site avoids being over-designed, and is very compact. The list style is nice, and I like the colors.
A criticism is that the list looks very detached from the interactive header it belongs to, and writing there are a few spacing issues. This sidebar uses a tab-switcher style archive listing, which shows different archive listing views, and helps keep the sidebar uncluttered from all the views. Today! Tab-switching content can sometimes hinder usability, but the icons in the tabs help draw attention to it. Statement Thesis! Rather than using a sidebar, a common trend in web site design is to place supplementary information (such as navigation, archive listings, photo thumbnails, and so on) in the footer. If used instead of a sidebar, the footer allows for more room in the content area for that page’s primary content; it also creates a nice anchor for the bottom of the page. Essay's! We’ll look at footers that are more defined as the “floor” of the web site; we’ll also look at some “pseudo-footers,” in statement which the content falls at about, the bottom of the content post area. Some of these examples are of sites we’ve already looked at for sidebars.
Those sites get double points! The footer treatment for this site is a large, dark area mostly used for thesis archives. For High School Literary! The category listing follows the same width as the content area, while the monthly archive follow the same width as the sidebar area. The typography used in these archive listings are gorgeous, and thesis writing accented by nice rules and simple, yet elegant graphic treatments. Designing the essays about cameras, News also uses a dark space at the bottom of the statement thesis, page to display supplementary information.
The archive treatment here is super simple: just a list of popular tags and the latest experiment. Nimbupani Designs has an interesting and effective solution. The archive listing in this footer section cannot be missed; bright yellow is hard to essay's on gallapagos islands, overlook! The stitching appearance around the border is playful and really makes this footer work. Statement! The archive listing simply uses a Popular posts listing and a tag cloud for Categories. Komodo makes use of a really great-looking calendar at essays about cameras, the bottom of the content area; this is statement, what I’m calling a “pseudo-footer”, because it’s more like the bottom of the post area, rather than the bottom of the web site. The calendar uses horizontal rows, each representing one year’s worth of posts; months that contain posts are brighter and linked. The wood-grain header and leave detail are a very nice touch.
Another site we’ve looked at before, Intensify.org by Rachel uses the bottom sections of the page to summarize reviews of movies, books, and music. In this Movies footer section, the typewritten and hand-drawn look is fun and finding a ghostwriter playful. Thesis Writing! For something different: Fling Media. Fling Media uses a “swisher” or a “slider” (whatever you might call it), at the bottom of the page. Each article posting represented here are designed to look like little pages: very cute! Some web sites have an entire page or pages devoted to archives. Unfortunately, the majority of the examples I have seen use a very bland list of posts. They seem to be the finding, forgotten pages, or an writing, afterthought.
So it’s really nice to come across a striking archive page often, it can make or break the design of the web site. The examples we’ll look at now show a few different ways designers have chosen to display their archive pages. Once again, a few of these examples are of web sites we’ve already looked at. (Triple points!) Jason Santa Maria‘s archive page, entitled Articles, is a super-clean, minimal design, and it’s very well done. Recent entries, a category listing, monthly archive, and “design tags” make up the components. The “design tag” is islands, a fun concept, where Jason plans to add additional styling and statement thesis imagery for the web site design, depending on post; these designs are tagged with attributes of the design, which can then be indexed here. Boagworld uses a simple styled list for the archive page. There is also a latest shows listing for essays about the podcasts, which uses another simple styled list, but shows more detail for the most recent show.
Finally, a tag filtering mechanism makes finding relevant posts much easier. Orderedlist uses a clean article listing, with nice subtle rules to add a bit of dimensionality. There is also a filter search field that uses “live-search” -like effects, which could be compared to Mac OS X’s Spotlight search. Designing the News uses a simple archive page with archives by month and by category. Writing! While I do feel that this page could have been pushed a little bit further, I like the combination of Archives with Search. The bar graph style that Jeff used in his sidebar implementation is used again on his tag archive page a refreshing way to visualize popularity. And another appearance from The Statement! The Statement uses the writing introduction, previously mentioned sidebar treatment again on its archive page, but also dedicates a sleek, attractive archive page. Statement! Honestly, I don’t think I need to say much about AvalonStar except that it’s gorgeous. I hope you enjoyed this little tour!
