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Section 2. Is Too. Developing Facilitation Skills. The Tool Box needs your help. to remain available. Your contribution can help change lives. Engage colleagues, share ideas, and reinvent the way you work. The Tool Box needs your help. to remain available. Your contribution can help change lives. Engage colleagues, share ideas, and reinvent the way you work. Why do you need facilitation skills? How do you plan a good facilitation process?
Facilitating a meeting or planning session: What's it all about? Dealing with disrupters: Preventions and coursework, interventions. Community organizations are geared towards action. There are urgent problems and issues we need to tackle and solve in is too our communities. That's why we came together in the first place, isn't it?
But for groups to be really successful, we need to spend some time focusing on the skills our members and leaders use to make all of this action happen, both within and disciplinary essay topics, outside our organizations. One of the most important sets of skills for leaders and members are facilitation skills. Essay Is Too Short. These are the process skills we use to random guide and direct key parts of our organizing work with groups of people such as meetings, planning sessions, and training of our members and leaders. Whether it's a meeting (big or small) or a training session, someone has to shape and essay, guide the comparison on macbeth process of working together so that you meet your goals and essay short, accomplish what you've set out to do. While a group of people might set the agenda and figure out the goals, one person needs to concentrate on how you are going to move through your agenda and meet those goals effectively. This is the person we call the facilitator. So, how is facilitating different than chairing a meeting? Well, it is and it isn't. Facilitation has three basic principles:
A facilitator is a guide to help people move through a process together, not the seat of wisdom and knowledge. That means a facilitator isn't there to give opinions, but to conjugation futur draw out opinions and essay is too, ideas of the group members. Facilitation focuses on how people participate in certificate practice coursework the process of learning or planning, not just on what gets achieved A facilitator is my college is too, neutral and on macbeth, never takes sides. The best meeting chairs see themselves as facilitators. While they have to get through an agenda and make sure that important issues are discussed, decisions made, and actions taken, good chairs don't feel that they have all of the answers or should talk all the my college is too time. Essay Topics. The most important thing is what the participants in the meeting have to say. My College Is Too Short. So, focus on comparison essay on macbeth and gatsby, how the meeting is structured and run to is too make sure that everyone can participate.
This includes things like: Making sure everyone feels comfortable participating Developing a structure that allows for everyone's ideas to be heard Making members feel good about the great gatsby character their contribution to the meeting Making sure the my college essay is too group feels that the ideas and decisions are theirs, not just the leader's. Supporting everyone's ideas and not criticizing anyone for what they've said. Why do you need facilitation skills? If you want to do good planning, keep members involved, and comparison essay on macbeth and gatsby, create real leadership opportunities in your organization and skills in your members, you need facilitator skills. My College. The more you know about how to shape and run a good learning and planning process, the more your members will feel empowered about their own ideas and the great gatsby essay, participation, stay invested in your organization, take on responsibility and ownership, and my college short, the better your meetings will be.
Meetings are a big part of our organizing life. We seem to always be going from one meeting to the next. The next session in the Tool Box covers planning and having good meetings in depth. But here, we're going to work on the process skills that good meeting leaders need to disciplinary have. Remember, these facilitation skills are useful beyond meetings: for planning; for growing new leaders; for resolving conflicts; and for keeping good communication in your organization. Can anyone learn to facilitate a meeting? Yes, to a degree.
Being a good facilitator is both a skill and essay is too short, an art. It is certificate practice, a skill in that people can learn certain techniques and my college essay is too, can improve their ability with practice. It is an disciplinary essay topics art in that some people just have more of my college a knack for random passage it than others. My College. Sometimes organization leaders are required to facilitate meetings: thus, board presidents must be trained in coursework how to facilitate. But other meetings and planning sessions don't require that any one person act as facilitators, so your organization can draw on members who have the skill and the talent. To put it another way, facilitating actually means:
Understanding the goals of the essay short meeting and the organization Keeping the essay group on the agenda and moving forward Involving everyone in the meeting, including drawing out the my college essay is too short quiet participants and controlling the domineering ones Making sure that decisions are made democratically. How do you plan a good facilitation process? A good facilitator is concerned with both the outcome of the meeting or planning session, with how the people in the meeting participate and interact, and also with the process. While achieving the goals and outcomes that everyone wants is of course important, a facilitator also wants to make sure that the process if sound, that everyone is engaged, and that the character experience is the best it can be for the participants. In planning a good meeting process, a facilitator focuses on: Climate and Environment Logistics and my college is too, Room Arrangements Ground Rules. A good facilitator will make plans in each of these areas in advance. Let's look at some of the passage essays specifics. There are many factors that impact how safe and comfortable people feel about interacting with each other and participating.
The environment and my college is too, general climate of a meeting or planning session sets an important tone for participation. Key questions you would ask yourself as a facilitator include: Is the location a familiar place, one where people feel comfortable? Face it, if you're planning to have an interactive meeting sitting around a conference table in the Mayor's office, some of your folks might feel intimidated and gatsby character, out of their environment. A comfortable and familiar location is key.
Is the meeting site accessible to everyone? If not, have you provided for transportation or escorts to help people get to my college short the site? Psychologically, if people feel that the site is too far from them or in a place they feel is essays government intervention economy, dangerous, it may put them off from even coming. If they do come, they may arrive with a feeling that they were not really wanted or that their needs were not really considered. This can put a real damper on communication and participation.
Another reminder: can handicapped people use the site as well? Is the space the right size? Too large? Too small? If you're wanting to make a planning group feel that it's a team, a large meeting hall for only 10 or 15 people can feel intimidating and make people feel self-conscious and quiet. My College. On the other hand, if you're taking a group of 30 folks through a meeting, a small conference room where people are uncomfortably crunched together can make for the great gatsby essay disruption: folks shifting in my college short their seats, getting up to stretch and get some air. This can cause a real break in essayer conjugation the mood and feeling of your meeting or planning session.
You want folks to stay focused and relaxed. Moral: choose a room size that matches the size of your group. Believe it or not: how people sit, whether they are hungry and whether they can hear can make or break your planning process. As a facilitator, the logistics of the meeting should be of great concern to essay you, whether you're responsible for them or not. Some things to consider are: Chair arrangements: Having chairs in a circle or around a table encourages discussion, equality, and essayer conjugation futur, familiarity. Speaker's podiums and lecture style seating make people feel intimidated and essay is too, formal.
Avoid them at all costs. Places to hang newsprint: You may be using a lot of newsprint or other board space during your meeting. Can you use tape without damaging the walls? Is an easel available? Is there enough space so that you can keep important material visible instead of removing it? Sign-In sheet: Is there a table for intervention economy folks to use? Refreshments: Grumbling stomachs will definitely take folks minds off the meeting. My College Is Too Short. If you're having refreshments, who is bringing them?
Do you need outlets for coffee pots? Can you set things up so folks can get food without disrupting the meeting? And who's cleaning up afterwards? Microphones and audio visual equipment: Do you need a microphone? Video cameras? Can someone set up and test the equipment before you start? To build a safe as well as comfortable environment, a good facilitator has a few more points to consider. How do you protect folks who are worried their ideas will be attacked or mocked? How do you hold back the big talkers who tend to dominate while still making them feel good about their participation?
Much of the answer lies in the Ground Rules. Most meetings have some kind of operating rules. Some groups use Robert's Rules of Order (parliamentary procedure) to run their meetings while others have rules they've adopted over certificate in recruitment, time. When you want the participation to flow and for essay folks to really feel invested in following the rules, the best way to go is to certificate practice have the group develop them as one of the first steps in the process. This builds a sense of power in the participants (Hey, she isn't telling us how to act.
It's up to my college essay is too short us to figure out what we think is random passage, important!) and a much greater sense of investment in following the rules. Common ground rules are: One person speaks at a time Raise your hand if you have something to say Listen to what other people are saying No mocking or attacking other people's ideas Be on time coming back from breaks (if it's a long meeting) Respect each other. A process to develop ground rules is: Begin by my college essay telling folks that you want to set up some ground rules that everyone will follow as we go through our meeting. Put a blank sheet of newsprint on the wall with the heading Ground Rules. Ask for any suggestions from the group. If no one says anything, start by putting one up yourself. That usually starts people off. Write any suggestions up on essay, the newsprint. It's usually most effective to check -in with the whole group before you write up an idea (Sue suggested raising our hands if we have something to my college short say.
Is that O.K. with everyone?) Once you have gotten 5 or 6 good rules up, check to see if anyone else has other suggestions. When you are finished, ask the the great gatsby character group if they agree with these Ground Rules and are willing to follow them. Make sure you get folks to my college actually say Yes out loud. It makes a difference! Facilitating a meeting or planning session.
As we've already said, the facilitator is responsible for providing a safe climate and working atmosphere for the meeting. But you're probably wondering, What do I actually do during the meeting to guide the process along? Here are the basic steps that can be your facilitator's guide: Few of essay on macbeth us start our meetings on time. My College Essay. The result? Those who come on time feel cheated that they rushed to random passage essays get there! Start no more than five minutes late, ten at the maximum and thank everyone who came on time. When latecomers straggle in, don't stop your process to acknowledge them. Wait until after a break or another appropriate time to have them introduce themselves. Make a point to my college essay welcome everyone who comes.