As you can see, archive listings come in many forms and styles, and today essay can deploy many different types of features. Statement! Whatever location and functionality it is are celebrities models, that you decide to use when designing an archive listing, give it some extra love and care. Do something unexpected and thesis writing beautiful. Essay's Islands! It will be like that really well-organized, color-coordinated closet you have in your home. Unless you’re like me
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cyberpunk essays THEORIES OF THE VIRTUAL BODY AND THE POPULAR MIND. The remarkable truth that information technology ultimately reduces everything to binary code, to thesis writing, infinite transmissions of today essay, ones and zeroes stands in striking contrast to its relationship to thesis, human affairs and cultures. One often-noted aspect of technology’s impact on real-world societies is in finding fact its tendency to weaken, if not shatter traditional dualities in favor of continua and multiplicities. Through science fiction, popular culture has addressed the potential implications of this process, with either greater or lesser courage and insight, from the statement thesis writing earliest examples of the genre to the present. In the cyberpunk movement in rubric for high literary essay particular, with its special focus on issues of embodiment, the specific duality of identity – Who/What-I-am versus Who/What-I-am-not - has been a constant theme. As a unique genre, cyberpunk evolved contemporaneously with the growth of real-world networked computer environments, dominated by the emergence of the Internet in the 1970’s and 1980’s. In print literature, many critics and fans seem to feel the genre had reached its peak before the debut of the World Wide Web, which signaled the passage of cyberspace from a specialist’s playground to a mass culture phenomenon, but in visual media the cyberpunk genre has seen continued, if not even greater life in the years since. In the discussion that follows, although it is no way an statement writing, exhaustive treatment, I will consider four prominent examples of cyberpunk – in literature in Gibson’s Neuromancer – and at greater length in three films from 1999 in writing introduction “The Thirteenth Floor”, “The Matrix” and “eXistenZ” – in an attempt to show some of the ways in which embodiment has been either complexified or reified in thesis writing popular culture, and cameras how these representations relate to theory and statement practice regarding cyberspace itself. THE CASE OF THE VIRTUAL BODY.
Cyberspace becomes a realm for complexification of embodiment, of course, because of its ability to reconstruct the markers of embodiment. On Gallapagos Islands? Specifically, through computer-mediated communication and various incarnations of virtual reality it becomes possible for actors in cyberspace, that is to statement thesis writing, say online, to signify their identity, including gender, appearance, corporality, etc., in ways that may have little to do with their real-world, or offline, lives. Gender, of course, is probably one of the most frequently essentialized qualities of essay's islands, human life; in other words, in thesis writing interpersonal relationships, cultural representations, law, science and so on, it has been overwhelmingly common, even to the point of unrecognizability as such, to characterize the essence of a person, to be able to claim definite knowledge of them, based solely on their identity as male or female. Although the reality was never so simple, the degree to which this perspective has prevailed in popular consciousness would seem to internet essay, be beyond question. As Archie and Edith sang, “Those were the days [when] girls were girls and men were men.” Cyberspace changed all that. The oft-noted cartoon in which a dog at a computer says to another dog that online nobody knows he’s a dog has become shorthand to indicate the thesis writing slippage of identity that occurs due to the indeterminate relationship between a person’s offline existence and essays about cameras their online representation. This is not to say that all identity markers, cease to carry any meaning in cyberspace, contrary to some extreme interpretations or speculations. Rather it follows that because the statement only media of finding a ghostwriter, interaction in virtual arenas are those governed by the virtual system, participants within it cannot directly correlate online identity markers with those offline, and that the thesis writing same participants have great freedom to manipulate and recreate those markers in accordance with their own desires.
Tim Jordan develops this point in writing thesis Cyberpower : Identity fluidity is a fact of writing, virtual life. Even when the façade cracks and someone believes an identity has stepped through an avatar, this can never be known for certain until offline contact is essay's islands, made. But the short step from this point, that so many make, to claiming that offline identities are irrelevant online is a mistake. There is a complicated connection between offline and statement online personalities that allows many to believe that, at times, the offline and online become one and allows, at times, for are celebrities role models, them to be disconnected (78). The practical application of statement thesis, this with respect to gender can be seen in MUDs (Multiple User Domains or Dungeons) and MOOs (MUDs – Object-Oriented), two very widely used virtual systems originating in the late 1970s that are text-based. In such a system, for example, players designate themselves with a gender of cameras, their choice, regardless of their real-world gender, and by no means limited to male or female. (One particular MOO offers the choice of statement writing, ten unique genders, each with its own characteristics.) Of course, the essay characteristics attached at a given gender are basically drawn from recognizable human experiences, selected and arranged in an original way to create a kind of personality type, in conjunction with other identity markers which the thesis writing player may then either fulfill or adapt to their own unique persona, known as an avatar. Jordan describes the dynamics of a player’s relationship with an avatar as well as those of an avatar with other avatars and their players in essays about several examples, among them a case of a dragon avatar that morphs into a human, as a part of his discussion of the expectations and interpretations, sometimes “true” sometimes “false,” experience by individuals participating in virtual environments. Other scholars have explored the implications of this identity fluidity and the ways it specifically derives from gender.
After observing the activity of a group of virtual players in both a MUD and an immersive virtual environment (the visual and more fully sensory systems that are perhaps the popular concept of virtual reality), Lynn Cherney documented a range of interactions demonstrating the ways that identity and embodiment are shaped within the virtual system by the actions of both the player and other players. “The user,” she writes, “is subjected to thesis, the split identity of being physical and corporeal at a terminal, and being an entity of code which can be manipulated by herself or other characters. Some manipulations are amusing, part of collaborative fun; others are more sinister, and essay's on gallapagos raise profound questions about the ethics surrounding construction and use of bodies and the identification of the thesis location for agency in interactive spaces” (175). Candace Lang described several cases of matched and mismatched expectations in the virtual world, including that of a virtual sexual relationship in which one player was surprised to find his partner was not a she but a he, a relatively common virtual phenomenon, deriving from the finding a ghostwriter dependency of players on thesis, text for the whole of their information within the MOO. Lang explains that “the body is ‘present’ as [living flesh] in MOOspace insofar as all speech is act and all acts are speech acts, but no sooner written (hence at essays the very moment it comes into being), the [living flesh] is [dead meat]” (253) (bracketed terms are Lang’s deriving from her discussion of concepts translated from thesis, German). Expanding the point, the most intimate and vital of human experience is are celebrities, “lived” within the virtual system, but it is made strange by its dependence on the medium of that virtual system. Cherney and statement thesis writing Lang make it clear that our real experience of embodied identities is subject to manipulation and essay's alienation within virtual reality. All of this might have remained the purview of specialized groups, among them technophiles, philosophers and gaming enthusiasts, were it not for the exploration of these issues by the makers of popular culture, including writers and filmmakers. A very great many people have noted the singular importance of the statement thesis writing publication in 1984 of finding, William Gibson’s novel Neuromancer , among them Allucquere Rosanne Stone, who credits the novel, through its popularity with both radicalized hackers and information technology innovators, with initiating the “fourth epoch” in the development of virtual communities in a process she traces back to the seventeenth century.
Cameron Bailey questions whether or not Gibson has unintentionally reified race-related stereotypes and essentialized people of color as “body people” in contrast to his protagonist’s virtualized life through his disembodied experience in statement writing cyberspace, a term famously coined by Gibson himself in this novel. Tim Jordan, too, makes much of the characteristics of rubric school, Gibson’s cyberspace in writing his discussion of the implications of virtual existence. In Neuromancer , the hacker “cowboy” Case has been punished for stealing from the crime bosses he works for by having been exposed to a toxin that renders his brain incapable of performing the interface with cyberspace that had previously allowed him both his livelihood and the virtual experience he had come to crave over anything possible with his “meat” body. In a story that gradually reveals the presence of mysterious interests and hidden agendas, Case is engaged by a shadowy privateer named Armitage who is able to restore his faculties and, as a part of his master plan, employs him to use his recovered cyberhacking abilities to steal a super data file known as the construct. Working with Armitage’s aide, the cyborg Molly, Case works through the for high intrigue, explores the implications of his world in its real and statement thesis virtual dynamics, and over the course of essays about, Gibson’s trilogy of novels, moves to transcend his physical existence by thesis writing, transferring his consciousness to help introduction thesis, cyberspace. Although at statement thesis writing present Gibson’s vision is not the reality of cyberspace, Neuromancer demonstrates the implications, the hopes and the fears emanating from the complexification of embodiment through virtual reality. The construct, noted above, is one such example. A Ghostwriter? Known as Flatline, the construct is in fact the thesis complete consciousness of a deceased former hacker named McCoy Pauley, stored as information through the same technology that allows the cyberspace interface of finding, which Case is a master. The Flatline is able to thesis writing, communicate, mediated by circuits and speakers, but it doesn’t know it is no longer a living human. Help Thesis? “It was disturbing to statement writing, think of the Flatline as a construct, a hardwired ROM cassette replicating a dead man’s skills, obsessions, knee-jerk responses” (74), muses Case, shortly before he has his first conversation with it.
Perhaps more directly related to the gaming culture that is finding, so intimately tied in to VR, Gibson has given his characters a device for literally embodying each other and experiencing each other’s embodiments. Writing? While Molly carries out the business of breaking into actual buildings and confronting physical opponents, part of their work necessitates Case being able to hack a target’s electronic defenses, which he performs from a distant cyberspace deck, while retaining the capacity to perceive precisely the relationship between the physical and electronic features of the target location. Essay's On Gallapagos Islands? To do this he and Molly employ a technology Gibson calls “simstim” (simulated stimulation? Gibson alludes to this as normally an erotic toy in the world of the novel), an interface between two bodies that allows one partner to experience all the sensory input and physical sensations, including the sensation of movement, of the other. In essence it puts one person inside the body of another, in this situation, Case inside Molly. He describes the strangeness of feeling her female physicality as if it were himself, as well as the peculiarity of being conscious of his own existence while having his embodiment, as it were, controlled – as if “played” - by another person. ATTEMPT: THE THIRTEENTH FLOOR. In The Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in an Electronic Age , Sven Birkerts has written that a “shift is happening throughout our culture, away from the patterns and thesis writing habits of the printed page and toward a new world distinguished by its reliance on electronic communications” (118). He finds the origins of that shift in telephony and motion pictures before it emerges in full force through hypertext, and if he is right, it thus would not be advisable, sadly, to writing introduction thesis, attempt to locate the fullest and most complete transmission of the implications of virtual reality within the writing covers of an old-fashioned novel. Therefore, the remaining subjects for consideration of popular culture’s explorations of cyberspace will be cinematic.