Don't complain about the size of a group if the turnout is small! Nothing will turn the folks off who did come out faster. Thank all of those who are there for coming and analyze the random passage turnout attendance later. Go with who you have. There are lots of ways for people to introduce themselves to each other that are better than just going around the my college essay is too short room. Random Essays. The kinds of introductions you do should depend on what kind of my college is too short meeting you are having, the essay number of people, the overall goals of the meeting, and what kind of information it would be useful to know. Some key questions you can ask members to include in their introductions are: How did you first get involved with our organization? (if most people are already involved, but the participants don't know each other well) What do you want to my college essay is too short know about our organization? (if the meeting is set to introduce your organization to another organization) What makes you most angry about this problem? (if the meeting is called to focus on a particular problem) Sometimes, we combine introductions with something called an disciplinary ice breaker. Ice breakers can:
Break down feelings of my college short unfamiliarity and shyness Help people shift roles--from their work selves to their more human selves Build a sense of in recruitment being part of is too a team Create networking opportunities Help share participants' skills and experiences. Some ways to do introductions and icebreakers are: In pairs, have people turn to gatsby character essay the person next to them and share their name, organization and three other facts about themselves that others might not know. My College Is Too. Then, have each pair introduce each other to the group. This helps to get strangers acquainted and for people to feel safe--they already know at least one other person, and didn't have to share information directly in front of a big group at topics the beginning of the meeting. Form small groups and have each of them work on a puzzle. Have them introduce themselves to their group before they get to work. This helps to build a sense of team work.
In a large group, have everyone write down two true statements about themselves and my college essay, one false one. Then, every person reads their statements and the whole group has to guess which one is false. This helps folks get acquainted and relaxed. Give each participant a survey and have the participants interview each other to find the answers. Make the questions about skills, experience, opinions on the issue you'll be working on, etc. When everyone is finished, have folks share the answers they got.
When doing introductions and icebreakers, it's important to remember: Every participant needs to take part in the activity. Intervention. The only exception may be latecomers who arrive after the my college is too short introductions are completed. Essayer. At the essay first possible moment, ask the latecomers to say their name and any other information you feel they need to share in order for everyone to feel comfortable and equal. Be sensitive to disciplinary essay the culture, age, gender and literacy levels of participants and any other factors when deciding how to is too do introductions. For example, an activity that requires physical contact or reading a lengthy instruction sheet may be inappropriate for your group.
Also, keep in mind what you want to accomplish with the essayer futur activity. Don't make a decision to do something only because it seems like fun. Essay. It is important to make everyone feel welcome and listened to at the beginning of the meeting. Otherwise, participants may feel uncomfortable and unappreciated and won't participate well later on. Also, if you don't get some basic information about who is certificate practice, there, you may miss some golden opportunities. For example, the editor of the regional newspaper may be in the room; but if you don't know, you'll miss the opportunity for a potential interview or special coverage. And don't forget to introduce yourself. You want to make sure that you establish some credibility to be facilitating the meeting and that folks know a bit about you. Credibility doesn't mean you have a college degree or 15 years of facilitation experience. It just means that you share some of your background so folks know why you are doing the facilitation and what has led you to be speaking up.
Review the agenda, objectives and ground rules for the meeting. Go over what's going to happen in the meeting. Check with the group to make sure they agree with and like the agenda. You never know if someone will want to comment and suggest something a little different. This builds a sense of ownership of the meeting and lets people know early on that you're there to facilitate their process and their meeting, not your own agenda. The same is true for the outcomes of the meeting. My College Is Too. You'll want to random essays go over these with folks as well to get their input and check that these are the desired outcomes they're looking for. This is also where the ground rules that we covered earlier come in. This is one of your main jobs as a facilitator. It's up to you to get those who need to listen to listen and those who ought to speak. Encourage people to share their experiences and ideas and urge those with relevant background information share it at short appropriate times.
Groups have a tendency to wander far from the original agenda, sometimes without knowing it. Essays Government In The Economy. When you hear the discussion wandering off, bring it to the group's attention. My College Is Too Short. You can say That's an comparison on macbeth interesting issue, but perhaps we should get back to the original discussion. Sometimes, it's easier for groups to discuss the color of napkins than the real issues they are facing. Help the group not to get immersed in details. Suggest instead, Perhaps the my college committee could resolve the matter. Do you really want to be involved in that level of detail? Getting commitments for future involvement is often a meeting goal.
You want leaders to commit to certain tasks, people to volunteer to help on a campaign, or organizations to support your group. Make sure adequate time is allocated for seeking commitment. Topics. For small meetings, write people's names down on newsprint next to the tasks they agreed to undertake. One important rule of thumb is that no one should leave a meeting without something to do. Don't ever close a meeting by saying We'll get back to you to confirm how you might like to get involved. Seize the my college essay moment! Sign them up! Many groups will discuss things ten times longer than they need to unless a facilitator helps them to disciplinary recognize they're basically in my college essay is too agreement. Summarize a consensus position, or ask someone in the group to summarize the passage points of my college essay is too short agreement, and random passage essays, then move forward. My College Essay Is Too Short. If one or two people disagree, state the situation as clearly as you can: Tom and Levonia seem to have other feelings on this matter, but everyone else seems to go in this direction.
Perhaps we can decide to go in the direction that most of the group wants, and maybe Tom and in recruitment practice coursework, Levonia can get back to my college essay short us on other ways to accommodate their concerns. You may even suggest taking a break so Tom and Levonia can caucus to come up with some options. Some groups feel strongly about reaching consensus on essays government in the, issues before moving ahead. If your group is my college short, one of them, be sure to read a good manual or book on consensus decision making. Many groups, however, find that voting is a fine way to make decisions. A good rule of thumb is futur, that a vote must pass by a two-thirds majority for essay short it to comparison be a valid decision. For most groups to work well, they should seek consensus where possible, but take votes when needed in order to move the process forward. The facilitator protects the shy and quiet folks in a meeting and my college essay, encourages them to speak out. Passage Essays. There is also the important job of keeping domineering people from monopolizing the my college is too short meeting or ridiculing the ideas of others. Sometimes, people dominate a discussion because they are really passionate about an issue and have lots of things to say. One way to channel their interest is to suggest that they consider serving on a committee or task force on that issue.
Other people, however, talk to hear themselves talk. If someone like that shows up at certificate in recruitment coursework your meeting, look further ahead in this chapter for some tips on dealing with disrupters. Sometimes issues will arise in the meeting that are so important, they will take much more time than you thought. Sometimes, nobody will have thought of them at all. You may run over time or have to alter your agenda to discuss them. Be sure to check with group about whether this is my college essay is too short, O.K. before going ahead with the revised agenda. Conjugation. If necessary, ask for a five-minute break to confer with key leaders or participants on my college essay short, how to handle the issue and how to restructure the agenda. Be prepared to recommend an alternate agenda, dropping some items if necessary. Summarize the character meeting results and needed follow-ups.
Before ending the my college is too short meeting, summarize the key decisions that were made and what else happened. Be sure also to summarize the follow-up actions that were agreed to and need to take place. Remind folks how much good work was done and how effective the practice coursework meeting hopefully was. Refer back to the objectives or outcomes to show how much you accomplished. Take a minute to thank people who prepared things for the meeting, set up the room, brought refreshments, or did any work towards making the meeting happen. Thank all of the participants for their input and essay is too, energy and for the great essay making the meeting a success. People appreciate nothing more than a meeting that ends on time! It's usually a good idea to have some closure in a meeting, especially if it was long, if there were any sticky situations that caused tension, or if folks worked especially hard to my college come to decisions or make plans. A nice way to close a meeting is to random essays go around the essay is too room and have people say one word that describes how they are feeling now that all of this work has been done. You'll usually get answers from exhausted to random passage energized! If it's been a good meeting, even the essay is too exhausted ones will stick around before leaving.
Here are a few more points to remember that will help to maximize your role as a facilitator: Even with a well-prepared agenda and key points you must make, you need to be flexible and random passage essays, natural. My College Essay Short. If people sense that you are reading memorized lines, they will feel like they are being talked down to, and won't respond freely. Are people shifting in essays government intervention economy their seats? Are they bored? Tired? Looking confused? If folks seem restless or in a haze, you may need to take a break, or speed up or slow down the pace of the essay short meeting. And if you see confused looks on too many faces, you may need to stop and essays government, check in essay is too short with the group, to make sure that everyone knows where you are in the agenda and that the group is with you.
Be careful about deciding where the meeting should go. Check back after each major part of the process to certificate coursework see if there are questions and that everyone understands and agrees with decisions that were made. When you finish a point or a part of the essay is too meeting process, sum up what was done and decided, and pause for questions and essay, comments before moving on. Learn to feel out how long to pause -- too short, and people don't really have time to ask questions; too long, and folks will start to get uncomfortable from the silence. Take a break to calm down if you feel nervous or are losing control. Is Too. Watch that you're not repeating yourself, saying ah between each word, or speaking too fast. Essay On Macbeth And Gatsby. Watch your voice and physical manner. (Are you standing too close to folks so they feel intimidated, making eye contact so people feel engaged?) How you act makes an impact on how participants feel. Hold onto a marker, chalk, or the back of a chair. Don't play with the change in your pocket! Be careful you are not offending or alienating anyone in the group. Use swear words at your own risk!
Using body language to control the dynamics in the room can be a great tool. Moving up close to my college a shy, quiet participant and asking them to speak may make them feel more willing, because they can look at gatsby essay you instead of the big group and feel less intimidated. Also, walking around engages people in the process. Is Too. Don't just stand in front of the random essays room for essay the entire meeting. Don't talk to the newsprint, blackboard or walls--they can't talk back! Always wait until you have stopped writing and are facing the group to talk.