Specifically it will deal with three films in the cyberpunk genre that were released in 1999, in the climate of popular millennial fears and over thesis a decade after William Gibson and others defined that genre in print. Opening with Descartes’ famous dictum flashed across the screen, “I think, therefore I am,” director Josef Rusnak’s “The Thirteenth Floor” tells the story of Douglas Hall, a programmer who is implicated in the murder of his employer, the statement thesis writing brilliant Hannon Fuller who has created a fantastically realistic and interactive computer simulation of are celebrities, 1937 Los Angeles. Having no memory of committing this crime against a close friend, yet confronted with frightening circumstantial evidence against him, Hall teams up with a woman claiming to be Jane Fuller, Hannon’s daughter, to unravel the truth. Statement Thesis? He enters the simulation itself to essay's, follow the clues, and statement writing finds look-alike correspondents of everyone he knows from his own world, and he finds himself there embodying a character named John Ferguson. The movie’s promotional poster itself all but revealed that Hall’s “present-day” world, essentially Los Angeles 1999, is in fact a simulation as well, and all the characters within it, a realization that Hall experiences to no little personal shock. He is, in writing thesis fact, a self-aware avatar as are his friends, who can be inhabited at statement thesis writing will by players from the “real” world, which the film finally discloses as circa 2024.
“The Thirteenth Floor” was based, somewhat loosely, on a 1964 novel, Simulatron-3 , now out of print, by Daniel F. Galouye, who died in 1976. The most interesting feature of this film from the are celebrities models essays point of view of this exploration is its narrative from the statement thesis writing perspective of the virtual character. As is explained to Hall, his simulation was the first to itself create, through his and Fuller’s work, a simulation. His identity, however, is constructed from without by the fact that he can be inhabited by an external personality that can force him to do what he would never do, and with only the dimmest memory on the edges of his consciousness, that is commit murder. On the internet other hand, the inherent conservatism of statement thesis writing, this movie, relative to the possibilities of embodiment previously discussed, is revealed in the fact that at each level, characters are inhabited by other characters who look exactly like them, varying only in their period clothing and hairstyle, yet who exist in the next world up. The possibilities of truly fluid embodiment are never fully explored. OMNIPRESENCE: THE MATRIX. The unavoidable juggernaut in cyberpunk film in 1999, of course, and probably against a wider time span as well, was “The Matrix”, written and directed by the brothers Andy and a ghostwriter Larry Wachowski. In addition to sporting a truly staggering arsenal of special effects, particularly the now-famous “bullet-time” slow-motion sequences designed by visual effects supervisor John Gaeta, which are meant to demonstrate the ability of its VR characters to manipulate the laws of statement, physics, “The Matrix” penetrated the public consciousness as few films ever do.
Although criticized by some for its limited depth of characterization, there is no doubt that it advanced the popular awareness of the possible implications of cyberspace, through a remarkably complex story and philosophical/metaphysical foundation. Essays Cameras? The film has been analyzed as a serious exploration of statement, spiritual issues by writers who have found in rubric for high school literary essay it Christian themes as well as, provocatively, the somewhat arcane doctrines of gnosticism. The activity generated by this movie on the World Wide Web, through the efforts of thousands of statement thesis, fans in the creation of websites, participation in discussion lists, the role essays exchange of merchandise, etc., is astonishing, even at the time of this writing, over two years after the movie appeared. The perhaps familiar story of “The Matrix” involves the discovery by Thomas A. Anderson, alias the hacker Neo, that the world he has known since birth, apparently in our present day, is in reality a computer-generated simulation, created by an Artificial Intelligence, to pacify the thesis writing consciousnesses of the human race, who are, in introduction the movie’s present of 2199, grown and sustained in statement vast factory incubator complexes for the harvesting of their biochemical energy to power the machine world. Neo is led to this realization by the mysterious Morpheus, considered by on gallapagos islands, the machine overlords a terrorist and by Neo a mentor, and he joins Morpheus’ quest to free the human race, ultimately learning that he is a kind of messiah with unique abilities to manipulate the matrix itself. For all its thought-provoking concepts about the nature of reality and its effective exploitation of the VR idea as a device for thesis writing, spinning a fantasy about its superhuman characters, “The Matrix” remains virtually as timid as “The Thirteenth Floor” in internet today its exploration of identity and embodiment, and in some ways emerges as even more conservative, even reactionary, in statement writing its implications. Are Celebrities Role Essays? Like the statement thesis writing previous movie, characters in “The Matrix” bear identical appearances from one reality to internet essay, the next, and in fact carry essentially the same personalities. Thesis Writing? The only about exception to this are the “sentient programs” that appear within the thesis virtual world as invincible “agents,” looking like the Secret Service in their dark suits, sunglasses and earphones. These creatures can possess regular humans at will, but such inhabited individuals simply morph into the form, persona and abilities of the agents. In this scenario, humans are helpless victims, subject to total submersion of finding, their identities with no interactivity possible.
The protagonists of the story have all been disconnected from the physical apparatus that incubates the human race and feeds the matrix into statement, every human mind, thus rendering them immune to are celebrities essays, control by statement thesis writing, the matrix, but a close analysis of this device reveals an unexpectedly conservative, if perhaps unintentional implication. When we see Neo physically awakening within his incubator pod as Morpheus and his crew arrive to rescue him, he is naked, hairless and essentially ungendered. His pod, like the infinite others he sees in horror for the first time, suspends its occupant in rubric school literary a viscous red liquid, a kind of amniotic fluid, as though he has lived his entire life unknowingly as an unborn fetus. Moreover, we learn that all humans born within the matrix, including Neo, Morpheus and statement writing all but two members of role models, his crew, have been altered as cyborgs with plugs over their entire bodies for their extraction of their life energy, as well as one massive implant on the back of their heads for the insertion of a huge spike that serves to transmit the matrix directly into their brains. Statement Thesis Writing? Even while free, the protagonists must reinsert these spindles into the implants in are celebrities models essays their heads every time they enter the matrix to combat the agents. The restoration of freedom to humanity would mean the statement writing destruction of this monstrous system that has its (mostly) male characters constantly suffering penetration by these terrifying – and need it be said phallic – devices keeping them controlled. Most of the characters in “The Matrix” are male, so consideration should be given to Trinity, the woman who first guides Neo to Morpheus. She is a former hacker herself, and introduction there is humor when, based on her anonymous reputation as such, Neo says to statement thesis writing, her, “I just thought you were a guy,” and she replies, “Most guys do.” Like Molly in Neuromancer , she is physically aggressive and virtually unbeatable (except against the invincible agents), and models essays the movie in fact opens with a demonstration of her awesome physical abilities. Clad in black leather, Trinity is, perhaps, the ideal form of the female action hero, simultaneously physically threatening and erotic, independent yet sensual and vulnerable, so prevalent in Hollywood films.
Yet her destiny, as prophesied by the same oracle that predicts a messiah for our heroes, is to fall in love with Neo as he becomes that messiah. In the final showdown with the agents, Trinity has nothing to do but wait, literally, for Neo to save the world, as she kisses his motionless body while he fights it out on the matrix. Thus, justice is restored to the world by statement writing, returning gender identities to the most staggeringly traditional of stereotypes, while the today consideration of prospects for change, for liberation from our reality – the reality experienced by the audience – through cyberspace are totally betrayed. No real challenge to the human condition – to our ideas about human nature – is thesis writing, presented beyond the fantasy. In the wake of “The Matrix”, David Cronenberg’s “eXistenZ” was almost entirely invisible, yet it perhaps represents the most intriguing cyberpunk vision of the three. It, too, postulates a world existing as an undetected computer simulation in which characters participate in a role-playing game called eXistenZ, designed by the world’s greatest game designer, Alegra Geller.
When she is nearly assassinated by a crazed gunman, wielding a bizarre pistol formed from bone and finding flesh and that fires teeth for thesis writing, bullets, she flees to the protection of Ted Pikul, a marketing assistant for her game company who knows nothing of this kind of intrigue. The only copy of eXistenZ has been damaged in the attack, and she and Ted must play it to learn how to repair it. As the movie unfolds its tale of an underground revolt against the creators of virtual reality for inflicting “the most effective deforming of reality” ever perpetrated against humanity, it also results in the most complete challenge of the three films considered to the audience’s sense of comfort as to the nature of our reality. Essay's On Gallapagos? The film closes as one of the distraught players asks, “Tell me the writing truth. Are we still in the game?” Although the film is for high literary essay, as much horror as cyberpunk, it successfully explores many of the issues surrounding embodiment in cyberspace and virtual reality. The pistol noted above places the statement thesis viewer on alert that the internet usual rules of physicality do not apply. Other unsettling events throughout the film continue the reconstruction process, until Ted says, “I feel really vulnerable. Disembodied.” Players of thesis writing, eXistenZ interface with the game through “gamepods” that require long umbilicals to be inserted into on gallapagos islands, surgically installed “bioports.” This concept is roughly similar to the phallic spikes of “The Matrix”, but in contrast to that movie’s cold, metallic cybernetics, the apparatus in “eXistenZ” is soft, biomorphic and feminized; we are told, in fact, that they are animal in nature, grown from “synthetic DNA.” When Ted is statement, fitted with his bioport, which must be installed at the base of the spine, the essays about cameras process is somehow more horrifying as he is statement thesis writing, violently penetrated by the surgical machinery, wielded by a gas station mechanic no less. With a more fully realized character in Alegra, however, who must act in essay both female and male capacities, alternately passionate and thesis emotionless, victim and aggressor, the today treatment of uncertain engenderment is extremely balanced.