Dealing with disrupters: Preventions and interventions. Along with these tips on facilitation, there are some things you can do both to prevent disruption before it occurs to stop it when it's happening in the meeting. The most common kinds of disrupters are people who try to dominate, keep going off the agenda, have side conversations with the person sitting next to them, or folks who think they are right and ridicule and attack other's ideas. Preventions. And Gatsby. Try using these Preventions when you set up your meeting to try to my college short rule out disruption: Get agreement on the agenda, ground rules and government in the economy, outcomes.
In other words, agree on my college essay, the process. Comparison Essay. These process agreements create a sense of shared accountability and ownership of the meeting, joint responsibility for how the meeting is run, and group investment in essay short whether the outcomes and goals are achieved. Listen carefully. Don't just pretend to listen to what someone in the meeting is saying. People can tell. Listen closely to understand a point someone is making. And check back if you are summarizing, always asking the person if you understood their idea correctly. Show respect for the great character experience. We can't say it enough. Encourage folks to share strategies, stories from the is too short field, and essay and gatsby, lessons they've learned. Value the experience and wisdom in the room.
Find out the group's expectations. Make sure that you uncover at the start what participants think they are meeting for. Essay Is Too Short. When you find out, be clear about what will and won't be covered in this meeting. Certificate. Make plans for how to cover issues that won't be dealt with: Write them down on newsprint and agree to deal with them at the end of the meeting, or have the group agree on a follow-up meeting to cover unfinished issues. There are lots of ways to find out what the essay group's expectations of the meeting are: Try asking everyone to finish this sentence: I want to essays in the leave here today knowing. You don't want people sitting through the meeting feeling angry that they're in the wrong place and no one bothered to ask them what they wanted to achieve here. These folks may act out my college essay, their frustration during the meeting and become your biggest disrupters. Stay in your facilitator role. You cannot be an effective facilitator and a participant at the same time. When you cross the line, you risk alienating participants, causing resentment, and losing control of the meeting. Offer strategies, resources, and ideas for the group to work with, but not opinions.
Don't be defensive. If you are attacked or criticized, take a mental step backwards before responding. Once you become defensive, you risk losing the group's respect and passage essays, trust, and might cause folks to feel they can't be honest with you. Buy-in power players. These folks can turn your meeting into a nightmare if they don't feel that their influence and role are acknowledged and respected. If possible, give them acknowledgment up front at the start of the short meeting.
Try giving them roles to play during the meeting such as a sounding board for you at breaks, to check in with about how the meeting is going. Interventions. Try using these Interventions when disruption is happening during the meeting: Have the group decide . If someone is dominating the meeting, refuses to stick to the agenda, keeps bringing up the essays same point again and again, or challenges how you are handling the meeting: First try to remind them about the agreed-on agenda. My College. If that doesn't work, throw it back to the group and ask them how they feel about that person's participation. On Macbeth. Let the group support you. My College Essay Is Too Short. Use the agenda and ground rules . Essayer Conjugation Futur. If someone keeps going off the my college essay is too agenda, has side conversations through the essays government intervention whole meeting, verbally attacks others: Go back to that agenda and those ground rules and remind folks of the agreements made at the beginning of the meeting. Essay Is Too Short. Be honest: Say what's going on . If someone is trying to intimidate you, if you feel upset or undermined, if you need to the great gatsby character essay pull the my college is too group behind you: It's better to say what's going on than try to cover it up.
Everyone will be aware of the dynamic in practice the room. Essay. The group will get behind you if you are honest and up -front about the situation. Use humor . If there is a lot of tension in the room, if you have people at essay topics the meeting who didn't want to be there, if folks are scared/shy about participating, if you are an my college essay outsider: Try a humorous comment or a joke. If it's self-deprecating, so much the better. Humor almost always lightens the mood. It's one of the best tension-relievers we have. Accept or legitimize the point or deal . If there is someone who keeps expressing doubts about the group's ability to accomplish anything, is bitter and puts down others' suggestions, keeps bringing up the same point over and over, seems to have power issues: Try one or more of these approaches : Show that you understand their issue by making it clear that you hear how important it is to them. Legitimize the issue by comparison essay on macbeth saying, It's a very important point and one I'm sure we all feel is critical. Make a bargain to deal with their issue for a short period of is too short time (O.K., let's deal with your issue for 5 minutes and character, then we ought to move on.) If that doesn't work, agree to defer the issue to the end of the meeting, or set up a committee to explore it further. Use body language . My College Is Too Short. If side conversations keep occurring, if quiet people need to participate, if attention needs to be re-focused: Use body language.
Move closer to in the conversers, or to the quiet ones. Make eye contact with them to get their attention and covey your intent. Take a break . If less confrontational tactics haven't worked, someone keeps verbally attacking others, shuffling papers, cutting others off: In case you've tried all of the above suggestions and nothing has worked, it's time to take a break, invite the disruptive person outside the room and is too, politely but firmly state your feelings about how disruptive their behavior is to on macbeth the group. Make it clear that the disruption needs to end. But also try to find out essay, what's going on, and see if there are other ways to address that person's concerns. Confront in the room If all else has failed, if you're sure it won't create backlash, if the group will support you, and if you've tried everything else: Confront the disruptive person politely but very firmly in the room. Tell the person very explicitly that the disruption needs to stop now. Use body language to essays encourage other group members to support you. This is my college short, absolutely the last resort when action must be taken and no alternatives remain! Auvine, B., Dinsmore, B., Extrom, M., Poole, S., Shanklin, M. (1978). A manual for group facilitators . Essay Topics. Madison, WI: The Center for Conflict Resolution.
Bobo, K., Kendall, J., Max, S., (1991). A manual for activists in my college the 1990s . Cabin John, MD: Seven Locks Press. Nelson-Jones, R. (1992). Group leadership: A training approach . Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole. Schwarz, R. (1994).
The skilled facilitator: Practical wisdom for essays developing effective groups . San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
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Utilitarianism Ethics Essays and Research Papers. ? Ethics essay – Utilitarianism a.) Explain the main differences between the essay short utilitarianism of Bentham and that of . Mill. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that looks at the concept of `utility`, or the usefulness of actions. Two of the most famous Utilitarians were Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill; Bentham was the first to introduce the theory, and his views were more similar to topics that of Act Utilitarianism . Mill on the other hand differed in his views, and his intention was to essay short improve the intervention in the theory. Ethics , Hedonism , Henry Sidgwick 1381 Words | 3 Pages. Utilitarianism What is my college is too Utilitarianism ? Utilitarianism is an in recruitment, ethical framework for my college is too short effective moral action. It’s a . philosophical concept that holds an action to character essay be held right if it tends to promote happiness for the greatest number of essay short, people. Conjugation. The essence of my college, utilitarianism is in its concept of pleasure and pain.
It defines the morally right actions as those actions that maximize pleasure or happiness and minimize pain or evil. Utilitarianism is all about making the right choices that will consequently. Business ethics , Ethics , Jeremy Bentham 1026 Words | 3 Pages. The theory behind utilitarianism is that one’s actions are right if it promotes happiness or pleasure and wrong if it does not promote . happiness or pleasure. The main point to this theory is the principle of utility that states “according to which actions should be chosen that bring about the greatest amount of happiness for disciplinary essay the greatest number of people.” (Palmer) Jeremy Bentham gave essentially utilitarianism its name and brought more attention to my college essay is too short it than those before him. Bentham came up with. Ethics , James Mill , Jeremy Bentham 815 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Contrast Utilitarianism with Christian Ethics. Compare and Contrast Utilitarianism with Christian Ethics The ethical teachings and values of utilitarianism . and Christian ethics are similar in essay topics some aspects, yet however are diverse in others.
Utilitarianism is a generally teleological ethical system, where the outcome is said to justify the is too act. The act is considered ‘good’ if it brings about the certificate practice greatest good for the greatest number. Christian Ethics , however, can be quite different. Many aspects of its ethics are deontological, for example. Ethics , Jeremy Bentham , John Stuart Mill 824 Words | 3 Pages. 1 I) Utilitarianism …………………………………….P.3 II) Introduction to the main idea of Utilitarianism : The Principle of Utility . ………………………….P.6 The Greatest Happiness Principle…………….P.9 III) Two kinds of pleasure………………. …P.11 IV) The Calculation of Utility…………………. P.15 V) The measurement of my college essay, utility……………..…..P.17 VI) The proof of Principle of Greatest Happiness……………………………….…..P.18 VII) The Harm Principle ………………………..P.19 VIII) Assessing Utilitarianism …………………..P.21 2 I) Utilitarianism : + Whenever. Ethics , James Mill , Jeremy Bentham 1037 Words | 5 Pages.
Calculating Consequences: A Student Refutation of Utilitarianism Erik Z. Hallworth San Francisco State University . Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory holding that moral actions are based on random essays the maximization of overall happiness, defined as the Utility Principle. Mill and Bentham's utilitarianism makes a plausible and my college is too, convincing argument, though not everyone agrees with it. Bernard Williams writes Utilitarianism : For and Against the certificate in recruitment coursework theory. In agreement. Decision making , Ethics , Human 1716 Words | 7 Pages. In this essay I will discuss Utilitarianism by first explaining how Utilitarians are consequentialists who base their actions on the pleasure . of pain of their consequences. Secondly, Jeremy Bentham will be discussed as the propagator of the Principle of Utility which determines human self-interest and voluntary action to achieve the greatest good or greatest pleasure. Thirdly, I will discuss John Stuart Mills and his more complex version of essay is too short, Utilitarianism . To clarify the disciplinary essay Utilitarian theory I will. Animal rights , Ethics , Hedonism 1033 Words | 3 Pages. morality such as John Stuart Mill’s theory of Utilitarianism . In teleological approaches to morality, questions of my college essay, right and wrong, or the . In Recruitment Coursework. notion what an individual ought to do, are determined by the consequences of a given action.
One thinker to reject this idea of consequentialism was Immanuel Kant. In his Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant endeavors to establish a system of ethics that has no trace of the empirical nature of utilitarianism . My College Essay. To him, “the moral worth of an action does. Aesthetics , Categorical imperative , Ethics 1714 Words | 4 Pages. theory of Utilitarianism The theory of Utilitarianism takes its name from the Latin word Utilis, meaning ‘useful’. It was . first developed by Jeremy Bentham, a philosopher and legal theorist of the 18th century. Bentham sought to character essay produce a modern and rational approach to my college essay short morality which would suit the changing society of the industrial age. This was also the era of the French and American Revolutions, and of the Enlightenment, so orthodox morality was challenged on many fronts.
Utilitarianism may be. Ethics , James Mill , Jeremy Bentham 1042 Words | 4 Pages. references……………………………………………………. 8 Utilitarian of Human Rights Introduction: Utilitarianism is the idea that the essay and gatsby moral worth of an . action is determined solely by its utility in providing happiness or pleasure as summed among all sentient beings. It is thus a form of consequentialism, meaning that the moral worth of an action is determined by its outcome.
The most influential contributors to my college short this ideology were Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. Utilitarianism is often described by random passage the phrase the greatest good for. Consequentialism , Ethics , Jeremy Bentham 1170 Words | 4 Pages. Utilitarianism and Aristotelian Ethics. Utilitarianism and Aristotelian Ethics John Stuart Mill and Aristotle are two of the most notable philosophers in history to . date. Between Mill’s Utilitarianism and Aristotle’s virtue ethics you can see a large portion our cultures ethics today. Their philosophies are apparent in contemporary everyday life. Aristotle has written several pieces on virtue and friendship. The two most notable works being the Magna Moralia and the Eudemian Ethics . However, his Nicomachean Ethics were by far the. Aristotle , Ethics , Eudaimonia 1841 Words | 5 Pages. The Ethics of Abortion: Utilitarianism, Buddhism Kant.
contemplating abortion; ‘When does a human life begin?’ ‘At what point is the foetus morally equal to us?’ and ‘Does the mother have the right to choose to . My College Is Too Short. end the life of disciplinary topics, her unborn child?’ are a few of the major issues which arise. Contrary to Utilitarianism , Buddhism has a very clear view on when life begins: conception. Is Too Short. Like Kant, Buddhists believe that life is sacred and have a very positive view of human beings. However Buddhism extends this idea, believing that every living creature has Tathagatha-Garba. Abortion , Buddhism , Ethics 2035 Words | 5 Pages. Utilitarianism and essayer, Business Ethics Utilitarianism is a normative, consequentialist, empirical philosophy which . links the idea of a good action to one which promotes maximum pleasure or happiness, found by adding up costs and benefits (or pains and pleasures). It has two classic formulations - Bentham's hedonistic (pleasure-based) act utilitarianism and my college essay short, Mill's eudaimonistic (happiness-based) rule utilitarianism . In this article we make some preliminary comments on Bentham and Mill before analysing. Business ethics , Ethics , Hedonism 1073 Words | 4 Pages. of people affected by it. According to Bentham, utilitarianism is the greatest happiness or greatest felicity principle. There are many types . of this theory which include act vs. rule, two level, motive, negative and average vs. total. (Clifford G., John C. 2009) In act utilitarianism , when people have to make choices, they should consider the consequences of each choice and then choose that which will generate much pleasure.
The rule utilitarianism looks at the rules of actions which are potential. Hedonism , John Stuart Mill , Paradox of hedonism 859 Words | 3 Pages. The Schiavos, Rule Utilitarianism, and Kantian Ethics. Rui Chaves The Schiavos, Rule Utilitarianism , and futur, Kantian Ethics The case of “The Schiavos” is focused primarily on one member . Essay Is Too Short. of the family, which is Terri Schiavo. Disciplinary. Terri had been in a coma for 13 years. Although, “no one is completely sure what happened but the my college short best guess is essays government intervention economy she suffered a heart attack” (Pierce, 64) presumably caused by her bulimia. Due to the severity of her heart attack, it left Terri with severe brain damaged which in turn left her in a persistent vegetative state which leaves. Consequentialism , Deontological ethics , Ethics 1270 Words | 3 Pages.
Ethics Paper Submitter to: JERRY VAN HAMME RGS6036.21 ETHICS : DECISION MAKING Amberton University 2/16/2013 . Submitted By: Rajat Shrestha Amberton University The decision making process can sometimes be a difficult one. There are many factors that may go into the process of decision making. Essay Short. Some of these factors may include who will be affected by the decision, how will they be affected, and is the decision ethical. Many times it is not easy to know what is essay on macbeth and gatsby considered ethical or. Decision making , Decision making software , Decision theory 1323 Words | 4 Pages. Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a moral theory generally considered to have been founded by my college short Jeremy Bentham, a 19th century . Comparison On Macbeth And Gatsby. English philosopher and social reformer.
It is centered on the concept of happiness, and those who seek it. The idea is that all people seek happiness, and that it is the ultimate goal of my college is too short, all human beings to be happy. Therefore, according to classical utilitarianism , when a person wishes to act in an ethically sound manner he or she should strive to bring about the greatest. Animal rights , Ethics , James Mill 912 Words | 3 Pages. Utilitarianism : “Actions are right in the proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to random produce the reverse of my college essay short, . happiness.” John Stuart Mill utilitarianism , 1863 Utilitarians founder Jeremy Bentham has a famous formulation that is know as the “greatest-happiness principle”. The definition of this is “the ethical principle that an action is right in so far as it promotes the greatest happiness of the random greatest number of those affected”. Central Beliefs: There are seven. Ethics , Happiness , Hedonism 672 Words | 3 Pages. believe in my college essay short it, it needs to benefit them in some way. Random Passage Essays. This paper will discuss the properties of utilitarianism and the benefits it has on . society. It will also compare utilitarianism to egoism, Kantian ethics , intuitionism and is too short, affirmative action.
Utilitarianism's overall purpose is to serve the greater majority and disciplinary essay topics, this paper sets out to prove that. This paper will discuss many major points in my college essay short utilitarianism such as: it links happiness and morality, it conforms to meet the needs of different situations. Decision making , Ethics 1637 Words | 5 Pages. The use of essay, utilitarianism when making moral decisions leads to an injustice society, evaluate this claim. The use of is too short, . utilitarianism is a controversial subject for character many people, some believe by using it, it can bring happiness to the majority of society, others say by using utilitarianism it can take away peoples own judgment making our society unjust. Strengths of Bentham’s theory begin with the is too short fact that utilitarianism offers a relatively straightforward method for deciding. Decision making , Ethics , Hedonism 956 Words | 3 Pages. ? Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that assesses an action as morally right and just if it produces the most . amount of net happiness. There are two forms of utilitarianism : act utilitarianism and essays in the economy, rule utilitarianism . Act utilitarianism is the standard form, which considers all paths of the action that lead to immediate and long-term happiness, as well has the magnitude and my college short, how long the happiness will last.
Furthermore, if all paths lead to essay on macbeth the same amount of net happiness, each. Ethics , Jeremy Bentham , John Stuart Mill 2234 Words | 8 Pages. Utilitarianism , by John Stuart Mill, is an essay written to provide support for the value of utilitarianism as a moral theory, . and to respond to misconceptions about it. Mill defines utilitarianism as a theory based on the principle that actions are right in my college essay is too proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. Mill defines happiness as pleasure and the absence of pain.
He argues that pleasure can differ in quality and disciplinary essay, quantity, and essay is too short, that pleasures. Ethics , Existence , Metaphysics 1139 Words | 3 Pages. Utilitarianism Key Features • • • Relativist Theory – – – – – – – No Absolutes Morality Depends on individual circumstances Happiness is essay . the most important thing Quality and my college essay is too, Quantity of government intervention in the, Happiness need to be taken into is too account The Measure of Usefulness or Fittingness for disciplinary essay topics purpose an action may have Teleological Ethical theories such as Utilitarianism tend to my college is too rely on government the principle of utility It is the way of measuring how useful an action is in bringing about the consequences that we desire Equality. Ethics , Hedonism , Intrinsic value 1313 Words | 5 Pages. Utilitarianism vs. Individualism Arguments for utilitarianism and individualism will never end. The essence of . utilitarianism , pleasure is the chief end of life and the greatest happiness for the greatest number should be the ultimate goal of my college essay short, human beings, has always been a crucial matter of concern and controversy.
It is regarded as an exploit of people’s freedom and essay on macbeth, individualism. However, individualism is deemed as an ignorance of teamwork. We cannot simply tell which one is superior to the. Ford Motor Company , Ford Pinto , Hedonism 1366 Words | 4 Pages. ? Utilitarianists are often persecuted for holding a morality in which the end always justifies the means, no matter how repulsive it may be to my college essay short intuitional . Random Passage. moral standards. Hare attempts to my college essay is too short quiet controversy by combining act and rule utilitarianism in daily life in such a way that internal moral standards are satisfied and overall good is promoted. Kymlicka stays firm in his opposition to Hare’s theories and shuns the idea of consequentialism having intrinsic value greater than that of essayer conjugation futur, intuitive.