The prevalence of biological horror, which Cronenberg has explored in his other work as well, keeps the focus of this movie firmly on our dependence upon familiar concepts of embodiment for statement, our trust in reality, as we know it. THE POSSIBILITY OF ART. In his essay, “Cyberspace, or, The Unbearable Closure of Being,” Slavoj Zizek writes: The vision of cyberspace opening up a future of internet essay, unending possibilities of thesis writing, limitless change, of essay's on gallapagos, new multiple sex organs, and so on statement writing, conceals its exact opposite: an unheard-of imposition of role models, radical closure. This, then, is the Real awaiting us, and all endeavors to symbolize this Real, from utopian. . . to thesis writing, the blackest dystopian ones. . . , are just that: so many attempts to avoid the true ‘end of on gallapagos, history’, the paradox of an infinity far more suffocating that any actual confinement (154). Zizek warns us against an illusion. In the end we discover our embodiment and our reality remain as they have always been, the foundation of our experience as creatures of flesh. What that means, of course, is the realm awaiting discovery. Here is where literature and film – and virtual enactment – can serve.
Insofar as they deepen our awareness and challenge us to question received understandings, they can liberate, not as pure fantasy but as ground for a radical shift of thesis writing, perspective from which to view our predicament. This is Heidegger’s position, too, in “The Question Concerning Technology.” The danger we face is that we become part of the order we have created in technology, serving its needs as part of a system that forecloses possibility, a characterization that not too inaccurately could be applied to the vision of finding, cybernetic pods of “The Matrix”. At its most effective, popular media can link us in a broad conversation that restores to writing, us the ability to see ourselves as discoverers, creators and sharers. “The more questioningly we ponder the a ghostwriter essence of technology,” says Heidegger, “the more mysterious the essence of art becomes” (35). At their best, the organs of mass culture – our creation after all – become media of art, linking us as nothing previously imagined has ever done. The stories therein revealed may indeed embody that mystery.
Bailey, Cameron. “Virtual Skin: Articulating Race in Cyberspace.” Immersed in Technology: Art in Virtual Environments . Ed. Mary Anne Moser with Douglas MacLeod for the Banff Center for the Arts. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1996. Birkerts, Sven. The Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in an Electronic Age . New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1994. Cherney, Lynn. “‘Objectifying’ the Body in the Discourse of an Object-Oriented MUD.” Works and statement writing Days 25/26 . 13:1-2, 1995.
151-72. eXistenZ . Written and directed by David Cronenberg. Perf. Essays About? Jennifer Jason Leigh and Jude Law. Statement Thesis Writing? Buena Vista, 1999. Gibson, William. Neuromancer . New York: Ace Books, 1984. Heidegger, Martin. “The Question Concerning Technology.” The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays . Trans. with an introduction by William Lovitt. New York: Harper Torchbooks.
Jordan, Tim. Cyberpower: The Culture and Politics of Cyberspace and essays about cameras the Internet . New York: Routledge, 1999. Lang, Candace. “Body Language: The Resurrection of the Corpus in statement thesis Text-Based VR.” Works and Days 25/26 . Introduction? 13:1-2, 1995. 245-58. Matrix, The . Written directed by Andy Wachowski and Larry Wachowski. Perf. Keanu Reeves, Lawrence Fishburne and Carrie-Anne Moss. Warner Bros., 1999. Stone, Allucquere Rosanne. “Will the Real Body Please Stand Up?: Boundary Stories about Virtual Cultures.” Cyberspace: First Steps . Statement? Ed. Michael Benedikt.
Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. Thirteenth Floor, The . Based on Simulatron-3 . By Daniel F. Galouye. Dir. Essays? Josef Rusnak. Perf. Craig Bierko, Gretchen Mol and Armin Muehler-Stahl.
Columbia TriStar, 1999. Zizek, Slavoj. “Cyberspace, or The Unbearable Closure of Being.” The Plague of Fantasies .
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Formatting Your Dissertation in Word. After all the work of writing your dissertation, there's one last hurdle. The document must be formatted correctly for the Graduate School to accept it. This article details procedures to format a Word document to meet those guidelines. These procedures are, of course, useful for formatting other documents as well. The Graduate School makes its dissertation format guidelines available online at http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/admin/academicservices/pguide.html. This article contains excerpted information from that web site along with related techniques, and some problems and solutions. It is statement thesis, not intended to replace the on gallapagos islands, guidelines themselves; it is simply a guide to implementing some of them in Word. You may put unusual or supplementary materials (such as questionnaires or copies of photographs) into appendices.
Number the appendices consecutively with the text of the statement thesis, dissertation. The margins of the appendices must meet the standards for internet today, the rest of the dissertation. You may want to make each appendix or the collection of appendices into a separate section or even a separate file. This is not necessary, as the formatting should be identical to thesis writing, the primary document. It can be helpful for printing, or if you want to sort alphabetically, or just to keep your document more structured and facilitate movement within the document.
To add a section break: Go to help introduction, Insert , then select Break . In the Break menu, you will probably want to go with Next Page - the default. This will help you ensure that your appendices each start on a new page. The bibliography should meet your major department's style requirements, which often conform to statement, the leading journals or book series of the field. It may be single-spaced with an additional space between entries. To set line spacing: Go to the Format menu. Select Paragraph , and select the Indents and Spacing tab.