Critical thinking , John Stuart Mill , Morality 1705 Words | 5 Pages. Normative Ethics: Utilitarianism and Deontological. from the hard working class men and women. In order to find an essay is too, answer to this analysis, I would first have to identify the normative ethics . that deals with the utilitarian and deontological implications as to why should the top executives of the major banks that received bail-out money are allowed to receive large bonuses? What Are Normative Ethics ? Normative ethics is basically moral decisions made by individuals based on the consequences of how it may affect others, or what is instilled in moral. Deontological ethics , Descriptive ethics , Ethics 1058 Words | 3 Pages. Utilitarianism Provides The Most Useful Approach To Business Ethics. ? Utilitarianism provides the gatsby essay most useful approach to short business ethics . Discuss.
The ethical theory of futur, . My College Is Too Short. Utilitarianism follows the principle of disciplinary, utility. Is Too Short. This is to provide the greatest number for the greatest number. Utilitarianism provides this through being a deontological theory – basing its ethics upon consequences. The consequentialist nature allows us to apply Utilitarianism to our own situation and also, unlike deontological theories, looks onwards and into the future. In terms of government in the, business ethics. Business ethics , Deontological ethics , Ethics 989 Words | 2 Pages. 1. Introduction 1.1. Introduction on Utilitarianism Utilitarianism theory also called the greatest happiness principle can . be identified as the normative ethics for the actions to maximize utility in a purpose in short order to achieve the maximizing of happiness and minimizing the suffering (Iancu, Popescu and Popescu, 2010). Therefore, it is an ethics concept for achieve the great happiness of majority. In business context, the theory of utilitarianism is associated with the decision making process.
Applied ethics , Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility 1832 Words | 9 Pages. ethical egoism and utilitarianism . These theories coincide in their view that human beings should act and comparison essay, behave in a manner that will result . in my college a positive consequence. However these theories differ when looking at who the in recruitment practice consequence is beneficial to. Typically egoists suggest that human beings should act in the interest of my college is too short, themselves whereas utilitarians suggest that humans should be concerned with the interests of all. Utilitarianism falls into the great essay two categories firstly Act utilitarianism this view sees. Consequentialism , Ethics , Human 1160 Words | 3 Pages. Ruiz 1 Geidy Ruiz Daylen Elosegui Extra Credit 02-20-2013 The Ethics of Animal Testing Years ago, while laws were not . in place to prevent testing on animals, some researchers experimented on animals. The results of my college is too, these experiments are still with us today.
Insulin for example, was discovered when an Ontario doctor severed the connection between the pancreas and the digestive system of a dog.1 Today there are still many animals in labs being tested to find treatment. Animal rights , Animal testing , Hedonism 975 Words | 4 Pages. Utilitarianism as an the great gatsby character, ethical theory Utilitarianism is the view that an act is right if it equals the greatest happiness for . the greatest number of people. Is Too Short. Utilitarians describe moral actions as actions that boost something good and lessen something that is bad. Virtue, knowledge, and goodwill are all good but they are only essay on macbeth, good if they give people a pleasurable existence. Pain is the only thing that is intrinsically bad. Utilitarians focus on the result of an act instead of the inherent. Animal rights , Ethics , Hedonism 1415 Words | 4 Pages. ? Utilitarianism Valeria Ornelas Grand Canyon University: PHI 305 10/30/14 John Stuart Mill’s Moral Theory John Stuart Mill, a . philosopher and political economist, is known today as one of the most influential sponsors for Utilitarianism . His moral theory tends to is too short go along with a “Utilitarian rubric” (Fitzpatrick, 2006) and thus holds that the theory is based on how to define right and wrong in random essays terms of happiness.
For Mill, “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness. Epicurus , Ethics , James Mill 1083 Words | 6 Pages. In his critique of Utilitarianism , Williams finds fault in the Utilitarian commitment to maximum utility in that it undermines the integrity . of moral agents and short, denies people the projects and relationships they inherently value. Famously known as his “Integrity Objection”, this proposition is immediately very enticing in that it appeals to the idea of the and gatsby invaluable and is too short, imperative nature of the great character essay, benevolence and short, compassion, versus the gatsby character cold, impartial hand of Utilitarianism . That is not to say, however. Animal rights , Happiness , Paradox of hedonism 1496 Words | 4 Pages.
Utilitarianism and Genetic Engineering. Utilitarianism and Genetic Engineering In the past thirty years, humans are witnessing a huge revolution in the genetic engineering industry. . Having identified most of the my college short Human Genome, gene sequencing has become programmed and extremely fast, and laboratory techniques in molecular biology allow for in-vitro fertilization and transfer of genetic material. Gene therapy and repair based on stem cells research allows for replacement of a defected allele in the DNA, and even a whole damaged tissue in. DNA , Gene , Genetics 1595 Words | 5 Pages. ethical philosophy and build a foundational knowledge and understanding of how such thinking has evolved and progressed in humans over time, one must look to character . possibly one of the most influential approaches to short ethics in history: Utilitarianism (Driver). In order to understand what Utilitarianism is and essays, how this system of thought developed and can be applied in society, one must look back to the writings of thinkers who began to discover a clearer definition of the concept in the early nineteenth century. Ethics , James Mill , Jeremy Bentham 1564 Words | 6 Pages. ? Utilitarianism was developed in my college is too short the 18th century by Hutchenson, who used the phrase the greatest good for the greatest number to describe . his theory.
His idea of Utilitarianism , however, seeks to find a rational means of assessing how best to put this promotion of happiness into practice, and is split into two types; Act Utilitarianism is the earliest form, in which what is deemed right is based on the assessment of results of comparison essay on macbeth and gatsby, a particular action, and Rule Utilitarianism , which allows to be taken. Animal rights , Ethics , Hedonism 1524 Words | 4 Pages. Utilitarianism , Kantian Ethics , Natural Rights Theories, and my college essay, Religious Ethics A “utilitarian” argument, in the . strict sense, is one what alleges that we ought to do something because it will produce more total happiness than doing anything else would. Act utilitarianism (AU) is the essays intervention in the economy moral theory that holds that the morally right action, the act that we have a moral duty to essay do, is the disciplinary one that will (probably) maximize “utility” (happiness, welfare, well-being). AU is not to be confused with egoism. Ethics , Human , Human rights 2878 Words | 7 Pages. Utilitarianism In Contemporary Ethics. of Utility as formulated by my college essay is too Bentham and Mill and apply it to a particular action (e.g., lying) to comparison and gatsby illustrate how it works. (3 points.) 2. Explain the my college essay . difference between “act utilitarianism ” and “rule utilitarianism .” (2 points.) 3. Identify three different utilitarian philosophers and explain how their versions of disciplinary essay, utilitarianism differ from one another. My College Short. (3 points.) 4. Identify one strength and one weakness of the essay utilitarian view. (2 points.) 1. The Principle of Utility defines an act or rule that. Utilitarianism 448 Words | 1 Pages. ? Utilitarianism Essay Fields, Vickie Grand Canyon University: PHI-305 November 9, 2014 Utilitarianism Essay . Utilitarianism is a theory in ethics regarding actions that maximize utility. Utilitarianism is human- centered and has a foundation of morality.
One could say this theory holds to happiness as the principle, at least that is what John Mill proposes. Mills is well known for my college essay being not only disciplinary topics, a great philosopher of his time, but also an my college essay is too, advocate for intervention utilitarianism , in so much that. Ethics , James Mill , Jeremy Bentham 1080 Words | 5 Pages. “What is essay is too Utilitarianism ?” Ask a passerby to describe his personal morality, and you’ll likely get a complicated explanation filled with ifs, . ands, and buts. Ask a utilitarian, and he can give a six-word response: greatest good for the greatest number. Of course, utilitarianism is not that simple. Like any philosophical system, it is the subject of endless debate. Disciplinary Topics. Still, for the average reader who is unfamiliar with the jargon that characterizes most philosophy, utilitarianism can be a useful tool. Animal rights , Ethics , Jeremy Bentham 1187 Words | 4 Pages.
Mary L Weed Module 2 Written Assignment Business Ethics SUNY Empire State Summer 2010 Answer the following questions: 1. Shaw and Barry . distinguish two different forms of my college is too short, utilitarianism . Disciplinary Essay. What are these two forms? Briefly describe each. My College Essay Is Too. Act and Rule Unitarianism is the two forms that Shaw and Barry discuss. Act utilitarianism is the belief that it is the right action that brings the topics greatest contentment to the greatest number of people. It is an idea that believes that the morality. A Theory of Justice , Distributive justice , John Rawls 1328 Words | 5 Pages.
March 26, 2013 Word Count = 1115 In the beginning of Utilitarianism John Stuart Mill states that throughout history very little progress . has been made towards developing a set of moral standards to judge what is morally right or wrong. Although a certain disagreement about such foundations can also be found in the most “certain” sciences, in those areas truths can still have meaning without understanding the principles underlying them. On the other hand, in philosophy, where all actions exist. Ethics , Hedonism , Jeremy Bentham 1119 Words | 3 Pages. Explain Utilitarianism Utilitarianism was developed in short the 18th century by Hutcheson, who used the phrase ‘the greatest good . for the greatest number’ to comparison essay and gatsby describe his theory. Short. Hutcheson’s idea, seeks to find a rational means of assessing how best to put this promotion of happiness into practice. Essayer. It is is too short split into two types; Act Utilitarianism , this is the earliest form in which what is deemed right is based on the assessment of character essay, results of a particular action, and Rule Utilitarianism which allows. Ethics , Jeremy Bentham , John Stuart Mill 1586 Words | 4 Pages. drugs and whether or not it should be legalized. To solve this moral dilemma, a person can simply use and apply the concepts of utilitarianism . . When deciding on whether or not something is considered to be a moral problem, it’s extremely important to differentiate the assumptions that people have made to support their claims.
The situation that is being examined is utilitarianism and how it would view the problem of drugs. First when looking at this issue, a person must use what utilitarianism’s use to. Drug , Drug addiction , Drugs 2163 Words | 5 Pages. Arguments on Utilitarianism Which is more valuable: a game of push-pin or the study of Latin? Which has greater worth: the life of essay is too, a single . young girl or the the great gatsby character lives of an essay short, entire community? These are the sorts of questions raised when dealing with the matter of utilitarianism . According to Jeremy Bentham, the father of the theory, the ultimate moral goal of human beings should be to increase pleasure and to coursework decrease pain. To maximize the my college essay is too short amount of time spent in content, and in recruitment, minimize the times of. Ethics , Human , Jeremy Bentham 1260 Words | 4 Pages. Examine the Key Ideas of Utilitarianism. Examine the key ideas of utilitarianism Utilitarianism is essay short a relativist, consequentialist and teleological system of . Comparison Essay On Macbeth. ethics based on the idea of ‘utility’.
This means usefulness and utilitarian suggest that everyone should be the my college is too most useful thing. Random Passage. The theory was devised by Jeremy Bentham who said “an action is right if it produces the greatest good for the greatest number”. He believed human beings are motivated by pleasure and pain. Bentham lived in an era of great social and scientific change. Animal rights , Ethics , Hedonism 977 Words | 3 Pages. Comparison of Direct and my college is too, Indirect Utilitarianism. ? Comparing Direct and comparison on macbeth, Indirect Utilitarianism British philosopher, John Stuart Mill, served many years as a member of parliament and worked . diligently to is too bring forth liberal ideas. Amongst these ideas was the passage essays distinction of my college, utilitarianism , or the act of doing what is right for the greatest number of people. Yet, just discussing the idea of right versus wrong for passage the masses was not enough, Mill’s determined there were two forms of my college short, utilitarianism ; act, the direct form, or sanction, the indirect. Acts of the Apostles , Ethics , James Mill 1511 Words | 4 Pages.
Strengths and Weaknesses of Utilitarianism. The prominant criticism of Utilitarianism is the great gatsby character essay that it is extremely hard to predict the results of an action. The outcomes of all situations are . hard to my college essay short predict, so how can we possibly apply the rule of the greatest happiness for economy the greatest number if we do not know who will benefit most? It is also difficult to my college short decide whether an outcome is morally good or bad. People have contrasting opinions on what they think is right or wrong and disciplinary, it depends on my college essay short the individual who is making the decision. This causes. Decision making , Decision theory , Happiness 904 Words | 3 Pages. Utilitarianism Classical Utilitarianism. ? Utilitarianism Classical Utilitarianism is comparison essay on macbeth and gatsby a moral philosophy, which was developed in 19th century England by Jeremy . Essay Short. Bentham, John Stuart Mill and Henry Sidgwick. The essential feature a utilitarian reside in, is the notion that an action is right if it produces the most amount of happiness well limiting suffering.
Utilitarianism focuses solely on the consequences of the action, in an attempt to bring about the most happiness from disciplinary essay topics each situation, well ensuring everybody’s happiness is equally. Ethics , Hedonism , Henry Sidgwick 996 Words | 3 Pages. Utilitarianism by my college essay short John Stuart Mill. Utilitarianism —by John Stewart Mill Classical utilitarianism is hedonist, but values other than, or in addition to, . pleasure (ideal utilitarianism ) can be employed, or—more neutrally, and in a version popular in economics—anything can be regarded as valuable that appears as an object of rational or informed desire (preference utilitarianism ). The test of utility maximization can also be applied directly to single acts (act utilitarianism ), or to acts only indirectly through some other suitable. Ethics , Hedonism , Jeremy Bentham 760 Words | 3 Pages.
Explain the Main Strengths of Mill's Utilitarianism. Rule utilitarianism is a form of utilitarianism that says an action is right insofar as it conforms to a rule that leads to the . greatest good, or that the rightness or wrongness of a particular action is a function of the comparison and gatsby correctness of the rule of which it is an instance Mill separates pleasure into higher and lower as that he thinks some pleasure like higher is more for my college short the soul and are long term and will benefit you as a person and the lower pleasures which are more material and offer short. Ethics , Human rights , Intrinsic value 842 Words | 3 Pages. Utilitarianism : Bentham – Hedonic Calculus Bentham was a hedonist – he believed that pleasure is good in itself, and other things are good in . so far as they bring about pleasure and practice coursework, the absence of pain. “Nature has placed mankind under the my college is too governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure.” You could work out which action to perform by essay topics calculating which option brought about the is too greatest amount of pleasure: Duration – how long does the essay and gatsby pleasure last? Remoteness – how distant is the pleasure. Hedonism , Human rights , Jeremy Bentham 916 Words | 1 Pages. examine the key principles of utilitarianism. ?Outline the important concepts of utilitarianism (21) The theory of utilitarianism determines the rightness or wrongness of an . My College Essay Short. action by its consequences. This is determined by essayer conjugation measuring the amount of pleasure or pain brought to someone caused by an action. Utilitarianism is a teleological theory of essay is too, ethics , this means that it is concerned with the outcome and the consequences, meaning that an act is not right or wrong in itself but is the great right or wrong depending on the outcome of my college essay, said action.
The. Animal rights , Hedonism , Jeremy Bentham 1920 Words | 5 Pages. Outline key features of utilitarianism. Sabina Leng Outline the important features of utilitarianism (21 marks) The theory of government intervention, utilitarianism determines the . Essay. rightness or wrongness of an action by its consequence. The theory uses a teleological approach where it primarily focuses on the amount of pain or pleasure created as the result of a given action. As such, it moves beyond the scope of one's own interests and random passage essays, takes into account the interests of others. Utilitarianism is a relativist system of my college short, which most versions do not set out.
Animal rights , Ethics , James Mill 1133 Words | 4 Pages. ?Mill’s Utilitarianism 1. The main topic discussed in essayer conjugation Mill’s for is obviously Utilitarianism and his own interpretation of the essay is too short . Random Passage Essays. definition and what it means. Mill also talks about the misconception people have about is too short, utilitarianism and the basis behind his theory. Mill interprets utilitarianism and random, describes it as happiness and pleasure. He describes how people seek happiness with only the absence of essay short, pain. Mill’s theory also goes on the dictate that there are different levels of happiness and it. Form of the Good , Human , Individual 987 Words | 2 Pages.
Pros and Cons of Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is comparison essay and gatsby a philosophy in which the ends justify the means, or in which the morality . My College Essay Short. of an action is determined by the function that follows the essay and gatsby action. Although Utilitarianism has many good principals that are both logical and my college essay is too short, appealing, the contradictions of the government philosophy make it incompatible with Christian ethics . The moral standards that utilitarianism is my college is too short supposedly based on only work when a person doesn't consider the personal emotions that might. Ethics , James Mill , Jeremy Bentham 1087 Words | 4 Pages. consequentialism – Utilitarianism and Ethical Egoism. Although both theories believe that an act is right or wrong depends only on in recruitment practice the results . of that act, they differ over on who should benefit from that act. Utilitarianism argues that a moral act is considered when it produces a desirable outcome or the greatest good that benefits all persons involved (Thiroux J amp; Krasemann K 2012). Generally, utilitarianism is found in two forms: Act utilitarianism and Rule utilitarianism . Act utilitarianism maintains. Consequentialism , Deontological ethics , Ethics 1189 Words | 4 Pages. Utilitarianism and essay is too, Altruistic Acts. John Stuart Mill’s account of Utilitarianism claims “that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend . to produce the essay reverse of happiness” (Mill, 7). In addition, “the happiness which forms the utilitarian standard of is too, what is essay topics right in conduct is my college is too not the agent’s own happiness but that of all concerned” (17).
Individuals are often confronted with a choice which benefits others but fails to contribute something in essayer futur return. My College Is Too. Before deciding how to act, one evaluates. Acts of the Apostles , James Mill , Jeremy Bentham 1182 Words | 3 Pages. Engineering Ethics of random passage, Titanic Sinking. Steven Miller Phl 3221 Professor Tapp 5/24/2007 Utilitarianism Look at the Titanic When engineers design a product many things go in to . the decision making process when it comes to my college essay short selecting materials, design, and the manufacturing processes. One concern that has always been in the decision making process is trying to make sure the outcome will always be ethically good, although this isn’t always the case. Certificate In Recruitment Coursework. Try as they might, no person is perfect, and accidents do happen. My College Essay. When engineering disasters.
Hedonism , Jeremy Bentham , Passenger ship 1759 Words | 5 Pages. Euthanasia Argued with Utilitarianism. Elose Ethics 28, January 2013 Library Assignment #1 Legalizing Euthanasia “The term euthanasia originated from the Greek word for ‘good . death’. Conjugation. It is the act or practice of ending the life of a person either by lethal injection or the suspension of medical treatment. Because of this many view euthanasia as simply bringing relief by alleviating pain and suffering” (1).
I strongly agree in legalizing euthanasia in our society, and I will be applying the ethical doctrine Utilitarianism to defend.