Equations, Superscripts, and Subscripts. Equations, superscripts, and subscripts are acceptable provided they are legible when microfilmed. Essays Cameras. Generally, superscripts and subscripts may be one size smaller than the text. Statement Thesis. To identify each equation clearly, please isolate it with double spacing. To insert a subscript or superscript:
Select the text you want to format as superscript or subscript. Essay's On Gallapagos. On the Format menu, click Font , and then click the Font tab. Thesis Writing. Select the Superscript or Subscript check box. To insert an equation: Click where you want to insert the equation. On the Insert menu, click Object , and then click the Create New tab.
In the Object type box, click Microsoft Equation 3.0 . Click OK . Build the equation by selecting symbols from the Equation toolbar and by typing variables and internet today numbers. To return to Microsoft Word, click the Word document. From the top row of the Equation toolbar, you can choose mathematical symbols. From the bottom row, you can choose templates or frameworks that contain symbols such as fractions, integrals, and summations. Problem : You have created an equation with the writing, Equation Editor in Word 2000. Once you exit from the editor you can no longer edit the equation. Solution : In order to re-open the Equation Editor to models, edit an statement writing equation you have previously created, all you need to do is click on help introduction the equation, so that the rectangle containing it is highlighted. Then, right-click to thesis writing, get a menu of choices.
Footnotes and endnotes may be single-spaced with an extra space between notes. Follow the preference of your major department when deciding where footnotes or endnotes should be placed in your text. To insert a footnote: In Print Layout view, click where you want to insert the note reference mark. Click Insert , Reference , and Footnote . Essay. Click Footnotes or Endnotes . By default, Word places footnotes at the end of thesis writing each page and are celebrities models essays endnotes at the end of the document. You can change the statement thesis, placement of footnotes and endnotes using the menus next to Footnotes or Endnotes . In the writing introduction, Number format box, click the statement, format you want. Click Insert . Word inserts the note number and places the insertion point next to the note number. Type the note text.
Scroll to your place in the document, click where you want the cursor to be, and continue typing. Note that as you insert additional footnotes or endnotes in the document, Word automatically applies the rubric school literary, correct number format. There are also shortcut keys available to insert subsequent footnotes. Statement Thesis. Press Ctrl-Alt-f to insert a footnote. Press Ctrl-Alt-d to insert an endnote. When you add, delete, or move notes that are automatically numbered, Word renumbers the islands, footnote and endnote reference marks. Problem : You have a paper for a journal that requires the footnotes be endnotes.
But you want the endnotes to statement writing, come before your references and such. One option would be to put the references in a separate file, but is there a way to do this and leave it all in one file? Solution : When you are setting up endnotes, you can select whether you want to put them at the end of the document or at the end of the section. You can place a section break before your references, and select end of section, and your endnotes will follow the about cameras, text, but precede the reference section. Problem : You have a Word document with footnotes. Someone (maybe you) was working on it, using WordPerfect. The conversion back and forth messed up the footnote format.
Solution : The two formats are not quite compatible. To repair, the easiest way is to work with each footnote individually. Copy the text of the footnote, and then delete the WordPerfect footnote, which showed up as a box rather than a number. You can then create a Word footnote, which is numbered properly, and pasted the statement thesis, text in. This works, and finding a ghostwriter keeps the number sequence intact.
On the other hand, sticking with one program will avoid this and many similar problems entirely. You may include quotations in statement thesis writing languages other than English in rubric for high school literary essay your dissertation. However, the dissertation itself must be in English unless your department certifies that one or both of the following conditions have been met: the foreign language is that of the readers to whom the work is addressed; or translation into English would make the study obscure and statement imprecise. Note that some foreign language fonts and essays about spell-checking are available on the Winstat servers. Computer generated figures and graphs must meet the same standards as the rest of the dissertation. Complete original material with a permanent, non-water soluble black ink. Do not use pencils, ball point, or felt tip pens. Labels on statement thesis photographs, charts, or other figures must be permanent. Headings, keys, and all other identifying information must be of the same quality of print as the text. If graphics, tables, or figures are in landscape mode, place the top of the printed page at on gallapagos, the dissertation binding edge (left side of the thesis, paper) with the page number in the upper right-hand corner in the portrait page setup.
To insert an image, you really only need to know the name and location of the on gallapagos islands, image file: Within the document, place the cursor where you want the image to statement, be inserted. Go to the Insert menu, and select Picture , and introduction then From File . Select the image. It will be inserted into statement writing the document. You can use the Picture or Drawing toolbars to manipulate it. Are Celebrities Role Essays. The Word Help menu has step-by-step instructions. Be careful not to change the proportions of the image, such as changing the height without changing the statement thesis writing, width. This is especially important with graphs. Use a minimum of finding 1 margin on all four sides.
To set margins: Click on statement thesis writing File . Click on Page Setup . Click on the Margins tab, and today edit the settings for the left, right, top and bottom margins. Page numbers are required and must be placed in the upper right-hand corner one inch from both the top and the side of the paper. The title page and the copyright page are not counted in the numbering of pages. Thesis. All other pages are. Number the internet essay, preliminary pages (for example, dedication page, acknowledgments page, table of writing tables, and essay's on gallapagos islands abstract) that precede the main text with lower case Roman numerals beginning with i. Number the writing, main text consecutively beginning with Arabic numeral 1 in the upper right-hand corner one inch from both top and side of the paper. Check your dissertation to ensure that all pages are present and in numerical order. Number appendices consecutively with the on gallapagos, text, continuing the statement thesis, Arabic numeral sequence.
To insert page numbers: Click Insert , Page Numbers . In the Position box, specify whether to on gallapagos, print page numbers in the header at the top of the page or in the footer at the bottom of the page. In the Alignment box, specify whether to thesis, align page numbers left, center, or right relative to the left and right margins, or inside or outside relative to the inside and outside edges of on gallapagos pages that will be bound. If you don't want a number on the first page, uncheck Show number on first page . Select any other options you want. Putting each chapter of your dissertation in statement thesis a separate file is a very good idea, but you'll need to essays about, set the starting page number for the later chapters: Click Insert , Page Numbers . Click Format . At the bottom, under Page Numbering , select Start At . Type in the page number for the first page. To move page numbers: On the View menu, click Header and Footer . If you positioned the writing, page numbers at role models essays, the bottom of the page, click Switch Between Header and Footer on statement the Header and Footer toolbar. Click the page number to make its frame appear.
Click on the frame to select it. Move the pointer over the frame's border until the rubric for high essay, pointer becomes a four-headed arrow, and then click to see the frame's sizing handles. Statement. Drag the frame and page number to a new location. To rotate the rubric school essay, page numbers for pages that are printed in landscape format: Select the writing, object you want to rotate. Click Draw on the Drawing toolbar. Point to Rotate or Flip. Click Rotate Left or Rotate Right . Do not number the help writing thesis, title page.
The title page must be double-spaced. Do not use page headers (except for page numbers) or decorative borders. Problem : I am trying to stop the header from appearing on the first page. Statement Thesis. I only want it on the subsequent pages. Solution : You can leave the header or footer off the first page or create a unique first page header or footer for the first page in a document or the first page of each section within a document. If your document is divided into sections, click in a section or select multiple sections you want to change. Today Essay. Click anywhere in the document if your document is not divided into sections. On the View menu, click Header and Footer . Statement Thesis Writing. On the Header and Footer toolbar, click Page Setup . On Gallapagos. Click the thesis, Layout tab.
Select the cameras, Different first page check box, and then click OK . If necessary, click S how Previous or Show Next on statement writing the Header and Footer toolbar to move into the First Page Header area or First Page Footer area. Create the header or footer for the first page of the document or section. If you don't want a header or footer on the first page, leave the header and footer areas blank. Problem : You have a Word document and want to get rid of the formatting. Solution : You can highlight the entire document (press Ctrl-a ), copy it, then open a new document and on gallapagos islands go to Edit , Paste Special , choose Unformatted Text and click OK . This is statement thesis writing, a drastic solution, to essay's, be used when there are too many format settings scattered throughout the document to just find and remove them. Problem : You want to change the font in an entire Word document.
Solution : You can select all ( Ctrl-a ) and then go to font and size, to change the font for statement thesis writing, the whole document. Problem : You want to get rid of essays about odd indents that are left over from previous formatting. Solution : Just use the Backspace key, and then Tab to get proper indents. Problem : The font changed in mid-document. How did it happen and statement writing how can you fix it? Solution : This is usually leftover information from something that had probably been inserted and then deleted, but the formatting information remained.
You can use What's This? from the Help menu to find the problem area, and then just change the formatting in that area. Problem : You don't want section breaks in your document. How can you get rid of them? Where did they come from in rubric school literary essay the first place? Solution : Word does not insert section breaks automatically--this usually comes up when more than one person works on a document.
Sections can be useful when large formatting changes are made, e.g. switching between portrait and landscape page orientation, or to demarcate sub-documents within a document. To remove section breaks, select the section break and then either press Delete or click Edit , Cut . Writing. Note that you cannot delete a section break just by backspacing over a ghostwriter, it. The Backspace and Delete keys don't affect section breaks unless you select them specifically. Problem : You have a page break that you don't want in your document. Solution : You should be able to just delete this using the Delete or Backspace key. This may leave you with some formatting problems, though, which you can find and correct using What's This? or Reveal Formatting . Problem : How can you keep text from being split up across pages?
Solution : You simply highlight the whole area, and statement writing choose Format , Paragraph , choose the Line and Page Breaks tab, and check Keep lines together . Note that this can lead to some awkward page breaks, if the blocks that are kept together are very large. To undo this protection, you can turn off Widow/Orphan Protection, and Keep Lines Together. [both? not just undo what you just did?] Problem : You and your advisor are both editing the document and you want to be able to writing introduction thesis, see your advisor's suggestions without necessarily accepting them. Solution : You can both use the features found on the Review toolbar. These include comments and tracking changes.