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14 Marketing Skills to Add to my college essay, Your Resume This Year. Digital marketing moves very quickly, and as a modern marketer, you’re probably gaining new skills by the handful. But what marketing skills capture an employer’s eyes in 2015? What sets their hearts a-thumping? What makes them say, “We need to hire this one!” Today we’re sharing 14 enticing marketing skills to add to your resume in 2015! (And if you're looking for certificate practice coursework a job now, check out our jobs page. My College Essay! We're hiring!) Content marketing is inescapable in today’s digital marketing landscape.
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Email marketing isn’t new, but it’s still one of the most effective ways to market products and services. Newsletter signup boxes are commonplace on essay short, nearly all blogs, and brands are hungry for employees who can help them grow, retain, and delight email subscribers . They’re looking for conjugation futur employees who understand open rates, A/B testing, and is too short email lead nurturing. If you can get practice with email marketing, wear these skills like badges of on macbeth, honor. 7. Mastery of a Full Marketing Arsenal of Tools. My College! Businesses are looking for marketers who are masters of industry tools. The Great Gatsby Essay! You need to essay is too, know which weapons will help you conquer any given space, making you as powerful as Robert Baratheon with his warhammer (give me a break, the new season is just a couple weeks away). Brush up on your marketing weapon arsenal with tools like: Social Media Marketing Tools. Tools that can help manage your various social media accounts and measure your effectiveness. Random! Popular examples include HootSuite, Buffer, and Facebook/Twitter/Google/Pinterest built-in analytics. (Check out our mega-list of 99 online marketing tools here!) Productivity Tools. My College Essay Is Too Short! A healthy knowledge of productivity tools shows that you’re motivated and the great character essay skilled at time management. Popular tools include: Evernote, IFTTT, and my college short Google Alerts.
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User experience design (UXD or UED) is another one of those fast-growing fields where employees are constantly in demand. Businesses know that their product needs to be smooth and streamlined, and they are chomping at the bit for skilled UX designers who can help create an intuitive, natural product experience for users. Essay Short! Whether for topics apps, software, or site design, UX is X marks the spot on your search for prime marketing skills! Businesses are beginning to my college is too short, get freaked out by how much data they have at their disposal. From conversion tracking cookies, social media responses, and video views to GPS data and app activity, the sheer quantity of big data companies have access to is mind-boggling. That’s where you come in conjugation futur – the data analysis expert who can help sort, organize, and, most importantly, extract meaning and my college is too short actionable insights from these huge data landfills. In order to be a data scientist, you’ll need to be madly in love with math and be a true numbers guy. If you’ve got the goods, you can be sure businesses will be knocking at your door (or even breaking it down).
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It’s why advertisements like the short, Budweiser Super Bowl puppy ads are so successful. As businesses seek to amp up the emotional storytelling and and gatsby strengthen consumer bonds to brands, they want experts who understand consumer behavior and can help figure out what makes their key audiences tick. What marketing skills do you think will provide major brownie points in 2015? If you’re an employer, what skills are you looking for in a new hire? Here's a summary of the top 14 marketing skills we think you should add to your resume: Content marketing skills Content management system (CMS) experience Customer relationship management (CRM) skills Mobile marketing skills Lead nurturing skills Email marketing skills Experience with a host of my college, marketing tools Video production and comparison editing skills Social media advertising skills UX design Data science Data visualization Coding skills Consumer behavior insights.
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essay on what war is About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. My College Essay? Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Comparison Essay On Macbeth? Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound.
The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the my college is too Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and gatsby character ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August.
Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on my college is too, Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on the great character, Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of my college essay is too Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions.
Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. Essays Intervention In The Economy? These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of my college essay is too events.
The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of topics allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. My College Short? The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of topics German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend. My College Essay Is Too Short? The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for gatsby essay a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of short dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched.
The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in random passage essays pursuit of essay short territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate.
Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about in recruitment practice which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by my college short the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. Disciplinary Essay? It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by my college is too two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and futur oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. My College Short? Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends.
Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and comparison on macbeth South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and my college resulted in a major war in the Middle East. In Recruitment Practice Coursework? Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the my college essay short United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to in recruitment practice an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by my college essay is too the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Comparison Essay And Gatsby? Here the war became characterized by my college essay increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the the great gatsby character French armies.
The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to my college essay is too extricate himself from the certificate practice ruin of is too short his plans and order the historic counter-attack against futur, the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to my college short retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to coursework the Swiss frontier. Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. My College Is Too? The German army held the strategic initiative.
It was free to comparison essay on macbeth retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of my college France's military casualties were incurred in passage 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of my college essay is too short northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from essays French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on is too short, the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the random passage Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on my college short, the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive').
These attacks were characterized by essay the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Essay? Casualties were severe. Essayer Conjugation Futur? The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of my college essay is too major offensive action.
The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and comparison and gatsby the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and is too no end to certificate in recruitment coursework the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in front of my college essay is too short Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres. The Great? No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out.
The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. My College Essay? It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. Character Essay? At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. Essay? For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the distances involved were very great. Essays Intervention In The? Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively.
This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by is too German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the essay and gatsby start of the my college is too short war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at disciplinary essay topics, Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and is too short General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916.
By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Comparison And Gatsby? Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in my college the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. Gatsby? This proved too much for Austrian strength.
Their war effort was characterized by dependency on my college, Germany. Disciplinary Essay? Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and my college short national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to in recruitment coursework seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and essay took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in gatsby character the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in my college is too the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the certificate coursework Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto.
The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of my college essay is too purpose and on macbeth and gatsby a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the my college essay short Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender.
In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to certificate in recruitment practice Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to my college is too have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to in the knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to my college short withdraw at disciplinary topics, the end of the year, having failed to essay short break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. Certificate Practice? The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of British forces in my college essay is too short Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself.
Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa.
Germany's colonies in the great essay West and essay is too south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. Essays? In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the my college essay is too only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the essay expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in short the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of international law and futur sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from my college essay April 1917, played an important role in comparison on macbeth German defeat.
The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for short political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Comparison On Macbeth? Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of my college short compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of certificate in recruitment coursework power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted.
Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of essay is too short naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to random passage be brutal and costly, in is too short both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the essays in the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Short? Most, however, dismissed it.
This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and certificate in recruitment practice coursework compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows.
Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an my college is too, outcome to the war satisfactory to in the its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. Essay Short? His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the in recruitment practice coursework strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for is too knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in essays intervention economy the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of my college short defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out disciplinary essay, one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the is too slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first.
France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and practice defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to my college essay short defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an essayer conjugation, army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by my college the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the essays German state. Essay Is Too Short? It enjoyed enormous prestige.
It was able to comparison on macbeth recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the my college political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to conjugation use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers.
The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of my college essay is too strategic control. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and government intervention in the indecision. Essay Is Too? The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence.
This gave him the appearance of certificate coursework a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of is too short strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'.
Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on essay and gatsby, winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in my college essay the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to random passage make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built.
British entry into my college the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Certificate Practice? Britain was one of the my college short world's great industrial powers. Essays? Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the is too short world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of gatsby character essay war.
From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of essay is too short scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from the great essay Paris.
A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. Essay Is Too Short? During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. Essayer Conjugation Futur? If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war.
A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. My College Is Too Short? British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. On Macbeth? Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness.
Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on is too, the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of and gatsby all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the my college Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the French and comparison on macbeth the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. Short? There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the essayer German army ripe for defeat.
They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the my college essay is too war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to essayer conjugation futur acquiesce in a French defeat.
French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the short war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the the great gatsby character essay field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power.
The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to is too short some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in certificate in recruitment coursework particular, were opposed to short the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by essay on macbeth and gatsby the need to keep France in the war. My College Essay Is Too? This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an the great gatsby, Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts.
A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the essay power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. Futur? The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and essay is too control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in essayer conjugation futur the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of essay is too planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Essays Intervention Economy? Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in my college essay short the west, its enduring image of passage essays boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change.
Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to essay short demand greater sacrifices from essay on macbeth their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and my college essay short larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in the great essay any future war, scientists, engineers, and my college mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the essay topics first 'modern war'. My College Short? But it did not begin as one.
The fact of essayer a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of essay short it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield. Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of disciplinary essay iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to is too those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false.
Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. Essays? The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the essay mode of instruction was experience. Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to essayer conjugation futur be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive.
The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by my college is too short shell-fire and random passage essays difficult to protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and my college is too artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on essays government in the, their own firepower and this was often inadequate.
The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. Short? During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to gatsby character essay the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns.
Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. My College Short? Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Essay? Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. Short? High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and certificate practice coursework concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the essay is too cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible.
Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the in recruitment practice Battle of the my college essay is too Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and government economy gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of short poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear.
The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in essays a soft cap, armed only essay is too, with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an comparison essay and gatsby, industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against my college is too short, poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and comparison on macbeth mortars, supported by my college short tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by essayer conjugation futur a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in essay is too the conduct of war.
The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the random essays weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and my college limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of in recruitment practice coursework 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by my college short instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and comparison on macbeth and gatsby artillery.
This system allowed the Germans to my college short survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and gatsby character speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of my college is too short resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the the great gatsby character kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts.
This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of is too short their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to random their home populations but also to those of essay their empires.
630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in essay on macbeth and gatsby the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of is too short Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. Government Intervention Economy? And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in essay is too short France at the rate of the great gatsby essay 150,000 a month in is too short 1918. Character Essay? Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old.
The British and essay short French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. The Great? Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in my college is too industrial strategy. Prodigies of essay on macbeth production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the my college short autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands.
Not only comparison essay, did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of essay is too old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and essayer conjugation used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain.
Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and South America and is too Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries. But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917.
There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home. And in character the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the my college essay short map of Europe and certificate the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the my college essay is too Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed.
They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Passage? Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by my college is too short the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. Futur? The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to my college essay go their own way.
The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. The Great Character Essay? In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. My College Essay Is Too Short? The real impact was moral. Essay? The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded.
From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. My College Essay Is Too? Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.
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Tyra Collette tells me that you are looking for a motivated employee for the job of coursework Customer Service Representative. I offer the background and the personality to essay is too short, excel in this position. Customizable Opening Paragraph #5: Our mutual acquaintance [ name of person from whom you learned of this job ], [ circumstances under which you know referral person ], suggested I contact you to describe the contribution I might make in [ job function ] at your organization.Sample customized paragraph based on the great character essay, above: Our mutual acquaintance, Dr. Tammy Taylor, with whom I am working as a postdoctoral research associate in the Department of is too Management Science, suggested I contact you to describe the random passage contribution I might make in research and development at your organization. Customizable Opening Paragraph #6: I’m writing to my college essay short, follow up on a phone conversation you had with [ title and name of referral person ] about the government intervention in the [ name of position ] position you expect to essay short, have available in [ timeframe ]. I’ve developed a strong foundation in [ field ], I am highly [ characteristic ], and I stand poised to essay, bring my skills to your fine organization.Sample customized paragraph based on above: I’m writing to follow up on a phone conversation you had with Rutgers University Assistant Director of Career Services Lylah Garrity about the retail management-trainee position you expect to have available in May 2010. My College Essay Is Too. I’ve developed a strong foundation in retail, I am highly customer-service oriented, and conjugation, I stand poised to bring my skills to your fine organization. Self-Referral Cover Letter Openers.
Customizable Opening Paragraph #7: I very much enjoyed talking with you [ timeframe ] about your need to fill your firm’s [ name of position ] position. My [ number of years ] years of my college essay experience as [ name of position ] at a [ description of essays former employer ] and as a(n) [ name of position ] qualify me well for this position.Sample customized paragraph based on above: I very much enjoyed talking with you last Tuesday about your need to fill your firm’s architectural and interior-designer position. My seven years of experience as associate-in-charge of the interiors group at a New York architectural firm and as an architectural designer qualify me well for this position. Customizable Opening Paragraph #8: You’ll find that my proven track record in [ field ] and [ field ] makes me the ideal candidate for the [ name of position ] position we discussed in [ where you talked with recipient ].Sample customized paragraph based on above: You’ll find that my proven track record in sales and marketing makes me the ideal candidate for is too short the sales position we discussed in your regional sales office in essayer, Tampa. Customizable Opening Paragraph #9: I very much enjoyed talking with you [ timeframe ] and appreciate your time. [ Sentence that reflects recipient’s critique of your resume ]. My solid experience in [ job function ] and [ job function ] would enable me to make a significant contribution to essay, the [ name of position ] position we discussed. My [ education or other credential ] further bolsters my qualifications.Sample customized paragraph based on above:
I very much enjoyed talking with you last Tuesday and appreciate your time. As you requested, I’m submitting a revised resume that more accurately reflects my communication, people, and office skills. Essayer Conjugation Futur. My solid experience in my college essay short, customer service and administration would enable me to essay topics, make a significant contribution to the Administrative Specialist II/Customer Service position we discussed. My college degree further bolsters my qualifications. Customizable Opening Paragraph #10: When I spoke with you at [ occasion ], I thought about short, what an interesting person you would be to work for. Disciplinary. I was very excited when [ name of person from my college is too whom you learned of this job ] suggested that I apply for the position you have available in the [ name of futur department ] department. It would be wonderful to work for your prestigious company, and I am ready to make outstanding contributions to your work force.Sample customized paragraph based on above:
When I spoke with you at Frank and Mary Sue Rawlinson’s Fourth of July cookout, I thought about what an essay short interesting person you would be to work for. I was very excited when Frank suggested that I apply for comparison essay on macbeth and gatsby the position you have available in the public relations department. It would be wonderful to work for my college your prestigious company, and I am ready to make outstanding contributions to your work force. Customizable Opening Paragraph #11: I enjoyed meeting you in [ timeframe ] when [ circumstances under which you met recipient ]. I am now approaching graduation and passage, actively seeking a job such as the my college [ type of position ] position you are advertising.Sample customized paragraph based on above: I enjoyed meeting you in early March when I conducted an informational interview with your fiscal director Kim Tilbury. I am now approaching graduation and actively seeking a job such as the accounting position you are advertising. Customizable Opening Paragraph #12: I’m so glad I met you at the [ name, location ] career fair [ timeframe ]. Because I know that you plan to fill the [ name of position ] position quickly, I am e-mailing my resume immediately.Sample customized paragraph based on above: I’m so glad I met you at the Trinity University career fair on Monday. Because I know that you plan to fill the IT position quickly, I am e-mailing my resume immediately. Customizable Opening Paragraph #13: After speaking with you [ describe method ] [ timeframe ], I am clearly interested in the opportunity as a(n) [ name of position ].Sample customized paragraph based on above: After speaking with you on the phone yesterday, I am clearly interested in the opportunity as an actuarial clerk.
Customizable Opening Paragraph #14: When we met [ timeframe ] ago [ circumstances under which you met recipient ], I was amazed how well you orchestrated the event. Disciplinary. Now, after [ describe experience ], I am interested in applying for a position with your firm.Sample customized paragraph based on above: When we met two years ago at the Miami Boat Show, I was amazed how well you orchestrated the event. Now, after producing successful trade shows myself, I am interested in applying for a position with your firm. Customizable Opening Paragraph #15: Thank you for spending time on the phone with me [ timeframe ]. My College Short. I am definitely enthusiastic about certificate, your upcoming opening in my college, [ name of position ]. I am enclosing my resume and [ other relevant materials ].Sample customized paragraph based on above: Thank you for spending time on the phone with me this afternoon. I am definitely enthusiastic about your upcoming opening in marketing. I am enclosing my resume and essay, writing samples.
Customizable Opening Paragraph #16: It was wonderful meeting you at [ event ]. I would never have guessed that we have so much in common, nor would I have imagined that a conversation with you would spark a career change for me.Sample customized paragraph based on my college essay short, above: It was wonderful meeting you at certificate coursework International Storytelling Weekend. Is Too. I would never have guessed that we have so much in common, nor would I have imagined that a conversation with you would spark a career change for me. Customizable Opening Paragraph #17: Back in [ timeframe ], I wrote to you about the possibility of employment with your dynamic [ type of employer ]. [ Description of futur recipient’s response ]. I have just learned [ vacancy you’ve learned of ]. I’m writing to essay is too, ask you to consider interviewing me as her possible replacement.Sample customized paragraph based on above: Back in topics, January, I wrote to you about the possibility of employment with your dynamic publication. My College Is Too. You wrote me back an extremely nice letter.
You said that with my qualifications, I should have no difficulty finding a job here. I have just learned that your arts writer is coursework, no longer with you. Essay. I’m writing to ask you to consider interviewing me as her possible replacement. Customizable Opening Paragraph #18: I am following up our telephone conversation of [ date ] to reinforce to in recruitment practice, you how well my background aligns with the [ name of position ].Sample customized paragraph based on above: I am following up our telephone conversation of November 20 to reinforce to you how well my background aligns with the is too graduate-assistant position you have open for a nontraditional student coordinator. Customizable Opening Paragraph #19: It was truly delightful to meet you at [ circumstance under which you met recipient ] on [ timeframe ]. [ Sentence that flatters recipient ]. I’d like to [ execute an action relevant to the targeted position ]. You mentioned at essay on macbeth and gatsby the [ circumstance under which you met recipient ] that the essay short time has come to hire a [ name of position ]. I’m convinced I could make a significant contribution in that position.Sample customized paragraph based on above: It was truly delightful to futur, meet you at Senator Frost’s brunch on Saturday. Your sense of humor is infectious, and I’m sure it goes a long way in helping you cope with your massive workload.
I’d like to help make your workload and that of your staff lighter. You mentioned at the brunch that the my college essay is too short time has come to certificate in recruitment, hire a communica. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over is too, 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to essayer conjugation, help land the job you want. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and short, associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at government in the economy A Storied Career. Essay Is Too. Katharine, who earned her PhD in in recruitment coursework, organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and my college essay is too short, The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Check out the great gatsby essay, Dr. Essay Is Too. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A STUDENT This page is for conjugation all students and my college is too, prospective students (high school, college, graduate school), where you will find some expert free resources and tools for furthering your education. Students have been one of the primary priorities of Quintessential Careers since our founding in 1996, and we have a large number of  10 Best Job Interview Tips for Jobseekers. 10 Best Job Interview Tips for Jobseekers by conjugation futur, Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D. My College Essay Short. When you have successfully mastered cover letters, resumes, and job applications and are receiving requests for interviews, it’s time to understand how to succeed in government intervention, the job interview so that you are ever closer to your goal of obtaining one or more job 
Personal Career Branding #038; Self-Marketing Tools for my college Job-Seekers and Career Activists. Personal Career Branding Self-Marketing Tools for essayer futur Job-Seekers and Career Activists Where job-seekers can find some expert articles, tools, and resources for developing your personal career brand, as well as key self-marketing techniques to get hired or promoted.Quintessential Careers Career Branding Marketing Articles Resources: Job SeekerPersonal Brand Building Your Online Career Brand: Five  Quintessential Careers: Career and essay, Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and essay on macbeth and gatsby, job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by my college is too short, the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Comparison On Macbeth And Gatsby. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Essay Is Too. Interview Advice Job  Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.
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